2. PLACE CARDS
Vocabulary: residential quarters 居住区 architecture 建筑 apartment 公寓，单
元住宅 flat 公寓 公寓， semi-detached house 半独立式住宅 terraced house 有露台的
住宅 detached house 独立式住 宅 multi-storey building 多层建筑 villa 别墅，豪宅 别
墅， furniture 家具 sofa 沙发 couch 睡椅 ceilings 天花板 fireplace 壁炉 chimney
烟囱 south-facing 朝南 rural area 乡村 commercial center 商业中心 community 社区
prime location 黄金地段
real estate 房地产 stairs 楼梯 garage 车库 balcony 阳台 courtyard 院子
bedroom 卧室 living room 起居室，客厅 起居室， dining room 餐厅 bathroom 卫生间，
浴室 toilet 卫生间 kitchen 厨 卫生间， 房 basement 地下室 cellar 地窖！地下室 flat
roof 平的屋顶 地窖！ sloping roof 斜的屋顶 wooden floor 木地板 French window 落地
窗 curtain 窗帘 outer/inner wall 外/内墙 chest of drawers 五斗柜 内墙 display
cabinet 陈列柜 wardrobe 衣柜 bunk bed 双层床 dressing table 梳妆台 tea table 茶几
bookshelf 书架 fish tank 鱼 缸 pendent lamp 吊灯 wall lamps 壁灯 hi-fi system 高
保真音响 fridge 冰箱 micro-wave oven 微波炉 sink 水槽 shower 淋浴 wash basin 洗脸
盆 地毯carpet 砖brick 地毯 装饰得很漂亮be well decorated 装饰得很漂亮 布置得体
be well furnished 布置得体 木竹构造的房子house made of wood and bamboo 木竹构造
的房子 平方米square meter 走廊corridor 平方米 走廊 阁楼，顶楼attic 阁楼，顶楼 管
道pipeline 管道 下水道sewer 下水道 防盗报警系统guard against theft and alarm
EXERCISE 1: Describe your apartment or house. You should say: Where it is How long you have lived there What rooms and furniture it has And explain how you feel about your home.
Another room exercise : page 45
Ok, I've been asked to describe my apartment, but I think the apartment I live in is quite typical. It is located in the south of Hefei and it's in a very clean and convenient neighbourhood. I've lived there for about three years. We used to live in a brick house, but my father's business began to do very well so we could afford a better place. The rooms? Well, as for the rooms„„ there are 3 rooms. One is for
my father and mother and another is for me. The other room is given to our maid. The apartment is about a hundred square meters, and it has a large living room and two bathrooms-one is in my parents' room. We have some comfortable chairs and a fairly large TV in the centre. We also have a stereo set and a karaoke set as well. I should mention that the kitchen is quite large compared to many other families because we extended it by knocking out the wall of another room. Now you know about the rooms. Let me tell you how I feel about the place. To tell you the truth, I don't like it very much. I mean, even though it's much larger and cleaner than the previous place, sometimes I just don't feel it's my real home. I think I got too attached to my previous home. Also, in the brick home we knew all our neighbors but here we know nobody. I think it's just important to have friendly neighbors.
2. Describe an interesting or important city or place in your country. You should
say: Where it is What you can do there Its general features And explain why you would recommend someone to see it.
Ok, I'd like to tell you about the temple of the Six Banyan Trees. It's located in the city center of Guangzhou and its not far away from Zhongshan 6 Road, near the People's Hospital. It's a good place to go to and climb to see the Flower Pagoda, which has eight sides to it. You can also go there to pray if you are a Buddhist. It is an active temple and is also the head of the Guangzhou Buddhist Association. You can also do a bit of shopping there if you like. Besides the souvenirs you can buy there, it also has a very lively fruit and meat market nearby, so if you just want to shop instead you can. The main feature of this place is the pagoda because it's the tallest in the city. From the outside it looks like it has only nine stories, but actually it has 17 inside. It's quite old, and was built some time in the 10th century. The temple itself is even older than that-I think it goes back to some time during the Tang Dynasty, around 500 AD or something like that. It's called the six Banyan Trees because there used to be six trees there, and Su Dongpu, one of china's bestknown poets in the Song Dynasty, celebrated them in a poem. You can also see one of the most beautiful golden statutes of Guanyin, who's a Buddhist Goddess of Compassion I would recommend this place because it represents real history in Guangzhou. A lot of people complain that Guangzhou is too concerned about money and business, and lacks culture, but I think there are several places that still remind people of its rich culture, and this is one of them.
EXERCISE 3: Describe your past place of work, school or university. You should say: Where it is or was When you study or studied there What you remember about it (briefly) And explain why you remember it more than other companies or schools.
Ok, I'd like to describe my former middle school, which is located in Harbin. I studied there from 1989 to 1992. What I remember is the big gate outside of it, which was regularly opened and closed. We would wait there patiently to get in. The building was fairly big, and the entrance was typically wide with some important pictures of historical figures. What I remember most is the playground; It was „„
I also remember „ I remember this more than other places because it was the place where I was most affected, since I really started to grow up here. It was like a second home, and I went through so many different emotions there. I grew up, and it contained some of my best and worst memories, but I wouldn't want to return to that life since it was so structured and controlled. I prefer my life now as a university student.
Page 154 EXERCISE 4: Describe a beautiful building, structure, statue or temple in your hometown. You should say: Whereabouts it is in your hometown How often you visit it What makes it so beautiful And explain why you choose this as the most beautiful.
Alright, well I've been asked to talk about something beautiful and I'd like to choose the White Cloud Temple. It is located in Beijing and it's on the west side of town. It's not that far away from a subway station, but you would need to take a bus, because it's a bit far to walk. I go there probably two or more times a year. It's a Taoist temple, probably the most active Taoist temple in Beijing. I'm a Taoist. But I go there more than just to pray. I really try to take a trip to find some time
to rediscover myself. During the Spring Festival people jam into it because they hold what I think is the best carnival during Spring Festival. We call them Miao Hui. At that time the temple is very crowded, but most other times it's quite peaceful, and it's a good place to get away from all the people. I think the reason it's so beautiful is because it is simple and it seems to blend in well with its environment. The small praying hall is very serene. It has a nice pool and a bridge. The Taoist motifs are quite simple but I think they are very charming. I love to go there during the winter after a big snowfall because at this time it seems to be most mysterious. I choose this as the most beautiful because, to me, beauty is simplicity and natural design, and it also means it fits the environment it is in. I don't really like grand, elaborate temples. I prefer temples that seem powerful not because of their structures but because they are perfect for their simple beauty.
5. Describe a museum, library or exhibit in your hometown. You should say: Which you want to describe and where exactly it is in your hometown How often you go to it The general features of the place and what you can do there . And explain what you gain personally from this place.
Ok, I'll start by telling you about the Museum of the Japanese Germ Warfare Experimental Base. It's outside of Harbin, and it's a bit tough to get there. The base was the centre of the worst experiments in biological warfare. The Japanese set up a top secret, germ warfare research centre. The doctors there were very cruel and used many victims. I used to go there once or twice a year. It is a small museum and it takes you through two exhibit rooms. The displays are very graphic. There are lights and wax models of the people in the exhibits. There is also a vestige of the original base nearby. They recreate the type of things done to the victims. You can also watch a film about it in another room. The film is not exactly a happy one, so be prepared for some rather ghastly details. I think what I gain there is a sense of how low humanity can sink if we're not careful. The museum tells us what our relatives often had to put up with and what sacrifices have been made. You know, even though such terrible things were done to us we still put up a sign in the entrance that says the friendship between Japanese and Chinese is everlasting. This shows that even though we will never forget such atrocities, we are willing to be friends and move on.
6. Describe a place you used to like to go when you were a child. You should say: Which place it was Why you went there What some features of this place were And explain what effect the place had on you.
When I was younger I used to go to the Datong Locomotive Factory. It's located in the city's southwestern outskirts. It was the last factory to make steam engines for the main railway lines, and in 1989 it stopped making them and switched to diesels and electric lines. The features are„I went there because „ I think the main effect
this place had was to give me some escape from home life which wasn't that great at that time. Also, it gave me a chance to play with my father and learn more about trains. I was so full of questions that my father would have to go to the library just to learn more about trains, especially old locomotives like the ones that were there.
7. Describe a traditional building in your hometown or country. You should say: When you first saw it What the building is used for What the building looks like And
explain what feeling you have of this building.
The building I'd like to talk about is the Capital Library. I first saw this building when I was a child. My mother took me there as a quiet place to study. She said that I could probably study there more easily than in other places. Now, I go there about once a month. It's quieter than the National Library and I like the atmosphere there. The place is now a library for history books and any books published in China are there, but it also has an interesting history itself. It is located in the same area as the old Guo Zi Jian, or in English you might call it the Imperial College. The building was built in traditional Qing architectural style, because it was last rebuilt during that time. The roof is quite steep. Bi Yong Hall was the place where imperial exams were held, and it has two layered roofs with a curved at each corner, just like the buildings at the Summer Palace. It is red and has quite a few wooden pillars holding it up at all sides. The reason I like this building is because it seems to store the soul of our country. The Imperial College was actually set up in the Yuan dynasty to educate high-ranking Mongolian families in China, but then it was used by all the next dynasties. In the 50s, it stopped being an educational place and became an all-purpose library. You know, to be able to take the imperial exam was every young man's dream in China for hundreds of years. But few could take it and fewer would pass it. So apart from its grand appearance, it has a kind of untouchable nobility to it.