Discipline Specific Guidelines for Technologists Civil

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The requirement for basic training stems from the need to understand the basic principles of engineering design, construction, quality control and

    B Engineering Council of South Africa

Acceptable Training for Candidate Engineering Technologists

    to Register as Professional Engineering Technologists

    Discipline Specific Guidelines:

    Civil Engineering

1. Introduction

    These guidelines are aimed at providing more information about the requirements for registration as a

    Professional Engineering Technologist through the Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) in

    addition to the broader requirements set out in Policy Statement R2/1B.

1.1 Candidates wishing to become registered as professional engineering technologists with ECSA must:-

    (i) hold a relevant academic qualification recognized by ECSA through accreditation or

    evaluation, or pass any examination which ECSA may prescribe; and

    (ii) demonstrate that they have been trained to an acceptable level of competence in

    pecific elements, in so far as it relates to civil engineering, for at least three years, and

    (iii) display sufficient attributes of a professional person.

1.2 Immediately upon graduation, graduates are encouraged to apply to ECSA for registration as candidate

    engineering technologists (CETs), where after they will be provided with the relevant documents needed

    for the complete training period.

1.3 The recommended way of achieving the requisite levels of competence in all the training elements is

    through a focused and collaborative process of acceptable training, where the CETs, their employers and

    mentors plan and execute the actual training on the basis of ECSA’s Policy Statement R2/1B, as well as

    the training objectives listed in these Discipline Specific Guidelines.

1.4 In addition to the training described in this document CETs will be expected to gain practical experience

    in a position of responsibility. Candidates would be expected to prove that their education, training,

    experience and professional development have enabled them to discharge, in full, the responsibilities of

    a professional engineering technologist in civil engineering.

2. Academic Qualifications

2.1 The minimum academic qualification required for registration as a CET is an ECSA accredited Bachelor

    of Technology degree in Civil Engineering obtained from a South African Technikon, or equivalent.

    The list of South African technikons offering Bachelor of Technology degrees in Civil Engineering,

    accredited by ECSA, may be obtained from the Education Department of ECSA, at:

    Tel: (011) 607-9500 or in writing at: Private Bag X 691

    Fax: (011) 622-9295 BRUMA

    E-mail: 2026


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2.2 Persons who have graduated from a technikon, university or any other institution not specifically

    accredited by ECSA, and who wish to apply for registration as CETs, must apply to ECSA for evaluation

    of their qualifications. If their qualifications are evaluated to be at least equivalent to an accredited South

    African qualification, candidates will be eligible for registration as CETs and could then follow the normal

    route to registration as professional engineering technologists.

2.3 Persons whose qualifications are not accredited or recognized by ECSA may follow an alternative route

    to meet the academic requirements for registration as CETs. Candidates must apply to ECSA and obtain

    the necessary information on the procedure to be followed.

    2.4 Those who meet ECSA’s academic requirements should register as CETs without delay. Application

    forms can be obtained from ECSA. CETs must, from the outset, also obtain copies of the application form

    for registration as professional engineering technologists.

3. Training and Professional Development under a Commitment and Undertaking

    (CU), and Mentorship

    Commitment and Undertaking (CU)

3.1 CETs must persuade their employers to register a Commitment and Undertaking with ECSA, namely

    that they will structure the training of, and actually train, their CETs, in accordance with the requirements

    of ECSA’s Policy Statement R2/1B as well as the requirements set out in these Discipline Specific

    Guidelines. Each CU will be allocated a permanent registration number, which should be quoted by all

    CETs when applying for registration as professional engineering technologists

3.2 Employers must, at the same time, submit the name(s) of a mentor(s) from within the organization (see ?

    3.4 below) or, if an internal mentor is not available, the name of an external mentor (see ? 3.5 below) to

    guide CETs through the required process of training. A CU will not be registered by ECSA unless the

    name of at least one mentor (internal or external) is provided.

    Mentorship and Supervision

3.3 ECSA, the South African Institution of Civil Engineers (SAICE) and the Institute of Professional

    Engineering Technologist (IPET) will maintain a list of internal and external mentors. A mentor must be

    registered as a professional engineer or a professional engineering technologist. Council will only in

    exceptional cases consider the listing of experienced and mature professional certificated engineers, or

    professional engineering technicians, upon application and motivation by the organization/mentor

    concerned. These mentors will be deemed not only to be capable of fulfilling their functions in a

    professional manner but also as being committed to advising and guiding their CETs in their professional


3.4 It is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that all CETs should have a mentor who is working in the same

    organization as the CET, i.e. internal mentor.

3.5 It will be expected of employers who make use of the services of external mentors to create an

    environment in which such mentors can feel free to make recommendations in the reasonable knowledge

    that their recommendations will be given sympathetic consideration.

3.6 It will be expected of all mentors to become fully conversant with their functions and responsibilities

    referred to in Policy Statement R2/1B and guidelines issued by ECSA from time to time, to conduct

    regular discussions with their CETs and to assess their progress in accordance with the guidelines set

    out in Policy Statement R2/1B and these Discipline Specific Guidelines. Council will attach much value to

    the opinion of “the conscientious mentor” as to the registrability (or otherwise) of their CETs.

3.7 It is not expected of mentors to take responsibility for the day-to-day supervision and training of CETs.

    Mentors/employers should do everything in their power to ensure that competent persons, preferably

    registered with ECSA, are available to oversee this function as supervisors.

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4. General

4.1 Training reports, together with project summary reports, form and essential part of the monitoring process

    and must be updated regularly and be submitted at the time of application for registration as a

    professional engineering technologist. These forms are part of the application form, which should be

    obtained from ECSA as soon as the CETs start their training.

4.2 It is a requirement that CETs who are aspiring to become professional engineering technologists should,

    with the assistance of their mentors, achieve their training objectives by structuring their training in such a

    way as to cover the various elements of training referred to in Policy Statement R2/1B and these

    Discipline Specific Guidelines.

4.3 The rate at which CETs progress through their training is determined by themselves, their mentors and

    other factors, such as the state of the economy and availability of training opportunities. During the three-

    year training period the CET must from time to time self evaluate his/her progress in achieving planned

    objectives and goals if enhanced levels of engineering practice and increased levels of responsibility in the

    workplace are to be achieved. Any lack or impedance of such progress should be disclosed with an internal

    or external mentor.

4.4 Where CETs, training under a CU decide to change employers, they should ensure that they continue

    their training under another CU registered by their new employers. CETs should also ensure that their

    new employers provide mentors to guide them through the remainder of their training period and take

    over where the previous mentor ended. It may even be advisable to retain the previous mentor, if this is

    at all practicable.

4.5 Once all the objectives have been achieved to the satisfaction of the mentor, CETs should, in principle,

    be registerable, and could then apply for registration as professional engineering technologists.

    Depending on the circumstances, CETs may expect to take a minimum of three years to achieve an

    acceptable level of competence in all the prescribed elements. However, Council has found that it

    invariably takes longer than the minimum of three years training to obtain the appropriate level of

    experience and engineering responsibility. Hence candidates are advised to only apply when they are

    comfortable that their engineering experience and responsibilities are adequate to function as a

    professional engineering technologist.

4.6 Regardless of whether or not CETs train under a CU, it is recommended that they strive to participate in

    a process of continuing learning. This concept includes continuing education and professional


4.7 Continuing learning may include attending courses, technical conferences, seminars, symposia,

    organized site visits, and meetings of professional bodies, and self-study. The process of continuing

    learning should achieve a balance between engineering and managerial/professional aspects. In this

    respect the CETs should take a course in economics and cost and works accountancy, which will assist

    the CET to assume a managerial position.

4.8 The mentors of CETs should, on a consultative basis, suggest suitable continuing learning programmes.

4.9 SAICE, IPET and educational institutions may be able to assist in advising on courses, which are


4.10 It will be to the advantage of CETs when applying for registration as professional engineering

    technologists if they can demonstrate their participation in a structured process of continuing learning.

5. Professional Attributes

    The following attributes are considered common to all professional engineering technologists and the

    requirements for these attributes are designed to ensure that CETs acquire competence with respect to

    professional responsibility in decision making, engineering judgement, communication and an

    appreciation of their own professional and working environments.

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    5.1 Professional Responsibility

CETs must ensure that their work reaches a level of responsibility commensurate with that which ECSA

    would normally expect of an engineering technologist, both in terms of the type and level of work being

    performed. This means that responsibility for directing personnel; money and materials must be

    delegated to the CET and ensured that this responsibility is executed taken during the execution of a

    project or part of a project. When applying for registration as a professional engineering technologist,

    CETs must demonstrate their ability to work satisfactorily on their own, that they have taken full

    responsibility and, in having done so, achieved a satisfactory outcome.

However, the CET must always take cognizance of the fact that the safety of the public is paramount. It is,

    therefore, obligatory for the CET not to undertake the design, directing, or supervision of any project that

    entails work that extends beyond the scope of the experience and knowledge that the CET has acquired

    during his/her training, particularly if such work constitutes a threat to the public’s safety.

In such a case the CET should call on the services of a registered practitioner who has the necessary

    experience to supervise such work.

    5.2 Engineering judgement displayed in practical application

When applying for registration as a professional engineering technologist, CETs must demonstrate that

    their training in engineering enabled them to

    ? exercise independent engineering judgement, combining their experience and

    application of engineering principles;

? accept responsibility for such decisions; and

    ? understand and take into account financial, economic, commercial and statutory


    5.3 Communication Skills

CETs must develop the ability to communicate lucidly, accurately and with confidence. ECSA will base its

    assessment of a CET’s communication skills on the quality of the application presented.

    5.4 Professional environment

    5.4.1 CETs must, when reporting to their mentors on a regular basis, and in discussions with them,

    demonstrate that they have:

    ? a general understanding of engineering procedures applicable to their engineering


    ? a general knowledge of legislation which has a bearing on the practice of engineering in

    South Africa, with a detailed knowledge of the important sections of the Engineering

    Profession Act, 2000 (Act No 46 of 2000) and the Acts and Regulations applicable to

    their specific engineering discipline;

? an understanding of the Code of Conduct applicable to registered persons;

    ? an understanding of the purpose of and relationship between the various organisations

    involved in their engineering discipline; and

    ? full familiarity with the requirements for registration set out in Policy Statement R2/1B as

    well as these Discipline Specific Guidelines.

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5.4.2 Membership of a Professional Engineering Society will be advantageous to the candidate and credit will

    be awarded at the time of application for registration as a professional engineering technologist.

6. Discipline Specific Elements

    Since the field of employment for graduate civil engineering technologists covers a wide spectrum, it would be illogical to expect all training programmes to be alike. However, the following elements cover the technical field which civil engineering graduates must be exposed to when training for registration as professional engineering technologists.

6.1 Basic Training

    The requirement for basic training stems from the need to understand the basic principles of engineering design, construction, quality control and maintenance before an engineering technologist can reasonably be expected to execute or assume responsibility for professional functions in engineering.

The following activities are considered to fall under basic training:

6.1.1 Engineering Competence

    Engineering competence in the civil engineering field includes the understanding of an assignment leading to the development of an engineering brief. Essential to this function is the active participation of the engineering technologist in researching, compiling and assessing basic data, background information and purpose of the assignment. In order to ensure all encompassing solutions to the problems encountered in developing the brief, all relevant aspects are to be taken into account. These include the understanding and implementation of national and international standards and codes of practice, and environmental requirements.

6.1.2 Engineering Design and Documentation

    This aspect requires the compilation of all relevant data acquired during the investigation period, which would involve the technical and financial evaluation of alternatives. This covers aspects such as concepts and precedents, sources of information, estimates and budget quotations, quick design methods, implementation of feasibility reports, and briefs for detail design. The choice of construction materials forms an integral part of this procedure and requires knowledge of relevant specifications on civil engineering materials, either natural occurring, processed or manufactured. All preferences should be listed.

    The engineering technologist should write specifications, amend existing specifications for the proposed projects, as well as prepare cost solutions to problems by doing budget estimates.

    Safety aspects should be included in reports, which regulation applies and what criteria have been followed. Knowledge of how all parties to a contract exercise their duties and responsibilities is essential, as well as the procedures for issuing, receiving and control of work instructions.

    Crucial to all of the above is a thorough understanding of the fundamental engineering principles involved, and the ability to use them in design, without reference to computers. The CET nevertheless must be completely computer literate with the ability to decide whether programme results are correct or not.

6.1.3 Implementation, Construction and Commissioning

    The civil engineering technologist must have a good working knowledge of drawing up an enquiry document to be used at the tender stage of a project’s execution with emphasis in writing a project specification.

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    Participation in the tender and post tender process leading to adjudication and recommendation are essential. This ensures the technologist’s competency in controlling work procedures and requirements of the contract. CETs should acquaint themselves with all aspects of construction, site management, application of specifications, participation in dimensional control, commissioning and accuracy of the work being implemented. Knowledge should be gained on the use, performance and cost of construction equipment, plant and labour resource as well as planning and programming sections of works. Involvement with progress monitoring and reporting should be part of this procedure.

    6.1.4 Quality Control/Maintenance Procedures

    It is necessary for CETs to acquaint themselves with procedures related to quality control and maintenance of works, which form part of the execution of their brief. This would take the form of acquiring knowledge of materials testing and associated procedures in the applicable fields of civil engineering. These include foundation investigations, borrow pit location and assessment in road and other large construction projects, ground water investigations, soil and aggregates analysis, compaction of materials, concrete quality testing, control and approval of concrete design mixes, corrosion protection and any other relevant forms of quality control.

    6.1.5 Management

    The work of an engineering technologist includes the integration of engineering knowledge with control of manpower and finances as well as time management. It is, therefore, important that CETs are exposed to these aspects and that they demonstrate adequate knowledge and experience in project or construction management. CETs must demonstrate that they have increasingly applied these management principles throughout their training period.

    As they progress through their training period, CETs must be given increasing responsibility for the independent execution of engineering work. Applicants must satisfy ECSA that they have been able to deal adequately with such increased responsibility by having taken significant control of projects or major parts of large projects.

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     Form B2.3

    Project Summary Report:

    Candidate Engineering Technologist

    Use this form to report on a project to which you have made a significant contribution.

    Use a new form for each project. At least one but not more than three projects should be submitted.

Name: _______________________________________________________________________________

Candidate Reference No: ______________________________________________

    Project name

    and dates

Engineering brief

    and objective


    (Industry; Laboratory; Theory: Simulation)


    (State engineering

    problems; solutions)

Your contribution


    the project

    (State aspects of

    engineering judgement)

Title of Report or



Signature of Candidate: ___________________________________ Date: _________________________

Signature of Mentor: _____________________________________ Date: _________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Technologists Discipline Specific Guidelines: Civil Engineering - 9/11/2006 Page 7

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