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Unit-Two-1-Content-Ownership-Text-Types-of-Business-Ownership-

By Rosa Warren,2014-08-02 22:38
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Unit-Two-1-Content-Ownership-Text-Types-of-Business-Ownership-

    Unit Two (1)

    Content

    Ownership; Text: Types of Business Ownership Teaching Aim

    1. Learn something about Business Ownership; 2. Talk something about the features of three main types of business ownership.

    Important Points

    1. Comprehend the meaning of the text; 2. Get familiar with the key words or phrases:

     proprietorship 所有权, corporation ,有限!公司, debt 债,

    legal 合法的, formality 正式手续, specify 详细说明,具体说明, dissolve 解散, withdrawal取,钱!, dividend 红利,

    conglomerate 企业集团, assets (pl.) 资产,

    utility 公用事业, offset 抵消;

    start with …….开始,从…….着手, close down 倒闭,

     run out of 用完, consist of …….构成,

     in most cases 多数情况下, be liable for ……负责,

    account for 到达,, be subject to 受支配, 从属于,常遭受……,

    have an advantage over ……具有优势, go into debt 欠债,

    no more than 仅仅,不过, in the extent of ……的范围内,

    be considered as 被认为.

Difficult Points

    1. Answer the questions about features of different types of ownership orally;

    2. There are many new words in the text; 3. Translate some difficult sentences of the text into English or Chinese.

    Teaching Methods

    1. Discussing and summarizing some questions about the text to understand well;

    2. Repeating and translating the new words to memorize the words;

    3. Explaining the difficult words or sentences and making some examples.

    Teacher’ Book Page 43---83.

    Procedure

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1. Warm-up;

    2. The first part (Paragraph 14 )of the text: new words---text---questions;

    3. The second part (Paragraph 510 ) of the text: new words--- text---questions;

    4. Sum up and assign homework.

    Homework.

    1. On Exercise-Book: Copy some new words about one page tidily; 2. Read the new words correctly and read the text fluently; 3. Do the exercises: No. II.1---6 and No. III.1---11, on Page 41--42, Textbook.

    Time 90 minutes

Part One: 15 minutes

    Page 34: Warming-up

    1. Work with your partner and write down businesses which belong to different types

    of ownership.

    (Teacher’s Book: Page 77--78)

     Public Ownership:

    Railroad铁路, Telecommunication service(post office 电信服务、邮局,

    Television(radio station 电视台、广播站, Electric power industry 电力,

    Journalism(publisher新闻 / 出版业, Air transport industry 航空业,

    Banking 银行业, Oil company 石油公司, Stock market 证劵交易市场,

     Mixed (Public or Private) Ownership:

     Restaurant餐饮业, Retail business零售业, Hotel 宾馆,

    Travel agency旅行社, Department store 商场, Food manufacturer食品加工业,

    Supermarket超市, Advertising agency广告行业, Repair service维修服务行业.

2. Pair work:

     1) What is ownership?

     ( Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive possession or control of something,

    which may be an object or some kind of property.)

     2) Could you name some types of ownership existing in China today?

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     (Ownership existing in China: state-ownedprivate ownershippublic ownership

    individual ownershipcollective ownershipjoint ventureforeign enterprise. . .)

3) Which ownership plays a leading role in Chinas national economy?

     (State-owned enterprise)

     4) Do you think it important to diversify ownership in China?

     5) What changes are taking place in China as far as ownership is concerned?

     Before the introduction of the policies of reform and opening to the outside world

    China had a unitary public ownership economywhich lacked vitality. But since the

    reform and opening to the outside worldthe Chinese government has encouraged the

    development of diversified economic elements while insisting on the primacy of public ownership. As a resultboth the individual and private economies have developed rapidly. By the end of 1998the registered industrial and commercial enterprises of individual and private ownership amounted to 32.4 millionand they had 78.24 million

    employees; Chineseforeign joint venturesChinese-foreign cooperative enterprises

    and foreign ventures numbered 325,000absorbing 265.6 billion yuan of foreign direct investments. The development and expansion of these enterprises have played important roles in many aspectssuch as bringing convenience to peoples everyday livesmaking

    up for the deficiency of construction fundsand introducing advanced technologies and

    management from abroad. At the same time the control of the publicownership

    economy has been further strengthened. In 1999the increased value of state-owned

    enterprises and industrial enterprises above a certain scale made up 24.7 percent of the nations total gross domestic. Now the mutual development pattern for diversified ownership with the public ownership economy as the mainstay has been basically formed.

    在改革开放政策之前,中国只有单一的公有制经济,缺乏活力。但改革开放以

    来,中国政府一直鼓励发展多元化的经济要素,同时坚持公有制为主。因此,无论

    是个体还是私营经济都发展迅速。到1998年底,已登记的工商企业,个人和私人

    所有权为32400000 ,以及他们78240000名雇员; 中外合资经营企业,中外合

    作经营企业和外国企业编号3 25000个,吸收2 65.6亿元的外商直接投资。在很多

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方面,在很多方面,这些企业的发展和扩大已发挥了重要的作用,例如,方便人们

    的日常生活,弥补不足的建设资金,引进外来先进技术和管理。同时,公有制经济

    的控制得到进一步加强。在1999年,国有企业的工业产值的增加,占全国国内总

    产值的2 4.7?,上升到了一定规模。现在,以公有制经济为主体的多元化的所有

    制共同发展的格局,已基本形成。

Part Two: 10 minutes

    Page38--39: New words No.1-9 to the first 4 paragraphs of the Text 1. Divide the words in two groups: No.1-9; No.10-23;

    2. Lead the students to spell the words one by one;

    3. Repeat the words and play translating game;

    4. Mark the words in the two paragraphs and recognize them.

Part Three: 30 minutes

    Page 35--36: Translate and understand the first 4 paragraphs of the Text 1. Read the first 4 paragraphs silently and pay attention to the difficult points; 2. Translate each sentence into Chinese and mark some language points: 3. Review by reading each paragraph twice;

    4. Review by asking some questions: from 1to 6, of No. I, Page 40

     Questions:

    1).How many types of business ownership are there in the USA? What are they?

    The key comes from Paragraph 1:

    There are three main types of business ownership in the United States.

    They are : single proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations.

    2). How many single proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations exist in the

    USA?

    The key comes from Paragraph 1:

    The nation has about 15 million single proprietorships, 1.5 million partnerships, and

    4 million corporations.

    3). Who makes all decisions and receives all profits in single proprietorships?

    The key comes from Paragraph 2:

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    The owner makes all decisions and receives all profits in single proprietorships

    4). What may happen to a single-proprietorship business if the owner dies or runs

    out of money?

    The key comes from Paragraph 3:

    The business will close down if the owner dies or runs out of capital.

    5). What is the advantage of partnerships over single proprietorships?

    The key comes from Paragraph 4:

    Most partners together can raise more capital and handle more business than a

    single proprietor.

    6). In what way can a partnership business break up?

    The key comes from Paragraph 4:

    A partnership can be dissolved by mutual agreement or by the withdrawal of any of

    the partners.

5. Read the first 4 paragraphs together to review.

Part Four: 10 minutes

    Page 38--39 : New words No.1023 to the rest paragraphs of the Text

    1. Lead the students to spell the words one by one;

    2. Repeat the words and play translating game;

    3. Mark the words in the paragraphs and recognize them.

Part Five: 20 minutes

    Page 36: Translate and understand the rest paragraphs of the Text

    1. Read the paragraphs silently one by one and know what your difficult points are; 2. Translate each sentence into Chinese and mark some language points: 3. Review by reading each paragraph;

    4. Review by asking some questions from 7 to 10, No. I, Page 40-41 Questions:

    7). What may be required when certain major decisions that affect business operations

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are being made in a corporation?

    The key comes from Paragraph 5:

    The approval of a majority of the stockholders may be required for certain major decisions that affect business operations.

    8). Why is a corporation more difficult to establish and operate than the other two forms of business ownership?

    The key comes from Paragraph 6:

    Firstly, People who want to establish a corporation must meet many legal requirements of the federal, state, and local governments.

    Secondly, The decisions of a corporation are also subject to the approval of both the stockholders and the managers.

9). Who in fact runs the everyday activities of a corporation?

    The key comes from Paragraph 5:

    Professional managers actually run the everyday activities of a corporation.

10). What is the main purpose of forming conglomerates?

    The key comes from Paragraph 10:

    Many conglomerates are formed to protect total sales from changes in the economy or in consumer demand.

5. Read the rest paragraphs together to review.

Part Six: 5 minutes

    1. Sum up the general meaning about the text and review the new words on Page 36-39 by reading;

    2. Order homework:

    1) On Exercise-Book: Copy some new words about one page tidily;

    2) Read the new words correctly and read the text repeatedly;

    3) Do the exercises: No. II.1---6 and No. III.1---11, on Page 41-42, Textbook.

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    Unit Two (2)

    Content

    1. Review the new words and the text, Types of Business Ownership;

    2. Do some exercises about the text.

    Teaching Aim

    1. Read the text and stress on recognizing the new words to review what learnt last

    class;

    2. Do the items to review the new words and enlarge students’ vocabulary.

    Important Points

    1. Review the text by reading and listening; 2. Do exercises to study some key words or phrases exactly. Difficult Points

    1. Textbook: IV.1---12, Page 42--43; Translating the sentences 2. Textbook: VI. Page 43--44; Making sentences Teaching Methods

    1. Reading and repeating the new words and text; 2. Discussing the items and translating the sentences; 3. Self-learning and competing.

    Teacher’ Book Page79.

    Procedure

    1. Review new words by translating games ;

    2. Review the text by reading;

    3. Do exercises by discussion;

    4. Sum up and order homework.

    Homework

    1. On Exercise-Book: Copy some sentences about the items, from II to VI;

    2. Read the text fluently and try to retell the text; 3. Self-learn more about the texts.

    Time 90 minutes

Part one: 25 minutes

    Textbook: Page 37--39

    Review new words by translating games:

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1. Lead reading the words in several groups;

    2. Play Translating Game step by step;

    3. Recognize or translate words quickly;

    4. Read all words together.

Part Two: 20 minutes

    Textbook: Page 35--37:

    Review the text by reading.

    1. Read the text by two parts;

    2. Self reading twice.

Part Three: 40 minutes

    Do some exercises on Page 41--44 by translating and discussing: (Key on Page 78--79, Teacher’s Book:)

    II.16; Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. III.1---11; Give the English words for the meanings provided. IV. 1---12; Put the proper forms of the following words or expressions from the text in

    the blanks to complete the sentences.

    V. 1---6; Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined parts with

    appropriate words or phrases from the text.

    VI. 1---5. Word Study: For each of the following clues, use the given prompts to

    produce sentences in the same way as is shown in the model.

Part Four: 5 minutes

Sum up and order homework:

    1. On Exercise-Book: Copy some sentences about the items, from II to VI; 2. Read the text fluently and try to retell the text; 4. Self-learn more about the texts.

    Unit Two (3)

    Content

     8

Extended Activities: B, C, D

    Teaching Aim

    1. B: Practice expressions of Asking or Offering favors;

    2. C: Practice reading a journalist article 3. D: Enlarge vocabulary.

    Important Points

    1. Item B: Practice expressions of Asking or Offering favors;

    2. Item C: Practice reading a journalist article. Difficult Points

    1. Oral exercises to complete the dialogues; 2. Read the a journalist article and complete the blanks in exercises;

    Teaching Methods

    1. Practice expressions of Asking or Offering favors by translating Chinese into

    English;

    2. Discuss and complete the I, II,

    3. Self-learn and check together.

    Teacher’ Book Page 82--83.

    Procedure

    Review the new words on Page 61--62 by reading; 1. Learn how to ask or offer favors by Translating; 2. Practice reading a journalist article by self-learning; 3. Get familiar with some words related to types of companies; 4. Learn more by oneself;

    5. Sum up and give homework.

    Homework

    1. On Exercise-Book: Copy some new words about one page tidily;

    2. On Exercise-Book: Copy sample sentences of B and make a role play, on Page

    57--59 ;

    3. Review and read the whole unit fluently; 4. Self-learn more or read E and F.

    Time 90 minutes

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Part One: 15 minutes

    Review the new words on Page 61--62 by reading.

Part Two: 20 minutes

    Learn to ask or offer favors by Translating. Textbook: B, Page 57--59

    1. Read the examples;

    2. Translate the sentences into Chinese; 3. Translate some Chinese sentences into English orally;

    4. Complete and practice the items:

    I; II

Part Three: 20 minutes

    Practice describing company relationship by self-learning:

    Textbook: C, Page 60--61

    1. Self-learn and complete the table orally; 2. Check orally;

    3. Copy the key.

Part Four: 20 minutes

    Get familiar with some words related to types of companies:

    Textbook: D, Page 61--62

    1. Read by oneself;

    2. Discuss and check;

    3. Read the words with the keys.

    Teachers book: Page 83

Part Five: 10 minutes

    Learn more by oneself.

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