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12mg/17gm10071%

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68. Cuchulain is called the "Achilles of the Irish Saga" because a. he is the great warrior of the sage b. like Achilles, he was vulnerable and ...

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TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORSGRADE FOUR (V)

    PART I WRITING 45 MIN.

    SECTION A COMPOSITION 35 MIN.

    Writing on ANSWER SHEET ONE a composition of about 150 words on the

    following topic:

     THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF TV ADVERTISEMENT

     You are to write in three paragraphs.

    In the first paragraph, state clearly your viewpoint on this issue.

    In the second paragraph, support your viewpoint with details or examples.

    In the last paragraph, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion with a

    summary or a suggestion.

    SECTION B NOTE-WRITING 10 MIN.

    PART II DICTATION 15 MIN.

     Listen to the following passage. Although the passage will be read to you four

    times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to

    understand the meaning. For the second the third readings, the passage will be read

sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last

    reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check

    your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

     Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

PART III LISTENING COMPREHENSION 20MIN.

    1. A. Mary bought six silk ties.

    B. Mary spent more than she intended to.

    C. Mary paid too much.

    D. Mary saved $ 3.50.

    2. A. It took me two hours to get to the office.

    B. I did not get to the office because of the traffic jam.

    C. There were usually traffic jams.

    D. It took me two exptra hours to get to the office.

    3. A. This is ordered.

    B. This must happen.

    C. This is arranged.

    D. This is necessary.

    4. A. Bill thinks Susan is stupid.

    B. Bill thinks Susan delightful.

    C. Bill is often bothered by stupid questions.

    D. Bill likes to annoy Susan.

    5. A. For several weeks it hasn’t seemed like autumn.

    B. I don’t like fall at all.

    C. Fall started several weeks ago.

    D. I fell several weeks ago.

    6. A. Linda makes seven thousand yuan a year.

    B. Linda makes nine thousand yuan a year.

    C. Linda makes one thousand yuan a month.

    D. Linda makes four hundred yuan a month.

    7. A. This statement expresses the speaker’s surprise.

    B. This statement expresses the speaker’s sarcasm.

    C. This statement expresses the speaker’s happiness.

    D. This statement expresses the speaker’s delight.

    8. A. Leave the dogs alone.

    B. Don’t remind us of our misfortunes. C. Let the dogs sleep.

    D. Don’t stir up unnecessary trouble. 9. A. Nancy is believable.

    B. Nancy is easily taken in.

    C. Nancy is creditable.

D. Nancy is incredible.

    10. A. I did not mean to do this.

    B. That would have been a good suggestion.

    C. It is possible but unlikely.

    D. It is quite possible.

    11. A. Man and wife. B. Customer and salesgirl.

    C. Manager and secretary.

    D. Customer and manufacturer.

    12. A. At 1.40. B. At 2.00.

    C. At 3.40.

    D. At 1.50.

    13. A. At school. B. At work.

    C. At the local library.

    D. At home.

    14. A. Boston. B. Honolulu.

    C. Chicago.

    D. Midwest.

    15. A. Mr. Brown’s secretary.

    B. John Barrett’s secretary.

    C. John Barrett..

    D. Mr. Brown.

    16. A. $ 38. B. $ 25.80.

    C. $ 32.

    D. $ 34.

    17. A. The woman changed the reservation.

    B. The woman made no reservation.

    C. The woman made the reservation for the 8.00 flight D. The woman misunderstood the man.

    18. A. Tidying up the room. B. Eating peanuts.

    C. Vacuuming the floor.

    D. Smoking.

    19. A. Do some experiment. B. Join the man.

    C. Stay inside.

    D. Write some letters.

    20. A. It will snow for a long time.

    B. People are ready for snow.

    C. It has been snowing for some time.

D. The snow is disappearing.

    21. A. It disapproves of it. B. It has not voiced its opinions about the ban.

    C. It is neither for nor against it.

    D. It reluctantly approves of it.

    22. A. Providing aid to Asia. B. Stopping the spreadof nuclear weapons.

    C. Supporting nuclear programes in South Asia.

    D. Prohibition of assistance to Pakistan.

    23. A. Information from the Protestant gunmen. B. Information from people in Northern Ireland.

    C. Private information from Polish secret agents.

    D. Secret information from citizens of Northeastern Britain. 24. A. The Ulster Volunteer Force. B. The Irish Republican Army.

    C. The Polish agents.

    D. Irish sympathizers in Britain.

25. A. They are busy negotiating when to meet again.

    B. They are busy fixing the date to have talks.

    C. They are doing their best to solve their differences.

    D. They are striving to solve every problem.

    26. A. In three weeks’ time.

    B. This week.

    C. Next Wednesday.

    D. Two days later.

27. A. On Thursday.

    B. On Mr. Sadras’s retirement.

    C. In October.

    D. After the President has given in.

    28. A. Because he was expelled from his post by the people.

    B. Because he could not rule his country well.

    C. Because the Prime Minister and the army chief have failed in their negotiations. D. Because he was unpopular with the armed forces.

    29. A. Using false information. B. Violating human rights.

    C. Bringing wrong charges against him.

    D. Being influenced by the U.S..

    30. A. They are taking a tour. B. They have proposed a conference.

C. They are resorting to shuttle diplomacy.

    D. Eleven countries are to meet next week.

    PART IV CLOZE 15 MIN.

    Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if

    inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your

    answer sheet.

    The news did not come directly to Ella

    herself. (26) her indirectly in 26. A. It reached

    B. They reached

    C. It arrived at

    D. They arrived at (27) that she had won the prize. But 27. A. suggest

    B. implications

    C. hints

    D. indications as she was a calm, quiet girl, she (28) 28. A. went on to work

     B. went on working

     C. went on with work

     D. went back working without (29) , 29. A. telling nothing

    B. telling anything

    C. saying nothing

    D. saying anything (30) , the whole school was full of rumors 30. A. despite

    B. though

    C. although

    D. nevertheless and statements from students who had no right

    to be (31) at all because 31. A. doing advertisements

     B. making advertisements

    C. doing announcements

    D. making announcements (32) really knew 32. A. no one

    B. everyone

    C. anyone

    D. not anyone (33) what the result of this year’s art 33. A. still

    B. already

    C. yet

    D. any more competition was. But Ella was (34) 34. A. such a

    B. such

    C. a so

    D. so good artist, her lines so sure, that (35) 35. A. not another

    B. no one other

    C. no other

    D. none other student in the art class was expected to win.

    But you never (36) . Last year nobody had 36. A. might know

    B. could be sure

    C. can learn

    D. may be secure expected Frank Peters to win with that funny

    modern painting he had (37) the city bridge. 37. A. done for

    B. made about

    C. done of

    D. made on (38) , it was hard to 38. A. In the reality

    B. To say truth

    C. Surely

    D. In fact (39) the bridge until you looked at the 39. A. pick up

    B. see through

    C. take hold of

    D. make out picture for a long time. Still, Frank had got the

    prize and the President of the Board of Governors

    had presented (40) at a big dinner in the Ritz 40. A. him it

    B. it to him

    C. it him

    D. him for it

Hotel.

    PART V GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY 15MIN.

    PART VI READING COMPREHENSION 30MIN.

SECTION A Reading Comprehension 25MIN.

     In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked a, b, c and d. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer,

     Mark your choice on your answer sheet.

TEXT A

     For me, scientific knowledge is divided into mathematical sciences, natural sciences or sciences dealing with the natural world (physical and bilogical sciences), and sciences dealing with mankind (psychology, sociology, all the sciences of cultural achievements, every kind of historical knowledge). Apart from these sciences is philosophy, about which we will talk later. In the first place, all this is pure or theoretical knowledge, sought only for the purpose of understanding, in order to fulfill the need to understand that is intrinsic and substantial to man. What distinguishes man from animal is that he knows and needs to know. If man did not know that the world existed, and that the world was of a certain kind, that he was in the world and that he himself was of a certain kind, he wouldn't be man. The technical aspects or applications of knowledge are equally necessary for man and are of the greatest importance, because they also contribute to defining him as man and permit him to pursue a life increasingly more truly human.

     But even while enjoying the results of technical progress, he must defend the primacy and autonomy of pure knowledge. Knowledge sought directly for its practical applications will have immediate and foreseeable success, but not the kind of important result whose revolutionary scope is in large part unforeseen, except by the imagination of the Utopians. Let me recall a well-known example. If the Greek mathematicians had not applied themselves to the investigation of conisections, zealously and without the least suspicion that it might someday be useful, it would not have been possible centuries later to navigate far from shore. The first men to study the nature of electricity could not imagine that their experiments, carried on because of mere intellectual curiosity, would eventually lead to modern electrical technology, without which we can scarcely conceive of contemporary life. Pure knowledge is valuable for its own sake, because the human spirit cannot resign itself to ignorance. But, in addition, it is the foundation for practical results that would not have been reached if this knowledge had not been sought disinterestedly.

66. The most important advances made by mankind come from

     a. technical applications b. apparently useless information

     c. the natural sciences d. philosophy

     67. In the paragraph that follows this passage, we may expect the author to

     discuss

     a. the value of technical research b. the value of pure research

     c. philosophy d. unforeseen discoveries

    68. The title below that best expresses the ideas of this passage is

     a. Technical Progress

     b. A Little Learning Is a Dangerous Thing

     c. Man's Distinguishing Characteristics

     d. Learning for its Own Sake

69. The practical scientist

     a. knows the value of what he will discover

     b. is interested in the unknown

     c. knows that the world exists

     d. is a philosopher

TEXT B

     The atmosphere contains water vapor, but there is a limit to how much water can be evaporated into a given volume of air, just as there is a limit to how much sugar can be dissolved in one cupful of coffee. More sugar can be dissolved in hot coffee than in cold. A given volume of air can hold more water vapor at a higher temperature than at a lower temperature. The air is said to be saturated when it holds as much water vapor as it can at that temperature. At 20?C a cubic

    meter of air can hold about 17 gm of water vapor; at 30?C it can hold about 30gm. Usually the

    atmosphere is not saturated. Relative humidity (expressed in percent) is the ratio of the mass of water vapor actually present in a given volume of air to the mass which would be present in it if it were saturated. For example, if a cubic meter of air at 20?C contains 12 gm of water vapor, the

    relative humidity is 12mg/17gm×100=71%. Hygrometers are instruments for measuring relative

    humidity. Readings on wet and dry bulb thermometers can be compared with the aid of a chart from which one can then read off the relative humidity. The basic principle of this is that evaporation is a cooling process. The rate of evaporation from the wet-bulb thermometer will be high when the relative humidity is low, and therefore on such a day the wet-bulb thermometer will read considerably below the dry-bulb one. There is no simple formula for converting this temperature difference to relative humidity, and therefore a chart is used.

     If unsaturated air is cooled, its relative humidity goes up. If the temperature of the air drops sufficiently, saturation is reached and excess moisture precipitates out. The dew point is the temperature to which the air must be cooled so that it will be saturated and condensation will just form.

70. When the readings on the wet bulb thermometer and the dry bulb thermometer

     are similar, we may assume that

     a. we have relative humidity b. the air is saturated

     c. the thermometers are inefficient d. the temperature is going to rise 71. When the air is saturated, it is likely to be

     a. raining b. windy d. clear d. getting warmer

72. The dew point is most often reached

     a. early in the morning b. at noon

     c. after midnight d. at dusk

    73. A chart is used to determine the relative humidity after using a wet and dry

     bulb thermometer because

     a. it comes with the instrument

     b. the mathematics involved is complicated

     c. there is no need to duplicate the work

     d. people do not know how to handle per cent

74. When the temperature of the air rises above the dew point,

     a. dew will form

     b. it will rain

     c. the relative humidity exceeds 100%

     d. evaporation is likely to take place

TEXT C

     Scientists believe that people "dressed up" long before they made a habit of wearing clothes. Primitive man dressed himself in feathers and ornaments, or pained his body and wrapped himself in animal skins. It was probably some time before man discovered than the decorations kept him warm and protected him from various injuries. Even today, millions of people who wear little clothing use ornaments and decorations.

     When primitive people began to wear clothing regularly, they had to make it from the materials at hand. In cold regions, they often used the skins of fur-bearing animals as protection against the cold. In warmer regions of the world, the people dressed themselves in clothing made from leaves, tree bark, and woven grasses. Some people scraped the hair from animal skins to make soft leather for their clothes.

     Linen was the first woven material from which clothes were made. From very early times, men have known how to make flax into fine linen. In fact, over four thousand years ago, Egyptians grew flax along the banks of the Nile River. They learned how to make threads from the fiber of the flax plant, and the linen that the ancient Egyptians wore was a softer, finer linen than the lenen of today. However, only the very rich Egyptians could afford this fine linen. The poor people of ancient Egypt wore very coarse linen or animal skins, and most of the owned only one garment apiece.

     Egyptian and Jewish priests, who lived in warm lands, wore fine linen clothing at religious festivals. The Egyptians wound their mummies in bands of linen before placing them in the tomb. Fine linen was also worn by the wealthy Greeks of ancient times. And, during the Middle Ages, most of the people in Europe wore linen.

75. Linen is made from

     a. flax. b. grasses. c. cotton. d. skins.

    76. The linen of the ancient Egyptians was

     a. almost as fine as that we see today.

     b. as fine as that we see today.

     c. finer than that we see today.

     d. a different kind of cloth from what we see today.

    77. The first woven material to be made into clothing was

     a. cotton. b. wool. c. linen. d. silk.

TEXT D

     In the forests of North America, where the winters are often long and cold, small ponds can be found along the streams. Sometimes these ponds are natural; sometimes they are man made; and sometimes they are the constructions of beavers. You can tell a beaver pond by its dam. To make

    the dams, the lay sticks and branches on top of each other to form an effective beavers barrier against the water of the stream. Near the dam the beavers build a mud-converted, rounded pile of other sticks and branches. Usually this mound is similar to a small island surrounded by the water of the pond. This is the house where a beaver family spends the winter, protected from its enemies and from the cold. The beavers are able to keep dry in the center of the house, which is above water level.

     The beavers work hard to make their house. They cut down trees, gather branches and twigs, and put them together with mud. Most of the summer is spent in this kind of work, but in winter the beavers' work proves worthwhile. Their house protects them even from bears.

     During the American Revolution, when the armies made roads through the woods, they often tore down the beaver dams to drain swamps and make dry roads. However, the beavers returned again and again to their former dam-sites and rebuilt their dams. Thus, in a very short time, the roads were under water again.

     The beaver is related to other rodents, or gnawing animals, such as rats, mice and squirrels. The beaver, however, is much bigger than its rodent cousins. An adult beaver may weigh more than 50 pounds, and his body may be about three feet long. His tail will add ten or twelve more inches to his length. His hind feet are webbed, which helps him swim rapidly. His front paws are similar to a pair of strong hands. With them he can carry logs and stones. His eyes, nose and ears are small, but he has two huge front teeth. These teeth are always growing, and he must keep them sharpened by constant use. The teeth of an adult beaver are yellow from the bark of trees that he gnaws.

     The beaver's tail is particularly useful. It is broad and oval, in the shape of a paddle-blade. He uses it as an oar or rudder when he is in the water, and to balance himself when he is sitting on the ground. He often uses his tail to strike the ground as a warning to other beavers that danger is near. He can remain under water for ten minutes, using his tail as a sort of propeller .

    78. Beaver dams are found mainly in

     a. tropical regions. b. temperate regions.

     c. North America. d. Europe.

    79. Beavers are related to

     a. dogs. b. cats. c. rats. d. deer.

    80. Beavers use their tails in

     a. swimming. b. climbing.

     c. carrying wood. d. cutting trees.

SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING 5MIN.

     In this section there are six passages with multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answer on your answer sheet.

TEXT E

    First read the following questions.

    81. We can infer by this label that

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