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The Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board has responsibility for air qualityAmbient Air Quality Standards and Air Quality Control Regulations for

     2580 Page 1 of 8

    FOREST SERVICE MANUAL

    SOUTHWESTERN REGION (REGION 3)

    ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO

    FSM 2500 WATERSHED AND AIR MANAGEMENT

    CHAPTER 2580 AIR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Supplement No.: 2500-2005-1

Effective Date: June 30, 2005

    Duration: This supplement is effective until superseded or removed.

    Approved: Abel M Camarena Date Approved:

     (For) Regional Forester 06/13/2005

Posting Instructions: Supplements are numbered consecutively by title and calendar year.

    Post by document; remove the entire document and replace with this supplement. Retain this

    transmittal as the first page(s) of this document. The last supplement to this title was 2500-94-1.

    2580 8 Pages New Document(s):

    2500-94-1 dated 10/11/1994 8 Pages Superseded Document(s)

    (Amendment Number and

    Effective Date)

Digest:

    2580.1 Revises authority for Regional air resource management.

    2580.3 Updates Regional policy for air quality management.

    2580.4 Establishes air resource management responsibility for the Regional

    Forester; the Director for Ecosystem Analysis and Planning Watershed

    and Air Management; and Forest Supervisors.

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    FSM 2500 WATERSHED AND AIR MANAGEMENT

    CHAPTER 2580 AIR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

2580.1- Authority

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is directed to implement the Clean Air Act (CAA), Public Law 101-549 as amended, through EPA-approved State Implementation Plans (SIPs) or through Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs) in the absence of an approved SIP. In New Mexico, the Environmental Improvement Board is the state air pollution control agency (except for Bernalillo County), and air quality programs are administered under the authority of the New Mexico Environment Department. The Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board has responsibility for air quality control in Bernalillo County, and the program is administered through the City of Albuquerque Environmental Health Department. In Arizona, the Air Quality Rules are adopted and implemented through the Department of Environmental Quality except that air quality authority was also delegated by EPA to Maricopa, Pima and Pinal Counties and Yavapai Apache Tribe. Permits for air emissions on tribal lands in New Mexico are authorized by EPA Region 6, and by EPA Region 9 for tribal lands in Arizona. State and local air quality regulations that affect certain management activities in the Southwestern Region include:

     1. New Mexico Air Quality Control Act (Sections 74-2-1 to 74-2-17 NMSA 1978). NM Environmental Improvement Board, Santa Fe.

     2. New Mexico Ambient Air Quality Standards and Air Quality Control Regulations. NM Environmental Improvement Board, Santa Fe.

     3. Arizona Air Pollution Rules (ARS 49.501; Title 18, Environmental Quality, Chapter 2, Air Pollution Control), Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, Phoenix.

     4. Ambient Air Quality Standards and Air Quality Control Regulations for

    Albuquerque/Bernalillo County, Dec. 1991. Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board, Albuquerque.

    2580.3 - Policy

    Air is a basic National Forest System resource to be protected. In the management of this resource the Region shall cooperate with other Federal, state and local regulatory agencies, as well as the public and private land managers to:

     1. Minimize the impact of the Region's management activities on air quality and comply with requirements of Federal, state and local air regulatory authorities.

     2. Affirmatively protect Air Quality Related Values (AQRV) within the Region's Class I wilderness areas (2580.5 - Exhibit 01).

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    FSM 2500 WATERSHED AND AIR MANAGEMENT

    CHAPTER 2580 AIR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

     3. Protect Resource Values Affected by Air Pollution (RVAAP) on all National Forest

    System Lands.

     4. Maintain or improve air quality within Class I airsheds (2580.5 - Exhibit 02.)

    2580.4 - Responsibility

2580.43 Regional Foresters

The Regional Forester is responsible for accomplishing all objectives of the Forest Service air

    resource management program and in meeting the requirements of the CAA and state and local

    air pollution control rules, regulations and standards within the Region. Program coordination

    and technical guidance is the responsibility of the Director of Watershed and Air Management.

     1. Director, Watershed and Air Management. The Director of Ecosystem Analysis and

    Planning - Watershed and Air Management shall:

    a. Serve as principal contact for air resource management and AQRV issues,

    including Regional Planning Organizations (i.e, Western Regional Air Partnership).

    Develop and present the Forest Service position on these issues.

    b. Provide leadership in the inventory, monitoring, and evaluation of AQRV and air

    pollution effects on National Forests and National Grasslands.

    c. Evaluate programs and plans to ensure compliance with procedural and

    substantive requirements of the CAA.

    d. Coordinate air quality management with Regional Staff Directors that have

    program management responsibilities that may be affected by air quality, air quality

    standards, or provisions of the CAA. This includes Recreation, Forest Pest

    Management, Wildlife, Range, and Fire and Aviation Management.

    e. Provide technical guidance, consistency and training to Forests for meeting air

    resource management objectives, including: Prevention of Significant Deterioration

    (PSD) permit screening analysis; recommendations for approval, modification or

    denial of PSD permit applications; and review and preparation of recommendations

    for SIPs.

    f. Maintain contacts with others, including: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency;

    Federal agencies managing Class I areas in the Region (National Park Service, U.S.

    Fish and Wildlife Service); state, county, and municipal air regulatory agencies; and

    the Rocky Mountain Research Station.

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    CHAPTER 2580 AIR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

g. Develop program direction and budget for air resource management on National

    Forest System lands.

     2. Forest Supervisors. The Federal Land Manager’s affirmative responsibility to protect

    Class I wilderness areas from air pollution is redelegated to the Forest Supervisors. This

    responsibility is defined in the CAA, i.e., take affirmative action to protect Class I area resources

    from adverse impacts that may result from air pollution. Responsibilities are as follows:

    a. Using Forest Service screening criteria, review and evaluate PSD permit

    applications that have the potential to affect National Forest Class I areas.

    (1) Ensure that states and EPA notify the USDA Forest Service of all permits for

    the FLM to assess whether each permit application has a potential to impact

    AQRV.

    (2) Review PSD permits for completeness and where appropriate, transmit a

    response to recommend that the permitting authority not declare an application

    complete until AQRV are adequately addressed.

    (3) Transmit a response to recommend to the permitting authority that PSD

    permit applications that have the potential to affect Class I areas be either issued,

    modified, or denied.

    (4) Where appropriate, also transmit a response to recommend pre- and post-

    construction monitoring by the PSD permit applicant to assess AQRV impacts.

    (5) Evaluate ability of the proposed PSD air pollution control technology to

    protect AQRV, and where appropriate, transmit recommendations on control

    technology for consideration by the permitting authority. b. Review SIPs and transmit written comments to the permitting authority.

    c. Inventory AQRV and other resource values affected by air pollution to determine

    baseline and/or existing condition. Monitor selected indicators of these values in

    Class I areas and priority Class II areas. Make such information available to the

    Environmental Protection Agency and the State, City or County permitting authority

    upon request or when resource conditions are impaired due to air quality.

    d. Acquire necessary air pollution permits and conduct prescribed burning in

    compliance with air regulatory agency statutes and guidelines. Control prescribed

    burning activities to minimize visibility reduction and adverse smoke effects on Class

    I areas, public facilities, private lands, and other smoke-sensitive areas.

    e. Conduct conformity determinations as required by EPA rule pursuant to Clean Air

    Act Section 176(c).

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    FSM 2500 WATERSHED AND AIR MANAGEMENT

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    f. Consult with State and local air quality regulatory authorities on pollution impacts

    to National Forests. Document written or verbal complaints from Class I area visitors

    regarding visibility or other AQRV impairment. Forward comments to the permitting

    authority and recommend actions needed to protect these resources.

    g. Transmit recommendations for approval or denial of variances requested of the

    permitting authority.

    h. Develop and integrate a Forest Air Resource Management Program into the Forest

    planning and budgeting process.

    2580.5 - Definitions

     1. Current Condition of Air Quality Related Values. The condition as first monitored

    after August 1977, or as can be reasonably established using data before and after that date.

    2. Screening Criteria. Quantitative measures for evaluating PSD permit applications. Includes limits of acceptable change, i.e., changes in the physical, chemical, biological and

    cultural condition of a wilderness component that can occur without causing a loss of wilderness

    character. Any predicted or measured change at or beyond the screening criteria may define an

    adverse impact to an Air Quality Related Value. Use guidelines within Federal Land Managers'

    Air Quality Related Values Workgroup Phase I Report, December 2000.

     3. Sensitive Receptor. A wilderness component that is sensitive to air pollution and serves as an early indicator of AQRV condition.

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    2580.5 - Exhibit 1

    CLASS I WILDERNESS AREAS IN REGION 3

     ACRES

    WILDERNESS (1990) LEAD FOREST

    ARIZONA STATE

    CHIRICAHUA 87,700 Coronado GALIURO 76,317 Coronado MAZATZAL 252,016 Tonto MT. BALDY 6,975 Apache-Sitgreaves PINE MOUNTAIN 20,061 Prescott SIERRA ANCHA 20,850 Tonto SUPERSTITION 159,780 Tonto SYCAMORE CANYON 55,937 Coconino

     ARIZONA TOTAL 679,636

    NEW MEXICO STATE

    GILA 558,065 Gila WHITE MTN. 48,873 Lincoln PECOS 223,333 Santa Fe SAN PEDRO PARKS 41,132 Santa Fe WHEELER PEAK 19,663 Carson

     NEW MEXICO TOTAL 891,066

     Regional Total 1,570,702

     Other Class I Areas:

     New Mexico Arizona

     Bandelier NM Chiricahua NM

     Bosque del Apache Petrified Forest NP

     Carlsbad Caverns NP Saguaro NM

     Salt Creek Wilderness Grand Canyon NP

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    2580.5 - Exhibit 2

    AIRSHEDS OF ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO

    A. Key to Arizona Airsheds.

     Unit 1: Colorado River

     Unit 2: Upper Colorado River

     Unit 3: Little Colorado River

     Unit 4: Colorado River/Mexico

     Unit 5: Verde River

     Unit 6: Lower Salt River

     Unit 7: Upper Gila River

     Unit 8: Mexico Drainage

     Unit 9: Gila River

     Unit 10: Gila River Basin

     Unit 11: Lower Colorado

    B. List of New Mexico Airsheds/Watersheds.

    San Juan River Basin

    Upper Rio Grande Basin

    Middle Rio Grande Basin

    Lower Rio Grande Basin

    Arkansas White-Red River

    Texas Gulf Basin

    Pecos River Basin

    Central Closed Basins

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    South-western Closed Basins

    Lower Colorado River Basin

    Western Closed Basins

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