Language work of Unit 10
1. L1, L5, L49, L55 glamour n. / ;，?？?， / the attractive and exciting
quality that sth. has because it is connected with wealth and success 魅力，迷人的
e.g. Foreign travel has never lost its glamour for me.
She is always attracted by the glamour of a job in the pop music business.
*glamorous (or glamourous) a. / ;，?？?，?，? / having glamour 富有魅力
e.g. Being in the theatre isn’t as glamorous as some people think.
2. L2 fulfill v. / ?，?;?；? /
(1) make or prove to be true; cause (sth. wished for or planned) to happen 应
e.g. If he’s lazy, he’ll never fulfill his ambition to be a doctor.
Visiting Disneyland has fulfilled a boyhood dream.
(2) fml do or perform (a duty, etc.) 尽到，履行？责任等？
e.g. A nurse has many duties to fulfill in caring for the sick.
This chimney fulfils the function of taking away gas fumes.
(3) supply or satisfy (a need, demand, or purpose) 满足？需要、要求？！使达
e.g. The traveling library fulfils an important need for people who live in country
This company should be able to fulfill our requirements. 3. L1-2 Hollywood suggests glamour, a place where the young star-struck
teenagers could, with a bit of luck, fulfill their dreams.
— Hollywood reminds you of the exciting and charming quality of sth. unusual
or special, with a magical power of attraction, a place where the young teenagers
deeply impressed by stars could, with a bit of luck, realize their dreams. /
Hollywood is associated with a magical power of attraction, a place where the
young teenagers profoundly influenced by stars could make their dreams come
true if they are a bit lucky.
4. L2 luxurious a. / ?；，;?，，，?；，? / very expensive, beautiful, and
e.g. The hotel we stayed in was really luxurious.
This car is our most luxurious model.
*luxury n. / ;?；(，?； / [U] a condition of great comfort provided without
any consideration of the cost 奢华，奢侈！[C] sth. that is very pleasant and
enjoyable, but not necessary and not often bad or done 奢侈品
e.g. They led a life of luxury.
We can’t afford to spend money on luxuries.
5. L3 palm n. / ?，？? / also palm tree; any of a large family of mainly
tropical trees which are usu. very tall and have branchless stems and a mass of
large leaves at the top 棕榈树
6. L3 fringe
(1) v. / ??；?(~ / be around the edge of sth. 围绕着…，为…的边缘
e.g. A line of trees fringed the pool.
The river was clear and rushing and fringed by trees.
(2) n. / ??；?(~ / the part farthest from the centre; edge 边缘，外围
e.g. It was easier to move about on the fringe of the crowd.
The woodcutter had a little house on the fringes of the forest.
*fringed a. / ??；?(~( / being around the edge of sth. 边缘的，外围的
7. L3 vast palm-fringed swimming pools — very large swimming pools fringed by
8. L3 cocktail n. / ;?，??)；? / a mixed alcoholic drink 鸡尾酒
9. L3 furnishings n. / ;??？?；(；：? / the furniture and other things in a
room, such as curtains, baths, etc. ？诸如浴缸、窗帘等？固定的房间设备，家
e.g. Bathroom furnishings are in the basement of the store, Sir. 10. L3 fit for… — suitable for…; good enough for…
e.g. We had to make sure the land was fit for drilling.
I don’t think she’s really fit for the job.
11. L4, L9 fortune n. / ;?！？?(? / ，
(1) a great amount of money, possessions, etc. ？大量？财产！大笔的钱
e.g. I seem to have spent an absolute fortune on food this week!
This family made their fortune in/from computers.
(2) chance or luck, and the effect that it has on one’s life时机，运气
e.g. By a stroke of (good) fortune, he won the competition.
I had the good fortune to be chosen for a trip abroad.
(3) what will happen to a person in the future 命运，未来的运气
e.g. I had my fortune told last week.
At the fair a gypsy told my fortune.
12. L5 yacht n. / ，，? / a large often motor-driven boat used for pleasure 大游
13. L6 be left with... — be left in a particular condition
e.g. Although the infection cleared up, he was left with a persistent cough.
She was left with a feeling of relief.
14. L6 colossal a. / ?，;?，?? / extremely large 巨大的，庞大的
e.g. It requires government spending on a colossal scale.
It is a colossal building which was completed last year. 15. L7 constant a. / ;?，??，?? /
(1) fixed or unchanging; invariable 始终如一的，恒久不变的
e.g. He drove at a constant speed.
A thermostat keeps the temperature constant.
(2) continually happening or repeated; regular 不断的，连续发生的
e.g. The machinery requires constant maintenance.
The politician is under constant attack in the newspaper.
(3) loyal; faithful 忠实的，忠诚的
e.g. She is a constant friend of mine.
They are constant in friendship.
16. L8 ideal
(1) a. / ?；;(；，? / perfect in every way 理想的，完美的
e.g. It’s an ideal place for a holiday.
The scheme offers an ideal opportunity for youngsters to get training.
n. / ?；;(；，? / (a belief in) high principles or perfect standards 理想 (2)
e.g. They share our democratic ideals
(3) n. / ?；;(；，? / a perfect example 完美典型，典范
e.g. That’s my ideal of what a house should be like.
17. L8 site
(1) n. / ??；? / a place where sth. of special interest existed or happened 场
e.g. The site of the battle to Waterloo is in Belgium.
There are many sites of historical interest in Beijing.
(2) n. / ??；? / a piece of ground for building on？建筑的？基地，用地
e.g. This is a very large site where many apartment buildings will be built.
Protective helmets must be worn on the construction sites. 18. L8 shoot v. / (?？? / make (a photograph or film) (of) 拍摄？照片、电影
e.g. We’ll be ready to shoot as soon as all the cameras are loaded.
This film was hot on location in California.
19. L8-9, L10-11, L44 motion picture n. / ；?，，(，?;?；??(， / AmE
a cinema film [美]电影
20. L8-9 The constant sunshine and mild climate of southern California made it an
ideal site for shooting motion pictures.
— Southern California, which usually enjoys sunshine and boasts a mild climate,
became a most desirable place for making movies.
21. L9 peak
(1) n. / ?：？? / the highest point, level, etc., esp. of a varying amount, rate,
e.g. Sales have reached a new peak.
Demand for coal is at its peak in January.
(2) n. / ?：？? / a sharply pointed mountain top; a whole mountain with a
pointed top 山峰，山顶
e.g. The (mountain) peaks are covered with snow all the year. 22. L9-10 Hollywood’s fame and fortune reached its highest point in the 1930s and
1940s, the golden days of the black and white movies.
— Hollywood’s fame and fortune reached its highest point in the 1930s and 1940s,
when the best black and white movies were produced in abundance and became
23. L11 corporation n. / ；?！？?，；?)；(，? / a group of people who
are permitted by law to act as a single unit, esp. for purposes of business, with
rights and duties separate from those of its members 公司，社团，法人
e.g. Mary works for a large American corporation.
Broadcasting authorities are often public corporations.
，? / very famous and likely to be remembered 24. L14 immortal a. / ；;?！？?
for a long time不朽的，流芳百世的
e.g. Shakespeare wrote many immortal plays.
He performed many immortal deeds for the people.
25. L15 magnet
(1) n. / ;?？，?；? / a person or thing that attracts many people有吸引力的
e.g. Buckingham Palace is a great magnet for tourists.
The region has become a magnet for small businesses.
She drew men to her like a magnet.
(2) n. / ;?？，?；? / a piece of iron or steel that can stick to metal or make
other metal objects move towards itself 磁铁
*magnetic a. / ?？?;?)?；? / having the qualities of a magnet 有磁性的，
26. L15 ambitious a. / ？?;?；(，? / having a strong desire for success, power,
wealth, etc. 有抱负的，有雄心的，雄心勃勃的
e.g. He is an ambitious young man, studying hard to be a scientist.
Some mothers are highly ambitious for their children.
*ambition n. / ？?;?；(，? / strong desire, esp. over a long period, for
success, power, wealth, etc. 抱负，雄心
e.g. Earlier this year, he achieved his ambition of competing in the Olympic
27. L16-17 recommend v. / ?)?，;?)?( /
(1) praise as being good for a purpose; provide information about sb. or sth. 推
e.g. They recommended her as a good lawyer.
Can you recommend a good hotel to me?
(2) advise or suggest as a correct of suitable course of action 劝告，建议
e.g. I recommend caution in dealing with this matter.
The committee has recommended that the training program be improved.
*recommendation n. / ；?)?，?)?;()；(，? / the act of
recommending or sth. (esp. a course of action) that is recommended; advice or
e.g. We bought the car on Paul’s recommendation.
28. L17 whatsoever ad. / ；?，?，，;)?， / (often used after nouns in
questions or negatives) whatever
e.g. I have no money whatsoever.
The firm has made no profit whatsoever so far.
29. L15-17 In those days Hollywood was like a magnet, drawing ambitious young
men and women from all over the world. Most of them had only their good looks
to recommend them and had no acting experience — or ability — whatsoever.
— In those days Hollywood was as attractive as a magnet, attracting young men
and women from various parts of the world, who cherished a strong desire for
success and wealth. Most of them, looking handsome or beautiful, were suitable
enough to be actors or actresses in terms of appearance, but they had no
experience in acting or no performing skills at all.
30. L17 occasionally ad. / ，;?)；~，?，?： / sometimes, but not regularly
and not often 偶尔地，时不时地
e.g. Occasionally Alice would look up from her books.
We only see each other very occasionally (=rarely).
31. L18 notice v. / ;?，，?；? / pay attention (to) with the eyes, other senses, or
e.g. Did you notice anyone leave/leaving the house?
I noticed (that) he was looking very nervous.
The young actress is trying to get herself noticed (=to become publicly
*be noticed/get (sb./oneself) noticed — get attention, or to make sb./oneself get
*noticeable a. / ;?，，?；?，?，? / worth noticing or easily noticed 值得注
32. L19 stunt n. / ??；?? / a dangerous action that is done to entertain people,
esp. in a film 特技
e.g. In the film he had to drive a car into the sea, and do other hair-raising stunts.
The plane flew upside down, turned over twice, and did a few more stunts
33. L19 He started as a stunt rider, and from there rose to be one of the great stars of
the early Westerns.
— In the beginning, he performed amazing and often dangerous acts of skill as a
horse rider, and before long he grew very popular and became one of the great
stars of the early Westerns.
34. L21 toss v. / ?，? /
(1) move the head back suddenly, often with a shaking movement 猛然扭？头
e.g. The horse tossed its head back and smelt the wind.
She tossed her head angrily.
(2) throw esp. in a careless or aimless way 扔，掷，抛
e.g. They tossed their hats in the air.
The referee tossed a coin to decide which player would serve first.
(3) (cause to) move about continuously in an aimless or violent way ？使？动来
e.g. He was tossing about / tossing and turning all night. He couldn’t get to
The boat was tossed this way and that in the stormy sea. 35. L21 swing v. / ??；： / move freely from side to side or backward and forward
e.g. The sign was swinging in the wind.
The children were swinging on a rope.
The soldiers marched along, swinging their arms.
36. L22 hip n. / ?；? / the fleshy part of either side of the human body above the
e.g. Women have rounder hips than men.
He stood with his hands on his hips.
37. L23 in vain — without success in spite of your efforts
e.g. Police searched in vain for the missing gunman.
It took a great deal of courage to admit that all her efforts had been in vain. 38. L21-23 …and as they served their customers they tossed their heads and swung
their hips, hoping to attract the attention of some important person connected with
the movies. Most of them hoped in vain.
— …and as they provided their customers with services, they tilted their heads
and shook their hips, in the hope of drawing the attention of some important
person who had connections with the movies. However, most of them failed to
realize their hopes.
39. L24 as for — when we speak of; concerning; with regard to (used when starting
to talk about a new subject, connected with what came before)
e.g. You can have a bed; as for me, I’ll have to sleep on the floor.
As for my past, I will not tell you anything.
40. L24 hold on a tight rein — control firmly
e.g. Mrs. Ford holds her children on a tight rein, but they still seem to get into
trouble from time to time.
41. L24 studio n. / ;??，?(：，， / a place where cinema films are made 电影
e.g. Hollywood’s leading studios are interested in signing her.
42. L25 all but — almost, completely
e.g. Britain’s coal industry has all but disappeared.
I’ve all but finished my work.
43. L25, L34 appeal
(1) n. / ，;?：？? / power to move the feelings; attraction; interest 吸引力，感
e.g. Films of that sort have lost their appeal for me.
Her novels have wide appeal.
What is the particular appeal of this island?
(2) n. / ，;?：？? / strong request for help, support, kindness, etc. 恳求，呼吁
e.g. The girl's family have made a public appeal for help to try and catch her
His appeal for forgiveness went unanswered.
(3) v. / ，;?：？? / please, attract, or interest 使喜欢，吸引，使感兴趣
*appeal to sb. — attract sb.; interest sb.
e.g. Does the idea of working abroad appeal (to you)?
The programme appeals especially to young children.
(4) v. / ，;?：？? / make a strong request for help, support, mercy, etc. 恳求，
e.g. The police are appealing to the public for any information about the murder
They are appealing for funds to build a new church.
*appealing a. / ，;?：？?；： / able to move the feelings 打动人心的！
attractive, pleasing or interesting 有吸引力的，有趣的
44. L24-25 As for the stars themselves, they were held on a tight rein by the studios
chiefs who could make or break all but the stars with really big appeal.
— With regard to the stars themselves, they were controlled firmly by the studio
heads who could cause the stars to succeed or completely fail except those big
stars who really appealed to the audience.
45. L26, L27 contract n. / ;?，???？?? / a formal written agreement,
having the force of law, between two or more people or groups 契约，合同
e.g. According to the terms of your contract (of employment) you must give three
months’ notice if you intend to leave.
The company has won a valuable contract for the construction of a dam. 46. L27, L40 image n. / ;；?；(~ / the general opinion about a person,
organization, etc., that has been formed or intentionally created in people’s minds
e.g. The company tries to project an image of being innovative and progressive. 47. L27-28 Under their contracts the stars did not have their right to choose their
— According to their contracts the stars had no right to choose their roles. 48. L29 expertly ad. / ;)????？??： / in a way typical of an expert; in a
skillful manner; skillfully 熟练地，专业地
49. L29, L30, L31 advertise v. / ;？(?，??；? / make (sth. for sale, services
offered, a room to rent, etc.) known to the public, e.g. in a newspaper or on
e.g. I advertised (my house) in the “Daily News”.
Are lawyers allowed to advertise (their services)?
*advertisement n. / ，(;??？?：??，??; ；？(?，;??；??，?? /
sth. used for advertising things, such as a notice on a wall or in a newspaper, or a
short film shown on television 广告
e.g. The Sunday papers are full of advertisements for cars.
*advertising n. / ;？(?，??；?；： / the business of encouraging people to
buy goods by means of advertisements 广告业
e.g. Are you interested in a career in advertising?
50. L29-30 No country in the world has developed so expertly the skill of
advertising as the Americans.
— The Americans have developed the skill of advertising more expertly or more
skillfully than any other country in the world.
51. L30 candidate n. / ;?？?(；(；? / a person who wants to be chosen for a
job or elected to a position, or whom other people have suggested as a suitable
person for such a job or position 候选人
e.g. They are interviewing candidates for the job of sales manager.
He might have been selected as a Conservative candidate. 52. L30-31 presidency n. / ;??)?；(，??： / the position of being the
president of a country or organization, or the period of time during which
someone is president 总统？或校长等？职位，任期
e.g. Roosevelt was elected four times to the presidency of the US.
There were few real improvements during his presidency. 53. L31, L33 means n. / ?：？?? / a method or way (of doing) 方法，手段
e.g. Homework should not be used as a means of controlling children.
*by means of — (fml. ) by using; with the help of
e.g. We express our thoughts by means of words.
54. L31 starlet n. / ;??，？?；? / a young performer who plays small parts in
films and is hoping to become famous 演配角而想成名的年轻女电影演员
55. L31-32 superstar n. / ;?，?？?，??，？ / an extremely famous performer,
esp. a musician or film actor or actress ？流行音乐、电影等？超级巨星
56. L31-32 The Hollywood studios, by means of advertising, turned starlets into
— The Hollywood studios, by means of advertising, turned young performers
who played small parts in films and hoped to become famous into extremely
famous and popular film stars.
57. L32 tyrant n. / ;??；，?，?? / n. sb. who has power over other people,
and uses it cruelly or unfairly 暴君
e.g. She was a tyrant who had absolutely no tolerance for mistakes.
*tyranny n. / ;?；?，?： / the use of power cruelly and/or unjustly to rule a
person or country 暴政，专制
e.g. Any political system that refuses to allow people to protest becomes a
58. L32 determined a. / (；;??？?；?( / having a strong will 决意的，坚决
e.g. I am determined to go and nothing will stop me.
He was determined that the same mistakes would not be repeated. 59. L32-33 at all costs — at any costs; whatever the cost; no matter what the cost
e.g. He’s determined to win, at all costs (=no matter how much work, money, risk
etc is needed) .
60. L33 unscrupulous a. / ；?;????？?，，?，? / behaving in an unfair or
e.g. He became a millionaire by resorting to unscrupulous methods. 61. L32-33 Many studios chiefs were tyrants, determined to get their own way at all
costs, no matter how unscrupulous the means.
— Many studios chiefs, who were just as cruel and unjust as tyrants, were
determined to obtain what they wanted at whatever cost.
62. L34 typecast v. / ;??；??，？?? / always give an performer the same
type of character to play 经常给？演员？分配同一类型的角色
e.g. He’s been typecast as a murderer because he looks rather sinister. 63. L35 hit n. / ?；? / person or thing that is very popular and successful 红极一
e.g. He’s a hit with everyone.
Her new film is quite a hit.
64. L34-36 Stars were often typecast and if he or she appealed to the public as a
lover, then he or she always played the part of a lover.
— Stars were often given the same parts or roles and if he or she attracted,
interested, or pleased the public as a lover, then he or she always played the part
of a lover. A star who was very successful as a cowboy or a bad guy, got the same
kind of role again and again.
65. L38 interfere v. / ；??，;?；， / enter into or take part in a matter which
does not concern one, and in which one is not wanted 介入，干涉，干预
*interfere in — deliberately get involved in when not wanted or needed
*interfere with — get in the way of; prevent from working or happening
e.g. I never interfere between husband and wife.
That woman is always interfering in other people’s affairs.
The sound of the radio upstairs interferes with my work.
*interference n. / ；??，?；，?，?? / the act of interfering 介入，干预，妨
e.g. I resented his interference in my affairs.
66. L39 intellectual a. / ；；??，;?)??，，，? / intelligent and
e.g. The opposition mostly represents the upper-middle class and intellectual
67. L39-40 “No, sugar! You just can’t marry Mel Billigan. He’s too intellectual.
He’s destroy your image.”
— “No, darling! You simply can’t marry Mel Billigan. He is a man of superior
intellect. He’d damage your image severely.”
68. L40 cease v. / ?：？? / (fml.) stop (esp. an activity or state) 停止，终止，结束
e.g. As from the end of the month, this regulation will cease to have effect.
The company has ceased trading in this part of the world. 69. L42 distinguished a. / (；;??；：?；(? / having excellent quality or great
fame and respect 卓越的，著名的，出色的
e.g. The actor gave a distinguished performance on the stage last night.
He has become a distinguished man for his scientific achievements.
*distinguish v. / (；;??；：?；( / recognize differences (between) 辨别，分
e.g. Small children can’ distinguish right from wrong / between right and wrong. 70. L42 performance n. / ?，;?！？?，?? /
(1) the action or an act of performing a (character in a) play, a piece of music,
tricks, etc. esp. in the presence of the public 演奏，演出，表演
e.g. His performance of Othello was superb.
The orchestra will give two more performances before leaving Britain.
(2) the action or manner of carrying out an activity, piece of work, etc. 表现，履
e.g. Her performance in the exams was rather disappointing.
We were carried away by the spectacular performance. 71. L45 film v. / ?：?? / make a film for the cinema, television, etc. ？把…？拍
e.g. We’ll be filming all day tomorrow.
We had to film the scene five times before we got it right. 72. L45 on location — being filmed in suitable surroundings instead of in a film
e.g. Most of the movie was shot on location in Africa. 73. L46 script n. / ???；?? / the written form of a film, play, speech, etc. 手
e.g. She read the announcement from a prepared script.
He had difficulty reading his scripts during rehearsal. 74. L46 demand
(1) v. / (；;?，？?(; (；;?？?( / need in order to be successful; require
e.g. Work of this nature demands many personal sacrifices.
(2) v. / (；;?，？?(; (；;?？?( / ask for firmly and not be willing to
accept a refusal; claim as if by right 要求，强求
e.g. She demanded to speak to the manager.
The opposition have demanded that all the facts (should) be made public.
(3) n. / (；;?，？?(; (；;?？?( / the desire of people for particular
goods or services; the ability and willingness of people to pay for them 需
e.g. There’s not much demand for houses of this sort.
(4) n. / (；;?，？?(; (；;?？?( / an act of demanding; claim 要求
e.g. This work makes great demands on my time.
*demanding a. / (；;?，？?(；：; (；;?？?(；： / needing a lot of
attention and effort 很费心的，很费力的
e.g. A new baby and a new job can be equally demanding. 75. L47 standing a. / ;??？?(；： / continuing in use or in force; permanent 永
e.g. I’ve got a standing order for two pints of milk a day.
We have a standing invitation; we can visit them whenever we like.
Before the days of standing armies there were only small local forces in
76. L47 lease
(1) v. / ?：？? / give the use of a building or piece of land to sb. for a certain
time in return for rent 出租，租借？土地、房屋？
e.g. We will lease you the house for a year.
They lease the site from the council.
This company leases out property.
(2) n. / ?：？? / a written legal agreement by which the use of a building or
piece of land is given by its owner for a certain time in return for rent ？房地