DOC

Unit-5-Book-3

By Phyllis Cruz,2014-07-31 09:32
34 views 0
Unit-5-Book-3

    Unit 3 Book 4

    SALVATION

教学目标:

     文化背景:Langston Hughes; Religion 语篇特点:自传,俚语使用

    语言知识:escort; salvation; nomination; secure; dark house;

    preach a sermon; wail; a slick eel

1. Difficult Sentences

    1. (L1, Para. 1)

    I was saved from sin when I was going on thirteen.

    Explain the sentence in your own words.

    ? I was set free from the eternal punishment for my wrong doing and disobedience to God when I was approaching thirteen.

In what sense was the child saved?

    ? According to the writer, he was saved, but not really saved. He was saved from sin in an ironic sense. He was compelled to commit a sin in order to be saved from sin.

2. (LL2-5, Para. 1)

    Every night for weeks there had been much preaching, singing, praying, and shouting, and

    some very hardened sinners had been brought to Christ, and the membership of the church

    had grown by leaps and bounds.

    Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? Every night for weeks, the priests gave sermons, and people sang songs in praise of God, worshipped God and shouted for joy. Some sinners who had never showed signs of shame or

    repentance were saved from sin and the number of the members of the church increased

    rapidly.

3. (L6, Para. 1)

    …to bring the young lambs to the fold…

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ? To bring those young innocent children to Jesus Christ. In other words, to save their souls and free them from sin.

4. (LL6-7, Para. 1)

    My aunt spoke of it for days ahead.

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ?My aunt talked about the special meeting many days before it was held.

Why did the writer’s aunt speak of the special meeting for days ahead?

    ?Being a pious Christian, his aunt had a deep respect and boundless love for God, hoping that God would bless and save her whole family. Now that there was an opportunity for the soul of her nephew to be saved, she couldn’t help feeling excited. She was looking forward to the special meeting for children, unable to hide her eagerness.

5. (LL1-2, Para. 3)

    The preacher preached a wonderful rhythmical sermon, all moans and shouts and lonely cries and dire pictures of hell,

    Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? The clergyman spoke on religious matters to the congregation. His speech was marvelously regular and melodious; it was a mixture of the low sounds of pain, loud and lonely cries, and horrible pictures of hell.

6. (LL1-2, Para. 4)

    …old women with jet-black faces and braided hair, old men with work-gnarled hands.

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ?…old women whose faces were very dark, black in color, with plaits, and old men whose

    hands were twisted with swollen joints and rough skin because of hard work.

What impression does the writer try to give by describing the old women and men?

    ? These people were old and weather-beaten. They must have rich experience of life. Since they believed in God and they said the same things about Jesus, it must be true. The writer is suggesting that the power of other people to make a person do what they believe is right is often irresistible. What’s more, the description also implies that these were poor rural people.

    Though they were pious Christians, it seemed that the God they believed in did not bless them as they wished and prayed for. For them, religion was perhaps the only way to find comfort in their miserable life.

7. (LL3-4, Para. 4)

    And the whole building rocked with prayer and song.

    Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? The whole building shook with all the praying and singing.

8. (L3, Para. 7)

    The whole congregation prayed for me alone, in a mighty wail of moans and voices. Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? All the people attending church service prayed only for me; their praying became one strong and powerful sound of pain and suffering.

9. (LL2-3, Para. 11)

    I began to be ashamed of myself, holding everything up so long.

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ? I began to feel embarrassed and guilty because everything was being delayed for such a long time because of me.

10. (LL6-7, Para. 11)

    God had not struck Westley dead for taking his name in vain or for lying in the temple. What does this sentence mean?

    ? According to the Christian teaching, one cannot take the name of God in vain, that is, use the name of God incorrectly or disrespectfully, nor can one lie. Now that Westley said “God damn!”, an act of taking the name of God in vain, and Westley also lied about having seen

    Jesus in the church, he ought to have been punished. But he was not.

11. (LL1-2, Para. 13)

    Suddenly the whole room broke into a sea of shouting, as they saw me rise. Waves of

    rejoicing swept the place.

    Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? When those people in the room saw me get to my feet, they suddenly started shouting and great happiness filled the place.

12. (LL2-3, Para. 13)

    My aunt threw her arms around me.

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ? My aunt embraced/hugged me.

13. (LL1-2, Para. 14)

    When things quieted down, in a hushed silence, punctuated by a few ecstatic “Amens”, all

    the new young lambs were blessed in the name of God.

    Paraphrase this sentence.

    ? When everything became quiet again, during a respectful silence, which was interrupted once in a while only by several people saying “Amen” extremely joyfully and happily, all the

    children were given blessing by the minister in the name of God.

14. (LL4-5, Para. 15)

    But I was really crying because I couldn’t bear to tell her that I had lied…

    Explain this sentence in your own words.

    ? But actually I was crying because I was very upset and I couldn’t tell her that I had told a lie in the church.

    2. Words and Expressions

1. (L2 Para. 1) revival: n.

    1. (religious) series of public meetings to promote a reawakening of Christian faith 2. the process of becoming active, successful, or popular again

    * This return to realism has produced a revival of interest in a number of artists.

    * 日本经济正处于复苏阶段。(=The Japanese economy is undergoing a revival.)

2. (L4 Para. 1) membership: n.

    1. number of members or members

* The drama society in our school has a large membership.

    * 会员们对你的建议很恼火。(=The membership is/are very annoyed at your suggestion.) 2. state of being of a group, society, etc.

    * My membership has just been renewed.

    * 你申请会员资格了吗?(=Have you applied for membership?)

3. (L5 Para. 1) by leaps and bounds: very quickly

    * Their business has grown by leaps and bounds.

    * 他的健康迅速好转。(=His health is improving by leaps and bounds.)

4. (L7 Para. 1) escort:

    1. n. one or more persons accompanying another to guide, protect, or show honor

    * You should not visit the area without an escort.

    * 政府为到访的元首派出了武装卫队。(=The government provided an armed escort for the

    visiting head of State.)

    2. n. a person who accompanies another person to a social event.

    * Julia Roberts’ escort to the Oscar red carpet was a handsome young man.

     (请为上面的例句插入图片B4-U03-006.jpg

    * 玛丽的男伴来陪她出去参加晚会。(=Mary’s escort arrived to take her out for the evening.)

    3. v. to go with someone as an escort

    * I will escort this young lady home.

    *导游将护送你们穿过森林。(=The tour guide will escort you through the forest.)

Cf. accompany, conduct, escort

    这些动词都可表示伴随或陪同他人。 Accompany suggests going with another on an equal basis.

    * She went to Europe accompanied by her colleague.

    Conduct implies guidance of others.

    * The usher conducted us to our seats.

    Escort stresses protective guidance.

    * A group of soldiers escorted the President.

5. (L1 Para. 3) rhythmical: adj. having pattern produced by emphasis and duration of notes in

    music or by stressed and unstressed syllables in words

    * The machine made a soft rhythmical pulsing sound.

    * 我深深地被那篇有韵律的散文所吸引。(=I was deeply attracted by the rhythmical prose.)

6. (L1 Para. 3) moan; (L2 Para. 3) cry; (L3 Para. 7) wail; (L1 Para. 9) sob

    Cf. weep

Cry has the widest use and may be the result of unhappiness, joy, etc. It often involves the

    shedding of tears. 哭泣

    * The child was crying because he was lost.

    * 我为你流了多少泪呀!(=How many tears have I cried over you!)

Moan indicates a long low sound expressing pain or unhappiness, usually without the shedding

    of tears. 呻吟

    * A moan escaped the badly wounded soldier.

    * The prisoner moaned out a prayer for mercy.

    * 这个生病的孩子稍许呻吟了几声,后来就睡着了。(=The sick child moaned a little, and

    then fell asleep.)

Wail indicates long noisy crying in grief or complaint. 哀号, 嚎啕

    * The mourners were wailing loudly.

    * 那名患儿难受地连哭带喊。(=The sick child was wailing miserably.)

Sob indicates crying with irregular and noisy breathing. 啜泣,呜咽

    * He sobbed for hours when his cat died.

    * 她用手绢掩面啜泣。(=She sobbed into her handkerchief.)

Weep is more formal than cry and can suggest stronger emotions. Weep also stresses the

    shedding of tears. 哭,流泪

    * Taking the boy to her breast, she rocked him in her arms, and wept silently over him.

    * The hostages wept for joy on their release.

    * 汤姆留下了伤心的泪水。(=Tom wept tears of sadness.)

    7. (L2 Para. 3) dire: adj. dreadful; terrible

    * The film we saw was absolutely dire!

    * 新闻报道把局势描述得非常严峻。(=News reports portray the situation as dire.)

in dire need 紧急需要

    * 难民正在到来,亟需食品和医疗。(=Refugees are arriving in dire need of food and medical

    attention.)

    in dire straits (=in a very bad situation) 处于非常糟糕的境况

    * 这个国家的农业境况极其糟糕。(=The farming industry in this country is in extremely

    dire straits.)

a dire warning/threat/prediction

    * He gave a dire warning about the likelihood of there being an earthquake.

    8. (L2 Para. 7) swirl: v. to move quickly in circles, or make something move in this way

    * The water swirled about his feet.

    * John swirled the ice around in the bottom of his glass.

    * 雪花在我们身边纷飞。(=Snowflakes were swirling all around us.)

    * 树叶被风吹卷走了。(=The leaves were swirled along by wind.)

n. a fast circular movement

    * Pour the soup into bowls and add a swirl of cream.

    * 她跳舞时裙子随之旋转。(=She danced with a swirl of her skirt.)

9. (L4 Para. 7) serenely: adv. calmly or peacefully

    * We sailed serenely down the river.

    * 他神色平静,似乎并不知道已经出事了。(=He seemed serenely unaware that anything had

    gone wrong.)

     serene: adj. calm or peaceful

    * She sat in the evening sunlight, serene and beautiful.

    * 尽管人心惶惶,她却泰然自若。(=In spite of the panic, she remained serene and in control.)

     serenity: n. a feeling of being calm or peaceful

    * She had a wonderful feeling of peace and serenity when she saw her husband.

10. (L3 Para. 11) hold up:

    1. to support something and prevent it from falling down * The roof is held up by pillars.

    2. (often passive) to delay someone or something * The building work has been held up by bad weather.

    * 我们在路上被交通事故耽搁了近一个小时。(=We were held up for nearly an hour on our

    way by the traffic accident.)

    3. to remain strong and not become weaker

    * His physical condition held up remarkably well.

    4. hold sb./sth. up as = to use sb./sth. as an example * His son was held up as a model of hard work.

    11. (L5 Para. 11) grin: v. smile broadly, so as to show the teeth, expressing amusement, foolish satisfaction, contempt, etc.

    * He grinned at me, as if sharing a secret joke.

    * 她露齿一笑,表示同意。(=She grinned her approval.)

    n. a big smile that shows your teeth

    * Wipe that grin off your face!

    * The happy new father wore a grin from ear to ear.

    * 他狞笑着掏出了刀子。(=With a nasty grin on his face he took out a knife.)

12. (L1 Para. 13) break into:

    1. divide

    * She broke the chocolate into pieces, one for each person. 2. enter by force

    * The thieves planned to break into the bank.

    3. burst into; begin suddenly

    * When the crowd saw the prize-fighter stretched out on the canvas, they broke into shouts

    and cheers.

    * They broke into laughter when they saw my clownish dress. 4. interrupt

    * Don’t break into their conversation; they are discussing something important.

13. (L1 Para. 14) punctuate: v. interrupt something at intervals

    * His lecture was punctuated by questions and discussions.

    * 他的演说不时被欢呼声打断。(=His speech was punctuated by cheers.)

14. (L1 Para. 14) ecstatic: adj. causing or showing great joy or happiness

    * She was ecstatic about her new job.

    * 新总统受到人群的狂热欢迎。(=The new president was greeted by an ecstatic crowd.)

Useful expressions:

    1. 突飞猛进 by leaps and bounds

    2. 从那时起 from then on

    3. 排除;忽略;冷落 leave out

    4. 耽搁 hold…up 5. 突然起来 break into… 6. 死亡的阴影 a shadow of death

    7. 雀跃 leap in the air

    8. 牵着的手 take…by the hand 9. 以上帝的名义 in the name of God

    10. 倒数第二次 the last time but one

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com