Company wage income of workers in Jilin Province Analysis and Countermeasures
【Abstract】 Investigation and Reflection Questions
【Body of 20 years of reform and opening up, Jilin Province wages system has undergone fundamental changes, there have been distribution according to work is
dominant and diverse modes of distribution coexist in a wide range of income distribution patterns. However, from the traditional planned economy to a socialist market economic system, the process of transition, the old distribution system has not
completely broken, with the socialist market economy to adapt to the new system has not been fully established, the field of income distribution is also there is a series of problems. Through this report wage income of workers in Jilin Province reflected in a
few with the regularity and tendentious analysis of the issues and put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.
1, several problems with the law
Since the reform and opening up, Jilin Province, the level of wage income of workers
has been greatly improved in 2004, the average wage of workers across the province in 1978 19 times, has brought tangible benefits to workers. However, the wage income of workers in a number of problems with the law can not be ignored. First, wage workers
earning less than corporate bodies, institutions, and the gap was getting wider and wider trends. Second, in the national income distribution system, the income growth of enterprise employees less than the GDP growth, also lower than the same period in
fiscal revenue growth. 3 is the industry's income gap widening every year, monopolistic industries, high income, low income is generally competitive industries. Fourth, the income level of developed areas gradually widened. Fifth, wage income of migrant
workers lingered at a low level, but with little difference between developed areas.
2, several problems with the tendentious
1. State Wage macro-control has moved from super-suppression of national income
allocated to the protection of the legitimate income, who is going to curb market "invisible hand." Restructuring enterprises and the emergence of private enterprises, wages are determined by the market; with the state pay the full liberalization of state-
owned enterprises, enterprises decide on wage levels and distribution of enterprise employees, in fact is to the allocation of powers to wage the operators, to the enterprise benefits to the market. The market through the "invisible hand" to achieve efficient
allocation of resources, national income distribution issues have been super-long defied
solution. But the market is not omnipotent, enterprise efficiency of the section for the purpose of trying to suppress the deduction, owed wages become the new principal contradiction and the increasing prominence. Wage growth is now unhappy, employees share the results of reform and development is not enough, the key lies in the basic law of market competition, lack of control. At present all levels of government have enacted
minimum wage standards, but are not the guiding line of the industry wage levels, the minimum standards for labor just to maintain the bottom line of their own survival is not enough to play to share the outcome of reform and development to ensure role.
Who will inhibit market this "invisible hand", it is to reverse the slow growth in wages in recent years, corporate key.
2. Enterprise managers generally high income has always been troubled by a pattern of national income distribution of the total problem. With the corporate restructuring
and changes in distribution, capital, technology, management and other production factors directly involved in the distribution business operators to implement an annual salary system, so that the operators to further accelerate revenue growth, showing a
typical "rich get richer, the poor poorer "feature. Business and workers with the income gap is too large, is bound to bring about polarization, and lead to related social problems. Then, in the end the high salaries of corporate managers who should
control? Control measures effective? Here, we come to the conclusion is obviously the "visible hand" and the "invisible hand" of the pairs of temporary loss situation.
3. Over-rely on low-quality, simple labor produce goods and rely on low wages, the
maintenance of international competitiveness, how to go very far? The vast majority of the production process in China is still very much on the low quality of simple labor to maintain. Low quality of simple labor to bring the most important issue is the income
of workers is generally low. 20 years ago, and today, the income of migrant workers was virtually no difference compared to over the years, enterprises, although the wages of manual workers turned a number of barbarians, but as calculated after the discount
price index over the same period, according to the average purchasing power, their income is still the low side. Low quality of simple labor brings another problem is the lack of international competitiveness. At present, this is an advantage, but we only rely
on low wage, labor-intensive, resource-intensive products to compete in the
international community to insist on how long? Therefore, to improve the overall quality of workers has been placed in front of people can not be evaded. 4. Generally
low income of migrant workers, accompanied by a general lack of social security, labor laws and regulations appear before the hidden rules of society is extremely weak. Migrant workers in different positions in the city made a great contribution and played
an active role can not be replaced, but they are treated is not fair. Low wages, lack the necessary social protection, wage arrears and serious problems exist in large numbers. In recent years, the State Council and a high degree of care and attention from all
levels of government and society have begun to strengthen the protection of the rights of migrant workers. However, the relevant laws and regulations over the years accumulated, complex and unspoken rules of society still appears to be very weak
before. Such as migrant workers work overtime without overtime pay, no social insurance, in clear violation of the "Labor Law". But the solution of this problem in one province, one can not be done within the framework of cities and counties, because
the labor movement of a unified national market. Only the National Sync to increase the "Labor Law" law enforcement surveillance, can be effectively solved. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://
3, Some Thoughts and Countermeasures
1. The establishment of government, business and trade unions tripartite consultation
mechanism, and strengthen consultation and negotiation system for wages, to maximize the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of the income of workers.
(1) to establish and government, business and trade unions labor and wage law enforcement, management and negotiation teams. At present, our biggest problem facing the government, enterprises and trade unions have not really form a socialist
market economy, labor and wage requirements of law enforcement, management and negotiation teams. Perceptual knowledge alone can not fully express shoot forehead and maintain the legitimate rights and interests of workers income. Local, industry and
enterprise unions from the work of trade unions to carry out, as soon as possible with their own labor economics and human resource management knowledge, with consultation and negotiation capacity, a detailed master the relevant laws and regulations and relevant information and data, are familiar with local and industry economic and corporate management, understand the business set the wages of jobs and types of work, to carry out financial analysis, cost analysis, labor cost analysis of specialized personnel, so as to economic conditions in the market really want to safeguard the interests of enterprise employees.
(2) To establish and improve labor relations and tripartite consultation mechanism. At present, China's labor relations and tripartite consultative mechanism is the initial
stage, the organizational structure, operation mechanism and the coordination of labor relations and the actual requirements are still far from the need to constantly bring forth new ideas, innovative mechanisms, innovative mode of operation and lessons
learned, if the road is getting more complete tripartite consultative mechanism in the form fixed by legislation, will be resolved under the new situation for the staff and workers of labor remuneration, welfare benefits, coordinating labor relations, promote
reform, development and stability, building a socialist harmonious society to play an active role.
(3) through legislation and enforcement to protect and safeguard the legitimate labor income. "Labor Law" for workers Anlaoquchou only simple rules, operability is not
strong on the principles of wage payment provisions are not. China's current urgent need to develop a "Wage Law", to wage formation mechanism, to make up specific safeguard mechanism, with mandatory requirement in order to protect the rights of
workers to obtain legal benefits. Industries and enterprises with the right conditions, can be considered the prevailing rules of the World on a trial basis weekly wage payment system. This is also China's accession to the WTO, labor and cooperative
relations with other countries getting closer and closer to deal with new situations and make up for lack of supporting legal needs. Through a serious law enforcement, to resolve the current prevalence of informal employment groups for non-working hours,
remuneration, labor safety, labor protection and the unjust treatment to address the hidden rules of law is not aimed at the community responsible for public issues.
2. To expand the coverage of trade unions, the non-formal employment groups into
the ranks of workers to enable them to truly become an emerging army of the working class and the masters of the country. Expansion of trade union coverage, enhance its cohesion, the most extensive to absorb non-formal employment groups to join the ranks
of the working class, trade unions and strategic task of the coming period. The trade unions should do everything possible to spare no effort to organize migrant workers into trade unions and let them to trade unions as their "mother" as the violation of
their legitimate rights and interests of those who fight against the "patron." For a relatively stable labor relations, the relative concentration of migrant farmers, to the grassroots level through the establishment of grass-roots trade union or federation of
trade unions and other forms promptly to their organization into trade unions; for labor relations and instability, of relatively high mobility, the county Area union issue a
"green card rights protection of migrant workers," and then when conditions are ripe
for them to organize into trade unions. For Migrant Workers in mobility and distribution of a wide range of employment and sources of scattered broader feature to explore the establishment of a cross-regional, cross-sectoral characteristics, plant
interpersonal, inter-county, inter-city, inter-provincial and even national network The
migrant farmer rights activist system; in a number of seasonal, dispersion, temporary and relative inaccessibility, remoteness, small size of small coal mines, small mines,
small brick kilns, small construction materials and other non-formal labor units, can be
the implementation of trade union liaison, contact system; some of the output can be sent to trade unions to follow the establishment of an agency, with input ground to
establish close ties with trade union system, but also a trial of "mobile membership," "dual membership", "then move Ji, "among others.
3. Emphasis on social equity, the establishment of social development outcomes sharing system, efforts to alleviate between regions and social disparities in income distribution among the members of the trend. Narrow the income gap must be "giving priority to efficiency, taking into account fair" distribution of outcomes under the principle of gradual establishment of shared systems. In coordinating labor relations system in the building and sharing of results, need to start from the two levels. In the micro-economic enterprises, such as the organizational level, we must attach importance to the labor contract, based on the greater emphasis on the role of collective contracts through collective bargaining negotiations, the results shared with the fixed form of contract for the two sides abide by the rule of law laid the basis for the implementation. In collective bargaining negotiations, focusing on the analysis of the contribution rate of labor, on the industry and regional analysis of wage levels, labor costs, corporate analysis, an analysis of the relationship between prices and wages, so
that the collective contract reflects the contribution of labor income distribution in the enterprise protection of the interest in. In macroeconomic and social management level, to the joint meeting of trade unions and the government and the tripartite consultation
mechanism, highlight the right of workers in different industries and different regions of the income gap between workers, wage income and non-wage income gap between
the scientific analysis, to provide scientific advice and suggested that the fiscal and
taxation of public policy reflects the interests of workers more protection. In bankruptcy, merger, reorganization, we should first settle the wages of workers included in the order. Timely establishment of a social wage guidelines, and adjust the
minimum wage, with particular emphasis on low-income groups, how to increase
revenue and share the results of studies and practice.
4. Against China's accession to the WTO, participation in economic reality of globalization and increase international market research affect our rights and interests
of workers, using WTO rules to protect the labor rights and interests of workers in China. International practice China's trade union must be involved and participate in global trade, workers rights and interests of timely trade involving the investigation,
the root cause of unemployment or reduction of remuneration for workers in China of dumping a large number of acts of anti-dumping and timely request to the
Government. In government or business large trade contracts signed with foreign
countries, as well as trade agreements before the union from the perspective of the impact on staff participation in the views. The reality of China's most pressing problem is that the functions of trade unions have to make corresponding adjustments, there is
need to increase the anti-dumping investigation functions, in particular at all levels of industry, trade unions, must assume this function, from the industrial point of view to the investigation and study of foreign dumping practices of this the impact of industrial
workers, timely recommendations to the Government of anti-dumping. Has the
advantage of China's foreign trade products, labor costs are low, the main reason for anti-dumping investigations from this. Therefore, to solve the so-called "sweatshop"
issues to ensure the workers right to employment, leisure, health and safety rights, pay equity powers, and so is not only the need to maintain social stability, but also related to China's foreign trade and international image. This regard, trade unions should
actively act, the Government should attach great importance to enterprises should actively cooperate to jointly set up in international trade to maintain the legitimate rights and interests of workers in China to a new mechanism.
5. To achieve, "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" the goal, we must use the scientific
development concept to guide and improve enterprise independent innovation capability and overall quality of the working class. Complete the "Eleventh Five-Year
Plan" The key task is to enhance the independent innovation capability, enhance the independent innovation capability lies in improving the overall quality of the working class. In recent years, with the growth of the working class, but also creates a problem,
that is, the proportion of workers with low quality simply did not decrease, but an upward trend, leading to the structural contradictions in the labor market, a large number of low-quality workers because of the vicious competition in low-income and
high unemployment. This, we must use the scientific development concept to guide the development of the advanced nature of the working class to improve enterprise independent innovation capability and overall quality of workers, as the training of workers and the new period, an important manifestation of model workers and the core content. The ability of independent innovation lies in improving the quality of the working class as a whole, as a trade union organizations should thoroughly carry out in
order to enhance capability of independent innovation as the main content of mass economic and technical innovation projects and carry out the "war record" activities in an effort to create a glorious work, knowledge, noble, human resources valuable to create a great social atmosphere. To be self-taught through reading trade unions, vying
for skilled workers and workers of economic and technological innovation and innovative demonstration Kong, workers job training and technical exchanges, appraisals outstanding achievements in technological innovation workers and advanced activities such as operation of law, and keep improving their capability of independent innovation. To establish a government, business, unions, social workers in four in one training system to take government support, to support their counterparts in public schools, social autonomy and social integration of idle resources for education, etc. to broaden the base of education and training; to address the educational level of workers and labor skill levels, the use of union workers affiliated schools, Palace of Culture Club and other educational positions for them to carry out the knowledge, skills, labor relations, legal knowledge and other aspects of training. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://