HOW TO HACK AN ATM
The Web is reborn.
HTML5 rewrites our most important shared technology
Published by MIT
Nuclear Power??s Bad Economics Brain Control
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December 2010 www.technologyreview.com
2010 General Motors. Cadillac? CTS? N??rburgring?
THERE IS THE CURVE AND THEN THERE??S AHEAD OF THE CURVE.
Volu me 113, Numb e r 6
The Web couldn??t keep up with the multimedia explosion of the last decade, a problem that spurred the rise of closed ??apps.?? Now an overhaul gives it a chance to be cool again.
B y b ob b Ie Jo HNS oN
The Web Is Reborn
g raPH iTi
increased demand for wireless bandwidth is forcing regulators to get creative. By Tommy McCall and Matt Mahoney
34 Spectrum of Issues
ed boyden is learning how to alter behavior by using light to turn neurons on and off.
B y DAVID H . FreeDm A N
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Not long ago it looked as if we were headed for a nuclear renaissance. What happened?
B y mAT TH e W l . WA l D
Giant Holes in the Ground
10 Letters 16 From the Editor
noTe b ookS
outcry over the google-Verizon ??pact?? on wireless broadband overshadows legitimate debate. By Michael Powell
Q&a To Mar keT
13 Fair Connections
12 Online Evolution
it??s never been cheaper to start an internet company that could reshape how we use the Web. By David Cowan compact nuclear power plants may be a lifeline for a struggling industry. By Jasmina Vujic
12 Shrinking Nuclear
a gallery of electric cars, Samsung??s iPad killer, smart medicine bottles, a stylish exercise bicycle, an internetenabled multimedia jukebox, and more.
25?C30 Technology Commercialized
The internet legal scholar worries about the fate of net neutrality. By Brian Bergstein
36 Lawrence Lessig
a rare look inside the world??s biggest optical-fiber plant. By Katherine Bourzac
38 Light Factory
technology review november/December 2010
Building the engines of a Smarter Planet:
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IBM LotusLive is priced with midsize companies in mind. Collaboration offerings starting at
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Midsize businesses are the engines of a Smarter Planet.
To learn more about services like LotusLive, connect with a Business Partner or get set up now, call 1-877-IBM-ACCESS or visit ibm.com/engines/lotuslive
Prices subject to change and valid in the U.S. only. Actual costs will vary depending on individual customer con?gurations and environment. IBM, the IBM logo, ibm.com, LotusLive, Smarter Planet and the planet icon are trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at
www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml. ? International Business Machines Corporation 2010.
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b r i e Fi ng Hack
67?C75 Mobile Communications
86 How to Make an ATM
a researcher shows he can control a cash machine remotely or on the spot. By Erica Naone
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can communications companies keep up with wireless devices?
Spew Out Money
View an interactive display of mobile technologies.
r eVi eWS
?ö www.technologyreview.com/hack See an aTM being hacked.
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76 Google Misses You
Facebook has corralled 500 million people into an exclusive club. google won??t stand for that. By Paul Boutin
Simple and versatile robotic hands can grip a football or pick up your keys. By Kristina Grifantini
Watch aaron Dollar??s robotic hand being made.
88 A Gentler Robotic Touch
FroM TH e Lab S
92 Materials 93 Information Technology 94 Biomedicine 79 How Not to Make
Lessons from the battle over cape Wind. By Evan I. Schwartz The iPad??s rivals are about to flood the market. They??ll need to be close to perfect. By Farhad Manjoo
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Vannevar bush gave Depression-era readers a preview of future technologies. By Matt Mahoney
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Raise Your Florida IQ.
Did you know that Florida is a:
Top Ranked State for Clean Energy Businesses and Jobs (Pew Charitable Trusts) Top Emerging Biotechnology Cluster (GEN magazine) Leading State for High-Tech Establishments and High-Tech Employment (Cyberstates)
Now you do.
And now you know why innovative businesses like yours belong in an innovative state like Florida.
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technologies and analyzes their impact for technology leaders. Technology Review publishes Technology Review magazine (the oldest technology magazine in the world, founded in 1899) and the daily website TechnologyReview.com; it also produces live events such as the EmTech Conference. Technology Review is an independent media company owned by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The views expressed in our various publications and at our events are often not shared by MIT.
technology review November/December 2010
W H AT ?? S t h e B U S I N E S S P RO B L E M ?
F O R M I S S I N G M AT I O N
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Letters and Comments
Why 35? that miracles or major new breakthroughs porn industry did this to itself. In the old days, Each year that Technology Review releases are not likely to occur. And we know that porn was difficult to produce due to restrictive the TR35 (September/October 2010), I the efficiencies of both new energy supplies moral standards. The limited supply made for find myself reacting very negatively to and end-use technologies will improve good business and fat profits, but nowadays the criterion that the invenonly very slowly from this porn is ubiquitous and taken for granted. tors be under the age of 35. gabrielg01 point forward. Furthermore, (Gabriel Gaidos, Hanover, New Hampshire) Perhaps
it is because my age new zero-carbon-emitting energy technologies are not is now the transposition of ever likely to cost less than Value of anonymity these digits, but to me there is something offensive about current coal-fired electricity, Sites like 4chan (??Radical Opacity,?? Septemputting so much value in feawhich Gates thinks is possible ber/October 2010) allow people to be their turing young innovators. I and necessary for their suc- worst selves without the need to face the conwould prefer that you just list cess. We need energy policies sequences of their words and actions. Posting the top innovators of the year that mandate the installation to an online forum is not necessarily harmless. regardless of their ages. of the most efficient end-use Those who seek to do harm should not be allowed September/October ??10 Jonathan Simon technologies we have today, the anonymity to get away with it. nhabrams06, 8/23/2010 Pleasant Valley, Connecticut and we need a national investment plan to eliminate almost all fossil fuels from the The editor in chief responds: When we energy supply over the next 40 years. These ??A place to be wrong?? is important?ªI think you select 35 innovators under 35, we don??t investments might easily total $500 billion need to understand that. I have used 4chan mean to imply that 65-year-olds aren??t to $1 trillion per year, but they would cre- for bouncing around ideas that I never could capable of innovation. Of course they are. ate millions of jobs. By ignoring the need anywhere else. I??ve shared things with people I We search for innovators under 35 because to invest hundreds of billions of dollars per never would consider. It??s therapeutic, and only stories about them and their work will be year immediately, and by primarily stress- a small number of anonymous users lash out. anubite new to our readers. ing R&D, Gates is doing a disservice to our (Karl Schneider, Cleveland, Ohio) country. Gates and enerGy
As a senior fellow at the Tellus Institute, I thought some of the points raised by Bill Gates in your September/October 2010 Q&A were problematic. I agree with Gates that getting the United States to zero carbon emissions will be very hard, but I was disappointed in the stress that he put on funding research and development in new technologies in order to develop energy ??miracles.?? The physics and engineering of most energy technologies have been fairly well known for 50 to 150 years, so we know
Richard A. Rosen Brookline, Massachusetts
The best way to stem the tide of global climate change is with a revenue-neutral carbon tax. If the American electorate were properly educated about a carbon tax?ªthe solution the world??s leading economists and scientists agree is best?ªthey would support it wholeheartedly. And it??s long past time that we demand that the people
who represent us in Washington put good public policy ahead of political expediency. ClimateTF, 8/25/2010
the Business of Porn
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Letters and Comments
The porn industry is struggling to make money online (??Down the Tubes,?? September/October 2010) because it takes talent and hard work to achieve anything meaningful in most activities, but porn has no such barriers. Anyone who is willing can have sex on a tape and upload it to the Web, resulting in an oversupply of porn, with diminishing returns. The huge irony is that the
I think that the U.S. government should get out of the stimulus business and into the regulation business (??Cash for Infrastructure,?? September/ October 2010). I don??t trust any government to make the best decision on which energy technologies to develop. I think that the government should figure out what is the cost to pollute (health-care costs for asthma, costs of sea-level rises, costs of acid rain, etc.), and then should tax the pollution source based on the amount of pollution emitted. If the company wants to avoid the tax then it will invest in technology that emits less pollution. Devere, 8/31/2010
Correction: The algorithm created by TR35 winner Philip Low (September/October 2010) can classify sleep stages using data from a single EEG lead (not LED).
technology review November/December 2010
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