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Time Tense Book

By Monica Reynolds,2014-06-30 16:21
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Time Tense Book

Introduction.

    Teaching or student Self-Study Book.

    Time tense and how to use it correctly? Every student studying English and all native English speakers know the importance of using time tense correctly. This book will ensure that you will be able to confidently use time tenses in their correct language format. Through this book you can as a teacher accurately, clearly and easily teach time tense to students. As a student studying English you can “self study” this book to gain full knowledge and correct time tense language usage.

    1

    Types of Verbs

    Note for students =

    When you see this sentence = Student! Write your own example sentence…

    This means you can practice writing a sentence to check your understanding.

It is very important to understand that NOT all English verbs are the

    same. English verbs are divided into three groups as will become more clearly understandable as you study this book:

    Group I Continuous Verbs

     The first group, called "Continuous Verbs", contains most English verbs. These verbs are usually physical actions which you can see somebody doing.

    These verbs can be used in all tenses.

Continuous Verbs

     to run, to walk, to eat, to fly, to go, to say, to touch, etc.

Examples:

    I eat breakfast every day. Correct

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    I am eating breakfast now. Correct

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    Group II Non-continuous Verbs

    The second group, called "Non-continuous Verbs", and is smaller. These verbs

    are usually things you cannot see somebody doing. These verbs are rarely used

    in "continuous" tenses. They include:

    Abstract Verbs

     to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist...

    Possession Verbs

     to possess, to own, to belong...

    Emotion Verbs

     to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind...

    2

Examples: (Continued)

Syd is here now. Correct

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    Syd is being here now. Not Correct

    She wants a drink now. Correct

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    She is wanting a drink now. Not Correct

    Group III Mixed Verbs

     The third group, called "Mixed Verbs", is the smallest group. These verbs have

    more than one meaning. Some meanings behave like "Non-continuous Verbs",

    while other meanings behave like "Continuous Verbs."

Mixed Verbs

    to have, to appear, to see, to hear, to feel, to weigh, to look ...

    List of Mixed Verbs with Examples and Definitions:

to appear:

    Richard appears confused. Non-continuous Verb (Richard seems confused.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence………….. My favorite musician is appearing at the music concert tonight. Continuous Verb

    Student! Write your own example sentence………….. (My favorite singer is giving a performance at the jazz club tonight.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

to have:

    I have a car now. Non-continuous Verb (I possess a car.)

     Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    I am having fun now. Continuous Verb (I am experiencing fun now.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

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to hear:

    Derek hears the noise. Non-continuous Verb (He hears the noise with his ears.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    Derek is hearing unknown voices. Continuous Verb (To hear something others cannot hear. He is hearing unknown voices in his mind.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

to miss:

    Robert misses his mother. Non-continuous Verb (He is sad because she is not there.) Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

Richard is missing his favorite TV program. Continuous Verb

    (He is not there to see his favorite program.) Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

to see:

I see her. Non-continuous Verb

    (I see her with my eyes. NOW = present)

     Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    I am seeing the doctor. Continuous Verb (To visit or consult with a doctor)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

I am seeing him. Continuous Verb

    (I am having a relationship with him.) Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    Derek is seeing ghosts at night. Continuous Verb (To see something others cannot see. For example ghosts.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

to smell:

    The soup smells good. Non-continuous Verb (The soup has a good smell.)

    Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    I am cleaning the car. Continuous Verb

    (The cleaning action is ongoing now.)

     Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    4

to taste:

    The soup tastes good. Non-continuous Verb

    (The soup has a good taste.) Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    I am tasting the ice cream. Continuous Verb

    (The tasting action is happening now.) Student! Write your own example sentence…

to think:

    He thinks the exam is easy. Non-continuous Verb (He considers the exam to be easy.) Student! Write your own example sentence…………..

    She is thinking about the question. Continuous Verb

    (She is considering the question, going over it in her mind.)Student! Write your own example sentence…

Student note = From now choose when you feel you need to write a practice

    sentence to confirm your understanding.

to weigh:

The car weighs a lot. Non-continuous Verb

    (The car has a great weight.)

She is weighing herself. Continuous Verb

    (She is determining her weight.)

    Some Verbs Can Be Especially Confusing:

to be:

Richard is British. Non-continuous Verb

    (Richard is a British citizen.)

Richard is being very British. Continuous Verb

    (Joe is behaving like a typical British person.)

Richard is being very friendly. Continuous Verb

    (Richard is behaving very friendly. Usually he might not be so very friendly.)

Richard is being very formal. Continuous Verb

    (Richard is behaving very formally. Usually he is not formal.)

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    NOTICE: Only rarely is "to be" used in a continuous form. This is most commonly done when a person is temporarily behaving badly or typically. It can also be

    to feel: used when someone's behavior is noticeably different.

    The massage feels great. Non-continuous Verb (The massage has a pleasing feeling.)

I don't feel well (healthy) today. Continuous or Non-continuous Verb

    I am not feeling well today.

    (I am a sick (unhealthy) today.)

NOTICE: Feel is very flexible and there is no difference in meaning in the two

    sentences shown above.)

Simple Past

FORM Simple Past

[VERB+ed]

EXAMPLES:

I visited my parents.

I often visited my parents.

NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with only one part such as Simple Past

    (visited), adverbs usually come before the verb (often visited). Please remember

    this is different from verbs with more than one part such as Present Continuous.

USE 1 Completed Action in the Past

Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a

    specific time in the past. Sometimes the speaker may not actually mention the

    specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.

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EXAMPLES:

    I saw an art exhibition yesterday.

I didn't see an art exhibition yesterday.

Last year, I traveled to Hamburg.

Last year, I didn't travel to Hamburg.

Jessica washed her car.

Jessica didn't wash her car.

    USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These

    actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th...

EXAMPLES:

    I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.

He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the

    others at 10:00.

    USE 3 Single Duration

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past.

    A duration is a long action often used with expressions like "for two years," "for

    five minutes," "all day" or "all year."

EXAMPLES:

I lived in Germany for two years.

Syd studied German for five years.

They sat on the beach all day.

We talked on the phone for fifty minutes.

How long did you wait for them?

    We waited for three hours.

    7

    USE 4 Habit in the Past

The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past.

    It can have the same meaning as "used to". To make it clear that we are talking

    about a habit we often use expressions such as "always," "often," "usually,"

    "never," "...when I was a child" or "...when I was younger" in the sentence.

EXAMPLES:

I studied German when I was a child.

He played the piano.

She worked at the restaurant after school.

They never went to school, they always avoided going to school classes =.

    (Skipped, play truant.)

    IMPORTANT = ( When clauses ) happen first

    Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are not complete

    sentences. Some clauses begin with the word when such as "When I dropped

    my pen..." or "When class began..." These clauses are called "when clauses"

    and they are very important. The examples below contain "when clauses."

    EXAMPLES:

    When I paid her ten pounds, she answered my question.

    She answered my question, when I paid her ten pounds.

    "When clauses" are important because they always happen first when both

    clauses are in the Simple Past. Both of the examples above mean the same

    thing. First, I paid her ten pounds, and then, she answered my question.

    However, the example below has a different meaning. First, she answered my

    question, and then, I paid her ten pounds.

    EXAMPLE:

    I paid her ten pounds, when she answered my question.

    8

ACTIVE / PASSIVE = Simple Past

EXAMPLES:

    Father repaired the car. ACTIVE

    The car was repaired by Father. PASSIVE

Past Perfect

    FORM Past Perfect

[HAD] + [PAST PARTICIPLE]

Examples:

I had studied a little English when I came to England.

They had never met an English man until they met Richard.

NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Past

    Perfect (had met), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part

    (had never met).

USE 1 Completed Action Before

    Something in Past

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another

    action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific

    time in the past.

EXAMPLES:

I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Spain.

Had you ever visited England? before your trip in 2008?

Yes, I had been to England. once before in 2006.

    9

USE 2 Duration Before Something in the

    Past (Non-continuous Verbs)

With Non-progressive Verbs and some non-progressive uses of Mixed Verbs, we

    use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up

    until another action in the past.

EXAMPLES:

We had had that truck for ten years before it broke down.

By the time Syd finished his studies, he had been in London for over five years.

IMPORTANT Specific Times with the Past Perfect

Unlike the Present Perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases

    with the Past Perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary.

EXAMPLE:

    he had visited his German relatives once in 2007 before he moved in with them in 2008.

If the Past Perfect action did occur at a specific time, the Simple Past can be

    used instead of the Past Perfect when before or after is used in the sentence. The words before and after actually tell you what happens first so the Past

    Perfect is optional. Both sentences below are correct.

EXAMPLE:

He had visited his German relatives once in 2007 before he moved in with them

    in 2008.

He visited his German relatives once in 2007 before he moved in with them in

    2008.

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