Summary of article 3
The new global players: How they compete and collaborate
The era in which nations ruled the world is over. In the past, United States dominate most of the world affairs. The world is divided into East and West. Countries collaborated with their “own” business entities to enhance their respective. With the
information revolution and other changes, there are new global players come into the game. These new players are large corporations that lost their national identities, international organizations and special interest groups.
With the transportation and communication revolutions have dramatically broadened international contacts and have facilitated the emergence of the new global players. Firms are losing their identities, both in terms of employees and their willingness to cooperate with the initiatives of their home country governments. And it is also difficult to determine the national identity with the continue expanding of capital markets globally. Due to the maturation and growing decision-making role of each organization’s bureaucracy, international organizations are increasingly developing lives of their own. Special interest groups are increasingly focusing their energies on global issues, such as human right, environment and disarmament. All these make nations, which in the past dominated world activities, will in the future have to share power with the new global players. These new players are changing the rules of the competition, diminishing the importance of national borders and giving us an alternative aspect of future. Transnational corporations want to shed its national identities to expand its sales, to minimize the negative effects in host countries and
penetrate the barriers of trade. International organizations with shrewdest leaders also attempt to chart their courses independently of their primary benefactors. They will play an important role in the world activities. Special interest groups now recognize the importance of actions in other part of the world, and they are in the process of developing new methods to influence actions. New information technologies allow any one or group to enter into new kind of contractually binding agreement with others. In nowadays, nations, corporations, international organizations, special interest groups are increasingly entering into agreements to work together. Agreements occur within each group. These agreements can create new trade blocs between different interest group. that will generate negative effects on the global economics. So different interest groups should do something together to increase collaboration but not harm to others. In the future, the leaders of the government will more concern how to improve the quality of life of their citizens. Economic condition and competitive position in the world economy will be important dimension for one nation. Economic trading blocs will substitute military blocs as primary form of collaboration. Different interest organizations or groups will focus on their certain benefit, and many new collaborations will be formed to deal with the certain issues. Policy implication also is a very important factor in the world activities. It should provide more official forums to various players to present and debate their views.
We should consider adding new independent international factors and their effects in thinking and charting international relationships in order to constructing the conceptual framework for the needed analytical work.