DOC

02dis60s-SCM

By Alice Peters,2014-04-29 02:56
13 views 0
02dis60s-SCM

    Insert Tab here

    Unit 2SCM Foundation

    Remove this page

    4/29/2010

null

    Unit 2SCM Foundation Unit Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1

    Unit Objectives ..................................................................................................... 1

    Terminology .......................................................................................................... 2 What is ERP? ............................................................................................................ 4

    The Evolution of ERP ........................................................................................... 5

    The Ideal ERP System ......................................................................................... 7

    ERP and Supply Chain Management ................................................................... 8

    Distributed Computing .................................................................................... 9 Object-Oriented Technology .................................................................................... 11

    BPCS Client/Server ................................................................................................. 13

    Server Processing .............................................................................................. 13 Supply Chain Management Relationship Functions ................................................ 15

    Configurable Order Management (COM)................................................................. 16

    COM Highlights .................................................................................................. 18 SCM Foundation Review ......................................................................................... 19

    List of Figures

    Figure 2-1. What is ERP? ......................................................................................... 4 Figure 2-2. Evolution of ERP .................................................................................... 5

    Figure 2-3. The Ideal ERP System ........................................................................... 7

    Figure 2-4. ERP and Supply Chain Management ..................................................... 8

    Figure 2-5. Distributed Computing Example ........................................................... 10

    Figure 2-6. Object Orientation ................................................................................ 11

    Figure 2-7. Server Processing ................................................................................ 13

    Figure 2-8. Supply Chain Management Focus ....................................................... 15

    Figure 2-9. Supply Chain Management Relationship Functions ............................ 16

     Table of Contents 2-i

2-ii Supply Chain Management WorkshopStudent Guide

Unit Introduction

    This unit is an overview of Supply Chain Management’s relationship with Configurable Order

    Management, BPCS Client/Server Object-Oriented Technology, and the new theory of Enterprise Resource Planning in the Supply Chain.

    Unit Objectives

    At the end of this unit you will be able to:

    ? Describe Configurable Order Management.

    ? Understand the ERP theory in relation to the Supply Chain. ? Understand the use of Object-Oriented Technology. ? Describe the use of Client/Server within BPCS. ? Understand the integration of Supply Chain products within BPCS.

     SCM Foundation 2-1

    Terminology

    Listed below are terms presented in this unit.

A particular business task, such as inventory control or accounts Application

    receivable.

    A collection of objects with similar operations and information Class

    structures.

    A logical entity requesting services from a server over a network. Client

    Clients and servers are separate logical entities working together Client/Server

    over a network to accomplish a task.

    Graphical user interface using one-terminal access to all systems. Computer-Aided

    Design (CAD)

    One of the key components of the Business Planning and Control Configurable

    System (BPCS) product line. Use the COM product to enter and Order

    maintain all types of customer orders, acknowledge and allocate Management

    stock, and print a number of different business documents. (COM)

    A data warehouse is a relational database that can be queried using Data Warehousing

    a report writer tool. Software making use of modern client/server technology. Distributed

    Distributed computing processes some function locally at the Computing

    client, while other processing is done by the server.

    The process of enclosing an object’s internal structure so all that is Encapsulation

    seen of an object are the operations that can be performed.

    The theory that incorporates the entire supply chain including Enterprise

    sales, orders, supply replenishment, scheduling, manufacturing, Resource Planning

    and distribution. (ERP)

    Allows the product components to be extended without Extensibility

    modification to the base code. Architectures which do not allow

    this type of extension have the effect of freezing software at a

    given level and interfering with product upgrades.

    A system for navigation and data entry using point and click Graphical

    technology featuring windows and buttons. Interfaces

    The ability for software components to be maintained easily and Maintainability

    efficiently.

    2-2 Supply Chain Management WorkshopStudent Guide

Manufacturing system covering both planning and execution Multi-Mode

    phases of production. It supports a wide spectrum of production Manufacturing

    types from repetitive to configurable, allowing manufacturing to (MMM)

    use a combination of techniques to maximize efficiency. It is

    supported by BPCS Multi-Mode Manufacturing applications.

    A fundamental aspect of the BPCS Client/Server architecture is Object-Oriented

    object-oriented technology (OOT). OOT enables BPCS Technology

    Client/Server to meet many of its requirements, which are

    extensibility and maintainability, and to manage complexity.

    Software that controls a computer’s environment-hardware and Operating Systems

    the application programs performing the logical processing of the

    system. It is a system of programs controlling the execution of

    application programs and may provide scheduling, accounting,

    debugging, and input/output control. To the user, a data warehouse is a relational database that can be Relational

    queried using a report writer tool. Technology allows users to Databases

    obtain information drawn from two or more databases that are

    made up of two dimensional arrays of data. The architecture must support the growth of an enterprise in a Scalability

    predictable and manageable way. The relationship between

    capacity requirements and processing volumes.

    A logical entity waiting for requests from clients over a network. Server

    Once a request is received the server replies by providing the

    requested service.

    There are four types of server programs required for Supply Chain Server Processing

    Management. These programs perform inquiry, validation,

    process and posting functions.

     SCM Foundation 2-3

What is ERP?

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is the theory incorporating the entire supply chain

    including sales, orders, supply replenishment, scheduling, manufacturing, and distribution. It

    manages orders more efficiently, aligns sales with production, and integrates customer orders

    and delivery data with plant-floor scheduling and production processes.

    ERP has one program module produce a schedule and send it instantly to the simulator and

    the MRP system, with little or no user input, to confirm the feasibility and efficiency of the

    production plan.

    ERP systems can translate and integrate higher level business needs (sales transactions) into

    lower level activities and demands (production processes and material orders). ERP systems

    help create assembly-line-free factories where software systems run the show through

    automation.

    The figure illustrates how ERP works.

    Supply Chain ConfigurableMulti-Mode

    ManagementFinancialsManufacturing

    EDICustomers mayplace ordersthrough EDIFlow ofFlow of

    ProductsInformation

    Sales

    Order Entry

    Customer Service

    Help Desk

    Marketing

    Figure 2-1 What is ERP? 2-4 Supply Chain Management WorkshopStudent Guide

The Evolution of ERP

    First there was MRP (Material Requirements Planning), a very linear system which evolved in

    the 70s. Then there was MRP II (Manufacturing Resource Planning), a closed loop system

    which includes all of manufacturing and evolved in the 80s. Now, in the 90s, there is ERP

    (Enterprise Resource Planning), an integrated closed loop system, which includes, along with

    all the MRP II features, supply chain management.

    This figure illustrates the evolution of ERP from MRP and MRP II.

    ERP

    MRP II

    1Manufacturing

    Resource9

    Planning8

    0

    sMRP

    1Material9Requirements7PlanningClosed Loop0

    Plannings

    Linear Planning

    Figure 2-2 Evolution of ERP ERP systems provide real-time production information. They respond faster than MRP II,

    respond to customers, eliminate bottlenecks on the plant floor, cut inventories of finished

    goods, reduce scrap, and improve the use of labor.

    ERP systems include all MRP II applications, and add these features:

    ? ERP is based on relational databases and open architecture operating systems

    (client/server architecture).

    ? ERP shares data with accounting, human resources, decision support, and other

    applications.

    ? ERP applications use graphical interfaces and are easily portable to many vendors’

    hardware.

     SCM Foundation 2-5

    ERP makes sure a company’s manufacturing decisions are not made without taking into account their impact on the supply chain. Product decisions are affected by and affect all other major areas in the business, including engineering, accounting, and marketing. To make better decisions you need to take into account all interactions within the business. ERP takes a broader view of manufacturing enterprise than MRP II, incorporating client/server architecture, multiple languages, relational database-management systems (RDBMS), and graphical user interfaces in an open-system context. ERP gives businesses agility in the market place.

    ERP lets individual MRP II systems share data within an enterprise with financial, human resources, distribution, manufacturing, and decision support applications bridging the individual systems for an enterprise-wide view. ERP systems use relational

    databases which are easier to connect to manufacturing applications and to the company’s other applications.

    2-6 Supply Chain Management WorkshopStudent Guide

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com