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Preparation of Papers for IEEE TRANSACTIONS
and JOURNALS (May 2007)
First A. Author, Second B. Author, Jr., and Third C. Author, Member, IEEE ?
which allows you to see the footnotes. Then, type over sections Abstract—These instructions give you guidelines for preparing
papers for IEEE TRANSACTIONS and JOURNALS. Use this of TRANS-JOUR.DOC or cut and paste from another document
document as a template if you are using Microsoft Word 6.0 or and use markup styles. The pull-down style menu is at the left of later. Otherwise, use this document as an instruction set. The the Formatting Toolbar at the top of your Word window (for electronic file of your paper will be formatted further at IEEE. example, the style at this point in the document is ―Text‖). Define all symbols used in the abstract. Do not cite references in Highlight a section that you want to designate with a certain the abstract. Do not delete the blank line immediately above the style, then select the appropriate name on the style menu. The abstract; it sets the footnote at the bottom of this column. style will adjust your fonts and line spacing. Do not change the font sizes or line spacing to squeeze more text into a limited Index Terms—About four key words or phrases in alphabetical number of pages. Use italics for emphasis; do not underline. order, separated by commas. For a list of suggested keywords, To insert images in Word, position the cursor at the insertion send a blank e-mail to email@example.com or visit point and either use Insert | Picture | From File or copy the image http://www.ieee.org/organizations/pubs/ani_prod/keywrd98.txt to the Windows clipboard and then Edit | Paste Special | Picture (with ―float over text‖ unchecked).
IEEE will do the final formatting of your paper. If your paper I. INTRODUCTION is intended for a conference, please observe the conference page
HIS document is a template for Microsoft Word versions limits.
6.0 or later. If you are reading a paper or PDF version of T this document, please download the electronic file,
TRANS-JOUR.DOC, from the IEEE Web site at II. P
http://www.ieee.org/web/publications/authors/transjnl/index.html so ROCEDURE FOR PAPER SUBMISSION you can use it to prepare your manuscript. If you would prefer to
use LATEX, download IEEE’s LATEX style and sample files A. Review Stage from the same Web page. Use these LATEX files for formatting, Please check with your editor on whether to submit your but please follow the instructions in TRANS-JOUR.DOC or manuscript as hard copy or electronically for review. If hard TRANS-JOUR.PDF. copy, submit photocopies such that only one column appears If your paper is intended for a conference, please contact your per page. This will give your referees plenty of room to write conference editor concerning acceptable word processor comments. Send the number of copies specified by your editor formats for your particular conference. (typically four). If submitted electronically, find out if your When you open TRANS-JOUR.DOC, select ―Page Layout‖ editor prefers submissions on disk or as e-mail attachments. from the ―View‖ menu in the menu bar (View | Page Layout), If you want to submit your file with one column electronically,
please do the following:
--First, click on the View menu and choose Print Layout.
--Second, place your cursor in the first paragraph. Go to Manuscript received October 9, 2001. (Write the date on which you submitted your paper for review.) This work was supported in part by the U.S. the Format menu, choose Columns, choose one column Layout, Department of Commerce under Grant BS123456 (sponsor and financial and choose ―apply to whole document‖ from the dropdown support acknowledgment goes here). Paper titles should be written in uppercase menu. and lowercase letters, not all uppercase. Avoid writing long formulas with --Third, click and drag the right margin bar to just over 4 subscripts in the title; short formulas that identify the elements are fine (e.g., inches in width. "Nd–Fe–B"). Do not write ―(Invited)‖ in the title. Full names of authors are preferred in the author field, but are not required. Put a space between authors’ The graphics will stay in the ―second‖ column, but you can initials. drag them to the first column. Make the graphic wider to push F. A. Author is with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, out any text that may try to fill in next to the graphic. Boulder, CO 80305 USA (corresponding author to provide phone: 303-555-5555; fax: 303-555-5555; e-mail: author@ boulder.nist.gov). B. Final Stage S. B. Author, Jr., was with Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 USA. He is When you submit your final version (after your paper has now with the Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, been accepted), print it in two-column format, including figures CO 80523 USA (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). T. C. Author is with the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA, on leave from the National Research Institute for Metals, Tsukuba, Japan (e-mail: email@example.com).
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and tables. You must also send your final manuscript on a disk, one column wide, as extreme enlargements may distort your via e-mail, or through a Web manuscript submission system as images and result in poor reproduction. Therefore, it is better if directed by the society contact. You may use Zip or CD-ROM the image is slightly larger, as a minor reduction in size should disks for large files, or compress files using Compress, Pkzip, not have an adverse affect the quality of the image. Stuffit, or Gzip.
Size of Author Photographs Also, send a sheet of paper or PDF with complete contact
The final printed size of an author photograph is exactly information for all authors. Include full mailing addresses,
1 inch wide by 1 1/4 inches long (6 picas × 7 1/2 picas). Please telephone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses. This
ensure that the author photographs you submit are proportioned information will be used to send each author a complimentary
similarly. If the author’s photograph does not appear at the end copy of the journal in which the paper appears. In addition,
of the paper, then please size it so that it is proportional to the designate one author as the ―corresponding author.‖ This is the
standard size of 1 9/16 inches wide by author to whom proofs of the paper will be sent. Proofs are sent
2 inches long (9 1/2 picas × 12 picas). JPEG files are only to the corresponding author only.
accepted for author photos. C. Figures Format and save your graphic images using a suitable How to create a PostScript File graphics processing program that will allow you to create the First, download a PostScript printer driver from images as PostScript (PS), Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), or http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/pdrvwin.htm (for Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), sizes them, and adjusts the Windows) or from http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/ resolution settings. If you created your source files in one of the pdrvmac.htm (for Macintosh) and install the ―Generic following you will be able to submit the graphics without PostScript Printer‖ definition. In Word, paste your figure into a converting to a PS, EPS, or TIFF file: Microsoft Word, new document. Print to a file using the PostScript printer driver. Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel, or Portable Document File names should be of the form ―fig5.ps.‖ Use Open Type Format (PDF). fonts when creating your figures, if possible. A listing of the acceptable fonts are as follows: Open Type Fonts: Times
Roman, Helvetica, Helvetica Narrow, Courier, Symbol, D. Electronic Image Files (Optional) Palatino, Avant Garde, Bookman, Zapf Chancery, Zapf Import your source files in one of the following: Microsoft Dingbats, and New Century Schoolbook. Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel, or Portable Document Format (PDF); you will be able to submit the Print Color Graphics Requirements graphics without converting to a PS, EPS, or TIFF files. Image IEEE accepts color graphics in the following formats: EPS, quality is very important to how yours graphics will reproduce. PS, TIFF, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and PDF. The resolution Even though we can accept graphics in many formats, we cannot of a RGB color TIFF file should be 400 dpi. improve your graphics if they are poor quality when we receive When sending color graphics, please supply a high quality them. If your graphic looks low in quality on your printer or hard copy or PDF proof of each image. If we cannot achieve a monitor, please keep in mind that cannot improve the quality satisfactory color match using the electronic version of your after submission. files, we will have your hard copy scanned. Any of the files If you are importing your graphics into this Word template, types you provide will be converted to RGB color EPS files. please use the following steps: Under the option EDIT select PASTE SPECIAL. A dialog Web Color Graphics box will open, select paste picture, then click OK. Your figure IEEE accepts color graphics in the following formats: EPS, should now be in the Word Document. PS, TIFF, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and PDF. The resolution If you are preparing images in TIFF, EPS, or PS format, note of a RGB color TIFF file should be at least 400 dpi. the following. High-contrast line figures and tables should be Your color graphic will be converted to grayscale if no prepared with 600 dpi resolution and saved with no separate grayscale file is provided. If a graphic is to appear in compression, 1 bit per pixel (monochrome), with file names in print as black and white, it should be saved and submitted as a the form of ―fig3.tif‖ or ―table1.tif.‖ black and white file. If a graphic is to appear in print or on IEEE Photographs and grayscale figures should be prepared with Xplore in color, it should be submitted as RGB color. 300 dpi resolution and saved with no compression, 8 bits per pixel (grayscale). Graphics Checker Tool The IEEE Graphics Checker Tool enables users to check graphic files. The tool will check journal article graphic files Sizing of Graphics against a set of rules for compliance with IEEE requirements. Most charts graphs and tables are one column wide (3 1/2 These requirements are designed to ensure sufficient image inches or 21 picas) or two-column width (7 1/16 inches, 43 picas quality so they will look acceptable in print. After receiving a wide). We recommend that you avoid sizing figures less than graphic or a set of graphics, the tool will check the files against a
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TABLE I UNITS FOR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
Conversion from Gaussian and Symbol Quantity aCGS EMU to SI ?8?8magnetic flux ? 1 Mx ? 10 Wb = 10 V?s ?4?42 B magnetic flux density, 1 G ? 10 T = 10 Wb/m magnetic induction 3H magnetic field strength 1 Oe ? 10/(4?) A/m m magnetic moment1 erg/G = 1 emu ?32?3 ? 10 A?m = 10 J/T 33M magnetization 1 erg/(G?cm) = 1 emu/cm 3 ? 10 A/m 3magnetization 4?M 1 G ? 10/(4?) A/m 2specific magnetization ? 1 erg/(G?g) = 1 emu/g ? 1 A?m/kg j magnetic dipole 1 erg/G = 1 emu ?10 moment ? 4? ? 10 Wb?m 33J magnetic polarization 1 erg/(G?cm) = 1 emu/cm ?4 ? 4? ? 10 T susceptibility ?, ? 1 ? 4? 3?33 mass susceptibility ?1 cm/g ? 4? ? 10 m/kg ? Fig. 1. Magnetization as a function of applied field. Note that ―Fig.‖ is ?7permeability ? 1 ? 4? ? 10 H/m abbreviated. There is a period after the figure number, followed by two spaces. ?7 = 4? ? 10 Wb/(A?m) It is good practice to explain the significance of the figure in the caption. set of rules. A report will then be e-mailed listing each graphic relative permeability ? ? ? ? rr 3?13 and whether it met or failed to meet the requirements. If the file w, W energy density 1 erg/cm ? 10 J/mfails, a description of why and instructions on how to correct the N, D demagnetizing factor 1 ? 1/(4?) problem will be sent. The IEEE Graphics Checker Tool is Vertical lines are optional in tables. Statements that serve as captions for available at http://graphicsqc.ieee.org/ the entire table do not need footnote letters. aFor more Information, contact the IEEE Graphics H-E-L-P Gaussian units are the same as cgs emu for magnetostatics; Mx = maxwell, Desk by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. You will then receive an G = gauss, Oe = oersted; Wb = weber, V = volt, s = second, T = tesla, m = meter, A = ampere, J = joule, kg = kilogram, H = henry. e-mail response and sometimes a request for a sample graphic for us to check.
E. Copyright Form
An IEEE copyright form should accompany your final units for each quantity in an equation. H. Use the center dot submission. You can get a .pdf, .html, or .doc version at 0The SI unit for magnetic field strength H is A/m. However, if 2to separate compound units, e.g., ―A?mhttp://www.ieee.org/copyright. Authors are responsible for .‖ you wish to use units of T, either refer to magnetic flux density B obtaining any security clearances. or magnetic field strength symbolized as µ
V. HELPFUL HINTS III. M
A. Figures and Tables
Because IEEE will do the final formatting of your paper, you
do not need to position figures and tables at the top and bottom ATH of each column. In fact, all figures, figure captions, and tables
can be at the end of the paper. Large figures and tables may span If you are using Word, use either the Microsoft Equation both columns. Place figure captions below the figures; place Editor or the MathType add-on (http://www.mathtype.com) for table titles above the tables. If your figure has two parts, include equations in your paper (Insert | Object | Create New | Microsoft the labels ―(a)‖ and ―(b)‖ as part of the artwork. Please verify Equation or MathType Equation). ―Float over text‖ should not that the figures and tables you mention in the text actually exist. be selected. Please do not include captions as part of the figures. Do not put captions in “text boxes” linked to the figures. Do not put
borders around the outside of your figures. Use the IV. Uabbreviation ―Fig.‖ even at the beginning of a sentence. Do not NITS
abbreviate ―Table.‖ Tables are numbered with Roman Use either SI (MKS) or CGS as primary units. (SI units are numerals. strongly encouraged.) English units may be used as secondary Color printing of figures is available, but is billed to the units (in parentheses). This applies to papers in data storage. authors. Include a note with your final paper indicating that you For example, write ―15 Gb/cm22 (100 Gb/in).‖ An exception is request and will pay for color printing. Do not use color unless it when English units are used as identifiers in trade, such as is necessary for the proper interpretation of your figures. If you ―3?-in disk drive.‖ Avoid combining SI and CGS units, such as want reprints of your color article, the reprint order should be current in amperes and magnetic field in oersteds. This often submitted promptly. There is an additional charge for color leads to confusion because equations do not balance
dimensionally. If you must use mixed units, clearly state the
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reprints. Please note that many IEEE journals now allow an to be defined. Abbreviations that incorporate periods should not author to publish color figures on Xplore and black and have spaces: write ―C.N.R.S.,‖ not ―C. N. R. S.‖ Do not use white figures in print. Contact your society representative abbreviations in the title unless they are unavoidable (for for specific requirements. example, ―IEEE‖ in the title of this article). Figure axis labels are often a source of confusion. Use words D. Equations rather than symbols. As an example, write the quantity
Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in ―Magnetization,‖ or ―Magnetization M,‖ not just ―M.‖ Put units
parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). First use the in parentheses. Do not label axes only with units. As in Fig. 1,
equation editor to create the equation. Then select the for example, write ―Magnetization (A/m)‖ or ―Magnetization
―Equation‖ markup style. Press the tab key and write the (A?1equation number in parentheses. To make your equations more m),‖ not just ―A/m.‖ Do not label axes with a ratio of ?compact, you may use the solidus ( / ), the exp function, or quantities and units. For example, write ―Temperature (K),‖ not appropriate exponents. Use parentheses to avoid ambiguities in ―Temperature/K.‖ denominators. Punctuate equations when they are part of a Multipliers can be especially confusing. Write sentence, as in ―Magnetization (kA/m)‖ or ―Magnetization (103 A/m).‖ Do not write ―Magnetization (A/m) ? 1000‖ because the reader would
not know whether the top axis label in Fig. 1 meant 16000 A/m r2or 0.016 A/m. Figure labels should be legible, approximately 8 F(?r,)dr?d??[r/(?2)]20?0 (1) to 12 point type. ??1?exp?(?|?zz|)?J(?r)J(?r)d?.B. References ji120i?0Number citations consecutively in square brackets . The
sentence punctuation follows the brackets . Multiple Be sure that the symbols in your equation have been defined references ,  are each numbered with separate brackets before the equation appears or immediately following. Italicize –. When citing a section in a book, please give the relevant symbols (T might refer to temperature, but T is the unit tesla). page numbers . In sentences, refer simply to the reference Refer to ―(1),‖ not ―Eq. (1)‖ or ―equation (1),‖ except at the number, as in . Do not use ―Ref. ‖ or ―reference ‖ beginning of a sentence: ―Equation (1) is ... .‖
except at the beginning of a sentence: ―Reference  shows ... .‖ E. Other Recommendations Please do not use automatic endnotes in Word, rather, type the Use one space after periods and colons. Hyphenate complex reference list at the end of the paper using the ―References‖ modifiers: ―zero-field-cooled magnetization.‖ Avoid dangling style. participles, such as, ―Using (1), the potential was calculated.‖ [It Number footnotes separately in superscripts (Insert | is not clear who or what used (1).] Write instead, ―The potential Footnote).was calculated by using (1),‖ or ―Using (1), we calculated the 1potential.‖ Place the actual footnote at the bottom of the Use a zero before decimal points: ―0.25,‖ not ―.25.‖ Use column in which it is cited; do not put footnotes in the reference ―cmlist (endnotes). Use letters for table footnotes (see Table I).
Please note that the references at the end of this document are 3,‖ not ―cc.‖ Indicate sample dimensions as ―0.1 cm ? 0.2 in the preferred referencing style. Give all authors’ names; do 2cm,‖ not ―0.1 ? 0.2 cm.‖ The abbreviation for ―seconds‖ is ―s,‖ not use ―et al.‖ unless there are six authors or more. Use a space not ―sec.‖ Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of after authors’ initials. Papers that have not been published 2units: use ―Wb/mshould be cited as ―unpublished‖ . Papers that have been ‖ or ―webers per square meter,‖ not 2accepted for publication, but not yet specified for an issue ―webers/m.‖ When expressing a range of values, write ―7 to 9‖ should be cited as ―to be published‖ . Papers that have been or ―7-9,‖ not ―7~9.‖ submitted for publication should be cited as ―submitted for A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is publication‖ . Please give affiliations and addresses for punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this). (A private communications . parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses.) In Capitalize only the first word in a paper title, except for proper American English, periods and commas are within quotation nouns and element symbols. For papers published in translation marks, like ―this period.‖ Other punctuation is ―outside‖! Avoid journals, please give the English citation first, followed by the contractions; for example, write ―do not‖ instead of ―don’t.‖ original foreign-language citation . The serial comma is preferred: ―A, B, and C‖ instead of ―A, B
and C.‖ C. Abbreviations and Acronyms If you wish, you may write in the first person singular or Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they are used plural and use the active voice (―I observed that ...‖ or ―We in the text, even after they have already been defined in the observed that ...‖ instead of ―It was observed that ...‖). abstract. Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, ac, and dc do not have Remember to check spelling. If your native language is not English, please get a native English-speaking colleague to
carefully proofread your paper.
1It is recommended that footnotes be avoided (except for the unnumbered footnote with the receipt date on the first page). Instead, try to integrate the footnote information into the text.
OME COMMON MISTAKES
The word ―data‖ is plural, not singular. The subscript for the > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 5 permeability of vacuum µ is zero, not a lowercase letter ―o.‖ 0 RANSACTIONS as regular papers, whereupon they will be The term for residual magnetization is ―remanence‖; the VI. Sreviewed by two new referees. adjective is ―remanent‖; do not write ―remnance‖ or ―remnant.‖ committee; the recommendations of the referees are advisory Use the word ―micrometer‖ instead of ―micron.‖ A graph within
only. Undecipherable English is a valid reason for rejection. a graph is an ―inset,‖ not an ―insert.‖ The word ―alternatively‖ is VIII. PAuthors of rejected papers may revise and resubmit them to the preferred to the word ―alternately‖ (unless you really mean UBLICATION PRINCIPLES Tsomething that alternates). Use the word ―whereas‖ instead of The contents of IEEE TRANSACTIONS and JOURNALS are ―while‖ (unless you are referring to simultaneous events). Do peer-reviewed and archival. The TRANSACTIONS publishes not use the word ―essentially‖ to mean ―approximately‖ or scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions ―effectively.‖ Do not use the word ―issue‖ as a euphemism for and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current ―problem.‖ When compositions are not specified, separate interest. chemical symbols by en-dashes; for example, ―NiMn‖ indicates Authors should consider the following points: the intermetallic compound Ni1) Technical papers submitted for publication must advance Mn whereas ―Ni–Mn‖ 0.50.5the state of knowledge and must cite relevant prior work. indicates an alloy of some composition NiMn. x1-x2) The length of a submitted paper should be commensurate Be aware of the different meanings of the homophones with the importance, or appropriate to the complexity, of ―affect‖ (usually a verb) and ―effect‖ (usually a noun), the work. For example, an obvious extension of previously ―complement‖ and ―compliment,‖ ―discreet‖ and ―discrete,‖ published work might not be appropriate for publication or ―principal‖ (e.g., ―principal investigator‖) and ―principle‖ (e.g., might be adequately treated in just a few pages. ―principle of measurement‖). Do not confuse ―imply‖ and 3) Authors must convince both peer reviewers and the editors ―infer.‖ of the scientific and technical merit of a paper; the Prefixes such as ―non,‖ ―sub,‖ ―micro,‖ ―multi,‖ and ―ultra‖ standards of proof are higher when extraordinary or are not independent words; they should be joined to the words unexpected results are reported. they modify, usually without a hyphen. There is no period after 4) Because replication is required for scientific progress, the ―et‖ in the Latin abbreviation ―et al.‖ (it is also italicized). papers submitted for publication must provide sufficient The abbreviation ―i.e.,‖ means ―that is,‖ and the abbreviation information to allow readers to perform similar ―e.g.,‖ means ―for example‖ (these abbreviations are not experiments or calculations and use the reported results. italicized). Although not everything need be disclosed, a paper must An excellent style manual and source of information for contain new, useable, and fully described information. For science writers is . A general IEEE style guide and an example, a specimen’s chemical composition need not be Information for Authors are both available at reported if the main purpose of a paper is to introduce a new
measurement technique. Authors should expect to be
challenged by reviewers if the results are not supported by http://www.ieee.org/web/publications/authors/transjnl/index.html adequate data and critical details. 5) Papers that describe ongoing work or announce the latest
technical achievement, which are suitable for presentation VII. EDITORIAL POLICY at a professional conference, may not be appropriate for Submission of a manuscript is not required for participation publication in a Tin a conference. Do not submit a reworked version of a paper
you have submitted or published elsewhere. Do not publish
―preliminary‖ data or results. The submitting author is RANSACTIONS or JOURNAL. responsible for obtaining agreement of all coauthors and any consent required from sponsors before submitting a paper. IEEE
TIX. CONCLUSION RANSACTIONS and JOURNALS strongly discourage courtesy
authorship. It is the obligation of the authors to cite relevant A conclusion section is not required. Although a conclusion prior work. may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the The Transactions and Journals Department does not publish abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the conference records or proceedings. The Timportance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. RANSACTIONS does
publish papers related to conferences that have been Arecommended for publication on the basis of peer review. As a PPENDIX matter of convenience and service to the technical community, Appendixes, if needed, appear before the acknowledgment. these topical papers are collected and published in one issue of
the TARANSACTIONS. CKNOWLEDGMENT At least two reviews are required for every paper submitted. The preferred spelling of the word ―acknowledgment‖ in For conference-related papers, the decision to accept or reject a American English is without an ―e‖ after the ―g.‖ Use the paper is made by the conference editors and publications singular heading even if you have many acknowledgments.
 (Basic Book/Monograph Online Sources) J. K. Author. (year, month, day). Title (edition) [Type of medium]. Volume (issue). Available: http://www.(URL)  J. Jones. (1991, May 10). Networks (2nd ed.) [Online]. Available: > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 6 http://www.atm.com  (Journal Online Sources style) K. Author. (year, month). Title. Journal [Type of medium]. Volume(issue), paging if given. Available: EFERENCES Avoid expressions such as ―One of us (S.B.A.) would like to http://www.(URL) thank ... .‖ Instead, write ―F. A. Author thanks ... .‖ Sponsor  G. O. Young, ―Synthetic structure of industrial plastics (Book style with  R. J. Vidmar. (1992, August). On the use of atmospheric plasmas as and financial support acknowledgments are placed in the paper title and editor),‖ in Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New electromagnetic reflectors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. [Online]. 21(3). pp. York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64. 876–880. Available: unnumbered footnote on the first page, not here.  W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book style). Belmont, CA: http://www.halcyon.com/pub/journals/21ps03-vidmar Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135. R H. Poor, An Introduction to Signal Detection and Estimation. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1985, ch. 4.  B. Smith, ―An approach to graphs of linear forms (Unpublished work style),‖ unpublished.  E. H. Miller, ―A note on reflector arrays (Periodical style—Accepted for First A. Author (M’76–SM’81–F’87) and the other authors may include publication),‖ IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published. biographies at the end of regular papers. Biographies are often not included in  J. Wang, ―Fundamentals of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers arrays conference-related papers. This author became a Member (M) of IEEE in 1976, (Periodical style—Submitted for publication),‖ IEEE J. Quantum a Senior Member (SM) in 1981, and a Fellow (F) in 1987. The first paragraph Electron., submitted for publication. may contain a place and/or date of birth (list place, then date). Next, the  C. J. Kaufman, Rocky Mountain Research Lab., Boulder, CO, private author’s educational background is listed. The degrees should be listed with communication, May 1995. type of degree in what field, which institution, city, state, and country, and year  Y. Yorozu, M. Hirano, K. Oka, and Y. Tagawa, ―Electron spectroscopy degree was earned. The author’s major field of study should be lower-cased. studies on magneto-optical media and plastic substrate interfaces The second paragraph uses the pronoun of the person (he or she) and not the (Translation Journals style),‖ IEEE Transl. J. Magn.Jpn., vol. 2, Aug. author’s last name. It lists military and work experience, including summer and th1987, pp. 740–741 [Dig. 9 Annu. Conf. Magnetics Japan, 1982, p. 301]. fellowship jobs. Job titles are capitalized. The current job must have a location;  M. Young, The Techincal Writers Handbook. Mill Valley, CA: previous positions may be listed without one. Information concerning previous University Science, 1989. publications may be included. Try not to list more than three books or  J. U. Duncombe, ―Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment of published articles. The format for listing publishers of a book within the feasibility (Periodical style),‖ IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, biography is: title of book (city, state: publisher name, year) similar to a pp. 34–39, Jan. 1959. reference. Current and previous research interests end the paragraph.  S. Chen, B. Mulgrew, and P. M. Grant, ―A clustering technique for The third paragraph begins with the author’s title and last name (e.g., Dr. digital communications channel equalization using radial basis function Smith, Prof. Jones, Mr. Kajor, Ms. Hunter). List any memberships in networks,‖ IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 570–578, Jul. 1993. professional societies other than the IEEE. Finally, list any awards and work for  R. W. Lucky, ―Automatic equalization for digital communication,‖ Bell IEEE committees and publications. If a photograph is provided, the biography Syst. Tech. J., vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 547–588, Apr. 1965. will be indented around it. The photograph is placed at the top left of the  S. P. Bingulac, ―On the compatibility of adaptive controllers (Published biography. Personal hobbies will be deleted from the biography. Conference Proceedings style),‖ in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuits and Systems Theory, New York, 1994, pp. 8–16.  G. R. Faulhaber, ―Design of service systems with priority reservation,‖ in Conf. Rec. 1995 IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, pp. 3–8.  W. D. Doyle, ―Magnetization reversal in films with biaxial anisotropy,‖ in 1987 Proc. INTERMAG Conf., pp. 2.2-1–2.2-6.
 G. W. Juette and L. E. Zeffanella, ―Radio noise currents n short sections on bundle conductors (Presented Conference Paper style),‖ presented at the IEEE Summer power Meeting, Dallas, TX, Jun. 22–27, 1990, Paper 90 SM 690-0 PWRS.  J. G. Kreifeldt, ―An analysis of surface-detected EMG as an amplitude-modulated noise,‖ presented at the 1989 Int. Conf. Medicine and Biological Engineering, Chicago, IL.  J. Williams, ―Narrow-band analyzer (Thesis or Dissertation style),‖ Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.  N. Kawasaki, ―Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow,‖ M.S. thesis, Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan, 1993.  J. P. Wilkinson, ―Nonlinear resonant circuit devices (Patent style),‖ U.S. Patent 3 624 12, July 16, 1990.  IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems (Standards style), IEEE Standard 308, 1969.  Letter Symbols for Quantities, ANSI Standard Y10.5-1968.  R. E. Haskell and C. T. Case, ―Transient signal propagation in lossless isotropic plasmas (Report style),‖ USAF Cambridge Res. Lab., Cambridge, MA Rep. ARCRL-66-234 (II), 1994, vol. 2.  E. E. Reber, R. L. Michell, and C. J. Carter, ―Oxygen absorption in the Earth’s atmosphere,‖ Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA, Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (420-46)-3, Nov. 1988.  (Handbook style) Transmission Systems for Communications, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, 1985, pp. 44–60.  Motorola Semiconductor Data Manual, Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc., Phoenix, AZ, 1989.