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Special Considerations for

By Andrew Reynolds,2014-05-18 06:02
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Special Considerations for

    Special Considerations for

    Young Singles As a young single, you’re on your own – without parental support for the first time. You could be finishing college, or you may be looking for or starting a new job. This stage of your life

    might require you to leave your hometown and move to a different city or state. It also means

    new responsibilities, including building the foundation of your financial security. At this point in

    your life, it’s important to understand that your financial decisions even very early ones have

    long-term implications. That’s especially the case with insurance coverage. So you’ll want to

    make informed choices about what kind of coverage is best for you.

    Auto

    ? As long as you live with your parents and don’t own your own vehicle, you are eligible to

    remain on your parents’ auto policy. Staying on their policy saves money because parents

    are considered lower-risk drivers than young singles. However, many people buy their

    first car as a young single. If you do, insurance companies will require you to purchase

    your own insurance policy to avoid any potential legal confusion about who owns the

    vehicle and is responsible for its use.

    ? In most states the law requires you to maintain auto liability insurance to cover losses that

    are caused by your negligence, and sometimes you are required to carry personal injury

    protection coverage. To avoid penalty, pay your premiums on time, and don’t let your

    coverage lapse to save money in the short-term. If you do, you may be putting yourself at

    substantial financial risk as well as negatively affecting your insurance history.

    There are several ways that you can prudently control your costs for auto insurance:

    ? When buying or leasing your first car, remember to consider the cost of insurance in your

    financial calculations. Insurance rates vary with the type and model of vehicle, so check

    out these costs before you decide which car to purchase. For example, SUVs,

    convertibles and performance vehicles typically cost more to insure than other cars.

    ? While auto policies are an important way to protect your financial health, don’t go

    overboard when purchasing liability coverage. Since young people typically have a low

    net worth, they may not need hundreds of thousands of dollars in liability coverage.

    ? If you purchase a used car, or your parents give you their old car, you might consider

    dropping the collision coverage as a way to cut expenses. With older cars, the cost of

    collision coverage can exceed the value of the car.

    ? You might also consider raising the deductible for your comprehensive and collision

    coverage. A higher deductible will lower your premium cost.

    ? Seriously think about commuting to your job via public transportation, rather than by

    driving. Your premiums may be lower if you limit your vehicle use to weekly

    recreational activities.

    ? If you will be traveling extensively or will be deployed in the military for an extended

    period of time and no one will be driving your vehicle you may be able to suspend

    some or all of your coverage to save on premium payments. You should check out and

    choose a policy that specifically allows for full or partial suspension. ? Taking a defensive driving course may help lower your premiums.

    ? And, of course, it’s wise to maintain a good driving record one devoid of tickets,

    accidents, and Driving While Intoxicated citations.

    ? For those of you in school, it’s also advantageous to maintain good grades, and inform

    your insurance company every semester, as they often offer preferred rates and discounts

    to young people who do so.

    Home

    ? At this stage of your life, you’re more likely to be a renter. So you should seriously

    consider renter’s insurance. However, make sure you understand what’s covered and

    what’s not covered by your policy. Don’t rely on the landlord’s insurance, or your parents

    insurance. As someone living independently, you need to protect yourself and your

    belongings.

    ? In maintaining your own residence, you must realize that you are liable for things that

    happen on your premises. For example, you might be using your apartment for parties.

    Keep in mind that in many states, you could be held legally responsible for the actions of

    anyone who drinks in your home and then has an accident in your house or after leaving

    it. Your homeowner’s or renter’s policy should protect you against lawsuits due to these

    types of liability issues.

    ? You might be sharing your apartment with roommates who are unrelated to you. In such

    a case, insurance coverage can become complicated because renter’s insurance is

    designed for single individuals and traditional families. Be sure that you have an

    individual policy of your own to cover you and your possessions. ? If you are in the military, speak with your insurance agent about whether personal items

    that you take with you during your deployment will be covered if they are lost, stolen or

    damaged. Homeowner’s insurance typically covers personal property that you take with

    you while traveling, but most policies exclude coverage for damage caused directly or

    indirectly by war. In addition, most homeowner’s policies require you to occupy the

    residence insured. If you are deployed, call your insurance carrier and state insurance

    department to discuss any possible coverage issues.

    At this stage of your life, you are no doubt mindful of your expense budget. Some prudent steps

    can help you control your home insurance costs, as well as lessen the likelihood of damages

    occurring in the first place.

    ? Investing in a few smoke detectors and fire extinguishers, and strategically placing them

    around your home particularly in the kitchen and bedrooms is a smart practice that

    can pay off big time. Not just in lower insurance premiums, but in providing real life-

    saving protection to you and everyone else you invite into your home.

    Health

As health insurance in the U.S. is typically employer-provided, getting a job is often the first

    time a young person begins to think about this matter.

    While you are young and healthy, you might actually feel that you don’t need health insurance.

    In fact, you might be tempted to do without coverage because you are strapped for cash and want

    to avoid paying the premiums. The National Association of Insurance Commissioners recently

    surveyed U.S. consumers and nearly a fifth of young singles indicated they would decline

    employer health insurance to save money.

    However, forgoing health insurance is a dangerous decision. Accidents and unforeseen illnesses

    can be financially devastating for you and your family. Weigh carefully the repercussions of not

    being covered, and seriously consider buying health insurance suited to your needs.

    ? Know your family’s health history. If you are at high risk for developing a medical

    condition such as diabetes later in life, think carefully before saying no to your

    employers’ health policy, even if it means paying higher premiums while you are young

    and healthy.

    ? Understand that if you have been covered under your parents’ health insurance policy

    while you were in college or by a plan offered through your college, often this coverage

    ceases when you graduate. Additionally, many companies have employee probation

    periods before health coverage goes into effect. For these periods of no coverage, you

    should check to see whether you can extend your parents’ coverage short-term under

    COBRA. Some colleges also offer graduates interim coverage. As an alternative, talk to

    an insurance agent about purchasing catastrophic health coverage as a short-term measure.

    ? As you sort through job prospects, don’t make the salary your sole priority. Health

    coverage is perhaps the most important job-related benefit you can receive; so study the

    health plans that prospective employers provide. Many companies have coverage through

    an HMO or a managed-care plan, which means that many decisions including which

    physicians are included in the network are made by the healthcare provider. Others

    have more flexible plans that allow their participants to choose their physicians. In either

    case, the employee is responsible for co-payments which help keep costs under control.

    Here are some ways that you can control your health insurance costs or cover an interim period

    before or between jobs when you are not under an employer’s plan:

    ? If you feel you can’t afford regular health insurance, a more affordable option you may

    want to consider is purchasing a high-deductible major medical policy that only covers

    very serious or catastrophic health costs. It will offer lower premiums than regular health

    insurance policies and help you cover bills for ―major‖ medical events, like surgery,

    hospitalization or emergency room care. But it will typically not cover routine doctor

    visits or check-ups.

    ? If you are convinced that you are generally healthy and have a healthy lifestyle and

    definitely do not want to pay (or can’t afford to pay) high insurance premiums, consider a

    Health Savings Account. HSAs can be set up individually or, increasingly, as an option

    through employers. They allow you to accumulate and spend pre-tax money for health

    expenses via an account that you own and can take with you should you change jobs.

    ? If you are in a physically demanding job, you might want to consider purchasing

    disability insurance, as research shows that young people are four times more likely to be

    disabled than die at an early age. As an option, many employers offer disability coverage,

    which provides lost income in the event that you are injured and unable to work. If the

    injury is work-related, then workers' compensation coverage applies. If you decide to

    purchase disability insurance, try to get a non-cancelable, guaranteed renewable policy.

    That means it can never be canceled and it's good until age 65. Make sure you review

    your disability policy on an annual basis to ensure any disability payments continue to

    keep pace with your increase in earnings.

    Disability

    When you’re young, one of the last things on your mind is thinking about becoming disabled.

    However, statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau indicate that in 2000 a substantial portion of the

    nation’s population — nearly 20 percent had some type of long-lasting condition or disability.

    If you are hurt in an accident or become seriously ill and you can’t work for several months or

    longer, your bills will still keep coming in. Long -term disability insurance coverage can protect

    a portion of your income if something happens to you.

    ? Even if you are single and have no dependents yet, you probably have a family who

    would be affected if you became disabled. Family members might not be prepared

    financially to take care of you. You may want to plan ahead by looking into long -term

    disability coverage so you have enough resources to take care of yourself.

    ? Your chances of being approved for disability coverage while you’re young and healthy

    are better than later in life. In addition, younger, healthier individuals typically pay lower

    disability premiums.

    While health concerns may not be an issue for you at this stage, you still may be in a higher risk

    category for disability insurance, and therefore subject to higher premiums, if you participate in

    certain hobbies, like rock-climbing or sky diving.

    Life

    There are differing opinions about the importance of purchasing life insurance as a young single

    since you are unlikely to support individuals whose livelihood is dependent upon your income.

    While buying a policy early in your life will provide you with better deals and potentially

    guarantee your insurability, some experts doubt that individuals need life insurance at a young

    age when they typically don’t have dependents.

    As a young single, you should consider your options and make a choice based on your finances,

    health and other circumstances. It always makes sense to start thinking about life insurance

    early-on so that you can make the most educated decision.

    ? When choosing a life insurance product, permanent and term policies are the two major

    options. If you are a young professional, earning a good salary, able to afford higher

    premiums and looking for a savings component, you might want to invest in permanent

    insurance, such as a whole life policy, which builds cash value and also pays a death

    benefit.

    On the other hand, a term life policy, which offers death benefit protection for a specified

    time period, is a less expensive option for young people who are still working out their

    finances and just want to leave something for their loved ones in the event of their death.

    Term life is typically less expensive in your younger years than permanent life insurance,

    which covers you for your entire life and typically has level premiums.

    If you can’t afford whole life insurance right now, but think you may want it in the future,

    you may want to consider term life insurance with a conversion option that will let you

    change to a whole life policy for a fee when you are ready.

    ? If you are in the military, consider Serviceman’s Group Life Insurance (SGLI) - a

    program of low-cost group term life insurance automatically available to all military

    members. This policy is automatically activated unless the service member opts out.

    ? If you have decided to purchase additional life insurance outside of the SGLI, review the

    list of exclusions to the policies, and make sure that the benefits will be payable even if

    the death is a result of war, the action of a military force or traveling on a non-

    commercial aircraft.

    ? Individuals who sell life insurance at military installations are required to obtain

    authorization from the Department of Defense, so ask to see the agent’s permit or license.

    The cost of life insurance is affected by multiple factors that you should understand. However,

    some are not easily in your control, such as pre-existing or chronic health problems like diabetes,

    heart disease or cancer.

    But others are more behavioral in nature and, therefore, within your power, such as…

    o Poor health habits such as smoking and excessive drinking.

    o Your driving record, in terms of accidents, Driving While Intoxicated citations,

    tickets and claims. The better your driving record, the better the rates you’ll

    receive for your life insurance.

    o Engaging in dangerous hobbies, such as skydiving or rock climbing The insurance business is all about assessing risk. If you participate in high-risk activities or

    exhibit high-risk behaviors, insurers will treat you as a high-risk customer. They may charge you

    higher premiums or deny you coverage.

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