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China's young people study a model of strategic change and child welfare policy framework for strategic thinking_4392

By Martha Taylor,2014-10-30 12:49
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China's young people study a model of strategic change and child welfare policy framework for strategic thinking_4392

    China's young people study a model of strategic change and child welfare policy framework for strategic thinking

     Summary youth problem is a matter of thousands of families a happy life and great national rejuvenation, the party and the country's survival strategy of debate is

    the core of public policy and social policy issues. The problem is how to properly treat young people attach great importance to the community the priority areas of research directly related to a model of strategic change in the China Youth and Child Welfare

    policy framework for the design. In this paper, comparative youth and foreign policy research and child welfare policy point of view, in-depth study of a model of the China

    Youth strategic shift, with a view to observe the current increasingly grim and serious

    youth problems plagued the community to provide a new theoretical perspective.

     Abstract title growth and social development of young people

     Key words youth problems / juvenile / child welfare / policy framework for

     Text

     A transformation of social structure and youth policy issues

     China is in transition social structure, population structure and changes in family structure, urbanization, industrialization and social modernization, globalization and

    socio-economic reforms led to the situation of young people has become prominent, to become the core of public policy and social policy issues. Since the reform and opening up, China entered an unprecedented period of rapid transformation of social structure,

    social environment and earth-shaking changes have taken place in society, family

    planning policies, population age, sex structure and population aging waves has highlighted children's issues in the family structure, family functioning and family

    living conditions of a significant change in circumstances, the child has become a social reality. In the process of urbanization and industrialization, a large number of children in rural communities through a variety of ways to enter the city, urban family lifestyle

    changes that result in a large number of children and adolescents to become "problem children", "difficult child" and the "marginal child", urbanization , family life, children and teenagers in the problem situation and the inherent logical connection will

    become a social science and policy research agenda. For the contemporary Chinese society, the impact factor is the children of the importance of the international environment of globalization and localization needs, invisible among the increasing

    complexity of the problem children and adolescents, foreign cultures, values and way of

    life affect children's behavior. More importantly, the transformation of social structure is the major content of socio-economic structural reform is the restructuring of the

    relationship between social interests, personal interests and social interests of adjustments are reflected in social relations, family relations, the relationship between children's peer . In short, the social structure and macro-oriented transformation of the

    international and domestic social environment, "coincidentally" Focus on Children and Youth issues, so that the already very obvious, important, complex and sensitive issue of children and adolescents, more prominent, important, complex and extraordinarily

    sensitive.

     Core of the problem children and children of the relationship between the state model, in essence, government policy framework relating to children, the essence of the community, especially decision-makers and social managers how to correctly

    understand and treat, deal with difficult children and adolescents. Children grow up healthy and happy is the core issue of the relationship between the state and the child is a child welfare and protection issues. In the framework of the state and personal

    relationships, the relationship between the State and children the most basic, most important, the most socio-economic and political implications. This means that children and young people is a complex social problems, an important part of the social policy

    framework is the foundation of the, which means the welfare of children is a personal welfare, family welfare, community welfare and social welfare services, the basis for part of the pivotal position. Throughout the study the situation of children in China, we

    can clearly see the two children study theoretical and policy research climax climax of the first study period in the early 1980s, the second peak period of the study in the late 1990s to study the climax of motivation , the driving force, research themes and

    research interests are strikingly similar: to prevent juvenile delinquency and criminal behavior of children. [1] the second study, however, a significant difference between high tide is that since the mid-1990s, children and young people to become strategic

    decision-making and public policy agenda of the CPC Central Committee's priority areas, the Government has formed a clear child development policies, such as Child Development Decade outline the relationship between children as a happy family life, a

    great national rejuvenation and prosperity of our country's major strategic issues, children's work and related theoretical and policy research to achieve the brilliant achievements of the world's attention, the Children's research into "the mainstream

    school." Party and state policies and regulations relating to children in large numbers, children and young people into society as a whole attaches great importance to strategic focus. How to correctly understand, understanding, treating and addressing children's

    issues, prevention of juvenile delinquency and other strategic issues have emerged.

     Second, the experience of European and American countries and the

    international community practices

     European and American countries and the nature of the relationship of children, the main types of social policy, social welfare, family welfare and child welfare, children's physical and mental health development of social policy and social welfare system, the

    highest goal, welfare and social protection in flavor. Industrialization, urbanization and social modernization since the children, women, family, work and life issues have become "social problem" of child labor, childhood socialization, maternal and child

    health, education, and development of children's physical and mental health issues such as exceptional growth. [2] (P28) was not only children and adolescents under the age of 18, a prominent problem of youth over the age of 18 the same question especially

    prominent, eye-catching. In order to solve youth problems, to ensure that young people grow up healthy, normal participation in social life and play its due role in society and the YMCA (YMCA), Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) and so a large

    number of non-religious, non-government social service agencies to the birth of They

    mainly target young people for young people to provide quality and diverse cultural and recreational sports services to meet the diverse and evolving youth the basic needs

    of juvenile delinquency prevention through social service activities, explore the potential of youth development. [3] (P2) the United Kingdom was for the young, the poor, the unemployed, the chronically ill and other groups need to help provide social

    services, social welfare and social protection services, the activities of so many non-

    governmental organizations, as well as create specialized in planning and coordination of civil society organizations development and scientific management of charitable

    organizations societies (COS: Charity Organization Societies), charitable affairs, social services and social protection, the situation is evident prosperity of the cause, [4] (P5) the basic assumption that the community has a responsibility to meet the young people

    necessary, if people's basic needs are not met, the lack of normalization and legitimacy of the outlet channel, they will take anti-social means. The late nineteenth century,

    relatively simple life-oriented and entertainment services have been unable to meet the

    children and social development, the basic requirements, how to ensure that all children have access to basic education services to enable children to survive from the factory and into the streets to schools, out of ignorance of ignorance and illiteracy,

    backwardness difficult to raise our future citizens and workforce comprehensive quality and market competitiveness will become paramount. The United Kingdom in 1870, "Secondary Education Law" stipulates that mandatory for all school districts in

    school children aged 5-12 to receive compulsory elementary education. Education Act 1918 abolished primary school fees, provides for the compulsory school-leaving age of

    14 years of age and are not allowed to have any exceptions. [5] (P18) at the same time,

    how to provide comprehensive medical services and public health services, disease prevention, to reduce maternal risk, to carry out maternal and child health services, to ensure that all children grow into healthy physical and mental health policy central

    themes. Midwives Act 1902 and the Central Midwives Board came into being, reproductive health, food nutrition, maternal and child health and prevention services such as the rapid development of vaccination. [6] (P64)

     Outcome of a war in 1902 shocked the British government and the upper and lower fabric, national public outcry, the national physique and health conditions become hot spots. In 1904 the British government was formed on national physical deterioration of the joint committee set up in 1905 primary school children in public medical

    examination and nutritional meals a joint committee in 1907 the general introduction of school medical services, enacted in 1911, "National Health Insurance Law," 1918 mothers and Child Welfare Act authorized local governments to protect the mother,

    infant and child health, and social services into the main body. [7] (P230) in modern child welfare, women's welfare, maternal and child health, family welfare, basic education, basic health services such as institutional framework for the birth.

     Extensive World War II strongly stimulate government intervention in social and economic life, to correct failures of free market economy, greatly promoting social policy and social welfare system development, family, welfare, education, health-based

    child welfare system was established. The war to enable the "collectivist state" the rapid development after the war first by the Minister of Health is named after Addison Addison Law, its greatest historical contribution is to provide local governments to

    provide subsidies to build housing for the working class to improve the living conditions and living environment the development of public housing sector, greatly improving the physical and mental health status of citizens, significantly improve the

    quality of life of all citizens. [8] (P38) of the most important, born in 1942, "Beveridge Report" to lay the institutional framework of modern welfare state and social policy framework, the report recommends that the object from the expansion of the scope of

    coverage, expanding the scope of risk coverage and improve the standards of treatment point of the reform of social insurance, recommended the establishment of family allowances system to household income levels and living according to the need to

    provide children with some form of subvention system, it is recommended for all citizens, including housewives, unemployed, children, retirees provide a full medical rehabilitation services, it is recommended for all women maternity benefit, widow

    allowance, the establishment of universal coverage and from cradle to grave welfare

    state. [9] (P4) 1944 Butler Education Act was passed in the provisions of the Government for all children to provide universal, free secondary education services to

    the country. Adopted in 1948 has far-reaching historical significance, "the Children's

    Act," to consolidate the existing child care legislation, to promote family social work. [8] (P45) 1948 Nian Labor government created the National Health Service (NHS),

    signs the welfare state and social policy framework for the final shape. [10] (P1) family, child welfare, educational services, health services and prosperity of the public service system to create a suitable environment for child development.

     U.S. child welfare and development of the social welfare system, in order to provide young people how to think about another typical example. Fundamental to the founding of the United States early English Elizabethan Poor Law system and the

    values of the evolution of child care context is the main form of workhouse relief of hospital care, apprenticeship contracts, outside the hospital relief, orphans, shelter and domestic adoption, clearly showing the evolution of hidden behind the form of child

    care welfare of child protection, child maximizing the interests of children first and the most suitable environment for the healthy development of children is the family concept of revolutionary changes, to the late nineteenth century, charitable

    organizations, movements and to lay the value of the development of children's welfare foundation organizational foundation and a broad social base, the growth of children's physical and mental health became a public issue. 1909, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in the White House held its first historic, epoch-making significance in the

    White House Conference on Child Welfare, the meeting clearly pointed out that the core of children's issues, family life is the highest and best results of civilization, unless

    there are compelling reasons, Children should not be deprived of their right to family life; children should not be only because the causes of poverty have been removed from their families; adoptive families who adopted children should be to provide the best

    hope for care; Government should set up a Child Welfare to develop the child welfare industry and so on. The White House Conference on Child Welfare the first time, the first product based on "financing Parents Act" known as the "mother of pension Act,"

    aims to support mothers to continue in their own homes to take care of their children. The second important outcome is the establishment of Child Welfare in 1912. 1919,1930,1940,1950,1960,1970,1980,1990,2000, respectively, after the United States to

    convene a White House Conference on child welfare, child welfare increasing scope, from child welfare, health, education standards be extended to research on juvenile delinquency. Meanwhile, the Child Welfare also manages the federal child labor laws, maternal and child law, management of federal social security law in child welfare provision, management of emergency and baby to take care of law and to ensure the healthy development of child welfare, children's legal framework for protection was "social welfare of "trend. More importantly, the United States child care development and changes of trajectory integration of the same show, service-oriented, planning-

    oriented and well-being trend, child welfare covering family life, health services, education services, employment services, community recreation and legal protection. [2] (P56)

     Nordic Norway's social welfare and child welfare system in the framework of the same case, child welfare and health care is a welfare system based on related laws and regulations of child law, adoption law, education law and cash subsidies, child welfare was health insurance trend. [11] (P5) that shows that Norwegian higher levels of child welfare, health care services for more than education to become child welfare main

    content.

     Europe and the United States national child care, child protection and child welfare system development and evolution of the formation of a number of international conventions and structural development of the law of the institutional framework for

    the design of child welfare, choose the child care mode and engage in child protection to provide valuable international experience. First of all, children's social welfare and

social protection of the most basic and most important target audience are the most

    typical reliance on groups of children because of their physical, psychological, personality and social adaptability immature, liability is limited by the social protection . Values, such thinking leads to very different treatment of children and

    young adults should be taken to the observation angle and judging criteria, this denial of adult thinking and to recognize the special needs of children and adolescents, stressing minors in need of social thought to provide special protection services for the

    modern juvenile law, juvenile criminal law, juvenile justice and child welfare lay the ideological foundation, reflecting the light of human nature. [12] (P3) and the children of legal protection and judicial protection is the last part of social protection, focus and

    the key is how to prevent crime. Second, the core of which is for children and young people to create a relaxed, harmonious, safe and beautiful living environment, the establishment of happy family life, and to ensure that children and adolescents physical

    and mental health, carefree, happy to grow up happily, so that they become the hero of qualified future society. How to develop a system of family allowances and maternity benefits, maintain and support the normalization of family functioning play, the core of

    the child welfare system. Third, the core issue is the physical and mental health of children grow up happy happy to ensure that the normal process of socialization of children and the environment, to become qualified, high-quality modern citizens. This

    requires the family, state and community to provide diverse services to children to meet their basic needs of a variety of physical and mental development, a harmonious family life, sanitation, food nutrition, maternal and child health, family care, compulsory

    education, health care, psychological counseling, public health, vocational training and community service, children develop the necessary basic services, there is no or lack or quality of service is not high status, naturally will directly affect children's healthy

    development. [13] This means that the healthy growth of children's urgent need for a good social environment, quality of social services and comprehensive care and protection. Fourth, in many areas related to the healthy development of children, child

    welfare become a link that family welfare, women's welfare, community welfare, national welfare, social welfare and the market being the best connection point, cross point and the overlap points, essential to the welfare of children . This means that the

    welfare of children is to observe the development of civilization levels, and social modernization, the social welfare system, modernization phase of the best pictures. Fifth, all modern countries have recognized the protection of children and adolescents,

    the development of the welfare of children is that the Government can not shirk its fundamental responsibility. Child welfare systems and policy frameworks as observation, to solve the problem of the institutionalization of children means the basic

    direction of social development. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

     Third, the China Youth Research model and the basic theory of orientation

     The China Youth Research model and theoretical foundation are undergoing a

    structural transformation process, a new prototype of a model of a modern children's study clearly visible. Since the reform and opening up, China's vigorous development of youth research to obtain the world's attention with brilliant results. However, in

    general, like the contemporary Chinese society and children's groups, as a model for similar studies of children in the process of structural change, the traditional research paradigm and a model of the modern study of the coexistence of symbiosis, interwoven

    into the basic characteristics of Chinese society. In general, Chinese children first and foremost the traditional research paradigm is the basic feature of "ideology" and "ethics-based." Since 1949, the Children's practical work and theoretical and policy

    focus of the study has always been how to foster ideals, morality, culture, and discipline "four" new man, how children in patriotism, socialism, collectivism, revolutionary education, how to carry out a correct world outlook, outlook on life, values education,

    to train qualified successors for the socialist cause. State pupils and students to conduct extensive, in-depth, sustained and comprehensive political and ideological education has become the hallmark of China's educational system. This structural feature is

    reflected in the children's classic research work and theoretical perspectives, become the primary characteristics of the traditional research paradigm. In other words, pay attention to the moral and ethical concept of welfare and moral education of the

    Chinese children's work and research of the basic system characteristics. [14] It is gratifying that reform and opening up, especially since the 1990s, Child Development Program has been completely changed a decade this situation. The field of child

    development has covered population control, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, environmental protection, safe drinking water, basic education and literacy, community welfare and family protection, children's rights protection,

    prenatal and postnatal care in virtually all areas of excellent teaching. [15]

     Second, the children's work objects and the study of double standards, on the one hand that all children are the objects of their work, on the other hand only a very small

    number of types of the plight of children and young offenders is a service object, object of study, the children's work and research in the selectivity and the plight of clearly identifiable groups of children did not all children and normal children were included

    in the scope of work. Over the years, the children's work and research focused mainly on certain special groups, in the children's welfare and social protection, mainly confined to orphans, abandoned children, children with disabilities, rural children,

    poor families, children, migrant children, children of prison inmates and children orphaned by AIDS, they are groups of children have lost the plight of children and the children are the most vulnerable groups. Government, the community for these

    children to provide quality institutional care and protection services, and strive to meet their basic subsistence and development needs. [16] However, this very limited number of countries reflects the lack of universal welfare services, child welfare system, the vast

    majority of normal children and missed the national welfare protection. In theory, all children and young people are the national child welfare system's basic service object, but the reality is that the vast majority of normal children can not enjoy the national

    welfare, and even many of the plight of children are not yet incorporated into national child protection network, the state has not yet is fully committed to care and protection of basic welfare of all children responsibility, selectivity flavor. [17] (P2) with the particularity of this situation easily exacerbate, rather than universal, the problem-

    oriented, rather than the normalization of thinking to children's issues, difficult to accurately understand the basic needs of the vast majority of children, it is difficult to develop scientific and rational child welfare system and policy framework.

     Third, the children's work is relatively narrow scope and limitations of research content, focusing on ideology, propaganda, and moral education, focusing on problem children and families concerned about minority issues, child welfare, family welfare, community welfare, health services, education services , public housing and public services as the basic range of child welfare protection system has not yet become the basic scope of work, children's services and the scope of protection is too narrow, such as basic education, health care, psychological counseling neither into the welfare field. For a long time, China's social welfare is very narrow definition of the concept of meaning extension, social welfare concept is basically the same concept of social assistance, this situation will inevitably affect the content of the concept of child welfare, child welfare system and child welfare policy framework for the design mode selection, the result is that only countries to set up child welfare and child welfare adoptions of orphans, children with disabilities is the welfare of children, and only basic living care and basic services, be considered the basic range of child welfare, children's psychological counseling, basic education, food nutrition, maternal and child health, health care, community services, and many other essential child welfare services are not the scope of child welfare. Closely related to this is the children's welfare homes, and basic life care, basic services, are not beyond the study of child welfare theory and policy studies, natural lack of theoretical research perspective of child welfare, criminal law and the pan of the law of the tendency of more obvious . More importantly, it is generally the child welfare needs of social issues, usually from the social issues of approach to treat children. The fundamental causes of this situation is

    the lack of modern Chinese society, the social welfare and child welfare concept, the lack of well-being and cultural foundation.

     Fourth, the children's work system and research work spread over many departments, the formation of compartmentalization and fragmentation conditions, the

    lack of a comprehensive, systematic, integrated and institutionalized system of child welfare arrangements and the ideological and theoretical system can not effectively meet the juvenile Children's growing and increasingly diverse basic needs. For a long

    time, due to various reasons, the children's work is always in a fragmented state system, a number of government departments and community groups involved in children's day to day management and service delivery work, such as Ministry of Civil

    Affairs is responsible for orphans and disabled children, street children and children orphaned by AIDS family foster care, institutional care and life care, the Ministry of Education is responsible for school-age children in basic education and secondary

    education, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security is responsible for vocational and technical training, the Ministry of Health is responsible for children's prenatal and postnatal care, food nutrition, maternal and child health, vaccinations, physical health

    and school health, the National Population and Family Planning Commission is responsible for family planning, population control, reproductive health, maternal and child health care and health education, the China Youth Working Committee for

    Children of the political and ideological work and the Young Pioneers, the Communist Youth League and all levels of mission organizational construction, the National Women's Federation is responsible for marriage and family, family life, family

    planning, women's liberation, maternal and child health and women's rights protection work, the China Disabled Persons Federation's community-based rehabilitation for

    children with disabilities, special education, job training, care and welfare services to

    protect , man the system, integration of the children need separate services for different sectors is naturally very difficult to meet the children's integrated development needs. This fragmented system directly from the work of a lack of people-centered and child-

    centered theory of systematic child welfare.

     Fifth, the work function of the role of children are mainly organizational, educational and political, and functional properties are mainly political, moral-based

    and remedial, lack of social, developmental, welfare-oriented, life orientation of child

    welfare theory ideology, the role of child welfare system features a negative change in child welfare policies unfavorable to play its positive role in development. For a long time, due to the nature of children's work is mainly political, moral-oriented, and

    organized activities, and focus on the prevention of juvenile delinquency, focus on social outcomes and attention to a small number of problem children, the Children's work system is difficult to give full play an active role. Overall, the lack of social, developmental, welfare-oriented, life orientation of child welfare theory, virtually exacerbate the situation, led to the children's work system, service delivery and service organizations highly politicized mode of operation, the welfare of children of color fade. This reality, in turn, severely constrained the development of child welfare theory, constraints thinking of widespread development of modern child welfare. More importantly, the children's work system and the politicization of criminal law-based,

    moral-oriented theory of child welfare to have widespread impact, leading to the children's work system and the welfare of children is difficult to give full play an active role in the ideological and functional role of the negative effects occur.

     The work of the existing children's institutions and child welfare research model, there are many structural, systemic, institutional shortcomings and negative impacts that must be changed urgently. First of all, child welfare basic values, "ideology" and "ethics" of, rather than daily life and social objectives, and promoting children's early involvement in political life, to speed up the process of political socialization of children, to some extent even to may result in children's issues should not be used for political resentment, boredom, and negative resistance, negative adult children of the political

    participation and political and ideological development, one hundred harm than good to ideology has become a top priority. Secondly, the target selectivity, the main limitations of a small number of the plight of children and the research limitations, the tendency of crime not only against the child welfare system arrangement and normalization of the universal principles of child-oriented international practice, but

    also very easy to mislead the public , is not conducive to reflect the Government's social welfare commitments, is not conducive to train a large number of qualified successors and high-quality group of citizens. Third, the narrow definition of social welfare and child welfare and social issues-oriented image of the child likely to cause people's

    ideological confusion,

     Treatment of children in the Criminal Code of Laws of the Pan exacerbate the

    tendency of children to solve the problem and de-politicization of the welfare of

    children, and its results are often counter-productive and will not help solve children's

    problems, but also might exacerbate the existing problem state. Fourth, the

    decentralized system of separation of the children's work and the lack of a comprehensive, systematic, integrated, child-centered theoretical system easy to

    overlook the children's welfare as a whole, whole person, children often see children in

    a side or local conditions, can not be maximized to meet the needs of children is not conducive to maximizing the interests of children is not conducive to children's priorities and the principles of realization of children's rights. The most important thing is not conducive to the full integration of the use of limited resources, and even a waste of valuable resources, it is difficult to play a comprehensive role. Fifth, the role of children's work function of the impact of the politicization of the human cause of

    children's welfare, protection and welfare of color, lack of social, developmental, welfare-oriented, life orientation of the theoretical system of child welfare, children, the public does not attraction. More importantly, the children's work system and mode of

    operation of political and organizational mobilization of the result is unable to effectively unite the majority of children unable to give full play to child welfare systems, social stability, social development, social investment and social integration of

    an active role.

     Fourth, social policy framework of child welfare system and life

     The core of the social development agenda to correctly handle the relationship between economic policy and social policy, social policy framework for the design is

    essentially how to design a modern social welfare system in order to improve the quality of life of all citizens, increasing the personal welfare and the welfare level of society as a whole. Social Development is the core of social life quality issues, quality of

    social life that the real problem is social welfare and social harmony, the key is how to correctly handle the market and the social market economy, economic policy and social policy, personal interests and social interests. Social policy is the state, society and the

    basic principles of social welfare guidelines, aims to improve individual welfare and social welfare. Welfare is a happy life, personal well-being of individuals live a happy

    life, social welfare is the overall well-being of all members.

     Anglo-American social policy framework for a wide range of basic, basic, including the accumulation of wealth outside the market economy and all social consumption, mainly social assistance, social insurance, survivor benefits, welfare services, education

    services, health care services, public housing, employment services, community services, public works and public service sectors, covering people in all areas of daily life. [18] (P2) in the social policy framework and social welfare system, children's

    welfare services and social protection at the base and strategic position. It goes without saying that in building a moderately prosperous society and building a socialist harmonious society and building a modern and strong country development strategies,

    social policy framework for the design and construction of child welfare system, intuitive, a matter of social development and coordinated economic and social development of the strategic situation is related to State, market, the relationship

    between the framework of the third sector is vital to the legitimacy of governance and social management changes and other major issues. At present, it is imperative to re-

    design, rehabilitation and reconstruction of China's social policy framework,

    development, and improve the social welfare system, children's welfare system and policy framework for the design mode selection is the best starting point, but also the most basic part of the system construction. China has the world's largest absolute

    number of children, children grow up healthy and happy well-being of the

    responsibility of society as a whole, China's child welfare system, the framework of the design patterns and policy choices directly related to the merits of the building of the

    world's child welfare system, the pros and cons, child welfare the system has the important practical significance, theoretical significance and policy significance and international impact of how valuation is not excessive.

     Transformation of the social structure of Chinese children during the design of the institutional framework and policy direction of the Choice of the basic reform the traditional child welfare system, the establishment of daily life, socialization and integration of the child welfare system in order to meet the development needs of hundreds of millions of children. For a long time, child welfare system and the policy models of political, organized, ideology, ethics-oriented, horizontally and vertically

    separated by narrow, selective and simple obvious political and ideological tendencies and welfare, child welfare system is not conducive to the healthy development of children . This state of affairs by the international environment, historical traditions, political system, economic factors, social structure and socio-cultural and many other

    factors, in building a moderately prosperous society and the building of a harmonious social and historical context, reform of the existing child welfare system has become a top priority. If the welfare of children in accordance with international practice and the objective laws of development of the cause, in accordance with the interests of children and children to maximize principle of giving priority, in accordance with the development of China's status of children, child welfare system and policy framework for the design direction of mode selection is very clear. First, the child welfare system framework design should be based on people's lives being mainly to ensure the well-

    being of children grow up healthy and happy life of being the basic meaning refers to the basic needs of children based on play and physical with the basic necessities of life need to be met mainly Only the basic needs met, in order to ensure healthy growth of children in order to achieve the objective of maximizing the interests of children. From a theoretical point of view, social welfare, the study is life, because social welfare is the well-being of a better life. [19] (P2) and the daily life child welfare system is to solve

    political, ideological and organization of children's issues such as basic strategy. Second, the child welfare system, the framework should be designed based on social welfare-oriented, breaking the various departments to set up child welfare system

    limitations, the functional departments of the State Council, additional Child Welfare, to co-ordinate the planning and unified leadership of various industries, systems-

    related work, From the social system and social system engineering point of view to

    construct a child-centered, rather than service-centered child welfare system. Third,

    the child welfare system framework design should be based on an integrated approach to welfare services, mainly to meet the basic needs of diverse children and adolescents

    to ensure that children grow up healthy and happy. This means that services should be social assistance, family benefits, survivors benefits, facilities, services and welfare services, education services, health care services, public housing, employment services,

    community development services, public works and public service into the fields of child welfare system construction areas, to provide comprehensive care services for children. Fourth child welfare system framework design should be based on

    developmental and preventive welfare services-based efforts to reduce or dilute the

    criminal law, social and crime of the tendency of the results, change values, change the traditional mode of thinking from a new perspective on children'sIssue. Community,

    the Government has the responsibility to create a good environment for the healthy

development of children, avoid, prevent them from crime into the road. [20] (P1)

     For the establishment of daily life, socialization and integration of the child welfare

    system framework and policy system, we should do and there are many things to do, ideas, innovation, and institutional system innovation, organizational innovation, theoretical innovation and operational mechanism innovation long way to go. First, optimize the macro-social environment, a clear social responsibility, for the healthy development of children to create a favorable social environment needs to be emphasized that the social environment of children is both a counterpart and object, but also the social environment components and the main body. How to create a suitable social environment for the children and the core is the key to change concepts, change people's erroneous views on children's issues. Second, values and ideological changes are updated to build a new child welfare system model framework and policy options the premise, the world and China's child welfare system in the building of the historical experience shows that: Unless I have to respect children's rights and basic needs of thought, or else there will be no the true interests of the child's child welfare system. [11] (P208) since the values determine social behavior patterns, what kind of values will have what kind of institutional arrangements and policy model. Child welfare system, the concept of revolution is the foundation. Third, the functional departments of the State Council created the Chief Child Welfare or higher specifications, administrative agencies, overall planning and coordination of the national children's work, so that children can work to overcome the

    compartmentalization of existing conditions, they can significantly strengthen the stateChildren's work, and truly reflects the interests of children first and children's maximum principle, demonstrates the Government's welfare accountability, improve

    the government position in the international community is conducive to the creation of unique Chinese characteristics, the institutional framework of child welfare and social policy model. Fourth, drawing on international best practice, establish a "school social

    work system" for the children to provide comprehensive psycho-social support. Fifth,

    to meet the transformation of government functions and public finance, the pace of institution-building, especially in family planning and improve the quality of the

    population policy of giving full play to the family education, child socialization, child care, emotional comfort, identity, role modeling, family pension, family Life and many other social functions, in order to needy families, a family allowance system, survivor

    benefits and pension benefits as a matter of urgency the basic functions of the family allowance system is to ensure that families were facing economic difficulties due to economic reasons does not affect family functioning and to avoid " Family problems

    "turn into" social issues ", to avoid" personal troubles "into" public policy "issues, fully embody the principle of social prevention, be able to happy family life and build a harmonious society to play an essential positive role. Countries in the world child

    welfare and social welfare system, the construction of international experience, international practice has fully demonstrated the need for family allowances. Sixth, the wide range of conduct various forms of theoretical and policy research to explore the

    theory with Chinese characteristics, the child welfare system and institutional arrangements, in particular, to strengthen the welfare of children in basic theoretical research, clearly the children's work of "social welfare" nature of social policy

    attributes, and clarify the educational , health care of the "social welfare" nature, specifically targets children, re-directed the children's work and direction of

    development, extensive comparative study of history to carry out vertical and

    horizontal international comparative study, carried out multi-disciplinary and cross-

    disciplinary research to explore the development of child welfare changes structural rules, and review the construction of China's child welfare system, the basic

    characteristics of the benefit of all mankind.

     5, a brief discussion with the basic conclusion

     Transformation of social structure, social modernization, globalization, the situation,

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