Teaching Design of Unit 14
Abstract: The teaching design is about one of unit of Senior English for Chinese Student’s Book
1B that also a practice of a future teacher. The aim is to teach The Birth of a festival which
introduces birth background, activities, culture and customs of the festival concretely.
The aim is to help students to understand something: festival is epitome of nation’s
history, enrichment of nation’s spirit, support of nation’s future. The aim of the design is not also to train students' ability of reading, but also to cultivate their consciousness
Key words: teaching~design, student, class, ability
Name of unit (Senior English for Chinese Student’s Book 1B): Festivals
Class context: Period 2 -The Birth of A Festival
Teaching time: 45 minutes
Analysis of class’ context
The part of reading is an article of description named The Birth of Kwanzza which
introduces birth background, activities, culture and customs of the festival concretely. The aim is to help students to understand something : festival is a epitome of nation’s
history, enrichment of nation’s spirit, support of nation’s future. The aim of the design
is not also to train students' ability of reading, but also to cultivate their consciousness of multi-culture.
Analysis of students
The design and implement of this unit is based on students’ learning the new
textbook of last semester. Students have gradually adapted Students have gradually adapted the teaching ways the teacher follows the new activities tasks and how to deal with the language knowledge with the activities. And they also has been formed a group of cooperative learning and ability of self-study
1 Knowledge and skills
1.1 Aims of knowledge : students realize festival activities include rich historical and cultural knowledge.
1.2 Aims of skills : to cultivate Ss’ ability of conclusion, details and appreciate
2 Emotion and attitude
2.1 To make Ss to know that respect other people's custom and live together in harmony.
2.2 The interaction between teacher and students can make cordial feeling of the
teacher and enhance students’ understanding and communication with teacher.
2.3 Develop diverse activities that induce student s to participate and arouse students' enthusiasm for studying
2.4 To encourage Ss to be active in the activities and make Ss to be confident; 3 Cultural awareness
To make Ss to understand foreign festivals is a kind of culture and enhance
their cultural consciousness.
4 Learning strategy
4.1 Cognitive strategies
a. In the process of reading, Ss can guess meaning and summarize each
b.. Ss can take advantage of language rules that through observing and conclusion.
c. Ss can express with diagrams and other non-verbal information. 4.2 Planning strategies
a. Teacher make use of media for students learning English colorful.
b. Students make self-assessment and accord to the needs of the learning objectives to improve the learning method.
5 Communicative strategies
5.1Using discussions, debates, dialogue create a real situation. Improve English communication ability in the real communication activities. 5.2Using gestures, facial expression such ways of nonverbal communication to overcome the language barriers.
6 Resourcing strategies
Use English newspapers, broadcast, TV, various media library to obtain more extensive information.
7 Tasking strategies
7.1 Experience and learning a language in the real situation. 7.2 Obtain language learning experience with the completion of the specific task. 7.3 Complete inquiry-based, developmental and practical task to connect knowledge and the realities.
Teaching environmental design: Multimedia classroom, teaching resources, PPT Teaching resource and teaching media selection: Show ppt pictures about questions,
difficult sentences and words.
Central task: The students are expected to know what Kwanzaa is.
Teaching important points:
a.major,honour, ancestor,principle, unity,community,nation, self-determination, purpose, creativity, faith, commercial, joy, light, certain ,similar, Kwanzaa, Swahili,
b. get together, have a long history and rich culture ,in common ,give thanks for, as well as, speak for oneself, make+O+adj, keep+O+adj, on the last day, all the other, share one’s hopes for
c.Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating the culture and history of… P10
The African first fruit festival had many things in common people would …used to…P10-11
We must do as much as we can to make our community better and more beautiful.P11
The Spring Festival Christmas… all the other…help us understand …P11
Teaching difficult points:
1. To improve the students’ ability of reading comprehension.
Teaching methods: Task-based activity and learning
Skimming and scanning
Teaching aids: CIA
Teaching procedures :
Step1 Look at the picture of reading part in text book
Who is the man in Picture 1?What can you see in Picture 2? How many candles can you see? What do they represent?
books the aim is not only save This part use existing picture in students’
resources~time ,but also excite Ss’ interest.
Step2 New words and scanning Questions:
Review the new words: honor, ancestor, principle, nation, unity, community,
self-determination, purpose, creativity, faith, commercial, joy, light , similar, generation, salute, cheek
T: Do you know there is another festival which follows Christmas Day in America. It is an important festival to African Americans. Is there any one who knows the name of the festival? (Kwanzaa)
Fast reading: Read the text on page 10 fast and try to get a general idea of Kwanzaa from the text. T can present a diagram of the information about Kwanzaa to help Ss to finish this task.
The aim is to cultivate Ss’ ability of skimming that find the content contained and main information. The student read quickly on a topic for five to ten minutes without worrying about correct language or punctuation. Reading as quickly as possible, if they meet a new word they leave a space or write it in their own language. The important thing is to keep fast reading. Later this text is revised. In the process of reading, Ss can guess meaning and summarize each paragraph
Step3 Matching the general idea of each paragraph
T:let’s read the passage again carefully, then find the answers to these questions
P1: Kwanzaa is a festival of reflection and anticipation for African Americans.
P2: In a popular African language, it means first and celebrates the New Year.
P3: The festival is based on seven important principles or ideas.
P4: Candles are an important aspect of the celebration of Kwanzaa.
P5: Festivals not only celebrate history but add to our cultural traditions for future generations.
The idea is to generate lots of questions about the topic. This helps students to focus upon main information and cultivate ability of General Comprehension. The
answers to these questions will form the basis to the article.
To make Ss to know that respect other people's custom and live together in harmony
Step4 T/F Qs:
T: Now find the answers to these questions and decide whether the statements behind the questions are true or false. If it is false, correct the error. (The teacher shows the questions on the screen. When the students are reading the text carefully,
the teacher joins the students and helps them to solve different kinds of difficulties. Then ask the students to answer the questions.)
1. ( ) Kwanzaa is a very old festival.
2. ( ) The word Kwanzaa means first fruit in Swahili.
3. ( ) Kwanzaa is based on old African festivals.
4. ( ) People created Kwanzaa to celebrate American culture.
5. ( ) Kwanzaa is celebrated on Christmas Day.
6. ( ) People who celebrate Kwanzaa light a candle for each of the seven principles.
Put the second part Post - reading in advance and judge T or F to deepen the understanding of it. Ss can take advantage of language rules that through observing and conclusion.
Step5: Fill the following form
When does the festival fall?
How long does it last?
When was it created?
Why did people create Kwanzaa?
How do people celebrate it?
First broadcast on the text recording, answer to the question, the more understanding. Ss can express with diagrams and other non-verbal information.
Step6:Details: How to light the candle?
Day 1 - middle candle - Black - Umoja - Unity
Day 2 - innermost red candle - Kujichagulia – Self-determination
Day 3 - innermost green candle - Ujima –Collective Work and Responsibility
Day 4 - middle red candle - Ujamaa – Cooperative Economics
Day 5 - middle green candle - Nia - Purpose
Day 6 - outermost red candle - Kuumba - Creativity
Day 7 - outermost green candle - Imani - Faith
Similar to the activity above, but instead of general questions, different details
Q1: Many festivals are celebrated at the same time, often at certain times of the year. Why do we celebrate these festivals at these times?
Q2: Compare Kwanzaa with the Chinese Spring Festival and Christmas. How are they similar or different?
Q3: Look at the seven principles of Kwanzaa . Which one do you think is the most important? Why? Are there any other festivals, which have one or more of the seven principles?
Q4. Do you think holding festivals is the only way to help understand culture? In what other ways?
These questions is from table to design, from inside to outside which are made various. The student know the world culture festival more. Step8 Summary
Ask some groups to report their conclusion to the whole class Help Ss to have a revision of the festivals learnt in this class. T: Different histories and cultures have different kinds of festivals and customs. We should get to know they all play important parts in learning a country’s language. We should respect and show positive attitudes towards foreign festivals and customs as well as Chinese ones.
Step9 Home work
1. Learn the new words by heart.
2. Try to search more sayings or proverbs about festival share them with all the
3. Prepare for the new lesson: language study
the date of Kwanzaa
the description of Kwanzaa ?the source of Kwanzaa
?the meaning of the word ―Kwanzaa‖
?the characteristics of African first-fruit
the seven principles of Kwanzaa ?Unity
the way people celebrate it : light a candle each day
the effects festivals have on us
Words and phrases analysis
1honour(honor) v. great respect and admiration for sb/sth
2 ancestor n. a person in your family who lived a long time ago
3 principle n. a moral rule or a strong belief that influence your actions 4 nation n. a country consider as a group of people with the same language, culture and history, who live in a particular area under one government
5 unity n. the state of being in agreement and working together 6 community n. all the people live in a particular area, country, etc. when talk about as a group
7 self-determination n. to decide definitely to do sth by oneself
8 purpose n. the intention, aim, function of sth; the that something is supposed to achieve
9 creativity n. have the skill and ability to produce sth new, especially a work of art; showing this ability
n. believe sb’s ability or knowledge; believe sb/sth will do what has 10 faith
11 commercial adj. connect with the buying and selling of goods and services 12 joy n. a feeling of great happiness
13 light vt. (lit, lit; lighted, lighted) to make sth start to burn
14 similar adj. like sb/sth but not exactly the same
15 generation n. all the people who were born at about the same
16 salute vi. to express the respect and admiration for sb/sth
17 cheek n. either side of the face below the eyes
18 play a trick on sb something that you do to annoy sb as a joke
19 compare…with/to to be similar to sb/sth else, either better or worse
compare…to to example people or things to see how they similar and how they are different
eg: Compared with/ to many women, she was indeed very lucky.
We often compare children to flowers.
20 in common to have the same interests, ideas, etc, as sb eles
have sth. in common with to have the same features, characteristics, etc
out of common to have differences or advantages
eg: They have a lot in common.
I don’t have a thing in common with my father.
Except for some crazy ideas, there is nothing out of the common in his book.
21 as well as in addition to sb/sth; too
eg: Einstein was a violinist as well as a physicist.
We shall travel by night as well as by day.
The manager as well as the workers wishes for an outing.
Notice?1；as well as connect two noun or pronoun to do its subject, the follower
can think as parenthesis. So the predicate verbs and its pronouns in front bring
into correspondence with person and number. The 3 examples above can change
The manager, as well as the worker, wishes for an outing.
The manager wishes for an outing as well as the workers.
The workers wish for an outing, and the manager wishes as well.
2；as well as connect the two verb, the verb forms is – ing
He hurt his arm as well as breaking his leg.
3)as well as can also be used to be comparing
He plays as well as, if not better than, that man.
22 do as much as we can
a) do as much as we can (do)= do as much as possible=do everything we can=
do all we can
b) as—as I can/ could= as—as possible
s soon/often/hard as possible a
eg: Tom bought as many books as he could with the money he had.
c) as far as
d) as long as= so long as
eg: As far as I know, he has already finished reading the novel.
As long as you keep quite, you can be seated here.
23 seem v.
a) seem like
c) seem + to do
d) It seems that
e) It seems as if—
eg: He seems like an honest man.
This seems complicated, but actually it is simple.
I seem to have seen him before.
It seems that everything is going well.
It seems as if it going to rain.
24 believe in to feel certain that sb/sth exsits or to feel that you can trust sb and that they will be successful
e.g: Many people believe in God.
He believe in heathy food and plenty of exercise.
He believe in working hard.
Difficult sentences analysis
1 Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating the culture and history of
African Americans.：Present participle act as postpositive attributive that means
central words with participle is passive voice.；
Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival created to celebrate the culture and history
of African Americans.：Past participle act as postpositive attributive that means
central words with participle is active voice.；
e.g. The dog following Mr. Wang into the room is my dog.
The man followed by a group of students is our teacher, Mr. Wang.
2 The week following Christmas Day, many African-American families get
together to greet the new year and think about the past.
e.g. On New Year’s Eve we Chinese get together for a family reunion dinner
get somebody together
e.g. Every Monday morning, our school leaders get all the students together to
have a meeting.
e.g. Every year my classmates in junior middle school have a get-together. Evaluation
Ss finish the following evaluation form. Standard: A, B,C
1. I’m active in talking with others.
2.I can express myself fluently, accurately
3. I know more about festival’s spirit after
4. Do you think you need to improve yourself in some aspects? Which
Learning a language need some national culture background, so as to promote cross-cultural communication ability. Student need know some background knowledge, experience, and experience of the main theme of this class the birth of a festival, so that read and participate actively. In the later teaching, improving students' pertinently ability to apply the formation.