Teaching Design of Festivals

By Lauren Ford,2014-12-15 23:26
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Teaching Design of Festivals

    Teaching Design of Unit 14

Abstract: The teaching design is about one of unit of Senior English for Chinese Students Book

    1B that also a practice of a future teacher. The aim is to teach The Birth of a festival which

    introduces birth background, activities, culture and customs of the festival concretely.

    The aim is to help students to understand something: festival is epitome of nation’s

    history, enrichment of nation’s spirit, support of nation’s future. The aim of the design is not also to train students' ability of reading, but also to cultivate their consciousness

    of multi-culture.

    Key words: teaching~design, student, class, ability







Name of unit (Senior English for Chinese Students Book 1B): Festivals

    Class context: Period 2 -The Birth of A Festival

    Teaching time: 45 minutes

    Analysis of class context

     The part of reading is an article of description named The Birth of Kwanzza which

    introduces birth background, activities, culture and customs of the festival concretely. The aim is to help students to understand something : festival is a epitome of nations

    history, enrichment of nation’s spirit, support of nations future. The aim of the design

    is not also to train students' ability of reading, but also to cultivate their consciousness of multi-culture.

    Analysis of students

     The design and implement of this unit is based on students learning the new

    textbook of last semester. Students have gradually adapted Students have gradually adapted the teaching ways the teacher follows the new activities tasks and how to deal with the language knowledge with the activities. And they also has been formed a group of cooperative learning and ability of self-study

    Teaching aims

    1 Knowledge and skills

    1.1 Aims of knowledge : students realize festival activities include rich historical and cultural knowledge.

    1.2 Aims of skills : to cultivate Ss ability of conclusion, details and appreciate

    wonderful sentences.

    2 Emotion and attitude

    2.1 To make Ss to know that respect other people's custom and live together in harmony.

    2.2 The interaction between teacher and students can make cordial feeling of the

    teacher and enhance students understanding and communication with teacher.

    2.3 Develop diverse activities that induce student s to participate and arouse students' enthusiasm for studying

    2.4 To encourage Ss to be active in the activities and make Ss to be confident; 3 Cultural awareness

    To make Ss to understand foreign festivals is a kind of culture and enhance

    their cultural consciousness.

    4 Learning strategy

     4.1 Cognitive strategies

    a. In the process of reading, Ss can guess meaning and summarize each



    b.. Ss can take advantage of language rules that through observing and conclusion.

    c. Ss can express with diagrams and other non-verbal information. 4.2 Planning strategies

    a. Teacher make use of media for students learning English colorful.

    b. Students make self-assessment and accord to the needs of the learning objectives to improve the learning method.

    5 Communicative strategies

    5.1Using discussions, debates, dialogue create a real situation. Improve English communication ability in the real communication activities. 5.2Using gestures, facial expression such ways of nonverbal communication to overcome the language barriers.

    6 Resourcing strategies

     Use English newspapers, broadcast, TV, various media library to obtain more extensive information.

    7 Tasking strategies

    7.1 Experience and learning a language in the real situation. 7.2 Obtain language learning experience with the completion of the specific task. 7.3 Complete inquiry-based, developmental and practical task to connect knowledge and the realities.

    Teaching environmental design: Multimedia classroom, teaching resources, PPT Teaching resource and teaching media selection: Show ppt pictures about questions,

    difficult sentences and words.

    Central task: The students are expected to know what Kwanzaa is.

    Teaching important points:

    a.major,honour, ancestor,principle, unity,community,nation, self-determination, purpose, creativity, faith, commercial, joy, light, certain ,similar, Kwanzaa, Swahili,

    b. get together, have a long history and rich culture ,in common ,give thanks for, as well as, speak for oneself, make+O+adj, keep+O+adj, on the last day, all the other, share one’s hopes for

    c.Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating the culture and history of… P10

    The African first fruit festival had many things in common people would …used to…P10-11

    We must do as much as we can to make our community better and more beautiful.P11

    The Spring Festival Christmas… all the other…help us understand …P11

    Teaching difficult points:

    1. To improve the students’ ability of reading comprehension.

    Teaching methods: Task-based activity and learning

     Cooperative learning


     Skimming and scanning

    Teaching aids: CIA

    Teaching procedures :


Step1 Look at the picture of reading part in text book

    Who is the man in Picture 1?What can you see in Picture 2? How many candles can you see? What do they represent?

    books the aim is not only save This part use existing picture in students

    resources~time ,but also excite Ss interest.

Step2 New words and scanning Questions:

    Review the new words: honor, ancestor, principle, nation, unity, community,

    self-determination, purpose, creativity, faith, commercial, joy, light , similar, generation, salute, cheek

    T: Do you know there is another festival which follows Christmas Day in America. It is an important festival to African Americans. Is there any one who knows the name of the festival? (Kwanzaa)

     Fast reading: Read the text on page 10 fast and try to get a general idea of Kwanzaa from the text. T can present a diagram of the information about Kwanzaa to help Ss to finish this task.

    The aim is to cultivate Ss’ ability of skimming that find the content contained and main information. The student read quickly on a topic for five to ten minutes without worrying about correct language or punctuation. Reading as quickly as possible, if they meet a new word they leave a space or write it in their own language. The important thing is to keep fast reading. Later this text is revised. In the process of reading, Ss can guess meaning and summarize each paragraph

Step3 Matching the general idea of each paragraph

    T:let’s read the passage again carefully, then find the answers to these questions

    P1: Kwanzaa is a festival of reflection and anticipation for African Americans.

     P2: In a popular African language, it means first and celebrates the New Year.

     P3: The festival is based on seven important principles or ideas.

     P4: Candles are an important aspect of the celebration of Kwanzaa.

     P5: Festivals not only celebrate history but add to our cultural traditions for future generations.

    The idea is to generate lots of questions about the topic. This helps students to focus upon main information and cultivate ability of General Comprehension. The

    answers to these questions will form the basis to the article.

    To make Ss to know that respect other people's custom and live together in harmony

    Step4 T/F Qs:

     T: Now find the answers to these questions and decide whether the statements behind the questions are true or false. If it is false, correct the error. (The teacher shows the questions on the screen. When the students are reading the text carefully,


    the teacher joins the students and helps them to solve different kinds of difficulties. Then ask the students to answer the questions.)

    1. ( ) Kwanzaa is a very old festival.

    2. ( ) The word Kwanzaa means first fruit in Swahili.

    3. ( ) Kwanzaa is based on old African festivals.

    4. ( ) People created Kwanzaa to celebrate American culture.

    5. ( ) Kwanzaa is celebrated on Christmas Day.

    6. ( ) People who celebrate Kwanzaa light a candle for each of the seven principles.

     Put the second part Post - reading in advance and judge T or F to deepen the understanding of it. Ss can take advantage of language rules that through observing and conclusion.

    Step5: Fill the following form


    When does the festival fall?

    How long does it last?

    When was it created?

    Why did people create Kwanzaa?

    How do people celebrate it?

    First broadcast on the text recording, answer to the question, the more understanding. Ss can express with diagrams and other non-verbal information.

Step6:Details: How to light the candle?

Day 1 - middle candle - Black - Umoja - Unity

    Day 2 - innermost red candle - Kujichagulia Self-determination

    Day 3 - innermost green candle - Ujima Collective Work and Responsibility

    Day 4 - middle red candle - Ujamaa Cooperative Economics

    Day 5 - middle green candle - Nia - Purpose

    Day 6 - outermost red candle - Kuumba - Creativity

    Day 7 - outermost green candle - Imani - Faith

    Similar to the activity above, but instead of general questions, different details

    are selected.

    Step7 post-reading:

    Q1: Many festivals are celebrated at the same time, often at certain times of the year. Why do we celebrate these festivals at these times?

    Q2: Compare Kwanzaa with the Chinese Spring Festival and Christmas. How are they similar or different?

    Q3: Look at the seven principles of Kwanzaa . Which one do you think is the most important? Why? Are there any other festivals, which have one or more of the seven principles?


    Q4. Do you think holding festivals is the only way to help understand culture? In what other ways?

    These questions is from table to design, from inside to outside which are made various. The student know the world culture festival more. Step8 Summary

    Ask some groups to report their conclusion to the whole class Help Ss to have a revision of the festivals learnt in this class. T: Different histories and cultures have different kinds of festivals and customs. We should get to know they all play important parts in learning a country’s language. We should respect and show positive attitudes towards foreign festivals and customs as well as Chinese ones.

    Step9 Home work

    1. Learn the new words by heart.

    2. Try to search more sayings or proverbs about festival share them with all the


    3. Prepare for the new lesson: language study

Discourse analysis

    the date of Kwanzaa

    the description of Kwanzaa ?the source of Kwanzaa

     ?the meaning of the word Kwanzaa

     ?the characteristics of African first-fruit


     the seven principles of Kwanzaa ?Unity


     ?Living together

     ?Working together




     the way people celebrate it : light a candle each day

    the effects festivals have on us

Words and phrases analysis

    1honour(honor) v. great respect and admiration for sb/sth

    2 ancestor n. a person in your family who lived a long time ago

    3 principle n. a moral rule or a strong belief that influence your actions 4 nation n. a country consider as a group of people with the same language, culture and history, who live in a particular area under one government


    5 unity n. the state of being in agreement and working together 6 community n. all the people live in a particular area, country, etc. when talk about as a group

    7 self-determination n. to decide definitely to do sth by oneself

    8 purpose n. the intention, aim, function of sth; the that something is supposed to achieve

    9 creativity n. have the skill and ability to produce sth new, especially a work of art; showing this ability

     n. believe sbs ability or knowledge; believe sb/sth will do what has 10 faith

    been promised

    11 commercial adj. connect with the buying and selling of goods and services 12 joy n. a feeling of great happiness

    13 light vt. (lit, lit; lighted, lighted) to make sth start to burn

    14 similar adj. like sb/sth but not exactly the same

    15 generation n. all the people who were born at about the same

    16 salute vi. to express the respect and admiration for sb/sth

    17 cheek n. either side of the face below the eyes

    18 play a trick on sb something that you do to annoy sb as a joke

    19 comparewith/to to be similar to sb/sth else, either better or worse

    compareto to example people or things to see how they similar and how they are different

    eg: Compared with/ to many women, she was indeed very lucky.

    We often compare children to flowers.

    20 in common to have the same interests, ideas, etc, as sb eles

    have sth. in common with to have the same features, characteristics, etc

    out of common to have differences or advantages

    eg: They have a lot in common.

    I dont have a thing in common with my father.

     Except for some crazy ideas, there is nothing out of the common in his book.

21 as well as in addition to sb/sth; too

    eg: Einstein was a violinist as well as a physicist.

    We shall travel by night as well as by day.

    The manager as well as the workers wishes for an outing.

    Notice?1as well as connect two noun or pronoun to do its subject, the follower

    can think as parenthesis. So the predicate verbs and its pronouns in front bring

    into correspondence with person and number. The 3 examples above can change


     The manager, as well as the worker, wishes for an outing.

    The manager wishes for an outing as well as the workers.

    The workers wish for an outing, and the manager wishes as well.

    2as well as connect the two verb, the verb forms is ing


    He hurt his arm as well as breaking his leg.

    3)as well as can also be used to be comparing

    He plays as well as, if not better than, that man.

22 do as much as we can

    a) do as much as we can (do)= do as much as possible=do everything we can=

    do all we can

    b) asas I can/ could= asas possible

    s soon/often/hard as possible a

    eg: Tom bought as many books as he could with the money he had.

    c) as far as

    d) as long as= so long as

    eg: As far as I know, he has already finished reading the novel.

    As long as you keep quite, you can be seated here.

    23 seem v.

    a) seem like

    b) seem+a.

    c) seem + to do

    d) It seems that

    e) It seems as if

    eg: He seems like an honest man.

    This seems complicated, but actually it is simple.

    I seem to have seen him before.

    It seems that everything is going well.

    It seems as if it going to rain.

     24 believe in to feel certain that sb/sth exsits or to feel that you can trust sb and that they will be successful

     e.g: Many people believe in God.

     He believe in heathy food and plenty of exercise.

     He believe in working hard.

    Difficult sentences analysis

    1 Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating the culture and history of

    African Americans.Present participle act as postpositive attributive that means

    central words with participle is passive voice.

    Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival created to celebrate the culture and history

    of African Americans.Past participle act as postpositive attributive that means

    central words with participle is active voice.

    e.g. The dog following Mr. Wang into the room is my dog.

    The man followed by a group of students is our teacher, Mr. Wang.

    2 The week following Christmas Day, many African-American families get

    together to greet the new year and think about the past.

    get together:

    e.g. On New Year’s Eve we Chinese get together for a family reunion dinner


    get somebody together

    e.g. Every Monday morning, our school leaders get all the students together to

    have a meeting.

    get-together n.

    e.g. Every year my classmates in junior middle school have a get-together. Evaluation

    Ss finish the following evaluation form. Standard: A, B,C

    自评 他评


    1. I’m active in talking with others.

    2.I can express myself fluently, accurately

    and appropriately.

    3. I know more about festivals spirit after

    this lesson..

    4. Do you think you need to improve yourself in some aspects? Which


Teaching rethink

    Learning a language need some national culture background, so as to promote cross-cultural communication ability. Student need know some background knowledge, experience, and experience of the main theme of this class the birth of a festival, so that read and participate actively. In the later teaching, improving students' pertinently ability to apply the formation.


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