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The birth of a Festival

By Nicholas Jordan,2014-12-15 23:28
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The birth of a Festival

(PPT) The introduction to The birth of a festival

    Teaching Procedures

Step1 Look at the picture of reading part in text book

    Who is the man in Picture 1?What can you see in Picture 2? How many candles can you see? What do they represent?

    books the aim is not only save This part use existing picture in students

    resourcestime ,but also excite Ss interest.

Step2 New words and scanning Questions:

    Review the new words: honor, ancestor, principle, nation, unity, community,

    self-determination, purpose, creativity, faith, commercial, joy, light , similar, generation, salute, cheek

    T: Do you know there is another festival which follows Christmas Day in America. It is an important festival to African Americans. Is there any one who knows the name of the festival? (Kwanzaa)

     Fast reading: Read the text on page 10 fast and try to get a general idea of Kwanzaa from the text. T can present a diagram of the information about Kwanzaa to help Ss to finish this task.

    1.Why did Dr. Karenga create Kwanzaa?

    2. When is the festival? How do people celebrate it?

    3. What are the seven principles of Kwanzaa?

    The aim is to cultivate Ss’ ability of skimming that find the content contained and main information. The student read quickly on a topic for five to ten minutes without worrying about correct language or punctuation. Reading as quickly as possible, if they meet a new word they leave a space or write it in their own language. The important thing is to keep fast reading. Later this text is revised. In the process of reading, Ss can guess meaning and summarize each paragraph

Step3 Matching the general idea of each paragraph

    T:let’s read the passage again carefully, then find the answers to these questions

    P1: Kwanzaa is a festival of reflection and anticipation for African Americans.

     P2: In a popular African language, it means first and celebrates the New Year.

     P3: The festival is based on seven important principles or ideas.

     P4: Candles are an important aspect of the celebration of Kwanzaa.

     P5: Festivals not only celebrate history but add to our cultural traditions for future generations.

    The idea is to generate lots of questions about the topic. This helps students to focus upon main information and cultivate ability of General Comprehension. The

    answers to these questions will form the basis to the article.

    To make Ss to know that respect other people's custom and live together in harmony

    Step4 T/F Qs:

     T: Now find the answers to these questions and decide whether the statements behind the questions are true or false. If it is false, correct the error. (The teacher shows the questions on the screen. When the students are reading the text carefully, the teacher joins the students and helps them to solve different kinds of difficulties. Then ask the students to answer the questions.)

    1. ( ) Kwanzaa is a very old festival.

    2. ( ) The word Kwanzaa means first fruit in Swahili.

    3. ( ) Kwanzaa is based on old African festivals.

    4. ( ) People created Kwanzaa to celebrate American culture.

    5. ( ) Kwanzaa is celebrated on Christmas Day.

    6. ( ) People who celebrate Kwanzaa light a candle for each of the seven principles.

     Put the second part Post - reading in advance and judge T or F to deepen the understanding of it. Ss can take advantage of language rules that through observing and conclusion.

    Step5: Fill the following form

    .

    When does the festival fall?

    How long does it last?

    When was it created?

    Why did people create Kwanzaa?

    How do people celebrate it?

    First broadcast on the text recording, answer to the question, the more understanding. Ss can express with diagrams and other non-verbal information.

Step6:Details: How to light the candle?

Day 1 - middle candle - Black - Umoja - Unity

    Day 2 - innermost red candle - Kujichagulia Self-determination

    Day 3 - innermost green candle - Ujima Collective Work and Responsibility

Day 4 - middle red candle - Ujamaa Cooperative Economics

    Day 5 - middle green candle - Nia - Purpose

    Day 6 - outermost red candle - Kuumba - Creativity

    Day 7 - outermost green candle - Imani - Faith

    Similar to the activity above, but instead of general questions, different details

    are selected.

    Step7 post-reading:

    Q1: Many festivals are celebrated at the same time, often at certain times of the year. Why do we celebrate these festivals at these times?

    Q2: Compare Kwanzaa with the Chinese Spring Festival and Christmas. How are they similar or different?

    Q3: Look at the seven principles of Kwanzaa . Which one do you think is the most important? Why? Are there any other festivals, which have one or more of the seven principles?

    Q4. Do you think holding festivals is the only way to help understand culture? In what other ways?

    These questions is from table to design, from inside to outside which are made various. The student know the world culture festival more.

    Step8 Summary

    Ask some groups to report their conclusion to the whole class

    Help Ss to have a revision of the festivals learnt in this class. T: Different histories and cultures have different kinds of festivals and customs. We should get to know they all play important parts in learning a country’s language. We should respect and show positive attitudes towards foreign festivals and customs as well as Chinese ones.

    Step9 Home work

    1. Learn the new words by heart.

    2. Try to search more sayings or proverbs about festival share them with all the

    classmates.

    3. Prepare for the new lesson: language study

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