1COUNTRY PROGRAMME PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
Reporting period: 2004 - 2008
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY During the 2004-2008 programme period significant achievements and contributions
were made to national development in the four broad areas of cooperation. UNDP’s work in the areas of
governance and empowerment focused on the promotion and administration of more equitable access to
justice, customer focused public administration, justice and law and order. Key achievements included
technical support to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Planning and National Development to
implement the Economic Recovery Strategy, the implementation of MDG based planning and budgeting, and
new budget formulation and monitoring tools.
Other achievements include the coordination of development partners through the development of a National
Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System, and the strengthening of national efforts aimed at more
effective M&E and anti-corruption. Public sector reform support resulted in the institutionalization of results
based management in government institutions. Significant milestones were realized in access to justice for
poor and marginalized groups and the provision of legal aid services by adapting international human rights
instruments. Joint programmes for the constitutional referendum and for the elections led to major
achievements in voter education and the registration of voters. Following the outbreak of post election
violence the programme played a key role in the engagement of African Union Panel of Eminent Persons and
the implementation of the resultant National Peace Accord. Out of the accord, significant legislation was
enacted including bills dealing with comprehensive constitutional reform.
UNDP made a significant contribution to the achievement of gender equality and the empowerment of women
in the country. Specifically, UNDP has contributed to an enhanced legal, policy and regulatory framework for
gender equality in the country, enhanced capacity of police officers and provincial administration to handle
cases of gender-based violence and enhanced access to legal justice for women survivors of gender based
violence through the provision of free legal aid and counseling services. UNDP’s FANIKISHA project is still a
flagship project on enhancing women’s access to economic resources. With regard to providing better levels of
security from natural and man-made disasters, major achievements were made in training and in other areas
of enhancing the capacity of political and government leaders to enhance proactive leadership in combating
HIV/AIDS. In the peace building and conflict resolution domain, a national technical committee was established,
peace committees were formed and training in conflict resolution was enhanced.
The programme also generated expanded opportunities for the poor and creation of a more friendly
investment environment for the private sector. Flagship activities in this area included establishment of two
institutions - the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) and the National Economic and Social Council (NESC),
that provide a platform for public-private sector dialogue that has in turn led to key legal, institutional and
regulatory reforms to enhance national regional and international market access. Under the Growing
Sustainable Business programme (GSB) linkages were established between small-scale farmers who were
supported through mechanized land preparation and in establishing linkages with major exporting companies
in order to facilitate access to international markets.
In striving for a sustainable contribution by natural resources and the environment to poverty reduction and
sustainable economic growth, the programme made major achievements, including the development of new
policies, laws and an institutional framework. Key among these was the development of the framework
Environment Management Coordination Act, the National Environment Council and the National Environment
Management Authority, the key institutions responsible for compliance of the act. Other sector specific
upstream achievements were the institutionalization and production of the State of Environment Report,
sector specific-policies for forestry, access to clean energy services and sustainable management of arid and
semi-arid lands, the development of an inaugural national environment policy and the development of tools
1 This assessment of results is to be prepared only in the absence of a completed Assessment of Development
Results (ADR) for the cycle.
for mainstreaming poverty and environment in planning and budgeting. Towards the realization of MDG1 and
MDG7, community level interventions that improved the management of natural resources and income
generation through the expansion of livelihood options were undertaken.
In strengthening partnerships, UNDP continues to be an active member of the Donor Harmonization, Alignment
and Coordination (HAC) Group. In addition, UNDP manages the following basket funds: a) Support to Great Lakes
Conference Projects b) Support to Public Service Reform programme c) Support to Referendum d) 2007 Election
Assistance Programme. From 2009, UNDP will be managing basket funds for various projects: Governance and
Human Rights, Non-State Actors Facility and Nepad/APRM ‘Sustaining the Dialogue’ Project and the Refugee Host Community Programme.
II: Country Programme Performance Summary
Country name: Kenya
Current country programme period: 2004 -2008
Outcomes Total Key Indicators of outcome (1-4 per Progress made against key indicators
1. Confidence in public financial $17,411,412 MDG based national budgeting Baseline: No MDG based planning policy and management improved. institutionalized Progress: Government to implement MDG based planning and
Improved efficiency and equity in the budgeting, under the oversight of the two coordinating delivery of public services Ministries of Finance and Planning. UNDP Contribution:
UNDP provided strategic support to the public sector reforms introduced by the NARC government that came into power in December 2002. These reforms are geared at improving efficiency, effectiveness, transparency, accountability and equity in the delivery of public services. UNDP has contributed to the implementation of the Economic Recovery Strategy and enhanced the understanding and utilization of the public expenditure review process in collaboration with Ministries of Finance and
Planning. UNDP is one of the development partners in the Public Financial Management Reform programme which is one of the flagship reform programmes of the GOK. Additionally UNDP is a key partner in the Public Service Reform Programme and manages the basket fund that supports the government and is funded by six bilateral donors.
UNDP has contributed strategic technical support to the formulation and implementation of macro-economic policies, enhanced the capacity of government to track and
manage external financial resources, strengthened the capacity for effective monitoring and tracking of GOK reform programmes and interventions at national and sub-national level, and supported the development and institutionalization of public sector reforms which include local government reforms.
The UNDP CP identified four major outputs to support the Government in achieving this outcome: a) Strategy to support the budget process articulated, adopted; b) Capacity for loan implementation strengthened; c) Good governance monitoring, evaluation, and awareness campaign launched; d) Local Government reforms adopted.
Progress and Achievements
a) UNDP provided high level technical support to the Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs Department. UNDP provided technical support to the Implementation of the
Economic Recovery Strategy (ERS) in collaboration with the Ministry of Planning. UNDP has worked closely with Government to implement MDG based planning and budgeting, under the oversight of the two coordinating Ministries of Finance and Planning. Through Technical Assistance (TA) to the Ministry of Finance, the achievements included the implementation of the new budget process since 2004 aimed at better linking the GOK’s priorities as spelled out in the Economic Recovery Strategy (ERS) to budgetary allocation, and coordinating the preparation of the initial Budget Outlook Paper (BOPA) and the Budget Strategy Paper (BSP) 2004/05 through to 2008/09. The TA has had oversight over the formulation of the National Budget. Also under the Economic Affairs Department is the vetting of budget proposals to Treasury and monitoring economic performance and monitoring of Ministerial expenditure requests.
b) Key achievements include enhancing the capacity of the Ministry of Finance for donor coordination and the tracking of resources, and the development of the Kenya External Resources Policy, which was developed through a consultative process bringing together government, civil society and donors. UNDP has also worked to
strengthen the capacity of the External Resources Department for the coordination of external resources including the setting up of a database and equipment for
managing the resources and enhancing the technical capacity of the department.
c) Through this cycle UNDP has provided technical and advisory support for the implementation of the ERS. Key achievements here included technical advisory support to the development of the National Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (NIMES) and to the preparation of the ERS Annual Progress Reports and Medium Term
Report. Additionally, UNDP is also a member of the important M&E Steering Committee made up of GOK and development partners, and which provides policy direction to the implementation of NIMES and the strengthening of M&E capacity at national and sub-national levels. UNDP also supported the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission’s development and implementation of a Governance, Ethics, and Anti-Corruption course for public sector officials and CSOs. Various anti-corruption measures were implemented by the participants at their institutions. UNDP supported the establishment of the Nepad/APRM secretariat, the development and implementation of the programme and raising public awareness on the programme.
d) Under the flagship Public Service Reform programme, UNDP was instrumental in the design and development of the PSR programme and the establishment and strengthening of the capacity of the PSR Secretariat. This programme has impacted the public service facilitating the shift to institutionalizing results-based management in the public sector, and institutional capacity building and support to the local government reform programme. UNDP manages the basket fund and a key achievement is the development of the harmonized work plan between GOK, World Bank and other development partners.
2. Kenya’s rules and laws applied $6,248,335 a. Numbers of amendments of a. Baseline: Existence of laws and regulations that are incompatible with more impartially; increased, major laws and regulations, international human rights standards more equitable access to justice and reforms adopted
b. Enhanced access to justice Progress:
for poor and marginalized Under the Governance, Justice, Law and Order Sector reform programme, key laws
and enhanced institutional have been amended and enacted on enhance access to justice, gender equality and
and legal frameworks to to address gender based violence; public finance management, public ethics and
advance gender equality. integrity and national cohesion and peace-building and constitutional reform.
Physical and procedural inaccessibility of judicial process for poor and marginalized
Institutional frameworks and para-legalism have been realized and training of
judges, magistrates and police officers on access to rights and gender equality
UNDP has supported one of the flagship reform programmes of the GOK i.e. the Governance, Justice, Law and Order Sector reform programme (GJLOS) which is a comprehensive sector-wide reform programme that brings together over 30 Ministries, departments and agencies that deal broadly with governance, justice and law. UNDP has supported laws and policies that address gender inequalities and gender based violence. UNDP supported the establishment of gender desks in the Police stations and the mainstreaming of gender and human rights in the police training curriculum. UNDP is also supporting the Sexual Offences Task Force and the implementation of the Sexual Offences Act. UNDP has as one of its flagships a Human Rights and Civic Education Programme that works towards enhancing the administration of justice by supporting judicial reforms and capacity building for judges and magistrates on Gender, Human Rights and MDGs. The programme works
towards enhancing access to justice for the poor and marginalized women and men through a community and prison-based paralegal programme, in various districts across the country.
The UNDP CP identified three major outputs to support the Government in achieving this outcome: a) New regulations drafted for five new or revised laws; b) Laws and
public awareness materials disseminated; c) National human rights standards adopted.
Progress and Achievements:
UNDP work under this outcome has focused on: a) Enhanced national capacity for the promotion of administration of justice and human rights; b) Strengthened national capacity for the promotion of engendered, participative and customer focused public administration, justice, democracy, law and order
Key achievements include:
a) Support to the AU Panel of Eminent Persons led by Kofi Annan and the implementation of the National Accord: UNDP has played an instrumental role in the engagement and support to the AU Panel of Eminent Persons process that led to the brokering of a National Peace Accord in February 2008 following the outbreak of post election violence. Out of this process, some significant laws were enacted; the Ethnic Relations Act, the National Peace Accord Act and some pending bills on
comprehensive Constitutional reform.
b) Communities assisted to access justice for poor and marginalized groups at the community levels through the institutionalization and strengthening of the paralegal networks in the country and the provision of legal aid services; training of police on gender and human rights and the establishment of the gender desks in police stations; women, men and youth supported to initiate and sustain policy dialogue and engagement for the realization of rights with a focus on paralegalism; housing and land Rights; judicial review and administration of justice among others; magistrates and judges assisted to engage with and utilize the International human rights instruments and to address gender concerns in the administration of justice.
c) Human rights awareness enhanced through human rights education provision by 15 Community Based Organizations (CBO) in various parts of the country jointly through OHCHR and UNDP; Disability Policy and legislation framework in place and implemented ;Enhanced awareness on disability issues and enhanced capacity of key institutions for persons with disabilities including support to the National Council for Persons with Disabilities
3. New constitution translated into $20,727,361 a. New constitution Baseline
legal and institutional reforms. b. Numbers of laws amended or enacted to Lack of a progressive constitutional dispensation Increased effectiveness of support constitutional revisions
parliament to perform its Progress:
legislative and oversight functions a. Support to the National Referendum in 2005 in which the
Backlog of pending bills on draft Constitution was rejected by voters reforms cleared b. Drafting of 2 key Constitutional Review Bills that will pave
the way for comprehensive constitutional review within 12
months as per the National Peace Accord and key pieces of
legislation enacted to give effect to the National Accord. UNDP Contribution:
UNDP played a significant role in the 2005 National Referendum under which the Government developed a new draft Constitution. The draft Constitution was subjected to a National referendum at which Kenyan voters ultimately rejected the same. UNDP managed a comprehensive voter education programme to sensitize and educate Kenyans on the draft constitution and successfully managed the voter education basket fund. UNDP has since 2003, been supporting the National Civic Education Programme (NCEP) which aims at enhancing civic engagement with national processes. This is a nation-wide programme supported by several donors. UNDP has supported the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs and the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights to develop a National Action Plan and Policy on Human Rights. The process has been very consultative, with district level forums held across Kenya bringing together government, civil society organizations (CSOs), and community members to discuss this key policy.
UNDP under its Elections Assistance Programme also undertook a comprehensive national voter education exercise prior to the 2007 elections which witnessed over one million new registered voters as well as huge voter turn out on election day and also capacity support to the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK). UNDP has played an instrumental role in the engagement and support to the AU Panel of Eminent Persons process that led to the brokering of a National Peace Accord in February 2008 following the outbreak of post election violence. Out of this process, some significant laws were enacted; the Ethnic Relations Act, the National Peace Accord Act and
some pending bills on comprehensive Constitutional reform.
The UNDP CP included three major outputs to support the Government in achieving this outcome: a) Five laws drafted or amended in line with new constitution; b)
Training programmes supported for key administrative and technical staff, parliamentarians and researchers; c) Information materials published for dissemination
Progress and Achievements:
a) Support to the AU Panel of Eminent Persons led by Kofi Annan and the implementation of the National Accord including the enactment of key legislation; National Accord and Reconciliation Act, Constitutional Review Act, Ethnic and Race Relations Bill, Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Bill, Constitution Amendment Bill, Constitution
of Kenya Review . In 2005 management and implementation of a Joint Programme for the Constitutional Referendum in 2005 and voter education; Development, management and implementation of a Joint Elections Programme; Increase in the number of registered voters through support to ECK; National Voter Education Programme carried out in run-up to the elections; Establishment of the Kenya Domestic Observation Forum as the institutional body for monitoring of elections in
b) Capacity building training and workshops for various government institutions and officials undertaken in various thematic areas in collaboration with counterpart Government agencies in other parts of the country. Notable of these have been training on socio-economic data management through the DevInfo training held in Kenya
and various other parts of the world in the spirit of south-south cooperation; supported two Human Rights Special Procedures in Kenya one of which provided an opportunity for the incorporation of marginalized/indigenous peoples issues into the formulation of a national policy and action plan on human rights and provided a
platform for information sharing and dissemination on the special procedure; enhanced capacity of key institutions (Judiciary, Media, National Human Rights Institutions,
CSOs and UN) to work on treaty body reporting and operationalization of general comments from treaty bodies and special human rights procedures.
c) IEC materials developed and disseminated for various governance programmes; MDGs, National Development Plans, ERS and Medium Term Plan of Vision 2030, Voter Education and Civic Education Materials under NCEP and Elections programme and Referendum; Voter education of the draft Constitution undertaken nationally; the development of a magistrates bench book for criminal proceedings; the development of a National Action Plan and Policy on Human Rights: Baseline survey for the
Human rights situation in Kenya conducted and a framework developed to guide the NAP process. A national stakeholders workshop and a series of regional hearings held.
4. More community ownership $2,088,851 a. Number of projects, nationally, which are a. Baseline: No overall strategy for financing HIV and AIDS and participation in the planning financed directly at the community level projects at constituency level and implementation of activities b. Decreased estimated absolute infection
to combat the disease Spread of rate in the population Progress: At least 2 projects implementing HIV and AIDS in
the disease slows each of the 210 parliamentary constituencies countrywide
b. Baseline: 7% HIV prevalence in 2003
Progress: 5.1% HIV prevalence in 2007 UNDP Contribution:
UNDP has been a key partner in providing technical advisory services to the National AIDS control council through the provision of a technical advisor and several national UNV specialists both at the national and regional level to enhance coordination of the national response through strengthening advocacy on HIV/AIDS and leadership for
results at the community level. One key role was support to the development of the national strategic plan including support to review the gender responsiveness of the strategic plan which culminated in the development and incorporation of gender indicators in the strategic plan. Apart from provision of technical and advisory services, UNDP has also provided capacity through provision of logistical support with equipments and transport logistics to enable the council to improve on its supervisory and
monitoring role and management of the response through the 210 constituencies country wide. These areas of support have had a major contribution to increasing community ownership.
The UNDP CP identified two major outputs to support the Government in achieving this outcome a) At least 60 per cent of parliamentarians and the various levels of local government officials within their constituencies are trained on HIV/AIDS and leadership for results. b) Parliamentarians lead the raising of matching funds for UNDP
micro-interventions in at least 25% of constituencies.
Progress and Achievements:
320 MP's and 60% of local government officials were trained on HIV/AIDS and leadership for results within their constituencies and exchange programme was organized for Parliamentarians to 3 countries in Africa with best practices on addressing HIV/AIDS. Policy dialogue in implementation of HIV/AIDS went beyond the target 9
constituencies and covered over 100 constituencies (of the total 210 constituencies) through the establishment of regional advocacy networks of leaders. Regional
leadership workshops were organized for strengthening constituency leadership to support a sustained community HIV/AIDS response. A national workshop was held to review the progress so far made followed by leadership training guidelines being developed and distributed to all constituencies.
5. National and community $13,332,510 a. Increased percentage a. Baseline: No early warning systems in place on governmental levee. disaster risk management more risks reacted to, before
effective. Violence in rural disasters occur Progress: District level early warning systems established in all disaster prone
communities decreases. b. Greater involvement of districts and warning systems data is institutionalized and used
the community in
conflict mitigation. b. Baseline: Less than 10 DPC restricted to North Eastern and Coast provinces.
Progress: District peace committees established and trained in 22 districts of
focus in conflict prone areas.
Through UNDP support, a national focal point was appointed and a secretariat established not only for small arms proliferation prevention but also for a combined effort on peace building and conflict resolution. In addition to the focal point UNDP provided, support was given for recruitment of a project manager and a national UNV
specialist. With the provision of both advisory and technical services a national steering committee was formed encompassing civil society, government officials and
development partners. The strong partnership has contributed immensely through building synergies that led to the achievement of the outcome on “increased capacity for conflict management and reduction of small arms proliferation”
UNDP CP identified three major outputs to support the Government in achieving this outcome (a) New National Focal Point on small arms and peace building supported to implement interventions (b) Conflict prevention techniques promoted together with NGO partners in the 20 most affected communities.
Progress and Achievements:
Peace committees were formed in collaboration with civil society and the public sector and included the participation of community leaders. Strong collaboration between the Government and civil society was established and institutionalized for advocacy, dialogue and partnership which realized peaceful coexistence across borders in the targeted districts. All capacity building training activities were undertaken and small arms destroyed (including the destruction of small arms at regional/district level instead of being undertaken centrally). A training manual for conflict resolution and management was developed, 200 leaders were trained in conflict resolution, several workshops held for faith based organizations, 7,000 arms destroyed, and operational procedures for registration of arms were undertaken at district level. The national coordinating team for safer cities was established and functioning. As part of the process for enhancing advocacy and capacity for peace
building and conflict resolution, confidence building workshops were held in various districts on prevention of small arms proliferation and peace building involving members of Parliament, civil society organizations and public sector. Media campaigns have also been instituted to reinforce on-going community based activities
6. Improved access by smaller $6,170,702 a. Sector-specific statistics showing a. Baseline:
rural producers to markets in increased sales by smaller rural Initially there were no established market linkages between
general. producers, including in international farmers and export oriented companies. Improved access by the domestic markets.
private sector to international b. Increased involvement of youth in rural Progress made:
markets areas in income generating initiatives. Linked 500 small-scale fruit (Macadamia Nuts and Mango)
growers to two major export oriented companies (Kevian Fruit
Processors and Global Nuts);
250 small holders flower growers in Rift Valley Province
(Nyandarua District) linked to Suera Flowers for export;
5.000 Bee farmers linked to Honeycare Africa LTD to facilitate
their access to international market.
Lack of entrepreneurial skills amongst the youth and micro-small
enterprises coupled with lack of delivery mechanisms for
business development services in rural areas.
Trained 270 youth in entrepreneurship; 64 youth upscale to
provide enterprise development agency services in rural areas;
Two district business development solution centers established
in rural districts.
Significant progress, resulting in the achievement of 80% of the planned outputs, was made during the programming cycle. This resulted in the formation and capacity
building of two key institutions namely the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) and the National Economic Council (NESC). The institutions provided a platform for public-private sector dialogue and led to key legal and regulatory reforms to enhance regional and international market access by Kenyan private sector producers and exporters. As a result Kenya improved the ease of doing business ranking in 2008 to 72 out of 178 countries. (see World Bank Report 2008)
UNDP identified three major outputs to support the Government in achieving the outcome, namely: a)The National Economic and Social Council (NESC) formed to provide a platform for public-private sector dialogue on policy reforms so as to enhance trade and investment; b) Share of small producers’ products, in at least two sub-sectors, increased to meet international export standards and c) Capacity of the private sector institutions strengthened to effectively partner with the Government in order to effect legal and regulatory constraints to exports.
Progress and Achievements:
The NESC was established as a platform for public private sector dialogue enhancing public-private sector partnerships for improved economic development. The NESC deliberates on key economic and social issues and played a lead role in the development of strategies and action plans for the Kenya Vision 2030 strategy. A draft Investment Promotion Strategy (IPR) was finalized and presented to Government for enactment. UNDP facilitated the sovereign credit rating of Kenya by the Standards
and Pours rating agency resulting in 2006 rating of B+. The same rating was achieved in 2007.This positive rating brings confidence and attracts investment into the country. South to South cooperation with China and India facilitated through periodical buyer-seller meets to promote investments and export was undertaken. Through the GSB Programme, UNDP supported the linkage between 500 small-scale fruit growers and two major export oriented companies (Kevian Fruit Processors and
Global Nuts), 250 small holders flower growers in Rift Valley Province (Nyandarua District) linked to Suera Flowers and 5.000 bee farmers linked to Honeycare Africa LTD in order to facilitate access to international markets. Three thousand small holder farmers were assisted through mechanized land preparation services to expand acreage under crop production. Three training institutions were revitalized and 500 youths from the informal sector trained and attached/linked to industry. A curriculum was
developed for vocational training institutions in Kenya and policy for youth polytechnic finalized in order to strengthen the relevance of the training institutions to the needs of the industry and enhance production capacities of Micro and Small Scale Producers.
7. Institutions, principles, tools $11,407,802 a. National Environmental. Management a. Baseline: Inadequate institutions with overlapping and practices developed and Authority and National Environmental mandates including conflicting institutional frameworks. applied to implement the new Council functional.
Environmental Management b. New Forest Policy, law and institutional Progress:
National Environment Management Authority and National Coordination Act. Poor’s access to arrangements finalized.
environment councils were established and functioning since and capacity to use natural
2002 and 2003 respectively. resources and energy increased.
b. Baseline: Outdated forest policy with emphasis on
exclusion of local communities and underutilization of
forest resources for national development.
In 2005, the forest act was enacted by parliament and the forest
policy to drive it was drafted in 2006. It has been discussed by
the parliamentary committee of agriculture and natural
resources. The Kenya forest service has been established and
operational and subsidiary legislation and guidelines for
Participatory Forest Management and Community Forest
Associations have been finalized.
The Country office pursued two major outputs during the 2004-2008 CPAP periods. These were National Environmental Management Authority and National
Environmental Council established and functioning and a Forest Policy and Bill, and Desertification National Action Plan prepared and applied.