sonnet 18 analysis

By Jennifer Hamilton,2014-01-06 13:51
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sonnet 18 analysis

    Comment on Sonnet 18

    Sonnet 18 is Shakespeares best known poem in all of his 154 sonnets. It is a typical Shakespearean sonnet which consists of three four-lined stanzas followed by a couplet, and has the characteristic rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg. This sonnet aims at praising the eternal power of man by describing the instability of the nature.

    First, the poet compares his friend as a summers day, and then he says his

    friend is more lovely and more temperate than the summer. He lists a lot of negative

    images to show the instability of the summer. It is short---summers lease hath all too

    short a date, and sometimes the sun is too hot---Sometime too hot the eye of heaven

    shines. The poet also uses internal rhythm to speed up the rhythm of this poem, such as in line 7, And every fair from fair sometime declines. Here, fair means beauty.

    It means the beauty of summer is fading very soon. While his friends beauty shall

    not fade nor lose possession of that fair thou owst. Even Death can not take him

    away. In the poets opinion, the summer which refers to the nature is always changing, but his friends personality will last forever.

    In conclusion, the poet compares his friend to summer, and then by describing the instability of summer to show his friends immortality. His purpose is to tell us

    that the power of beauty comes from man. Connecting the background, the poet is praising the spirit of Renaissance---Humanism.

Works used:

    ; Sonnet 18 paraphrase

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