This document is a brief introduction to the aspects of my

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The full project reports can be found at Final year thesis - Domestic wind energy. The project began with a feasibility study into the

Iain Christopher Smith

2:1 MEng (Hons) Innovation and Engineering Design University of Bath

Profile of education, projects and experience


    2:1 MEng(Hons) Innovation and Engineering Design

    University of Bath

“A degree designed to create a new type of engineering designer

    to work on the creation of new products, processes and design

    systems. The course recognises the holistic nature of design and

    teaches its many aspects: engineering synthesis and analysis,

    manufacturing, marketing and product management, aesthetics

    and design from an engineering point of view.” course brochure, University of Bath 2004


    14 months consultancy experience (Placement year)

    3 months temping and freelance work in Tokyo

    8 months of additional paid summer work experience


    Enthusiastic Organised

    Creative Adaptable

    Team player Good communicator


This document is a brief introduction to the aspects of my education,

    character and work experience that I feel will be relevant to a career

    in engineering design. It is presented under the following headings:

    1. 3rd year Group business and design project - summary

     Assistive technology for independent living

    2. 4th Year Industrial feasibility and design project - summary

     Small grid-connected wind turbines for domestic use

    3. First and second year major design projects and software


    4. Summary of University modules studied

    5. Engineering work experience

    6. Work and volunteer projects with Lego robots

    7. Life Drawing and painting

    8. Working in Japan

    9. Formal CV

    10. Testimonial from Create a Future (2003)

    Third year Group business design project

    Brief: The ageing population is placing an increasing

    demand on the welfare services to maintain their

    health and quality of life. Working alongside the Bath

    Institute of Medical Engineering and the University of

    Canterbury (NZ), develop a prototype assistive device

    to aid independent living for the ageing population. It

    will be designed to provide physical support and to

    manipulate otherwise inaccessible objects within the


The 3-month project was broken down into 2 technical and 2 business

    phases. I was responsible for the device‟s control interface and

    feedback. My first technical report examined the guidelines for

    successful interface design, elderly cognitive, behavioral and

    emotional needs and developed an assortment of methods for an

    elderly person to control an essentially very complicated robot. To

    meet the needs of the elderly market the most important criteria in

    selecting a suitable interface was identified as social acceptance and

    the interface‟s intuitiveness.

The project involved setting up a virtual company in

    which the product would be developed. My role on the

    business side was to deal with risk analysis and

    management (with respect to a start-up company

    developing and marketing this device) and to report on

    human resource management.

My phase 2 design work featured a lot of user-oriented design, design

    for social acceptance, intuitiveness, CAD work on Mechanical Desktop,

    stress calculations, electronics work on the control system and remote

    user interface. Feedback from Tony Medland Project supervisor and


“Iain appeared to be one of the driving forces behind the design.

    He had developed many of the ideas. His report shows many

    experiments that he conducted to sort out ergonomics problems.

    His report also shows clearly the interactive and interface

    problems that needed to me dealt with. Good design work on

    operator interface. 79% - Phase 3 Technical Mark.”

The project received the smallpiece trust industry prize for best

    group project 2002. The full project reports can be found at

    Final year thesis - Domestic wind energy

    The project began with a feasibility study into the area

    of domestic wind turbines as one of my six modules in

    year 4 semester 1. The study examined the economic

    and practical potential for developing small wind

    turbines that could be installed in homeowners

    gardens to generate useful energy for the household.

    The report proved (through substantial wind energy

    and financial calculations) that for a significant

    proportion of the UK, a personal wind turbine would be

    a realistic option.

    The main report my thesis, examined the market potential for the turbines, how their energy would be used, sizing issues, costing,

    installation methods and tower types, government and council

    involvement, and the technical design of the turbine and tower. The

    design work focused on taking the most suitable and reliable elements

    from many small-production-run turbines, and redesigning them for

    mass production together with designing a turbine tower suitable for

    urban use.

The project examined the issues related to launching into a new

    market and what needed to be done in preparation for the product‟s

    release. The development of this market was

    certainly seen to be as important as the design

    of the turbine system itself. The development of

    the market hinges around the public‟s attitude

    and sense of responsibility towards renewable

    energy. It is also clear that the general public will

    not make a purchase of this size unless there is

    financial payback. A significant part of the

    report examined these market and financial

    issues. With a target market of 15 years time in the UK and an initial

    production run of 10,000 the report showed that in over 25% of habited

    sites in the UK (the amount who have an average windspeed of

    5.5m/s+) could buy a turbine which would pay for itself over a period of

    under 5 years, then generate the majority of a household‟s electricity

    for the rest of its life.

What I take from this project is a much greater knowledge of design for

    manufacture, market analysis, the importance of an after-sale service

    infrastructure for a product like this and improved project planning and

    development skills.

    The feasibility report and my thesis can be found online at

    First and second year major design projects

    Self-compacting litter bin Design and build

    Horticultural sieve mechanical design

    Air-shaft design project for paper mill rolls

    Epicyclic gearbox design

    Slat-webbing machine (for slats under mattresses on beds)

    Micro-air vehicle design and feasibility study

    Spring-powered dragster design and build

    TRIZ projects (fourth year)

    Non collar-stretching Hanger

    Self-heating drinks can

    Torch design

    Software Experience

    Mechanical Desktop - Advanced

    Autocad14 - Advanced

    Excel - Advanced

    Word Advanced

    Powerpoint - Advanced

    Access - Intermediate

    Fireworks - Intermediate

    Dreamweaver- Intermediate

    Publisher - Intermediate

    C++ - Intermediate

    Visual Basic - Intermediate

    PCModel - Intermediate

    SWORDS (constraint modeller) - Intermediate

    WaSP, Windfarmer, R2V - Advanced

    …and many smaller 3D design packages, picture editing and game

    level editors used over ten years of keen PC use. Subsequently I am

    very quick to pick up new software.

    Module list

Here I will outline the modules I have studied with the greatest relevance to a

    career as an engineering designer. A complete list and a detailed description

    of each module I studied can be found at

th4 Year

    Innovation and advanced design - Discipline in innovation, creative processes, TRIZ, inventive principles, predictable evolution, function analysis, marketing

    innovation. The product development process and problem definition for

    innovation. QFD, Design for assembly, manufacture and life cycles. Product

    architecture, incremental design strategies, managing design information.

    Machines and products in society Safety, legal, environmental and product protection aspects of machines and products.

    Biomimetics - A course examining how nature has solved engineering

    problems through evolution and how we can learn from these. E.g. design of

    plants, prestressing, deployable structures, design for fatigue, adaptive

    structures, smart materials, neural networks, genetic algorithms and

    programming, structures made by animals, cellular materials, locomotion

    (walking, running, flying, swimming), power amplification methods and much


    Specialist design, focus on the start of a design project prepare project

    proposals, evaluate project proposals, initial stages of design projects and

    how they relate to the whole process.

3rd Year

    Global design Introduction of the problems and effects of distributed

    working. New computer and communications systems for global working and

    development of skills to allow design activities to be planned and performed

    in a distributed design environment.

    Material selection for engineering design - the designer and materials selection; elastic properties, strength and fracture toughness, creep in metals

    and plastics, fatigue, damage accumulation, application of fracture

    mechanics, designing against fatigue; selection of manufacturing processes

    and formalized procedures for material selection.

    nd1st and 2 year

    Design 1&2 produce and interpret engineering drawings for manufacture and

    assembly to bs308. 2 To provide a holistic view of the processes and decisions

    to be taken in real design problems analysis, selection and integration of standard components in detailed designs. Design 3&4 - Sub-assemblies,

    optimization within an iterative design process in contrast to adequate design

    in terms of functionality, geometry and material selection. Techniques and

    constraints of professional design practice with an emphasis on concurrent

    design practice. Systematic Problem solving methods ergonomics, aesthetics

    and specifications. Experimentation and applied engineering - The integration

    of engineering science, control, electronics, design, materials, manufacture

    and business. Hands-on manufacturing experience including CNC projects.

    Engineering work experience

Garrad Hassan and Partners ltd, Bristol June 2000 - September


    ? Placement year for the world's leading wind energy consultancy

    ? Optimized wind farm design based on economic,

    physical and human constraints

    ? Calculated wind farm energy predictions using

    WASP and Windfarmer software ? Performed uncertainty analysis on results - essential

    for banks' investment

    ? Generated process plans for department's


    ? Worked on key projects in Spain, Japan, USA, UK

    and Portugal

    ? Wrote reports for the clients

    ? Gained an insight into how a business works - the main benefit of

    working for a small company

Ryfords, Cannock July - September 1999

     ? Worked on assembly line for the Motorola 'Star-Tac' mobile phones

    - key appreciation of design for assembly acquired

GKN sinter metals, Lichfield June 1999

     ? Press operator and inspector of Ford engine gears

Leamans South Staffordshire Freight Ltd, Shenstone July 1998

     ? Warehouse operative - learnt about goods storage, warehouse

    organisation, logistics schedules and packaging requirements

Hydratight Ltd, Burntwood June 1996

     ? High school year 11 placement for a hydraulic bolt-tensioning


     ? Worked as part of the design team, used CAD to produce

    component drawings, saw the parts I had designed being made

    in the factory and tested them.

     ? Highlights my interest in engineering design from high school age.

My work as a science and engineering ambassador

The Science and Engineering Ambassadors (SEA)

    Programme aims to promote Science, Technology,

    Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) by providing

    enthusiastic, vetted volunteers to work which young

    people and teachers in schools.

    I became a SEA during my final year and joined a small group of

    scientists and engineers who took laptops and Lego robotics sets to

    local high schools. In these Lego challenge days my role was to explain

    the challenge to the groups I had been assigned to. I would sit with the

    groups and brainstorm ideas of how to complete the challenges. We

    would then look at the different types of robotic rover vehicles they

    could build, introduced them to the sensors and how to program the

    robot via the laptops and then helped them to

    turn that knowledge into a solution to the

    challenges. The biggest challenge was to

    manage the groups (usually of 3 to 5) so that

    each child would give equal contribution to the

    challenge and that it all wasn‟t done by one

    person it was as much about teaching

    teamwork as about robotics.

After graduation spent the summer working for another branch of the

    SETNET company this time in Birmingham university (closer to home).

    During my time here my main responsibilities were to organise summer

    placements in science and engineering establishments for sixth-form

    students in the Birmingham area. This demanded good interpersonal

    skills in order to convince each of the 70 companies and organisations

    that it would be beneficial to them to take on a student for 3 months. A

    testimonial from the company is included after the CV in this document.

Under my own initiative I am currently

    volunteering weekly in a local primary school

    teaching mechanisms, robotics and control in

    my role as a Science and Engineering

    Ambassador. The work initially involved

    designing a teaching plan to utilise unused

    Lego to teach a specific area of the ICT


    Life Drawing sample of 1 to 20min pictures from my life drawing classes There are more pictures at www.____________________

    Life Drawing

    A selection of 1 to 20 min sketches from my life drawing classes

    A larger gallery can be found at

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