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UNDAF OUTCOME 1By 2010 strengthened individual and institutional

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UNDAF OUTCOME 1By 2010 strengthened individual and institutional

    DP/DCP/TUR/1 United Nations

     Executive Board of the Distr.: General

    28 April 2005 United Nations Development Programme and of the Original: English United Nations Population Fund

Annual session 2005

    13-24 June 2005, New York

    Item 6 of the provisional agenda

    Country programmes and related matters

    Draft country programme document for Turkey (2006-2010)*

Contents

    Paragraphs Page

    Introduction 1 2

    I. Situation analysis .................................................. 2-9 2

    II. Past cooperation and lessons learned ................................... 10-20 3

    III. Proposed programme ............................................... 21-32 4

    IV. Programme management, monitoring and evaluation ........................ 33-35 6

     Annex

     Results and resources framework for Turkey (2006-2010) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 ? The compilation of data required to provide the Executive Board with the most current information has delayed the submission of the present report.

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Introduction

     accession negotiations with Turkey immediately. In its of 1. The 2006-2010 country programme document (CPD) 6 October 2004 Recommendations, the European for Turkey was prepared through consultations with Commission noted that in view of the overall progress of partners in the Government, United Nations agencies reforms, and provided that Turkey brings into force the and other international organizations, civil society, and outstanding legislation (primarily related to rights), the the private sector. The proposed programme of Commission considered that Turkey sufficiently fulfils the cooperation derives from the common country political criteria and recommended that accession assessment (CCA) and builds on the United Nations negotiations be opened. The European Council therefore Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) agreed on 17 December 2004 to begin negotiations with prepared in 2004-2005. The CPD also builds on the Turkey on 3 October 2005 regarding its full membership in extensive consultations that took place through the the EU. preparation of the 2004 “Assessment of Development 5. Over the past five years and beyond, Turkey has Results”, an external evaluation of UNDP/Turkey’s experienced highly volatile economic growth, with programmes and recommendations for future repeated booms and busts and persistently high inflation. engagement. Continued domestic and regional political uncertainties in

     2002, combined with the indirect effects of 11 September

    2001, kept Turkey’s economic outlook in a high state of

    uncertainty and financial crisis. In 2003 the implementation

    of the reform process combined with increased domestic I. Situation analysis political stability set Turkey on a more sustainable path of

     economic stability and recovery. In 2004, inflation was 9.3

    per cent and gross domestic product (GDP) growth 2. Turkey, a middle-income country of approximately 72 increased to 11.9 per cent. Nevertheless, Turkey remains million people, has experienced a significant social, vulnerable to external shocks, foreign direct investment political, and economic transformation between 2001 and levels lower than anticipated, and a positive outlook 2005 that reshaped the country’s development and reform depends on the implementation of the ambitious reform agenda in line with the country’s overarching goal of agenda. According to 2005 figures from the State Institute accession to the European Union (EU). of Statistics, Turkey’s aggregate unemployment rate is 9.1 3. In 2001, Parliament passed a package of 34 percent, while statistics disaggregated at the urban and constitutional amendments that included improving rural level reveal unemployment rates of 12.3 and 4.7 freedom of speech and other political reforms. The percent, respectively. Meanwhile, private sector and small Government’s economic reform programme, implemented and medium enterprises (SMEs) have an influential role at since 1999 and reinforced at the height of the financial the regional, national and local levels in driving economic crisis in 2001 with International Monetary Fund and World growth and employment. Bank assistance, supported Turkey’s efforts to meet EU 6. In parallel with Turkey’s achievements, social and criteria. In July 2002, the Government experienced a severe economic challenges remain. Based on 2002 statistics, political crisis in the midst of a major macroeconomic and Turkey ranks 88financial crisis. Early elections were called, and the Justice thand Development Party (AKP) won in a landslide victory. among 177 countries in the 2004 Human The Government has since undertaken ambitious political Development Index (HDI), placing Turkey among the and economic reforms, which have also enhanced its EU “medium-level” HDI country performers but the lowest aspirations. ranking among the countries of the Organisation for

    Economic Cooperation and Development and EU 4. The overriding goal of EU accession has guided accession countries. It falls particularly behind on health Turkey’s reform and development process for years. The and educational indicators compared with countries with process moved forward when, in 1999, the European lower per capita income. Council in Helsinki recognized Turkey as a candidate for

    accession. In 2002, the European Council further 7. One of the main issues facing Turkey is serious regional concluded that if, in December 2004, it decides that Turkey and gender disparities not evident in countrywide fulfils the Copenhagen political criteria, the EU will open aggregates. Recently, the World Bank/State Institute of

    Statistics noted that 27 per cent of the country lives in

    poverty (based on methodology related to expenditures on

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    food and non-food basic items), a high figure for a middle-

    income country although extreme poverty is low. The

    report highlights that poverty and inequalities are more

    prevalent in the eastern part of the country, in rural versus approach based on sustainable human development. As a urban settings, and in low-educated versus highly educated result, regional development efforts include economic populations. In recent years, Turkey has adopted development through SMEs and entrepreneurship, social important legislation targeting gender equality. However, and economic empowerment for youth and women, and in practice, women continue to lag behind men in public, rural development. economic, and political life. Further encouragement of

    women’s participation in these areas is necessary. 12. Through the south-east Anatolia programme UNDP

    also supported an EC-funded business development and 8. In total, these realities are reflected in the Government’s SME support project through which regional business 2004 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) report. development centers increase local SME capacity for Preliminary indications are that it will be difficult for employment generation, facilitate investments in the region, Turkey to attain some of the MDGs by 2015, notably those build local partnerships around local economic related to health and education, given the level of development, and support women’s entrepreneurship. The disparities that exist in these sectors as highlighted by the major challenge of UNDP SME support is the question of HDI. The MDG report notes that the country needs to ensuring sustainability of the business development redouble its human development efforts in certain areas, services in the less developed regions. including girls’ education and health, to better achieve the

    MDGs. 13. UNDP is also supporting the largest sustainable human

    development programme in eastern Anatolia: an integrated 9. As part of its overall structural reform programme, in area-based development project with a focus on rural 2001 Turkey began comprehensive reform of its public development, support to entrepreneurs and the private sector, with a focus on accelerated private sector, public sector, and support to sustainable tourism. administration reform, decentralization and anti-corruption.

    While reforms are moving forward, there are additional 14. While its regional development programmes have had a challenges in building capacities of public administration considerable impact at the local level, its policy impact on officials at the central and local levels, and in addressing regional development planning remains limited. This remaining rights-based issues, including internal highlights the need to more effectively leverage field displacement. experience for the benefit of the Government’s work in

    establishing decentralized regional planning and implementation bodies in the context of EU accession and

    decentralization.

     UNDP downstream work on regional development has 15.been complemented by its policy advisory work on poverty

    reduction. The National Human Development Reports II. Past cooperation and lessons learned have made an important contribution to poverty reduction policy-making by focusing national attention on issues

    such as gender and regional and social disparities. With 10. The second country cooperation framework (CCF) for national experts, UNDP has identified an emerging poverty Turkey concentrated on two main thematic areas: (a) phenomenon in the country described as “new poverty”, reduction of disparities; and (b) governance i.e., poverty that is not assisted through traditional decentralization. The 2004 Assessment of Development solidarity networks as before, nor remedied through Results (ADR) provides a detailed overview of past improvements in macroeconomic performance. UNDP cooperation and lessons learned. also initiated and led the policy dialogue on micro finance. Key results The MDG report will play a central role in the advocacy

    and policy advice role of UNDP as it works with United 11. Reduction of disparities. The regional development Nations and government partners to identify and address programmes in southeast and eastern Anatolia have been disparities through disaggregated statistics as relevant to the centrepiece of UNDP activities for reducing disparities issues related to poverty, gender, environment and in line with government priorities. The UNDP southeast education. Anatolia programme contributed to shaping government

    approaches to regional development, transforming it from focusing solely on infrastructure investments into a holistic

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    Governance and decentralization development agenda. Third, UNDP should leverage its

    experience in participatory and transparent capacity- 16. The main UNDP instrument to promote good building for local administrations and communities and in governance and local democracy has been the Local dealing with regional disparities, drawing on both Agenda 21 (LA 21) programme. Sixty municipalities are international and national capacities and networks of now partners of the LA 21 network at the national level. In expertise. Fourth, UNDP should pursue the sustainability these municipalities, City Councils have been established of UNDP programmes and projects, through greater focus as a forum for civil society participation in municipal on monitoring and evaluation. Finally, UNDP needs to decision-making. The LA 21 programme has directly ensure the establishment and maintenance of major and influenced and contributed to reform of local and public sustained partnerships, especially with the EU and administrations legislated by Parliament in late 2004. specifically the European Commission, the Government, 17. With its partners, UNDP supported transparency and and the United Nations Country Team. participatory governance through pilot initiatives on information communication technologies (ICT) in central

    agencies and local municipalities. UNDP has also

    emphasized ICT in projects to increase access to III. Proposed programme information and citizen participation, especially for

    socially excluded groups among women and youth. At the policy level, the 2004 NHDR highlighted the role of ICT in 21. The 2006-2010 country programme aims to support the addressing the challenge of more effectively supporting multiple social and economic reforms and national Turkey’s development priorities in reducing poverty, development priorities in line with EU accession and in further supporting participatory governance, increasing support of UNDAF outcomes. Specifically, the programme access to quality education, and reducing disparities. will focus on three key issues: (a) capacity development for 18. UNDP also focused on sustainable development with democratic governance; (b) advocacy and action for its flagship programme of the National Programme on poverty reduction; and (c) environmental management. Environment and Development, which addresses the issue UNDP will support gender equality goals and gender addressed at the World Summit on Sustainable mainstreaming in all of its programming and in partnership Development, held in 2002 in Johannesburg, desertification, with United Nations agencies through the United Nations and climate change. UNDP successfully managed the Gender Theme Group. Summit process through national dialogue that engaged Capacity-building for democratic governance public, private sector and civil society.

    22. The mainstay of UNDP support in democratic 19. The UNDP role in supporting the environment governance since 1997 has focused on strengthening civic increased significantly, notably following Turkey’s participation in municipal decision-making, largely through accession to the United Nations Framework Convention on the LA 21 initiative. Now that Turkey has legislated much Climate Change in May 2004. UNDP advocacy in this of its democratic reforms, including decentralization, sector ultimately led to the Government’s designation of UNDP will bring its national and global experiences to UNDP as the responsible agency for utilization and support Turkey’s local democratic reforms. Consequently, implementation of Global Environment Facility (GEF) UNDP will work with its partners to anchor the LA 21 funds for climate change. experience at more central and higher levels of government. 20. Several key lessons emerged during the second CCF This will enable all municipalities in the country to benefit that were highlighted in the ADR, and that will feed into from the LA 21 experience as they build City Councils that UNDP programming and partnerships in 2006-2010. First, ensure civil society participation in decision-making, and UNDP should systematically build on the core of its new to continue deepening the role of youth and women’s mission statement in Turkey, which emphasizes that UNDP platforms. works for democratic governance and growth without 23. The proposed programme will also complement the poverty, in support of EU accession and for the Government’s ambitious reform agenda in a number of achievement of the MDGs. Second, UNDP programmes issues central to democratic governance. UNDP will draw need to be better focused on its areas of comparative on its national and international networks of expertise to strength and where it will contribute to Turkey’s support public administration reform and decentralized

    governance, drawing when necessary on experience from

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    new EU member States. UNDP will also continue to work of displacement in local development planning. Finally, on the promotion and protection of rights, including those UNDP will focus on monitoring and evaluating these of women and women’s empowerment as well as project activities with a view to scaling-up successful parliamentary follow-up to the Convention on the initiatives for greater impact and sustainability. Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against 27. SMEs continue to constitute a bulk of Turkey’s private Women. UNDP will work with its central and local sector, notably in the east and southeast Anatolia regions, administration partners, as well as with civil society, to where they are the sole potential for local economic growth build national capacities to support and promote local and represent a means for generate employment. UNDP development planning. Additionally, UNDP will continue will therefore continue to provide business development to work with and support the Government and the United services to local SMEs, while ensuring that this support is Nations Country Team Theme Group on the issue of sustainable and strengthening their competitiveness internally displaced people. through clustering and vertical integration. UNDP will 24. UNDP capacity-building will also target the private also support cross-border linkages through its private sector through the entry point of the Global Compact sector development activities, and through technical through increased support and capacity to corporate cooperation among developing countries. UNDP will also governance and social responsibility, in line also with the seek to address local economic growth by engaging the EU accession process and the focus on integrating into private sector in achieving the MDGs through a internal market through market reforms, including comprehensive private sector partnership initiative focused strengthening corporate governance. on public-private partnerships (PPPS), the Global Compact,

    and regional partnerships involving the private sector and Advocacy and action for poverty reduction SMEs. 25. Turkey’s ambitious social and economic reform agenda Environment and sustainable development spans all development sectors. Yet, more than a quarter of

    Turkey’s population is poor. This requires a continuous 28. Based on the previous engagement of UNDP in the focus on the poverty agenda so that Turkey’s social and environmental sector, notably through the National economic transformation inflicts least social cost and Programme on Environment and Development, it is now results in optimum development benefits for the poor and positioned to provide support to the Turkish authorities in vulnerable. For this reason, UNDP will prioritize increased meeting the environmental requirements for EU accession. support to policy dialogue on poverty to ensure that UNDP will work in partnership with the Government to Turkey’s transformations yield pro-poor results and support new initiatives to promote the integration of achievements of the MDGs for all citizens. To do this, sustainable development principles into national and UNDP will bring together a national community of practice regional development planning. UNDP will also continue involving a multitude of actors in the areas of poverty and and increase its support to the National Sustainable social policy, micro finance, and private sector to inform Development Committee, as requested, for improved pro-poor policy-making. coordination of the elaboration of the National

    Implementation Plan for Sustainable Development, as well 26. UNDP policy support activities will be complemented as the implementation of sustainable development by Turkey’s regional development agenda, primarily principles at the community level through support to small-through activities in the southeast and eastern Anatolian scale, local initiatives. regions. The projects will focus on community

    development schemes that particularly target 29. UNDP involvement to date in environmental disadvantaged groups such as youth, children, the rural governance and sustainable development has focused on poor, and the landless. The same programmatic improving the capacity of authorities to plan and interventions will also help to empower women through implement integrated approaches to environmental and activities that support women entrepreneurs to increase energy development. In this context, UNDP has provided their employment opportunities to address women’s support to the Turkish Government in its efforts for the unemployment of 9.1 percent as of October 2005. UNDP integration of global environmental concerns and work through the United Nations Thematic Group on commitments into national and regional planning. internally displaced persons will also concentrate on the Turkey’s ambition to join the EU has reinforced the need to issue of displacement by addressing poverty-related issues focus on the environmental agenda. Drawing from the

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    experience of the new EU accession countries in 2004, IV. Programme management, monitoring and UNDP anticipates the need for action and support in the evaluation area of policy, legal regulatory and institutional reforms as well as major investments in the environment field.

    33. UNDP and the Government will continue to use 30. Through collaboration with the GEF and other partners, national and NGO execution modalities throughout this UNDP will continue to support national efforts to sustain period. The main coordinating and technical counterparts biodiversity and to promote energy efficiency and of the Government, specifically, the Ministry of Foreign conservation. Through its support UNDP will work with Affairs and the State Planning Organization, will government and non-governmental organization (NGO) coordinate the implementation of the country programme. partners to increase their capacities for sustainable

    management of agriculture, fisheries, forests, and energy 34. As recommended in the ADR, as part of the for a pro-poor approach to conservation. Notably, UNDP management arrangement, the Government and UNDP will will support the National Climate Change Commission by meet on an annual basis during the 2006-2010 strengthening national and local capacities to formulate and programming period at a high level to review the impact of implement strategies to address climate-related risks. the programme. Through this consultation UNDP will

    work to ensure that its programme priorities are in line with Partnership strategy national priorities, that agreement on priorities is sustained, 31. UNDP in Turkey has long-established partnerships and that systemic issues impeding effective implementation with a range of actors, including government, international on both sides are addressed. organizations, and civil society. During the period 2006-35. UNDP will place greater emphasis on monitoring and 2010, UNDP will continue to build these relationships, evaluation to ensure greater oversight and programme while it will specifically align its programmes in coordination through results-based management, project-democratic governance, poverty, and environment with level monitoring and evaluation and impact assessments. initiatives that support Turkey’s own reform agenda and UNDP will also work with its partners and specifically the EU accession process, including through its partnership government counterparts to use monitoring and evaluation with the European Commission. UNDP will also place as a means to conduct well-informed reviews of projects greater emphasis on building partnerships with the private that will contribute to decision-making by UNDP and the sector as an important player in achieving the MDGs Government on whether or not particular programmes through the comprehensive Private Sector Partnership should be continued, whether they have the potential to be programme highlighted above through PPPs, Global scaled-up, and whether they show promise for longer-term Compact, and regional initiatives. Finally, in line with development impact. UNDP will systematically engage in United Nations reforms, UNDP will prioritize higher levels monitoring and evaluation for every project using both of joint planning with other United Nations agencies to internal and external resources, and by engaging its strengthen the impact of the United Nations in Turkey, stakeholders in the project development stage on the most including in areas related to MDGs, private sector effective monitoring and evaluation strategy for that development and SMEs, gender, HIV/AIDs, and internally project, which will be reviewed during implementation displaced persons. through project evaluation meetings. The UNDP 32. To achieve its objective of greater policy impact, monitoring and evaluation strategy is elaborated in a plan UNDP will also seek to establish and support networks of developed in early 2005 to guide the Country Office’s partners to engage in policy dialogue through national focus and attention on monitoring its targets, indicators, “communities of practice”, with the notable inclusion of outcomes and impact throughout its project and relevant expertises from the new EU member States to programme activities. inform UNDP support to the Government on the accession

    process.

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Annex. Results and resources framework for Turkey (2006-2010)

UNDAF OUTCOME 1: By 2010 strengthened individual and institutional capacity for both democratic and environmental governance at local and central levels Programme Country programme Country programme outputs Output indicators, baselines and targets Role of partners Indicative component outcomes, including resources by goal (in thousands of (MYFF goal) outcome indicators, US$) baselines and targets Fostering democratic Outcome 1.1: Increased Output 1.1.1: Strengthened and Regular Output 1.1.1 Local/National Partners: governance individual, collective increased number of City Councils Indicator: The number of City Councils with women, youth State Planning Organization, Ministry of resources: and institutional with platforms of action for women, and children platforms empowered to promote and Interior, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, 685 capacity for youth and children and enhanced civil substantiate the MDGs and the World Summit for Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a selected number participation at all levels society and public participation in Sustainable Development Plan of Implementation at the of municipalities, TODAIE, Bosphorus Other resources: of decision-making localizing MDGs and follow-up to the local level; Baseline: 50; Target: 80 University Human Development Centre and 17 500 World Summit on Sustainable other academic institutions (Social Policy Development Forum, Middle Eastern Technical University, Of which; etc.), International Union of Local Authorities Gov/t c/s: Output 1.1.2: Women’s political Section for Eastern Mediterranean and 1 400 Output 1.1.2 empowerment strengthened and Indicator: Capacity-building meetings carried out for Middle East, Youth Agency for Habitat and TPCS: gender issues mainstreamed through Convention champions to provide information on gender Agenda 21 12 700 follow-up to the Convention on the sensitive legislation, Convention objectives/commitments Private sector: Elimination of All Forms of and gender policies; Baseline: 3 000 Discrimination against Women Target: Bi-yearly meetings held with parliamentary International partners: Microsoft and other TTF: champions. Meetings every two months with women’s private sector companies, Governments of the 400 NGOs in Turkey assessing progress and establishing next Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway steps; Indicator: Capacity of the General Directorate on the Problems of Women strengthened; Baseline: legal status remains controversial; Target: National machinery for promotion of gender equity in working order. Output 1.1.3: Access to information Output 1.1.3 and participation enhanced through Indicator: Number of visitors who accessed and used the effective utilization and diffusion of LA-21 e-governance portal; Baseline: 25,000 users/mn; ICT technologies. Target: 50,000 users/mn Output 1.1.6: Municipal and Output 1.1.6 provincial capacity developed for Indicator: Number of municipal and provincial personnel decentralized local governance and who received training improved service delivery through Baseline: Providing trainings in all LA-21 cities training and networking in a select Target: Expanding trainings to youth and women groups number of geographic regions. Output 1.2.1: Contribute to Local/national partners: Ministry of Foreign Outcome 1.2: Output 1.2.1: Mechanisms for the strengthening capacity at local and Indicator: Policy and implementation support to provincial Affairs, Ministry of Interior, State Planning implementation and central levels for addressing human human rights committees through multiple projects and Organization, Hacettepe University/Institute for monitoring of rights and EU political criteria programmes; Baseline: 0;Target: 10 provinces Population Studies, civil society organizations international norms and and NGOs, TUSIAD, TISK, domestic private standards on human sector, Ministry of Trade and Industry 7

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rights established and Output 1.2.2: Create awareness of Output 1.2.2 International partners: strengthened. international standards in addressing Indicator: Clarification and initiation of an internally United Nations Country Team Thematic issues related to displaced populations displaced persons return programme by the Government of Working Group on internally displaced including the United Nations Turkey, which complies with international standards persons, Brookings Institute, EU, World Bank, Guidelines on Internal Displacement Baseline: Piloting a study for the development of an bilateral donors, international private sector, and international refugee conventions internally displaced persons needs-assessment process in one OECD, UNIDO target province; Target: Clarification of Government’s policy on internal displacement and integration, and initiation of the implementation of an internally displaced persons return programme Output 1.2.3: Government and non-Output 1.2.3 governmental institutional capacity Indicator: Awareness-raising for Government and NGOs built to incorporate internally Baseline: Training for NGOs with a commitment and displaced persons and refugee interest in assisting the process of internally displaced concerns into local/regional and persons return and integration, and dissemination of 5,000 national planning and programme copies of Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement implementation Target: Need- based support to the Government of Turkey in awareness-raising, policy support and advice Output 1.2.4: Private enterprises Output 1.2.4 engagement and adherence to the Indicator: Re-launch Global Compact at nationwide level Global Compact and corporate social Baseline: 60 companies responsibility facilitated and Target: Re-launch May 2005 Istanbul Forum; hold National strengthened Global Compact Tour in select cities across Turkey; engaged media, private sector organizations and government at national and municipal levels, working relationships with key stakeholders (such as TUSIAD), increased number of companies signed on to the Global Compact and actively participating Energy and environment for Output 1.3.1: Strengthened capacity Outcome 1.3: Output 1.3.1. Regular Local/National Partners: sustainable development Strengthened of the National Sustainable Indicator: Number of meetings/seminars the NSDC Ministry of Environment, Ministry of resources: management and Development Committee (NSDC) to realized; number/type of decision the NSDC completed and Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Ministry of 685 protection of follow-up World Summit on implemented; policy papers transformed into policy Trade and Industry, Ministry of Transport, ecosystems for Sustainable Development and to issuance/position papers; State Planning Organization, Turkey’s Science Other resources: environmental support achieving the MDGs related Baseline: and Technology Institute (TUBITAK), 17 000 sustainability to environment Target: To be determined Regional Environment Centre, Underwater Research Association, Universities including Of which: Output 1.3.2: Increased government Output 1.3.2. Middle Eastern Technical University, State Gov’t c/s: and NGO capacities for sustainable Indicator: Number of stakeholder meetings completed; Meteorology Institute 1 000 management of agriculture, fisheries, development of environment and natural resource manual; GEF: forests, and energy for a pro-poor rate of participation in capacity-building activities; number International partners: 7 000 approach to conservation and diversity level of stakeholders participation in the Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan, international private TPCS: capacity-building exercise; sector, EUROSOLAR, World Bank, European 6 000 Baseline: Commission, World Wildlife Federation Private sector: Target: To be determined 2 500 TTF: Output 1.3.3: United Nations Output 1.3.3. 500 Framework Convention on Climate Indicator: Number of stakeholders Meeting realized; Change implementation supported by 8 Baseline: 5; Target: 13

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strengthening national and local Output 1.3.3. capacities to formulate and implement Indicator: National Communication Coordination Group strategies to address climate-related (NCCG) established; Baseline: 8; Target: 8 risks Output 1.3.3. Indicatorr: Number of National Communication issues resolved/addressed favourably with consensus; Baseline: 4; Target: 12 Output 1.3.3 Indicator: Development plans at national/local levels with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change development focus; Baseline: 6; Target: 15 CP Output 1.3.5: Increased Output 1.3.5. productivity and competitiveness Indicator: Level of energy utilized in different sectors; through improved energy efficiency assessment of clean development technology implemented in and conservation production; level of renewable energy applied to fulfil the energy demand of the nation; level of greenhouse gas emission; cost of implementing cleaner technology and its effect on the overall GDP. UNDAF OUTCOME 2: By 2010, social and economic policies for poverty and disparity reduction implemented effectively and quality basic services reaching vulnerable groups ensured. Achieving MDGs and Outcome 2.1: Pro-poor Output 2.1.1: All MDG targets Output 2.1.1 Regular Local/national partners:reducing human poverty policies developed systematically monitored and Indicator: Policy support for MDG report; Baseline: 0; State Planning Organization; Local Chambers resources: through partnership with achieved Target: 2 consultative national policy documents of Commerce; Social Solidarity 685 civil society and private Foundations/SRMP project implementers; Other resources: sector for social and Output 2.1.2: Pro-poor sectoral Output 2.1.2 Service Unions and Regional Development 17 500 economic development development policies including social Indicator:Agencies (once they are established); Policy support to government poverty reduction at all levels of society to assistance through dialogue academic institutions and national community Of which: strategies including Joint Inclusion Memorandum and achieve the MDG targets of practice on poverty (to be established Gov’t c/s: Government-World Bank Joint Poverty Assessment and for all 2005); Corporate Governance Association of 350 Policy Recommendations; Turkey, domestic private sector, women’s (additional to be Baseline: 0; Target: 2 consultative national policy entrepreneurship centres, Local Agenda determined) documents 21/Youth and Women platforms; State TPCS: Output 2.1.3: Disaggregated Institute of Statistics; 14 400 Output 2.1.3 demographic data and information Private sector: Indicator: A Global Compact manual issued and available and considered in social and 2 500 disseminated to guide associations wishing to implement the International partners: economic policy formulation and United Nations Country Team Working Group TTF: Global Compact principles; implementation on MDGs, World Bank, European 250 Baseline: no action plan exists: Commission, Regional Governors, United Target: Create practical guidelines Nations Global Compact Office/New York, bi- Output 2.1.4: Private sector lateral donors, international private sector, Output 2.1.4 competitiveness strengthened through United Nations Capital Development Fund, Indicator: Working models adapted for businesses on how alignment with the Global Compact United Nations Country Theme Thematic to integrate the principles of the Global Compact once they and improved product standards Group on Rural Development have enlisted; Baseline: no models exist; Target: Find external working 9 models and adapt to the Turkish context; look for local

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models; create database of success stories and best practices to be disseminated to interested parties and wider audience Output 2.1.5: Incentives and other Output 2.1.5 investment policies, including policies Indicator: Policy support to revised Government Incentive for foreign direct investment, Policy; Baseline: 0 rationalized for ensuring maximum Target: 1 consultative incentive policy review and impact on regional disparity reduction recommendation and employment creation Output 2.1.6: Increased integration of Output 2.1.6 SMEs in national and global value Indicator: Financial support provided to local chains through entrepreneurship and projects/initiatives of SMEs and/or civil society business development services, organizations with a view to generating employment, clustering, use of appropriate alternative income, to introduce innovative methods, etc., in technologies and vocational training eastern and south-eastern Anatolia region; Baseline: 0; Target: 35 Indicator: The number of SMEs diagnosed in south-eastern Anatolia and the rate of SMEs that are channelled to proper supports; Baseline as of 2005: 167 (57%); Target: 200 (60%) Indicator: The number of sector analysis reports generated and distributed in eastern and south-eastern Anatolia region; Target: 20; Baseline: 10 Indicator: Establishing close working relations and partnerships with relevant development projects in eastern/southeastern Anatolia region Target: 20 Baseline as of 2005: 11 Output 2.1.7: Local level poverty Output 2.1.7 initiatives implemented including Indicator: Establishing close working relations and micro-finance with civil and private partnerships with relevant development projects in sector partnership for social and Eastern/Southeastern Anatolia Region empowerment of the poor including Baseline as of 2005: 11 women and youth. Target: 20 Output 2.1.8: Rural development and Output 2.1.8 productivity models, including Indicator: Local initiatives on organic agriculture and organic farming techniques and agro-environmentally sound alternative income generating industrial innovations piloted in less activities developed in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia developed regions. Baseline: 1 Target: 5 Outcome 2.3: Pro-active Output 2.3.5 Better access for all to Output 2.3.5 Local/National Partners: strategies to increase information and services for Indicator: The number of people on which Youth Centers in Southeastern Anatolia: 10 demand and strengthen prevention of STIs and HIV/AIDS. Knowledge/attitude/behavior studies on HIV/AIDS are District Youth Centers in Eastern Anatolia;

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