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newsletter 1 - Tasmanian Audit Office - Accountability on Your Behalf

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newsletter 1 - Tasmanian Audit Office - Accountability on Your Behalf

     ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING DEVELOPMENTS

    Issue 2007/1

    October 2007

    ACCOUNTING UPDATE

    Compiled standards

    The following compiled standards have been issued which include amendments arising from AASB 2007-4, AASB 2007-5

    and Erratum: CONTENTS ? AASB 101 ‘Presentation of Financial Statements’ 1 ACCOUNTING UPDATE ? AASB 102 ‘Inventories’

    3 AUDITING UPDATE ? AASB 119 ‘Employee Benefits’ 4 ETHICAL UPDATE ? AASB 121 ‘The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange

    Rates’ 5 INTERNATIONAL

    ? AASB 129 ‘ Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary UPDATE Economies’

    6 MISCELLANEOUS ? AASB 130 ‘Disclosures in the Financial Statements of PUBLICATIONS Banks and Similar Financial Institutions’ 7 ACRONYMS AND ? AASB 132 ‘Financial Instruments: Disclosures’

    ABBREVIATIONS ? AASB 133 ‘Earnings per Share’ 8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ? AASB 134 ‘Interim Financial Reporting’. 8 COPIES OF REPORTS Copies of compiled standards are available from the AASB’s

    website: www.aasb.com.au AND PUBLICATIONS

    8 CONTACTS

    Standards applicable to financial years 1 July

    2006 30 June 2007

    The AASB has prepared a table that lists all standards

    applicable to the recent financial year. This table is accessed

    via the AASB’s website: www.aasb.com.au. The Tasmanian Audit Office Proposed interpretation Ground floor

    The AASB has issued a draft interpretation for public 144 Macquarie Street comment. The proposals address accounting for Australian Hobart, Tasmania, 7000 petroleum resource rent tax and conclude that AASB 112

    ‘Income Taxes’ applies. This is an issue specific to Australia Telephone: (03) 6226 0100

    and the finalised interpretation will only apply to this specific Fax: Fax: (03) 6226 0199 tax. The proposed interpretation is available from the AASB’s

    Website: website: www.aasb.com.au. Comments are requested by 12

    www.audit.tas.gov.au October 2007.

     ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING PAGE 2 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 2 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER

    Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) meeting 5-6 September 2007

    ED 155 ‘Financial Reporting by Whole of Governments’

    The Board considered submissions received on this exposure draft and decided that, with few

    exceptions, the proposals be accepted. The Board will develop a single standard that combines

    the proposals in ED 155 and the requirements in AASB 1049 ‘Financial Reporting of General Government Sectors by Governments’.

    Not-for-profit entity definition

    The AASB plans to issue an exposure draft proposing a definition for ‘not-for-profit entity’ late in 2007. The proposed definition will be based on the New Zealand framework’s definition and guidance. Service concession arrangements public sector grantors

    The Board decided that an Interpretation Advisory Panel should address: ? For service concession arrangements within the scope of AASB Interpretation 12 ‘Service

    Concession Arrangements’, does the Interpretation determine the general accounting by

    public sector grantors through the hierarchy for selecting accounting policies set out in AASB 108 ‘Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors’? ? If so, what accounting treatment is required of public sector grantors and is that appropriate

    and sufficient?

    ? If Interpretation 12 does not determine the general accounting by public sector grantors,

    what accounting may grantors adopt for such arrangements under existing Australian

    Accounting Standards, and why?

    Revision of AASB 101

    The Board considered a draft revised AASB 101 ‘Presentation of Financial Statements’ and a draft

    AASB 2007-X ‘Amendments to Australian Accounting Standards arising from AASB 101’. In respect of AASB 101, the Board decided to:

    ? Discontinue its previous practice of substituting ‘financial report’ for the international term

    ‘financial statements’

    ? Adopt the international definition of ‘general purpose financial statements’ ? Delete the definition of ‘Australian equivalents to IFRS’

    ? Replace the reference to ‘Australian equivalents to IFRS with Australian Accounting

    Standards’.

    AASB 2007-8 was subsequently issued in September 2007 incorporating the foregoing. This standard

    is applicable to annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2009, though early

    adoption is permitted.

    Updated AASB 1048

    A revised version of AASB 1048 ‘Interpretation and Application of Standards’ will shortly be released

    on the AASB’s website. AASB 1048 has been updated for recently released Interpretations. The

    revised standard will apply to annual reporting periods ending on or after 30 September 2007. Superannuation

    The Board continued its comprehensive review of AAS 25 ‘Financial Reporting by Superannuation

    Plans’.

    An Interpretation Advisory Panel will prepare recommendations as to how superannuation

    contributions tax affects the determination of an employer’s defined benefit obligations.

    ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 3 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 3

    Interpretations model

    The Board has decided to revise the process for developing interpretations of accounting standards.

     The Interpretations Agenda Committee will be disbanded and advisory panel recommendations will be used directly by the AASB to develop proposed interpretations and rejection statements.

Annual Improvements Project

     The IASB has a project designed to deal with non-urgent, minor amendments to IFRS. The main aim is to eliminate inconsistencies and improve clarity. The project is referred to as the Annual

    Improvements Project. The Board reviewed the draft proposals to recently come out of this project and agreed they will put forward the proposals as an exposure draft, highlighting those items that may affect current Australian practices.

     Other items The Board considered a draft submission on the International Accounting Standards Board’s (IASB) Discussion Paper ‘Preliminary Views on Insurance Contracts’. Source: AASB Action Alert 107, 7 September 2007.

     AUDITING UPDATE

    Australian Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

    New standards

    The AUASB is currently working on several new standards that relate to assurance engagements

    other than audits of general purpose financial reports.

    At recent meetings, the AUASB reviewed a proposed exposure draft ASRE 2400 ‘Review of Financial Reports and Other Historical Information’. This assurance standard will replace AUS 902 ‘Review of Financial Reports’. The exposure draft will be released shortly with a suggestion that it apply to financial reporting periods commencing on or after 1 January 2008.

    The AUASB is also working on a new standard applicable to compliance engagements. Called ASAE

    ‘Compliance Engagements’, this assurance standard is aimed at establishing mandatory

    requirements and providing explanatory guidance on compliance engagements (both reasonable

    and limited assurance). An exposure draft is expected to issue in late 2007.

    An early draft of a new standard on performance engagements has been prepared. This assurance standard will replace AUS 806 ‘Performance Auditing’ and AUS 808 ‘Planning Performance Audits’. The purpose of the new standard is to establish mandatory requirements and provide explanatory

    guidance for undertaking and reporting on performance engagements. The standard will apply to

    performance audits and reviews.

    New guidance statements

    The AUASB has approved for issue an exposure draft of guidance statement GS 004 ‘Audit Implications of Prudential Reporting Requirements for General Insurers’. This approval is subject to the Financial Sector Legislation Amendment (Simplifying Regulation and Review) Bill 2007 passing through Federal Parliament. This statement represents a revision of AGS 1064 ‘Audit Implications of Prudential Reporting Requirements for General Insurers’. GS 004 will provide guidance to the auditor of a general insurer in reporting pursuant to the prudential reporting requirements specified by APRA.

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ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007

    DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 5 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 5

    INTERNATIONAL UPDATE

    International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)

    New international pronouncement

    The IASB has released a revised version of IAS 1 ‘Presentation of Financial Statements’. The revised Standard applies to annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2009, with early adoption permitted.

    A copy of the revised Standard is available from the IASB’s website: www.iasb.org. Exposure drafts

    The IASB has released two exposure drafts. Proposed amendments to IAS 39 ‘Financial

    Instruments: Recognition and Measurement’ are intended to clarify what can be designated as a hedged item in a hedge accounting relationship.

    ED 9 ‘Joint Arrangements’ proposes a replacement to IAS 31 ‘Interests in Joint Ventures’. Comments are requested on both exposure drafts by 11 January 2008. Copies of exposure drafts are available from the IASB’s website: www.iasb.org.

    International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) Meeting 6-7 September

    The IFRIC discussed the following issues:

    ? IAS 18 ‘Revenue’ customer contributions. IFRIC is deliberating how to account for

    contributions when a customer provides an asset to a service provider that is then used to

    provide a service to that same customer

    ? IAS 27 ‘Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements’ non-cash distributions. IFRIC has

    decided that all dividends payable should be accounting for using a single standard,

    regardless of the type of asset to be distributed. This single standard is IAS 37 ‘Provisions,

    Contingent Assets and Contingent Liabilities’

    ? IFRS 2 ‘Share-based payment’ group cash-settled share-based payment transactions.

    IFRIC decided that certain arrangements are within the scope of IFRS 2 ? IAS 39 ‘Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement’ paragraph AG33(d)(iii) and

    scope of paragraph 11A. IFRIC is addressing an issue about whether a transaction includes

    an embedded foreign currency derivative and an issue about the application of the fair

    value option

    ? Agenda decisions and work in progress.

    Source: IFRIC Update September 2007.

     ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING

    PAGE 6 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 6 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER

    International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board (IPSASB) Exposure draft

    The IPSASB has a goal of converging IPSAS with IFRS, where appropriate. To this end, they have released ED 33 ‘Amendments to IPSAS 4, The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates’. ED 33 proposes amendments to update IPSAS 4 for the latest developments in IAS 21 ‘The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates’.

    Comments are requested by 31 December 2007. A copy of the exposure draft is available from the IFAC’s website: www.ifac.org.

    Source: IFRIC Media Release 7 September 2007.

    MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS

    Tasmanian Audit Office

    ? April 2007 Local Government Authorities and Other Public Bodies 2005-2006 ? April 2007 Management of an award breach and selected allowances and nurses’ overtime

    ? June 2007 Follow-up audits

    ? June 2007 Corporate credit cards

    ? June 2007 Risdon Prison: business case

    These publications are available at www.audit.tas.gov.au.

    Australian Capital Territory Auditor-General’s Office ? The Firelink Project

    This publication is available at www.audit.act.gov.au.

    Australian National Audit Office

    ? Australia’s Preparedness for a Human Influenza Pandemic

    ? What Government lawyers can do to bring about positive change in their agency (Speech) ? Fairness and Transparency in Purchasing Decisions, Probity in Australian Government

    Procurement (Better Practice Guide)

    These publications are available at www.anao.gov.au.

    Northern Territory Auditor-General’s Office

    ? August 2007 Report to the Legislative Assembly

    This publication is available at www.nt.gov.au/ago.

    Victorian Auditor-General’s Office

    ? 2007 Annual Report

    ? Program for Students with Disabilities: Program Accountability

    These publications are available at www.audit.vic.gov.au.

    Office of the Auditor General for Western Australia ? Management of Native Vegetarian Clearing

    ? 2007 Annual Report

    These publications are available at www.audit.wa.gov.au.

ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007

    DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 7 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 7

    ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

    AAS Australian Accounting Standards

    AASB Australian Accounting Standards Board

    AIFRS/AEIFRS Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards APRA Australian Prudential Regulation Authority ASA Australian Auditing Standard

    ASIC Australian Securities and Investments Commission AUASB Auditing and Assurance Standards Board ED Exposure Draft

    FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board (USA) GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles GFS Government Finance Statistics

    GG Government Gazette

    GG SS Government Gazette Special Supplement GGS General Government Sector

    GPFR General Purpose Financial Report

    IAASB International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board HoTARAC Heads of Treasuries Accounting and Reporting Advisory Committee IAS International Accounting Standard

    IASB International Accounting Standards Board IFAC International Federation of Accountants IFRIC International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee IFRS International Financial Reporting Standards IPSASB International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board ISA International Standards on Auditing

    ISQC International Standards on Quality Control PCAOB Public Company Accounting Oversight Board

     ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING ISSUE 2007/1 OCTOBER 2007 ACCOUNTING & AUDITING PAGE 8 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER PAGE 8 DEVELOPMENTS NEWSLETTER

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    The Tasmanian Audit Office gratefully acknowledges the Audit Office of NSW for permitting us to use

    material from its Awareness newsletter.

    COPIES OF REPORTS AND PUBLICATIONS

    Tasmanian Audit Office reports are available on the office’s web site at www.audit.tas.gov.au. Publications of the Australian Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (AUASB) including auditing

    and assurance standards, guidance statements, other guidance and exposure drafts are available

    direct from the AUASB as follows:

    Australian Auditing and Assurance Standards Board

    Phone: (03) 8080 7400

    Fax: (03) 8080 7450

    Postal Address: PO BOX 204 Collins Street West, Victoria 8007

    Website: www.auasb.gov.au.

    Publications of the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB), including Accounting Standards and Exposure Drafts are available direct from the AASB as follows:

     Phone: (03) 9617 7600 Fax: (03) 9617 7608

    Postal Address: PO BOX 204 Collins Street West, Victoria 8007

    Website: www.aasb.com.au

    Copies of International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) publications may be obtained direct from IFAC, 535 Fifth Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10017, USA (tel 212/286.9344 or fax 212/286.9570 or by visiting the IFAC web site at www.ifac.org.

    Copies of International Accounting Standards, Exposure Drafts and International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) publications may be obtained direct from the IASB, 30 Cannon Street, London EC4M 6XH, United Kingdom (tel +44 (020) 7332-2730 or fax +44 (020) 7332-2749 or email publications@iasb.org or Internet www.iasb.org).

    CONTACTS

    For matters arising in this Newsletter

    The Deputy Auditor General and / or the relevant Managers are usually your first point of contact

    for the application of financial audit queries on the general office number (03) 6226 0100. Deputy Auditor-General Ric De Santi ric.desanti@audit.tas.gov.au Manager, Financial Audit Neville I’Anson neville.ianson@audit.tas.gov.au Manager, Financial Audit Jeff Tongs Jeff.Tongs@audit.tas.gov.au Manager, Quality Assurance Rob Luciani Rob.Luciani@audit.tas.gov.au The Director of Performance Audit may be contacted for performance or compliance audit queries

    on the general office number (03) 6226 0100.

    Director, Performance Audit Geoff Driscoll geoff.driscoll@audit.tas.gov.au The Tasmanian Audit Office postal address is GPO Box 851, Hobart, TAS, 7001. This Newsletter is of a general nature only and is not intended to be a substitute for or relied upon as

    specific professional advice. No responsibility for loss occasioned to any person acting on or

    refraining from action as a result of any material in the publication can be accepted.

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