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listening

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listening

Part ?

     SectionA

     Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At

    the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the

    conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.

    During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is

    the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through

    the centre.

     注意?此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

     11. A) Look for a more suitable job.

     B) Accept the extra work willingly.

     C) Trade places with someone else.

     D) Ask his boss for a lighter schedule.

     12. A) He does not believe what the woman has told him.

     B) He is uncertain where his wife is at the moment.

     C) It is unusual for his wife to be at home now.

     D) It is strange for his wife to call him at work.

     13. A) The man is going to send out the memo tomorrow.

     B) The man will drive the woman to the station.

     C) The woman is concerned with the man’s health.

     D) The speakers are traveling by train tomorrow morning.

     14. A) A suite was booked instead of a double room.

     B) The room booked was on a different floor.

     C) The room booked was not spacious enough.

     D) The suite booked was for a different date.

     15. A) The fierce competition they face.

     B) The reason for low profits.

     C) The company’s sales policy.

     D) The lack of effective promotion.

     16. A) Do some shopping on their way home.

     B) Have the groceries delivered to them.

     C) Go and get the groceries at once.

     D) Manage with what they have.

     17. A) The problem with the air conditioner.

     B) The hot weather in summer.

     C) The atmosphere in the office.

     D) The ridiculous rules of the office.

     18. A) Find the priceless jewel she lost.

     B) Buy a ring with precious diamond.

     C) Set a new stone in her ring.

     D) Shop on Oxford Street for a decent gift.

     Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

     19. A) Damaging public facilities C) Organizing rallies in the park

     B) Hurting baby animals in the zoo D) Destroying urban wildlife

     20. A) The serious consequences of his doings were not fully realized.

     B) His behaviour was thought to have resulted from mental illness.

     C) He had bribed the park keepers to keep quiet.

     D) People had differing opinions about his behaviour

     21. A) Brutal C) Justifiable

     B) Too Harsh D) Well-deserved

     22.A) Organising people against the authorities.

     B) Stealing endangered animals from the zoo.

     C) Encouraging others to follow his wrong doing.

     D) Attacking the park keepers in broad daylight.

     Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

     23.A) She is good at foreign languages. C) She is fond of practical courses.

     B) She has already left school. D) She works for the handicapped.

     24.A) He speaks French and German. C)He is interested in science courses.

     B)He attends a boarding school. D)He is the brightest of her three kids.

     25.A) Comprehensive schools do not offer quality education.

     B) Children from low income families can’t really choose schools.

     C) Public schools are usually bigger in size than private schools.

     D) Parents decide what schools their children are to attend.

     Section B

     Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

     注意?此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

     Passage One

     Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

     Section B

     Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Part III Listening Comprehension

    Section B

    Passage 1

    Since I started working part-time at a grocery store, I have learned that a customer is more than someone who buy something. To me, a customer is a person whose memory fails entirely once he or she starts to push a shopping card. One of the first things customers forget is how to count. There is no other way to explain how so many people get in their express line, which is clearly marked 15 items or less, with 20, 25 or even a cart load of items. Customers also forget why they came to the store in the first place. Just as I finish ringing up an order, a customer will say, Oops, I forgot to pick up a fresh loaf of bread. I hope you dont mind waiting while I go get it. Five minutes later, hes back

    with the bread, a bottle of milk, and three rolls of paper towels. Strange is that seems customers also seem to forget that they have to pay for their groceries. Instead of writing a check or looking for a credit card while I am ringing up the groceries, my customers will wait until I announce the total. Then, in surprise, she says, Oh no, what did I do with my check book? After 5 minutes of digging

    through her purse, she borrows my pen because shes forgotten hers. But I

    have to be tolerant of customers because they pay my salary, and thats

    something I cant afford to forget.

    Q26. What does the speaker say about customers entering the grocery store?

    Q27. Which customers are supposed to be in the express line?

    Q28. What does the speaker say some customers do when they arrive at the check-out counter?

    Q29. What does the speaker say about his job at the end of the talk? Passage 2

    The speech delivery style of Europeans and Asians tends to be very formal. Speakers of these cultures often read oral presentations from carefully retain manual scripts. On the other hand, American speakers are generally more informal relative to speakers and other cultures. American audiences prefer natural, spontaneous delivery that conveys a lively sense of communication. They dont relay well to speakers who read from a manual script. If you use an outline of your ideas instead of a prepare text, your speech will not only sound more natural, but you will also be able to establish better relationship with your listeners and keep their attention. The language and style you use when making an oral presentation should not be the same as the language in style you use when writing. Well retain information, that is meant to be read, does not work as well when it is heard. It is, therefore, important for you to adapt retain texts or outlines for presentations. Good speakers are much more informal when speaking than when writing. They also use their own words and develop their

    own speaking styles. Whenever possible, they use short words. Listeners are appreciated when speakers use simple, everyday words in a presentation. One advantage is that it is much easier for speakers to pronounce short words correctly. Another is that long and sophisticated vocabulary choices make listening more difficult.

    Question 30 to 32

    30. What does the speaker say American audiences prefer?

    31. What should one pay attention to when making an oral presentation? 32. What does the speaker focus on in the talk?

    Passage 3

Let children learn to judge their own work

    A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time. If corrected too much, he will stop talking. He compares a thousand times a day the difference between language as he uses it and language as those around him use it. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other peoples. In the same way, kids learning to do all the other things they learn without adult teachers, to walk, run, climb, ride a bike, play games, compare their own performance with what more skilled people do, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to detect his mistakes. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him. Soon he becomes dependent on the expert. We should let him do it himself. Let him figure out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what is the answer to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or that.

    If right answers need to be given, as in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such tedious work? Our job should be to help the children when they tell us that they cant find the way to get the right answer.

    Question 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. Q33 How does a child learn to do something according to the speaker? Q34 What belief do teachers commonly hold according to the speaker? Q35 What does the speaker imply about the current way of teaching?

201212月英语四级真题听力复合式听写原文?考完试的同学可以对比一下自己的考试题

    目。

    Time is, for the average American, of utmost importance. To the foreign visitor, Americans seem to be more concerned with getting things accomplished on time (according to a predetermined schedule) than they are with developing deep interpersonal relations. Schedules, for the American, are meant to be planned and then followed in the smallest detail.

    It may seem to you that most Americans are completely controlled by the little machines they wear on their wrists, cutting their discussions off abruptly to make it to their next appointment on time.

    Americans language is filled with references to time, giving a clear indication of how much it is valued. Time is something to be on, to be kept, filled,

    saved, wasted, gained, planned, given, made the most of, even

    killed.

    The international visitor soon learns that it is considered very rude to be late -- even by 10 minutes -- for an appointment in America.

    Time is so valued in America, because by considering time to be important one can clearly achieve more than if one wastes time and doesnt keep busy. This

    philosophy has proven its worth. It has enabled Americans to be extremely productive, and productivity itself is highly valued in America. Many American proverbs stress the value of guarding time, using it wisely, and setting and working toward specific goals. Americans believe in spending their time and energy today so that the fruits of their labor may be enjoyed at a later time.

11.

     W: I just heard about a really beautiful park in the east end of the town. There are a lot of roses in bloom.

     M: Why don’t we walk over there and see for ourselves?

     Q: What will the speakers probably do?

     12.

     M: My presentation is scheduled for 9:30 tomorrow morning at the lecture hall. I hope to see you there.

     W: Oh, sorry. I was about to tell you that I have an appointment with my dentist at 9:00 o’clock tomorrow.

     Q: What do we learn about the woman?

     13.

     W: How long have you been running this company?

     M: Twenty years if you can believe that. I brought it from a small operation to what it is today.

     Q: What do we learn about the man?

     14.

     M: Have you read the news on the campus net? Susan has won the scholarship for next year.

     W: I knew she would from the very beginning. Such a brilliant and diligent girl! She certainly deserves it.

     Q: What does the woman mean?

     15.

     W: Taking a bus to Miami, it’s cheaper than going by train.

     M: That’s true. But I’d rather pay a little more for the added comfort and convenience.

     Q: What does the man mean?

     16.

     M: I think it’s time we got rid of all this old furniture.

     W: You’re right. We need to promote our image besides it’s not a real antique.

     Q: What do the speakers mean?

     17.

     M: That was some storm yesterday. How was I afraid I couldn’t make it home.

     W: Yeah, most of the roads to my house were flooded. I didn’t get home from the lab until midnight.

     Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

     18.

     W: My boys are always complaining that they’re bored.

     M: Why don’t you get them into some team sports? My son and daughter play soccer every Saturday. And they both look forward to it all week.

     Q: What does the man mean?

     Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard

     W: So John, I hear you and Arthur share a job, don’t you?

     M: Yes. We’ve shared a sales job at Sonatech for about two years now.

     W: Well, how do you divide up your schedule?

     M: You know we are both sales representatives, and we take orders over the phone. When we

    started job sharing it was difficult, because we both worked all day Monday. I worked Tuesday and Thursday and Arthur worked Wednesday and Friday. The problem was that when I was in the office on Tuesday. I would talk to people, then they would call back on Wednesday with a question. But Arthur couldn’t answer the question and he couldn’t ask me about it because I wasn’t in the office. So he had to ask the people to call me back the next day, Thursday. Of course,

    they didn’t like to wait until the next day to have their questions answered.

     W: Yes, that sounds like a problem.

     M: So, finally we decided that Arthur would work in the mornings and I would work in the afternoons. Now if someone calls with the question for me in the morning, Arthur tells them to call me in the afternoon. This way, people get their questions answered the same day.

     W: What do you do about vacations?

     M: Well, Sonatech gives the usual two weeks of vacation to full-time employees, I take a week and Arthur takes a week.

     W: It sounds like job sharing has worked out well for you.

     M: Yes, it has. We are both happy with it.

     Q19. What do John and author do at Sonatech?

     Q20. What problem did John and Arthur have when they started job sharing?

     Q21. What does John say about their annual vacation?

     Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard

     W: May I see your license, please?

     M: But officer, did I do something wrong?

     W: Do you mean to say you didn’t see the speed limit sign back there?

     M: Um, no, madam, I guess I didn’t.

     W: In other words, you drove by too fast to read it. The sign says 35m/h. A school is just nearby, you know?

     M: Don’t get me wrong, but my speedometer didn’t read much faster than that.

     W: Then, why is it that my radar showed you are going 45? Let me put it another way. I’m going to give you a ticket. Again, may I see your license, please?

     M: Here it is, officer. But let me explain. I was late for an important appointment and I was worried that I wouldn’t make it on time. So...

     W: Uha, just a minute, here. Your license is no longer valid. You should have renewed it two weeks ago. I’m going to have to write you up for that, too.

     M: What? Really?

     W: Your license becomes invalid on your birthday and that was two weeks ago according to the date here. You are in violation of the lawdriving without a valid license.

     M: I’m sorry, madam. I hadn’t realized that.

     W: Here’s the ticket for not having a valid license. But I’m only going to give you a warning about exceeding the speed limit. Be careful next time.

     M: Yes, madam, officer, I will. Thank you.

     Q22. Where was the man stopped by the police officer?

     Q23. What did the man claim about the speed limit sign?

     Q24. What did the woman say about the man’s driving license?

     Q25. What was the man’s penalty?

     Section B

     Passage 1

     Since I started working part-time at a grocery store, I have learned that a customer is more than someone who buy something. To me, a customer is a person whose memory fails entirely once he or she starts to push a shopping card. One of the first things customers forget is how to count. There is no other way to explain how so many people get in their express line, which is clearly marked 15 items or less, with 20, 25 or even a cart load of items. Customers also forget why they came to the store in the first place. Just as I finish ringing up an order, a customer will say, “Oops, I forgot to pick up a fresh loaf of bread. I hope you don’t mind waiting while I go get it.” Five minutes later, he’s back with the bread, a bottle of milk, and three rolls of paper towels. Strange is that seems customers also seem to forget that they have to pay for their groceries. Instead of writing a check or looking for a credit card while I am ringing up the groceries, my customers will wait until I announce the total. Then, in surprise, she says, “Oh no, what did I do with my check book?” After 5 minutes of digging through her purse, she borrows my pen because

    she’s forgotten hers. But I have to be tolerant of customers because they pay my salary, and that’s something I can’t afford to forget.

     Q26. What does the speaker say about customers’ entering the grocery store?

     Q27. Which customers are supposed to be in the express line?

     Q28. What does the speaker say some customers do when they arrive at the check-out counter?

     Q29. What does the speaker say about his job at the end of the talk?

     Passage 2

     The speech delivery style of Europeans and Asians tends to be very formal. Speakers of these cultures often read oral presentations from carefully retain manual scripts. On the other hand, American speakers are generally more informal relative to speakers and other cultures. American audiences prefer natural, spontaneous delivery that conveys a lively sense of communication. They don’t relay well to speakers who read from a manual script. If you use an outline of your ideas instead of a prepare text, your speech will not only sound more natural, but you will also be able to establish better relationship with your listeners and keep their attention. The language and style you use when making an oral presentation should not be the same as the language in style you use when writing. Well retain information, that is meant to be read, does not work as well when it is heard. It is, therefore, important for you to adapt retain texts or outlines for presentations. Good speakers are much more informal when speaking than when writing. They also use their own words and develop their own speaking styles. Whenever possible, they use short words. Listeners are appreciated when speakers use simple, everyday words in a presentation. One advantage is that it is much easier for speakers to pronounce short words correctly. Another is that long and sophisticated vocabulary choices make listening more difficult.

     Question 30 to 32

     30. What does the speaker say American audiences prefer?

     31. What should one pay attention to when making an oral presentation?

     32. What does the speaker focus on in the talk?

     Passage 3

     Let children learn to judge their own work

     A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time. If corrected too much, he will stop talking. He compares a thousand times a day the difference between language as he

    uses it and language as those around him use it. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, kids learning to do all the other things they learn without adult teachers, to walk, run, climb, ride a bike, play games, compare their own performance with what more skilled people do, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to detect his mistakes. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him. Soon he becomes dependent on the expert. We should let him do it himself. Let him figure out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what is the answer to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or that.

     If right answers need to be given, as in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such tedious work? Our job should be to help the children when they tell us that they can’t find the way to get the right answer.

     Question 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

     Q33 How does a child learn to do something according to the speaker?

     Q34 What belief do teachers commonly hold according to the speaker?

     Q35 What does the speaker imply about the current way of teaching?

     Section C

     Time is, for the average American, of utmost importance. To the foreign visitor, Americans seem to be more concerned with getting things accomplished on time (according to a predetermined schedule) than they are with developing deep interpersonal relations. Schedules, for the American, are meant to be planned and then followed in the smallest detail.

     It may seem to you that most Americans are completely controlled by the little machines they wear on their wrists, cutting their discussions off abruptly to make it to their next appointment on time.

     Americans’ language is filled with references to time, giving a clear indication of how much

    it is valued. Time is something to be “on,” to be “kept,” “filled,” “saved,” “wasted,” “gained,” “planned,” “given,” “made the most of,” even “killed.”

     The international visitor soon learns that it is considered very rude to be late -- even by 10 minutes -- for an appointment in America.

     Time is so valued in America, because by considering time to be important one can clearly achieve more than if one “wastes” time and doesn’t keep busy. This philosophy has proven its

    worth. It has enabled Americans to be extremely productive, and productivity itself is highly valued in America. Many American proverbs stress the value of guarding time, using it wisely, and setting and working toward specific goals. Americans believe in spending their time and energy today so that the fruits of their labor may be enjoyed at a later time.

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