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My+Friend+einstein

By Brandon Patterson,2014-12-06 03:11
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My+Friend+einstein

    Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

     The war is becoming the most important story of this

    generation.

     It is quite another story now.

     Some reporters who were not included in the session broke

    the story.

     He’ll be very happy if that story holds up.

     The Rita Hayworth’s story is one of the saddest. What a story! I don’t believe a word of it.

     Last December the Post first reported that probes were

    being made in each of those cities, but officials refused to

    confirm the story.

     The story about him became smaller and by and by faded

    out from American TV.

     Delicate difference

     Delicate diplomatic question

     Delicate ear for music

     Delicate features

     Delicate food

     Delicate health

     Delicate living

     Delicate porcelain

Delicate sense of smell

     Delicate skin

     Delicate stomach

     Delicate surgical operation

     Delicate touch

     Delicate upbringing

     Delicate vase

    My Friend, Albert Einstein

    ; Guess who is he/she

    ; An English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist,

    theologian

    ; gravitation and its effect on the orbits of planets

    ; The Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (now known as the Principia) was

    published on 5 July 1687, talking about three universal laws of motion ; an object at rest tends to stay at rest and that an object in uniform motion tends to

    stay in uniform motion unless acted upon by a net external force.

    ; an applied force, , on an object equals the rate of change of its momentum, , with time

    ; for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

    ; He has a story related with APPLE

    ; Isaac Newton

    ; physicist and chemist of Polish upbringing and, subsequently, French citizenship ; She was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity

    ; the only person honored with Nobel Prizes in two different sciences ; the first female professor at the University of Paris.

    ; Marie Skłodowska–Curie

    ; a British theoretical physicist

    ; He is known for his contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity,

    especially in the context of black holes.

; The author of “A Brief History of Time

    ; He is now almost completely paralyzed.

    ; Stephen Hawking

    ; an English naturalist

    ; realised and demonstrated that all species of life have evolved over time from common

    ancestors through the process he called natural selection

    ; His scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology

    ; Charles Darwin

    ; a Swiss linguist

    ; His ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments in linguistics in the 20th

    century

    ; He is widely considered the 'father' of 20th-century linguistics, and his ideas have had a

    monumental impact on literary and cultural theory and interpretation ; Ferdinand de Saussure

    ; Person of the Century------Time 1999

    ; “The world has changed far more in the past 100 years than in any other century in

    history. The reason is not political or economic, but technological----technologies that

    flowed directly from advances in basic science…Clearly, no scientist better represents

    those advances than Albert Einstein.”

     ------Stephen Hawking

    What do you know about Einstein?

    ; “My life is a simple thing that would interest no one. It is a known fact that I was born

    and that is all that is necessary.”

    ; Was born in Germany, 1879

    ; Was slow to learn to speak ; did not do well in elementary school; could not stand

    organized learning; loathed taking exams

    2; “Special Theory of Relativity”(狭义相对论), E=MC , 1905

    ; “General Theory of Relativity”(广义相对论)1916

    ; Earned the Nobel Prize for Physics, 1921

    ; Fled European fascism, settled at Princeton University, 1933

    ; Helped the large number of refugees who were arriving in the US from Nazi Germany ; Signed a letter to President F. Roosevelt, urging the US to develop an atomic bomb

    before Nazi Germany did it

    ; As a result, “Manhattan Project” was formed that secretly developed the first atomic

    weapon.

    ; Died in Princeton, New Jersey, 1955

    ; How would you describe Einstein’s appearance?

    What do you think are the necessary qualities if one wants to be a great scientist?

    ; The structure of the text

    ; Read through the text again and divide the text into Four Parts

    Part One (Para.1)

    It introduces the main idea of the article, that the most essential quality of Einstein is simplicity.

    Text Analysis

    convey: communicate or express sth, with or without words

null

    ; She’ll worry at those figures until she’s sure they’ve been worked out properly.

    be up against: in a very difficult situation or with a serious problem to deal with

    Eg. Tom is sure to be up against various problems after he takes his office.

     fathom: understand what sth. means after thinking about it carefully

    Eg. I could not fathom why he did not come.

    Part Three (Para. 8--11)

    The author highlights the simplicity and greatness Einstein displayed in his scientific research.

    Translation:

    Beethoven “created” his music, but the music of Mozart was of such purity and beauty one felt

    he had merely “found” it----that it had always existed as part of the inner beauty of the

    Universe, waiting to be revealed.

    贝多芬的音乐是创造出来的?而莫扎特的音乐是如此纯净和优美?让人感觉他只是发现

    了它----它一直是宇宙内在美的一部分?一直存在着?等待我们去发现。

    at rest: not moving; not active;

    Eg. We can not get off the bus when it is not at rest.

    characterize: be a typical quality or feature of sb. or sth.

    ; This kind of behavior characterizes the criminal mind. 这种举止是罪犯的心理特征。

    stationary: (adj.) 固定的?不动的

    stationery: (n.) 文具

    lesser man: a man not as strong, brave, intelligent, etc.

    provided (that)/providing (that ) : on the condition that

    ; You may keep the book a further week provided (that) no one else requires it.

    cherish: think something is very important and wish to keep it

    ; cherish one's family/ hope/ right/ chance

    ; fine rugs that are cherished by their owners

    ; cherish a memory

    Fail: not help (someone) when they expect you to;

    Eg.

    She wants to talk to him, but her courage failed him.

    I failed them when they needed me.

    Words failed him: He couldn't find proper words to describe Einstein’s greatness.

    tribute: a gift, payment, declaration, or other acknowledgment of gratitude, respect, or

    admiration 礼物,称赞,颂辞,表示感激、尊重或仰慕等情感的礼物、回报、声明或其他形式的

    表示

    ; as a tribute to his generosity 作为对他慷慨大度的颂扬

    ; pay a high tribute to sb.'s ability 高度称赞某人的能力

    Translation:

    His very ineloquence made this the most eloquent tribute I have heard to Einstein’s genius.

    他的语屈词穷恰恰是我听过的对爱因斯坦天才的最为深刻的褒奖。

    自责?后悔

    有成就的

    业余的

    职业的?专业的

    假说?设想

粗略地说

    有极端的矛盾

    落荒而逃

    并排?并肩

    倒塌

    Part Four (Para. 12--13)

    The conclusion

    sum up概括?总结

    akin to: very similar to

    take on/take after/take in/take off/

    take over/take up

    1.Who will __ my job when I’m away.

    2.Tom ___ his father very much. 3.Her face ___ a worried look. 4.The plane will ___ at 7:00. 5.The cloth ___ water very easily. 6.Don’t be ___ by his words.

    7.When did you ___ that kind of job.

    8.___ your clothes. It’s very warm here.

    What is the thesis statement of this article?

    He was one of the greatest scientists the world has ever known, yet if I had to convey the essence

    of Albert Einstein in a single word, I would choose simplicity.

    Find the specific details in the article that support this theme.

    ; attitude to money

    ; his appearance

    ; deal with other people

    ; cope with a difficult problem

    ; view of Mozart

    ; his scientific methods

    ; anecdotes

    ; contrast

    As a scientist, he was

    ; great

    ; extraordinary

    ; distinguished

    His theory is

    ; important

    ; controversial

    As a man, he was

    ; simple

    ; ordinary

    ; modest

    ; natural

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