By Theresa Austin,2014-06-20 23:54
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    Four objectives of the speech

    ; To offer information;

    ; To entertain the audience;

    ; To touch emotions;

    ; To move to action;

    1. nos in public speaking 演讲切忌 ;

    ; Talking too rapidly;

    ; Speaking in a monotone;

    ; Using too high a vocal pitch;

    ; Talking and not saying much;

    ; Presenting without enough emotion or passion;

    ; Talking down to the audience;

    ; Using too many "big" words;

    ; Using abstractions without giving concrete examples;

    ; Using unfamiliar technical jargon; ; Using slang or profanity;

    ; Disorganized and rambling performance; ; Indirect communication i.e. beating around the bush

    2. How to communicate with the audience

    ; A message worth communicating;

    ; Gain the listeners' atention: capture their interest and build their trust;

    ; Emphasize understanding;

    ; Obtain their feedback;

    ; Watch your emotional tone;

    ; Persuade the audience;

    3. How to gain confidence

    ; Smile and glance at the audience;

    ; Start very slowly, with your shoulders back and your chin up;

    ; Open your speech by saying something very frankly; ; Wear your very best clothes;

    ; Say something positive to yourself;

    4. How to organize the speech

    ; To have a structure: such as first, second, third; geographically, north, south, east, west;

    compare and contrasts; our side versus their side; negative and positive;

    ; To label the materials such as jokes, funny anecdotes, favorite sayings, interesting


    ; To use notecards;

     5. How to begin

    ; To tell a story (about yourself); ; To acknowledge the occasion of the gathering

    ; To pay the listeners a compliment

    ; To quote

    ; To use unusual statistics

    ; To ask the audience a challenging question

; To show a video or a slide.

    6. How to close

    ; To repeat your opening;

    ; To summarize your presentation;

    ; To close with an anecdote;

    ; To end with a call to action;

    ; To ask a rhetorical question;

    ; To make a statement;

    ; To show an outline of your presentation.

    7. How to use cards

    ; Number your cards on the top right;

    ; Write a complete sentence on both your first and last card;

    ; Write up to five key words on other cards;

    ; Use color to mark the words you want to emphasize;

    ; Remind yourself at a particular sport to check the time.

    8. How to cope with brownout

    ; Just smile and go to the next card. Not the one in front of you, but to the next following.

     9. How to use gestures

    ; Make sure all your gestures are smooth and natural;

    ; Don't put your hands in your pockets;

    ; Let your hands and arms drop naturally to your side ,gently fold both indes fingers

    together, without wringing or gripping your hands in any way;

    ; Let your hands do what they want to do as long as they don't go back into your pockets or

    make obscene gestures.

    ; Point at imaginary objects and don't point at others with your index finger; ; Size or quantity can also easily be shown by expanding or contracting the hands; ; Gracefully show your audience the appropriate number of fingers by holding your hands

    at a 45 degree angle from your head;

    ; TO emphasize physical size such as length, width, hold your hands out in front you

    widely apart to move them up and down.

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