US Education Information Center Інформаційний Центр Освіти США American Councils *DOS-ECA/PAS* INTERVIEW TYPES vul. Melnykova 63, Kyiv – 04050 Tel.: (044) 483-25-32 / 483-91-38 Fax: (044) 482-02-20 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.americancouncilskyiv.org.ua
Job Interview Types:
? There are different types of job interviews you may participate in during the hiring process. Here
are the major ones and tips on how to handle them.
? Stress interviews are a deliberate attempt to see how you handle yourself under stress. The
interviewer may be sarcastic or argumentative, or may keep you waiting. Expect this to happen,
and when it does, don't take it personally.
? Calmly answer each question as it comes. Ask for clarification if you need it and never rush into
? The interviewer may also lapse into silence at some point during the interview. Recognize this as
an attempt to unnerve you. Sit silently until the interviewer resumes the questioning. If a minute
goes by, ask if he/she needs clarifications on any of your last comments.
? In a one-on-one interview, it has been established that you have the skills and education necessary
for the position. The interviewer wants to see if you will fit in with the company, and how your
skills will complement the rest of the department.
? Your goal in a one-on-one interview is to establish a rapport with the interviewer and show him or
her that your qualifications will benefit the company.
? A screening interview is meant to screen out unqualified candidates. Providing facts about your
skills is more important than establishing a rapport. Interviewers will work from an outline of
points they want to cover, looking for inconsistencies in your resume and challenging your
? Provide answers to Interviewers’ questions, and never volunteer any additional information. That
information could work against you. One type of screening interview is the telephone interview. Lunch Interview:
? The same rules apply in lunch interviews as in those held at the office. The setting may be more
casual, but remember it is a business lunch and you are being watched carefully.
? Use the lunch interview to develop common ground with your interviewer. Follow his or her lead
in both selection of food and in etiquette.
Committee Interview: ? Committee interviews are a common practice. You will face several members of the company who
have a say in whether you are hired.
? When answering questions from several people, speak directly to the person asking the question; it
is not necessary to answer to the group.
? In some committee interviews, you may be asked to demonstrate your problem-solving skills. The
committee will outline a situation and ask you to formulate a plan that deals with the problem.
You don't have to come up with the ultimate solution. The interviewers are looking for how you
apply your knowledge and skills to a real-life situation.
? A group interview is usually designed to uncover the leadership potential of prospective managers
and employees who will be dealing with the public. The candidates are gathered together in an
informal, discussion-type interview. A subject is introduced and the interviewer will start off the
? The goal of the group interview is to see how you interact with others and how you use your
knowledge and reasoning powers to win over the other participants. If you do well in the group
interview, you can expect to be asked back for a more extensive interview.
Telephone Interview: ? Telephone interviews are merely screening interviews meant to eliminate unqualified candidates,
so that only a few are left for personal interviews. You might be called out of the blue, or a
telephone call to check on your resume might turn into an interview. Your mission is to be invited
for a personal, face-to-face interview.
? Anticipate the dialogue: Write a general script with answers to questions you might be asked.
Focus on skills, experiences, and accomplishments. Practice until you are comfortable. Then
replace the script with cue cards that you keep by the telephone.
? Keep your notes handy: Have any key information, including your resume, notes about the
company, and any cue cards you have prepared, next to the phone. You will sound prepared if you
don't have to search for information. Make sure you also have a notepad and a pen, so you can
write down notes and any questions you would like to ask at the end of the interview.
? Be prepared to think on your feet: If you are asked to participate in a role-playing situation, give
short but precise answers. Accept any criticism with tact and grace.
? Avoid salary issues: If you are asked how much money you would expect, try to avoid the issue
by using a delaying statement or give a broad range. At this point, you do not know how much the
job is worth.
? Push for a face-to-face meeting: Sell yourself by closing with something like: "I am very
interested in exploring the possibility of working in your company. I would appreciate an
opportunity to meet with you in person, so that we could both better evaluate each other. I am free
either Tuesday afternoon or Wednesday morning. Which would be better for you?"
? Try to reschedule surprise interviews: You will not be your best with a surprise interview. If
you were called unexpectedly, try to set an appointment to call back by saying something like: "I
have a scheduling conflict at this time. Can I call you back tomorrow after work, say 6 PM?"