PART II SCHEMES OF STUDY
AND COURSES HANDBOOK
Enrolling for Part II modules 1
Schemes of Study: BA Criminology, Single Honours
and Combined Schemes 2/3
Information on assessment, free-standing modules, etc 3/4
Lists of option modules (major and minor students) 5
Modules in detail 6-32
You will have received details from the Registry about on-line module enrolment. The following information should help. Your degree will be made up of eight ‘units’ taken over
the second and third years. Major students in this department will have a minimum of 5 units in Criminology. Note these are minimum requirements for single honours major
students and more units may be taken with us. Remaining units can be chosen from other departments as minor subjects, subject to pre-requisites in each department. Students registered for combined schemes of study (with the exception of Law and Criminology majors) will have a minimum of 4 units in each subject.
You will find that we talk about ‘units’, ‘modules’ and ‘courses’ and may well be confused!
The important thing to remember is that some modules or courses are full-units (=1.0) and some are half-units (=0.5). So, here are some examples to illustrate possibilities when you think about constructing your degree. It is also worth knowing that you can change your enrolment on option modules up to the end of week 2 of the Michaelmas and Lent terms.
NB: If you are a current first year student, you will be asked to choose modules for your second year only when you enrol in Summer Term. Third year options will be chosen in Summer Term next year. If you are a current second year student, you will be asked to make your choices for your third year.
Example only: single honours Criminology major
; This examples shows a half unit minor module taken in Sociology in the second
year and a unit in Law in the third year.
Second year of study Third year of study
ASSC 201 0.5 ASSC 339 0.5
ASSC 204 0.5 ASSC 313 1.0
ASSC 205 1.0 ASSC 335 0.5
ASSC 211 1.0 ASSC 337 1.0
ASSC 210 0.5 LAW ….. 1.0
SOCL … 0.5 ___
Combined honours schemes Criminology & Sociology; Law &
You will normally take 4 units of Criminology and 4 units of your other subject over your second and third years (Law & Criminology majors take 5 units in Law and 3 units in Criminology over the second and third years). ASSC 205 is compulsory for everyone in year 2; ASSC 201 may also be compulsory in year 2. Please check detail below.
SUMMARY OF MODULE STRUCTURE FOR CRIMINOLOGY & COMBINED MAJORS
Part I: First Year Part I Crime and Social Life, and two other Part I subjects (at least one
must be chosen from a department within the Faculty of Arts & Social
Part II: Single Honours Criminology majors are required to take a
Second and minimum of five full units (equivalent) in this department. Third Years Compulsory second year modules are ASSC 201 Understanding
Research (half-unit module), ASSC 204 Measuring Crime (half-unit
module), and ASSC 205 Criminological Thought (full-unit module).
The remaining modules (equivalent of three full units) are chosen from
the list on page 5. You can opt to take the remaining three units
(equivalent) from options on the Criminology scheme or as minor
modules in other departments. You should take four units in the
second year and four units in the third year.
Law & Criminology Law 101r English Legal Systems & Methods, Law 103r Torts Law, Part I: First Year Law 104 Criminal Law, Law 106 Contract Law, ASSC102 Part I Crime &
Part II: The equivalent of five full units of Law and three full units of Second and Criminology over years two and three, to include compulsory Third Years modules Law 213c, 261a, and ASSC 205 in the second year, and
Law 202, 203, 214 in the third year. (Some of these compulsory
modules relate to students who aim for the LLB degree. Please
consult the Law Department to confirm their requirements.)
Criminology & Sociology
Part I: First Year ASSC102 Part I Crime and Social Life, Part I Sociology, and one other
Part I subject.
Part II: The equivalent of four full units in each department over years two Second and and three, to include compulsory modules ASSC 205 and SOCL200, Third Years and either ASSC 201 Understanding Research or SOCL 201 in the
second year. In the third year, there is a compulsory disseration unit
in the Sociology department (please contact Sociology for further
details). You should take four units in the second year and four units
in the third year.
Developing flexibility in the Criminology degree schemes: free-standing modules
We are keen to continue to explore ways in which students can benefit from much greater flexibility within our degree schemes. We wish to encourage our majors to use the existing framework of our degrees (and possible non-standard ways which we can explore) to develop your areas of special interest which are relevant to the overall degree programme.
So, for example - and this is only an example - students wishing to develop an interest in a particular area of criminology can take the taught units on offer in any year. In addition, you can use ASSC 231 in the second year to develop a 5,000 word half-unit extended essay
relating to one of the second year taught modules. Also, final year major students can use ASSC 331 in the same way but ‘attached’ to a final year taught module. Alternatively (or in
addition to), final year students can undertake full unit dissertation option ASSC 336 (10,000 words) to develop some further work in the study of criminology. While the aim of ASSC 336 is to encourage a display of empirical skills, what constitutes research can be interpreted quite widely.
There are no specific taught sessions for these free-standing modules. The onus is on students to identify and agree a title with a supervisor, and to arrange supervisory sessions. Please see the relevant pages of the handbook for details on how to enrol (NB: these
modules are not available for on-line enrolment: you must arrange supervision then enrol in the Criminology office (C155 Bowland North).
University rules allow for up to four full units to be assessed by coursework only, i.e. without formal examination. ASSC 210, 310, 311, 322 and 380 are all compulsorily assessed by 100% coursework. So it is important that you think about it when you make your decisions for second year modules as you may restrict your final year choice of modules. Remember to keep a record of your coursework assessment so that you don’t exceed the quota. Some
modules have a choice of either 100% coursework assessment or 100% examination: ASSC
235, 335, 339 and 340. You may want to take one or more of the ‘free-standing’ modules
noted above: ASSC 231, 331 and 336 (full unit).
ASSC201 is assessed by 100% examination. On certain option modules you can choose
100% examination (ASSC 235, 335 and 339). Where you choose this method of assessment, we ask that registrations are lodged in the departmental office early in Lent Term. (The date to coincide with examination enrolment organised by the Student Registry.) We advise students to keep a balance between coursework and examination.
Assessment by coursework and examination
ASSC 204, 205, 211, 218, 313 and 337 are assessed by a combination of coursework and examination and they do not count in the calculation for 100% coursework assessment.
Second and third year assessment
You will normally be expected to take four full units in the second year and four in the third year. All modules taken in the second year will be examined that year. When choosing modules, please make sure you know the value of each one, e.g. many modules are half-units, and the assessment type so that you can balance your workload.
Things You Need To Know
You will find full details of procedures, requirements, marking criteria, penalties, teaching code of practice, etc. http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/apsocsci/resources.htm See under
Course Resources in right hand box, then Things You Need To Know and choose the link for Criminology students.
Please note that Criminology modules (page 5) are designated for either the second or third year of study. The modules can be identified by the first figure in the module number, e.g. 201 = second year; 313 = third year.
Free-standing modules (these modules will not be available for on-line enrolment th/ thas you must find a supervisor before enrolling on 45 May)
ASSC 231 Half-unit extended essay option. This option can be taken alongside
half-unit option modules taught in the second year. (see page 22).
Supervisors must be agreed before registration. Forms are
available from C155 Bowland North.
ASSC 331 Half-unit extended essay option. This option can be taken alongside
half-unit option modules taught in the third year. (see page 31).
Supervisors must be agreed before registration. Forms are
available from C155 Bowland North.
ASSC 336 Full-unit research-based dissertation options (available to third year
Criminology and combined majors - see page 33). Supervisors must
be agreed before registration. Forms are available from C155
ASSC 380 Single honours Criminology majors only. Full-unit research-based
specialist dissertation option, involving placement with the Police
Service (quota of 8 students only). Thorough security clearance
scrutiny will be undertaken by the police and the Official Secrets Act
will have to be signed, and students will be required to take a drugs
test. See page 37 for more detail.
; Criminology students (see requirements on pages 2-4 and the example on page 1).
Choose your modules from the list on page 5. Remember ASSC 205 is compulsory, as
are both ASSC 201 and ASSC 204 for single honours majors. Provided your modules
equal five whole units over the second and third years, you can choose the remainder
from either the Criminology list or from other departments. When calculating your ‘units’
remember that some modules = 1.0, and most of the options = 0.5. The value of each
module is indicated on the lists on page 5.
; Minor students Criminology modules may not be available because of the high
number of major students.
Criminology Degree Scheme
Second year modules
ASSC 201 Understanding Criminological Fieldwork (compulsory
half-unit course for single honours Criminology majors,
and some combined majors only,
not available to minors) M
ASSC204 Measuring Crime (compulsory half-unit course for single
honours Criminology majors, and some combined majors only,
not available to minors) L
ASSC 205 Criminological Thought (full-unit, compulsory M&L
second year course for all majors and combined majors)
not available to minor students.
ASSC 210 Crime, Poverty & Social Security M
ASSC 211 Youth Justice (full-unit option) M&L
ASSC 218 Understanding Criminal Justice (full-unit option) M&L ASSC 231 Half-unit crime-related extended essay - ASSC 235 Criminal Investigation (half-unit option) L Third year modules
ASSC 310 Hate Crime, Human Rights & the State: International
Perspectives (half-unit option) M
ASSC 313 Organised Crime (full-unit option) M&L ASSC 322 Crime and the Media (half-unit option) L ASSC 331 Half-unit crime-related extended essay - ASSC 335 Historical & Philosophical Aspects of Punishment L
ASSC 336 Full-unit crime-related dissertation - ASSC 337 Drugs, Crime & Society (full-unit option) M&L ASSC 339 The Police & Policing (half-unit option) M ASSC 340 Criminal Careers (half-unit option) M
-Don’t forget you can choose modules from other departments to complement your degree scheme.
A detailed list of the Part II modules offered by the department follows (pp.6-33), in module
number order. Whilst correct at time of going to print, owing to staffing changes, the
content of some of the modules may vary slightly from the descriptions given.
PART II MODULES
ASSC 201 Understanding Criminological Fieldwork Half-unit *compulsory module
*Compulsory unit for Criminology Single Honours Majors and Criminology & Criminology & Sociology Combined Majors taking ASSC 201. The module is optional for students on other
combined schemes with Criminology, but is not available to minor students.
Module co-ordinator: Paul Iganski
Social research is at the heart of social science perspectives on criminology. Research provides an important means of producing evidence within criminology and in the planning and evaluation of policies and provision within the criminal justice system. The module provides an introduction to the theoretical foundations and processes of different forms of social research used within criminology focusing in particular on criminological fieldwork.
; Getting inside the immediacy of crime: the principles and practice of ethnography in criminological research.
; Asking questions. Criminological fieldwork in action.
; Thinking critically about ethnography of the streets.
; Using documents, data, and other unobtrusive measures
; Trace measures
; Ethics and criminological fieldwork.
Elijah Anderson (1999) Code of the Street, New York, NY: W.W.Norton. Paul Cromwell (ed.) In Their Own Words. Criminals on Crime, Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.
Jeff Ferrell and Mark S. Hamm (eds.) Ethnography at the Edge, Boston, MA: Northeastern
Jaber F. Gubrium and James A. Holstein (1997) The New Language of Qualitative Method,
New York: Oxford University Press. nd Martyn Hammersley and Paul Atkinson (1995) Ethnography. Principles in Practice, (2
edition), London: Routledge.
Roy D. King and Emma Wincup (eds.) Doing Research on Crime and Justice, Oxford: Oxford
Lesley Noaks and Emma Wincup (2004) London: Sage. Criminological Research,
Ned Polsky (1967) Hustlers, Beats and Others, Chicago, IL: Aldine
Maurice Punch (1986), , Beverly Hills: Sage The Politics and Ethics of Fieldwork
Sudhir Venkatesh (2008) Gang Leader for a Day, London: Allen Lane.
100% examination. 2-hour Open Book exam, January 2011
ASSC 204: Measuring Crime Half-unit *compulsory module
Taught: Lent Term
Module co-ordinators: Dr Les Humphreys, Prof Brian Francis: Centre for Applied Statistics
*Compulsory unit for Criminology Single Honours Majors. The module is optional for
students on other combined schemes with Criminology, but is not available to minor
This module will give participants an insight into the different methods of measuring crime. It will discuss the collection of data on crime, including research data sources, and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each. The problems of comparing crime data, both over time and between jurisdictions will be conveyed. Using recent research studies, the module will illustrate the uses to which such data are put by criminologists, including prediction studies and evaluation studies. A practical component will involve the use of SPSS or NESSTAR to examine data from the British Crime Survey.
The module will be delivered through a mixture of formal lectures, group discussion, group and individual exercises and practical workshops.
Week 1. Why measure crime?
Week 2. The official recording of crime.
Week 3. Understanding crime through sample surveys.
Week 4. Measuring offending through self-report studies.
Week 5. Reading Week
Weeks 6 + 7. Practical: SPSS and the British Crime Survey.
Week 8. Understanding crime trends.
Week 9. Prediction studies.
Week 10. Evaluation studies. Conclusion.
Barclay G and Tavares C (1999) Digest of information on the criminal justice system in th Edition) Home Office England and Wales (4
Coleman, C. and Moynihan, J (1996) Understanding Crime data Open University Press
Bottomley A and Coleman C (1981) Understanding Crime Rates Saxon House
Bottomley A and Pease K (1986) Crime and Punishment: Interpreting the data Open
Jupp, V et al [eds] (2000) Doing Criminological Research Sage
Kershaw C et al (2001) The 2001 British Crime Survey Home Office Statistical Bulletin 18/01
Maguire M (2002) ‘Crime Statistics: The ‘Data Explosion’ and its implications’ in Maguire et al
[eds] (2002) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology Oxford University Press
Moore, D. (2001) Statistics: Concepts and controversies. Freeman, New York Mosher, C.J., Miethe, T.D and Phillips, D.M. (2002) The Mismeasure of Crime Sage. Pease, K. (2002) ‘Crime Reduction’ in Maguire et al [eds] (2002) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology Oxford University Press
Soothill, K, Peelo, M and Taylor, C (2002) Making Sense of Criminology Polity Press Simmons J (2000) Review of Criminal Statistics: A Discussion Document Home Office Walker, M [ed] (1995) Interpreting Crime Statistics Oxford University Press
Assessment (combined coursework and examination)
Essay (25%) Computer Lab Worksheets (25%), plus 2 hour examination paper (50%) The coursework deadline will be announced
ASSC 205: Criminological Thought Full-unit compulsory module
Taught Michaelmas and Lent Terms
Module co-ordinator: Prof David Smith (all Criminology teaching staff will contribute to this module)
This full-unit second year module is compulsory for Criminology major and combined major students. It is available to JYA students who are required to study the module by their home university. It is not available to minor students.
The module aims to introduce to the main theoretical approaches in criminology from its origins to the present day. The module introduces and examines the main types of theory that have sought to explain crime, criminality and social control. It takes a critical philosophical approach that sees social order and crime as theoretical problems rather than social facts available for straightforward empirical investigation.
; Classical and positivist criminology
; Merton, anomie and strain theory
; Subcultural theories
; Control theories
; Environmental criminology
; Marxism and radical criminology
; Feminist criminologies
; Left and right realism
; Globalisation and crime
; Crime in post-Fordist societies
; Foucault and post-structuralist theory
; The ‘new punitiveness’
; Crime and the risk society
; Peacemaking criminology
Braithwaite, J. (1989) Crime, Shame and Reintegration, Cambridge, Cambridge University
rdBurke, R.H. (2009) An Introduction to Criminological Theory (3 edition), Cullompton, Willan.
Downes, D. and Rock, P. (2007) Understanding Deviance: A Guide to the Sociology of Crime
, Oxford, Oxford University Press. and Deviance
Garland, D. (2002) ‘Of crimes and criminals: the development of criminology in Britain’, in rdMaguire, M., Morgan, R. and Reiner, R., The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 3 edition,
Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 7-50.
Maguire, M., Morgan, R. and Reiner, R. (eds.) (2007) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology th(4 edition), Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Pratt, J., Brown, D., Hallsworth, S. and Morrison, W. (eds.) The New Punitiveness: Trends,
, Cullompton, Willan. Theories, Perspectives
Soothill, K., Peelo, M. and Taylor, C. (2002) Making Sense of Criminology, Cambridge, Polity Press.
Taylor, I. (1999) Crime in Context: A Critical Criminology of Market Societies, Cambridge,
ndWalklate, S. (2004) (2 edition), Cullompton, Willan. Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice
Assessment (combined coursework and examination)
One essay of 3,500 words (worth 50%) plus one formal examination (50%)
The essay deadline will normally be at the start of the Lent Term.