Sex Trafficking: A Resource Guide
The Carolina Women’s Center
Chapel Hill, NC
Compiled by Sarah Schwarz
Sex Trafficking Information Resource Guide
The Carolina Women’s Center
Chapel Hill, NC
Compiled by Sarah Schwarz
Scholarly Journals & Research………………………………………………………..……p.3
Films & Documentaries………………………………………………………………………….p.4
Internet Resources..………………..……………………………………………………………p. 7
Note: The resources in this guide are not fully
representative of the international scope of available
information about sex trafficking. Instead, these resources
are intended to frame recent cases of trafficking in the
United States within an international explanation of the
problem. To that end, the periodical sources are intended
as a starting point to locally contextualize the more
complex international patterns and research in the other
sections of this guide.
Brown, Tina A. ―Woman Pleads Guilty to Sex Trafficking;
A 24-Year-Old Admits Her Role In Helping Coerce Four People,
Including Two Juvenile Girls, Into Prostitution.‖ Hartford Courant, 15 March, 2007.
Collins, Kristin. ―Modern slavery draws scrutiny,
activists focus on trafficking in N.C.‖ The News and Observer 30 April, 2007.
Herbert, Bob. "Hidden in Brothels, Slavery by Another
Name." The New York Times, 1 Jun. 2006.
Kahn, Ric. ―Bound for misery On the fast-moving
circuit of international sex trafficking, say police, women
regularly shuttle in and out of Boston.‖ The Boston Globe,
7 January, 2007.
Kristof, Nicolas D. ―Bush Takes On The Brothels.‖ The New York Times, 9 May, 2006.
Landesman, Peter. ―The Girls Next Door.‖ The New York Times Magazine, 25 January, 2004.
May, Meredith and Deanne Fitzmaurice. ―A Youthful
Mistake; You Mi was a typical college student, until her
first credit car got her into trouble.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 8 October, 2006.
May, Meredith. ―Diary of a Sex Slave: Third of a Four
Part Special Report; Bought and Sold; You Mi is put into
debt bondage – life becomes and endless cycle of sex with
strangers.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 October, 2006.
May, Meredith. ―Diary of a Sex Slave; The Story; How
we reported the series.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 October, 2006.
Pope, Victoria, and Margaret Loftus. "Trafficking in
Women." U.S. News & World Report, 7 April, 1997: 38.-42
Ratcilffe, Heather. ―Two Men Accused of Forcing Girl Into Prostitution.‖ St.Louis Post-Dispatch, 31 March, 2007.
Schulte, Brigid. ―From Mentor to House Arrest;Sex
Charges Against Ex-Md. Coach Surprise Many.‖ The Washington Post, 24 November, 2006.
Sheehan, Ruth R. "Sex Trafficking Has Hit North
Carolina: What Are We Doing about It?" The News and
Observer 30 Apr. 2006.
Walsh, Denny. ―Violent pimp gets long term; Ex-con ran
a traveling prostitution ring in the West, recruited
minors.‖ The Sacramento Bee 10 February, 2007.
SCHOLARLY JOURNALS & RESEARCH:
Chuang, Janie. "Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human
Trafficking in the Global Economy." Indiana Journal of
Global Legal Studies 13.1 (2006): 137-163.
Hughes, Donna M. and Janice G. Raymond. ―Sex
Trafficking of Women in the United States: International
and Domestic Trends.‖ Coalition Against Trafficking in
Women (CATW) March 2001.
―International Trafficking in Persons, Especially
Women and Children.‖ The American Journal of International Law Vol. 95, No. 2 (Apr., 2001), pp. 407-410
Jackson, Nicole J. "International Organizations,
Security Dichotomies and the Trafficking of Persons and
Narcotics in Post-Soviet Central Asia: A Critique of the
Securitization Framework." Security Dialogue 37.3 (2006):
Kapstein, Ethan B. "The New Global Slave Trade."
Foreign Affairs 85.6 (2006): 103-115.
Orlova, Alexandra V. "Trafficking of Women and
Children For Exploitation in the Commercial Sex Trade: The
Case of the Russian Federation.‖ Georgetown Journal of
Gender & the Law 6.2 (2005): 157-178.
Samarasinghe, Vidyamali, and Barbara Burton.
"Strategising prevention: a critical review of local
initiatives to prevent female sex trafficking." Development
in Practice 17.1 (2007): 51-64.
Schuckman, Emily E. "Antitrafficking Policies in Asia and the Russian Far East: A Comparative Perspective."
Demokratizatsiya 14.1 (2006): 85-102.
Shigekane, Rachel. "Rehabilitation and Community Integration of Trafficking Survivors in the United States."
Human Rights Quarterly 29.1 (2007): 112-136.
"TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT RELEASED BY THE OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS JUNE 3, 2005."
Trends in Organized Crime 9.1 (2005): 55-100.
FILMS & DOCUMENTARIES:
Counterpoint For Her. 2004, Dir. Danijela Majstorovic. This short documentary provides a comprehensive overview of
the state of human trafficking in the Balkan region of the
world, interviewing various individuals who have been
involved with sexual trafficking at different levels.
Lilja 4-Ever. 2002, Dir. Lukas Moodysson. This fictional account of sex trafficking centers around
sixteen year old Lilja, who is struggling on her own in
Estonia after her mother moves to America with a boyfriend.
Without family or income and with just one friend, twelve-
year-old Volodja, Lilja is convinced by a new boyfriend
that her prospects will be better in Sweden, with him.
Sex Slaves. PBS Frontline, original airdate, 7 February, 2006, Dir. Ric Esther Bienstick.
This powerful documentary film focuses on the trafficking
of women in Eastern Europe and follows one man as he
attempts to find his pregnant wife who has been sold into
sexual slavery in Turkey by a family friend.
Human Trafficking (2005)
Trade (Anticipated 2007 release)
Highway Courtesans (2005)
Night Girl (2001)
The Peacekeepers and the Women (2003)
Beeks, Karen and Delila, Amire, eds. Trafficking and
the Global Sex Industry. Oxford,UK: Lexington Books, 2006. This compilation is the direct result of the Trafficking
[in persons] & Trade: The Impact of Globalization on Women
Conference held in March of 2003. The Denver, Colorado
conference included workshops for law enforcement,
advocates and service providers as well as a panel
discussion on Burma, where most of these chapters were
first presented. The information covers international
trafficking exclusively, though it does address the
trafficking of Mexican women into the United States and the
U.S. legislation that deals with forced labor within the
Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Arlie Russell Hochschild,
eds.. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the
New Economy. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2003.
This compilation of essays maps the new pattern of global
female migration, or what the editors call a ―worldwide
gender revolution.‖ Increasing numbers of women are emigrating in the globalizing economy, both illegally or
legally, coerced and trafficked or of their own volition.
The fifteen essays tackle the various manifestations of
this trend, from the sexual trafficking of children, to
mail order brides and migrant domestic workers.
Farr, Kathryn. Sex Trafficking, The Global Market in Women and Children. New York: Worth Publishers, 2005. This text is a comprehensive reference guide to sex
trafficking, broaching the scope, causes and consequences
of the problem on the global, macro and local levels.
Unlike many guides to sex trafficking, this one addresses
the demand for the sex trade in a historical and societal
King, Gilbert. Woman, child for sale: the new slave sttrade in the 21 century. New York: Chamberlain Bros., 2004.
King zeroes in on individual cases of trafficking victims
from various countries around the world, with in-depth
detail of the particularities in each situation. The second
portion of the book focuses on detailing cases of known
traffickers, again taking a sample from an assortment of
countries. The third section chronicles the history of
slavery, placing modern day human trafficking in the
context of the larger issue. Finally, the book addresses
and analyzes the extent of the problem and progress
achieved by geographic regions or countries.
Kyle, David. Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
This compilation of essays addresses the larger problems
that fuel the practice of sex trafficking within the
context of the history and politics that have shaped the
current state of human smuggling—both voluntary and not.
Drawing from various regions of the world, some of the
topics covered include the paradoxical relationship between
tighter U.S. border and the power of smuggling groups and
patterns of transnational Russian organized crime.
Malarek, Victor. The Natashas: Inside the New Global
Sex Trade. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2004.
Malarek immersed himself in the world of Eastern European
sex trafficking to create this in-depth, insider view of
the practice. Through extensive interviews with those
working on both sides of the issue, often undercover as a
buyer, Malarek is able to provide a detailed account of
both individual experiences of trafficking and the bigger
picture networks that allow sex trafficking to function so
successfully on an international level.
Skrobanek, Siriporn, Nattaya Boonpakdi, and Chutima
Janthakeero.. The Traffic in Women: Human Realities of the International Sex Trade. London: Zed Books, 1997.
The Foundation for Women in Thailand, a non-governmental
organization in Bangkok, compiles their extensive research
in this book to provide a comprehensive look at trafficking
in Thailand. The authors address the root causes, the
motivations for migration, trafficking networks in the
region and the working conditions within the sex trade. As
the information in this text comes mainly from the
Foundation’s first-hand experience, it is specific and detailed, often interspersed with quotes from trafficking
The Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human
Trafficking, The Department of Health and Human Services.
―Fact Sheet: Sex Trafficking.‖
Captive Daughters, Dedicated to ending sex trafficking.
―A non-profit organization committed to ending the
exploitative practice of sex trafficking, with a particular
focus on girls and women.‖
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW). ―A non-
governmental organization that promotes women's human
rights by working internationally to combat sexual
exploitation in all its forms.‖
Estes, Richard J. and Neil A. Weiner. ―The Commercial
Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada and
Mexico. Full Report of the U.S. National Study.‖
Human Rights Watch. Reports about HRW’s work to combat
trafficking in various forms.
―Human Smuggling and Trafficking.‖ The U.S. State
Department, Global Issues.
HumanTrafficking.Org, Empowerment Through Knowledge.
―A web resource for combating human trafficking.‖
MTV EXIT, Campaign to End Exploitation and Trafficking.
The Polaris Project, Combating Human Trafficking and
Modern-day Slavery. ―Based in the United States and Japan,
we bring together community members, survivors, and
professionals to fight trafficking and slavery in the
spirit of a modern-day Underground Railroad.‖
―The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish
Trafficking in Persons.‖ The United Nations Office on Drugs
SAGE Project (Standing Against Global Exploitation).
―a nonprofit organization with one primary aim: bringing an
end to the commercial sexual exploitation of children and
―Teen Girls’ Stories of Sex Trafficking in U.S.‖ ABC
Primetime, 9 February, 2006.
―Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000.‖ The U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights
Division. 28 October, 2000.
Women’s Human Rights Net. ―Providing comprehensive information and analysis on women’s human rights and global