Sex Trafficking Reference Guide

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Sex Trafficking Reference Guide

    Sex Trafficking: A Resource Guide

    The Carolina Women’s Center

    Chapel Hill, NC

    Compiled by Sarah Schwarz

    April, 2007.

Sex Trafficking Information Resource Guide

    The Carolina Women’s Center

    Chapel Hill, NC

    Compiled by Sarah Schwarz

    April, 2007.


    Periodical Sources…………………………………………………………………………………p.2

    Scholarly Journals & Research………………………………………………………..……p.3

    Films & Documentaries………………………………………………………………………….p.4


    Internet Resources..………………..……………………………………………………………p. 7

Note: The resources in this guide are not fully

    representative of the international scope of available

    information about sex trafficking. Instead, these resources

    are intended to frame recent cases of trafficking in the

    United States within an international explanation of the

    problem. To that end, the periodical sources are intended

    as a starting point to locally contextualize the more

    complex international patterns and research in the other

    sections of this guide.


    Brown, Tina A. ―Woman Pleads Guilty to Sex Trafficking;

    A 24-Year-Old Admits Her Role In Helping Coerce Four People,


    Including Two Juvenile Girls, Into Prostitution.‖ Hartford Courant, 15 March, 2007.

    Collins, Kristin. ―Modern slavery draws scrutiny,

    activists focus on trafficking in N.C.‖ The News and Observer 30 April, 2007.

    Herbert, Bob. "Hidden in Brothels, Slavery by Another

    Name." The New York Times, 1 Jun. 2006.

    Kahn, Ric. ―Bound for misery On the fast-moving

    circuit of international sex trafficking, say police, women

    regularly shuttle in and out of Boston.‖ The Boston Globe,

    7 January, 2007.

    Kristof, Nicolas D. ―Bush Takes On The Brothels.‖ The New York Times, 9 May, 2006.

    Landesman, Peter. ―The Girls Next Door.‖ The New York Times Magazine, 25 January, 2004.

    May, Meredith and Deanne Fitzmaurice. ―A Youthful

    Mistake; You Mi was a typical college student, until her

    first credit car got her into trouble.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 8 October, 2006.

    May, Meredith. ―Diary of a Sex Slave: Third of a Four

    Part Special Report; Bought and Sold; You Mi is put into

    debt bondage life becomes and endless cycle of sex with

    strangers.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 October, 2006.

    May, Meredith. ―Diary of a Sex Slave; The Story; How

    we reported the series.‖ The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 October, 2006.

    Pope, Victoria, and Margaret Loftus. "Trafficking in

    Women." U.S. News & World Report, 7 April, 1997: 38.-42

    Ratcilffe, Heather. ―Two Men Accused of Forcing Girl Into Prostitution.‖ St.Louis Post-Dispatch, 31 March, 2007.

    Schulte, Brigid. ―From Mentor to House Arrest;Sex

    Charges Against Ex-Md. Coach Surprise Many.‖ The Washington Post, 24 November, 2006.


    Sheehan, Ruth R. "Sex Trafficking Has Hit North

    Carolina: What Are We Doing about It?" The News and

    Observer 30 Apr. 2006.

    Walsh, Denny. ―Violent pimp gets long term; Ex-con ran

    a traveling prostitution ring in the West, recruited

    minors.‖ The Sacramento Bee 10 February, 2007.


    Chuang, Janie. "Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human

    Trafficking in the Global Economy." Indiana Journal of

    Global Legal Studies 13.1 (2006): 137-163.

    Hughes, Donna M. and Janice G. Raymond. ―Sex

    Trafficking of Women in the United States: International

    and Domestic Trends.‖ Coalition Against Trafficking in

    Women (CATW) March 2001.

    ―International Trafficking in Persons, Especially

    Women and Children.‖ The American Journal of International Law Vol. 95, No. 2 (Apr., 2001), pp. 407-410

    Jackson, Nicole J. "International Organizations,

    Security Dichotomies and the Trafficking of Persons and

    Narcotics in Post-Soviet Central Asia: A Critique of the

    Securitization Framework." Security Dialogue 37.3 (2006):


    Kapstein, Ethan B. "The New Global Slave Trade."

    Foreign Affairs 85.6 (2006): 103-115.

    Orlova, Alexandra V. "Trafficking of Women and

    Children For Exploitation in the Commercial Sex Trade: The

    Case of the Russian Federation.‖ Georgetown Journal of

    Gender & the Law 6.2 (2005): 157-178.

    Samarasinghe, Vidyamali, and Barbara Burton.

    "Strategising prevention: a critical review of local

    initiatives to prevent female sex trafficking." Development

    in Practice 17.1 (2007): 51-64.


    Schuckman, Emily E. "Antitrafficking Policies in Asia and the Russian Far East: A Comparative Perspective."

    Demokratizatsiya 14.1 (2006): 85-102.

    Shigekane, Rachel. "Rehabilitation and Community Integration of Trafficking Survivors in the United States."

    Human Rights Quarterly 29.1 (2007): 112-136.


    Trends in Organized Crime 9.1 (2005): 55-100.


    Counterpoint For Her. 2004, Dir. Danijela Majstorovic. This short documentary provides a comprehensive overview of

    the state of human trafficking in the Balkan region of the

    world, interviewing various individuals who have been

    involved with sexual trafficking at different levels.

    Lilja 4-Ever. 2002, Dir. Lukas Moodysson. This fictional account of sex trafficking centers around

    sixteen year old Lilja, who is struggling on her own in

    Estonia after her mother moves to America with a boyfriend.

    Without family or income and with just one friend, twelve-

    year-old Volodja, Lilja is convinced by a new boyfriend

    that her prospects will be better in Sweden, with him.

    Sex Slaves. PBS Frontline, original airdate, 7 February, 2006, Dir. Ric Esther Bienstick.

    This powerful documentary film focuses on the trafficking

    of women in Eastern Europe and follows one man as he

    attempts to find his pregnant wife who has been sold into

    sexual slavery in Turkey by a family friend.

More films:

    Human Trafficking (2005)

    Trade (Anticipated 2007 release)

More documentaries:


    Highway Courtesans (2005)

    Night Girl (2001)

    The Peacekeepers and the Women (2003)


    Beeks, Karen and Delila, Amire, eds. Trafficking and

    the Global Sex Industry. Oxford,UK: Lexington Books, 2006. This compilation is the direct result of the Trafficking

    [in persons] & Trade: The Impact of Globalization on Women

    Conference held in March of 2003. The Denver, Colorado

    conference included workshops for law enforcement,

    advocates and service providers as well as a panel

    discussion on Burma, where most of these chapters were

    first presented. The information covers international

    trafficking exclusively, though it does address the

    trafficking of Mexican women into the United States and the

    U.S. legislation that deals with forced labor within the


    Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Arlie Russell Hochschild,

    eds.. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the

    New Economy. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2003.

    This compilation of essays maps the new pattern of global

    female migration, or what the editors call a ―worldwide

    gender revolution.‖ Increasing numbers of women are emigrating in the globalizing economy, both illegally or

    legally, coerced and trafficked or of their own volition.

    The fifteen essays tackle the various manifestations of

    this trend, from the sexual trafficking of children, to

    mail order brides and migrant domestic workers.

    Farr, Kathryn. Sex Trafficking, The Global Market in Women and Children. New York: Worth Publishers, 2005. This text is a comprehensive reference guide to sex

    trafficking, broaching the scope, causes and consequences

    of the problem on the global, macro and local levels.

    Unlike many guides to sex trafficking, this one addresses

    the demand for the sex trade in a historical and societal


    King, Gilbert. Woman, child for sale: the new slave sttrade in the 21 century. New York: Chamberlain Bros., 2004.


King zeroes in on individual cases of trafficking victims

    from various countries around the world, with in-depth

    detail of the particularities in each situation. The second

    portion of the book focuses on detailing cases of known

    traffickers, again taking a sample from an assortment of

    countries. The third section chronicles the history of

    slavery, placing modern day human trafficking in the

    context of the larger issue. Finally, the book addresses

    and analyzes the extent of the problem and progress

    achieved by geographic regions or countries.

    Kyle, David. Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

    This compilation of essays addresses the larger problems

    that fuel the practice of sex trafficking within the

    context of the history and politics that have shaped the

    current state of human smugglingboth voluntary and not.

    Drawing from various regions of the world, some of the

    topics covered include the paradoxical relationship between

    tighter U.S. border and the power of smuggling groups and

    patterns of transnational Russian organized crime.

    Malarek, Victor. The Natashas: Inside the New Global

    Sex Trade. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2004.

    Malarek immersed himself in the world of Eastern European

    sex trafficking to create this in-depth, insider view of

    the practice. Through extensive interviews with those

    working on both sides of the issue, often undercover as a

    buyer, Malarek is able to provide a detailed account of

    both individual experiences of trafficking and the bigger

    picture networks that allow sex trafficking to function so

    successfully on an international level.

    Skrobanek, Siriporn, Nattaya Boonpakdi, and Chutima

    Janthakeero.. The Traffic in Women: Human Realities of the International Sex Trade. London: Zed Books, 1997.

    The Foundation for Women in Thailand, a non-governmental

    organization in Bangkok, compiles their extensive research

    in this book to provide a comprehensive look at trafficking

    in Thailand. The authors address the root causes, the

    motivations for migration, trafficking networks in the

    region and the working conditions within the sex trade. As

    the information in this text comes mainly from the

    Foundation’s first-hand experience, it is specific and detailed, often interspersed with quotes from trafficking

    victims themselves.



    The Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human

    Trafficking, The Department of Health and Human Services.

    ―Fact Sheet: Sex Trafficking.‖

    Captive Daughters, Dedicated to ending sex trafficking.

    ―A non-profit organization committed to ending the

    exploitative practice of sex trafficking, with a particular

    focus on girls and women.‖

    Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW). A non-

    governmental organization that promotes women's human

    rights by working internationally to combat sexual

    exploitation in all its forms.‖

    Estes, Richard J. and Neil A. Weiner. ―The Commercial

    Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada and

    Mexico. Full Report of the U.S. National Study.‖


    Human Rights Watch. Reports about HRW’s work to combat

    trafficking in various forms.


    ―Human Smuggling and Trafficking.‖ The U.S. State

    Department, Global Issues.


    HumanTrafficking.Org, Empowerment Through Knowledge.

    ―A web resource for combating human trafficking.‖

     MTV EXIT, Campaign to End Exploitation and Trafficking.

    The Polaris Project, Combating Human Trafficking and

    Modern-day Slavery. ―Based in the United States and Japan,

    we bring together community members, survivors, and

    professionals to fight trafficking and slavery in the

    spirit of a modern-day Underground Railroad.‖

    ―The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish

    Trafficking in Persons.‖ The United Nations Office on Drugs

    and Crime.

    SAGE Project (Standing Against Global Exploitation).

    a nonprofit organization with one primary aim: bringing an

    end to the commercial sexual exploitation of children and


    ―Teen Girls’ Stories of Sex Trafficking in U.S.‖ ABC

    Primetime, 9 February, 2006.

    ―Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000.‖ The U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights

    Division. 28 October, 2000.

    Women’s Human Rights Net. ―Providing comprehensive information and analysis on women’s human rights and global




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