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makinganswering

By Herbert Rice,2014-08-24 21:39
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    Unit 3 Communication by Phone

I. Periods : Total Periods: 8

    Period1-2 Section ? Passage1

    Period3-4 Section ? Passage2 Section ?

    Period5-6 Section ?. Section?

    Period7-8 Test Yourself / Topic Test II. Content:

    ?Intensive Reading -- Passage1

    ?Extensive Reading-- Passage2 ; Writing --

    ?Listening & Speaking Dialogues

    ?Test Yourself / Topic Test ( Demonstration )

III. Aims and Demands:

    1. Discuss the benefit and trouble of cell phones.

    2. Learn to take/leave a message..

    3. Master some useful words & expressions about making/answering a

    telephone call.

    4. Grasp the subjunctive mood.

    VI. Main & Hard Points:

    ?Main Points: the useful expressions & sentence patterns about

    making/answering a telephone call.

    ?Hard Points: the subjunctive mood

    V. Teaching Methods: Interactions; Listening & Speaking VI. Teaching Tool: Multimedia classroom

    VII. Teaching Steps:

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Session1. Passage 1 Are You Really Being Invited?

    I. Periods : 2

    II. Content: Intensive Reading -- Passage1 For Conversation Press?1

    III. Aims and Demands: the useful expressions & sentence patterns, and know about the benefit and trouble of cell phones.

    VI. Main & Hard Points:

    Main Points: Comprehension of the text

    Hard Points: Discuss the benefit and trouble of cell phones.

V. Teaching Methods: Interactions; Listening & Speaking

VI. Teaching Tool: Multimedia classroom

VII. Teaching Steps:

    Step1. Lead in

    1. Information related to the passage

    (1)a cell phone 手机)移动电话

    A cell phone is a small telephone you can carry with you that operates through networks of radio antennas or space satellites. Other expressions of a cell phone:

    a. a cellular phone/telephone

    b. a mobile phone/telephone

    c. a handset

    (2)ATM自动取款机

    ATM is the abbreviation for automated teller machine. ATMs

    are found in business districts and shopping malls. People use

    them to get cash from their bank accounts and in many places,

    to pay for gas, groceries, and other things.

    (3)a voice mail有声邮件

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    A voice mail is a telephone answering system on which

    spoken messages are left by one person for another.

2. Warm-up Questions

    ?What are the advantages of the cell phone?

    ?What are the advantages of the e-mail and voice mail?

?. Intensive Study

    1. Questions for Group Discussion

    ? Why does the author feel lonely with a cell phone, e-mail and voice mail in hand?

    ---Because people stop talking face to face to one another.

    ? Why does the author feel he is invisible and absent from his conversation with his friend?

    ---Because his friend was busy talking on the phone, completely forgetting his presence.

    ? Why do people think cell phones are preferable to human contact?

    ----Because they can be used anywhere and anytime.

    ? What are the advantages of the e-mail and voice mail according to the author?

    ----With e-mail, we can communicate without seeing or talking to one another; and with voice mail, we can conduct entire conversations without ever reaching anyone.

?Whats the consequence brought about by the

    communications technology?

    ----People lose their intimacy of interaction.

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    ?Whats the authors attitude towards the communications revolution?

    ----He thinks its great, but worries about its unintended consequences

2. Analysis of the text

    Part1 (Para1-2): Communication revolution leads to loneliness. Part 2(Para3-10): Examples to illustrate the point above. Part 3(Para11): Telling people to use the communication devices wisely.

    3. Important Words

    ? tether v. tie拴住)系住 untethered不受约束的

    eg: The untethered behavior is dangerous.

    ? conceivablebelievable, imagined可相信的)可想得到的

    eg: He could talk intelligently on almost any conceivable subject.几乎对每个任何能想到的话题他都能说得条条是道。

    It is conceivable that the peace mission will succeed.有理由相信和

    平使命是会成功的。

    (3)evidently ad. as it appears, seemingly, (syn.) apparently

    显)显然

    eg: Mr. Smith evidently regarded this as a great joke. From the warm temperature and abundant flowers, it is evidently spring here.

    Evidently your sister was sensitive on the topic of operations. (4)connect v. to attach, join together; to reach sb. by telephone连接)接通

    eg: The telephone operator connected me with the human resources department.

    I connected the antenna to the TV set.

    A new road connects the two small cities.

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(5)unable a. not able, incapable不能的)不会的

    eg: I am unable to cycle to school because my bicycle is broken. He is unable to walk because of a bad ankle.

    He is unable to do the job for lack of experience.

    (6) advance n. an improvement, (syn.) a breakthrough前进)

    进展

    eg: There have been great advances in medicine in the last 50 years.

    This model is a great advance on previous ones.

    Under this system popular science education made great advances.

    in advance of: more highly developed

    Their training facilities are far in advance of anything we have. in advance: ahead of time

    Everything had been fixed in advance.

    (7) deposit v. to place sth. valuable, such as money, in a bank or brokerage account; to place valuables for safekeeping

    放)存储

    eg: Sam deposited ten dollars in his savings account. Mrs. Heckler deposited her jewelry in a safe.

    a partial payment to hold goods or property until the buyer makes complete payment

    eg: She left a deposit on the coat.

    (8)insert v. to put sth. Into , between, or among插入)嵌入

    eg: The old lady carefully inserted the letter into an envelope carefully.

    The professor inserted a comment in the margin.

    A film of oil is inserted between the sliding surfaces of a bearing. (9) alien a. 外国的)异族的

    alienate v. 使疏远)离间

    alienated a. feeling separated from society or the group and often

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unhappy 感觉被疏远的)疏离于---

    alienation 疏离感

    eg: Being alienated from their parents the children have the sense of alienation.

    (10) cringe v.

    a) move back or away from someone esp. because you are afraid or in pain畏缩)退缩

    eg: The dog cringed when the tall man appeared.

    b) feel embarrassed by sth.感到难堪

    eg: She cringed when her mother wore the miniskirt at her age. 4. Explanation of Difficult Sentences

    ? For Conversation Press # 1通话按1号键

    Analysis: In this sentence, for means with the purpose of. Press # 1 is in imperative mood. # stands for No., therefore #1 is read as No.1.

    Example: For redialing, press the # key.

    (2)I was walking in the park with a friend recently, and his cell phone rang, interrupting our conversation.最近我和

    一位朋友正在公园里散步)突然他的手机响起来)打断了我们的谈话。

    Analysis: Interrupting our conversation in sentence is a present participle phrase used as an adverbial of result. Example: The child fell, striking his head against the door and hurting it slightly.

    There they were, talking and talking on a beautifully sunny day I became invisible, absent from the

    conversation.在一个阳光明媚的日子)他们在那儿谈啊谈)而我却被冷

    落)成了谈话的局外人。

    Analysis: Talking and talking on a beautifully sunny day is a present participle phrase used as an adverbial of attendant circumstance.

    Example: Marta sat in the armchair, reading an magazine.

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    There we were, four friends zooming down the highway, unable to talk to one another because of a gadget designed to make communication easier.我们四位朋友坐在车

    里)飞驰在高速公路上)却因为有了那个被设计来方便通信的小玩意儿而

    不能互相交谈。

    Analysis: Four friends zooming on the highway is a present participle phrase, with four friends as the logical subject of zooming on the highway. The whole phrase serves as an adverbial of attendant circumstance. Designed to make communication easier is a past participle phrase used as an attribute, modifying the antecedent gadget.

    Example: My room is on the fourth floor, its window overlooking the beach.

    Trucks and buses were driven on gas carried in large bags on the roof.

    Why is it that the more connected we get, the more disconnected I feel?为什么我们联系得越来越多我却感到失去了联系

    呢?

    Analysis: In this sentence, the antecedent it stands for the subject that-clause, where the comparative structure is used. Similar structure can be found in What is it that?

    Example: Why is it that you know so much?

    As almost every conceivable contact between human beings gets automated, the alienation index goes up.随着

    人们之间几乎每一种联系都变得自动化起来)疏远的指数就上升。

    Analysis: As is a conjunction, meaning at the same time that. Example: They smiled as their eyes met.

    As he entered, the hall burst into thunderous applause. Pumping gas at the station?你在加油站加油吗?

    Analysis: This is an elliptical sentence. The complete sentence should be Are you pumping gas at the station?

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Example:? Are you (making a deposit at the bank?

    Why say good morning to the attendant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact?既然你可以用信用卡在加油泵旁自动刷

    卡)免于与人打交道的麻烦)何必还要对加油站的工作人员打招呼呢?

    Analysis: In this sentence, why is used as an interrogative adverb, followed by a bare infinitive to form a rhetorical question, which can also take a negative structure such as Why not do something? The former means Why should we do something or We dont need

    to do something, while the latter means the opposite: Lets do

    something.

    Example: Why smoke when you know it is so unhealthy? Why not try to train your character when you have the opportunity?

    Some supermarket chains are using a self-scanner so you can check yourself out, avoiding those annoying clerks who look at you and ask how you are doing.有些超市连锁店正

    在使用自动扫描仪)你可以自己结帐)避开那些令人心烦的店员)他们总

    是看着你问长问短。

    Analysis: In this sentence so is a conjunction. It means with a result that. The phrase avoiding those annoying clerksis a

    present participle phrase used as an adverbial of result. Example: She is unemployed, so she is looking for a job. They opened fire, killing one of our soldiers. (6)I am no Luddite.我并不反对自动化。

    Analysis: In this sentence, no means not at all. Example: Dont cheat her. Shes no fool.

    She is no friend of mine.

    (7)Giving them up isnt an option---they are great for what they are intended to do.放弃他们并不可取——人们赋予它们

    的功能太美妙了。

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    Analysis: The clause They are great for what they are intended to do serves to explain why giving them up isnt an option. Great for

    means very good for. What they are intended to do means what they are designed to do.

    Example: Going there isnt a good idea---its too far away from

    here.

    (8)Its their unintended consequences that make me

    cringe.只是他们无意中带来的后果却使我感到不寒而栗。

    Analysis: This is an emphatic sentence introduced by it isthat.

    What is emphasized here is the subject their unintended consequences. The basic structure of such a kind of the sentence is as follows: It + be + the emphasized part + that + the other parts of the sentence.

    Example: It was David that did it.

    It was a key that I found in his pocket.

    It was not until last year that he came to live in this city.

III. Assignment for this session

    1. Written work

     The students do Exercises 4-5

    2. Communicative tasks:

    Work in pairs and role play the following Two tasks Task 1: You are calling Tom to invite him to a concert on Friday evening, but he isnt available. His roommate asks you to leave a message.

    Task 2: You are talking about the advantages and disadvantages of a cell phone with your friend.

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Step 2 Passage 2Communicion by Phone in the US

    ?.Lead in

    1.Information related to the passage

    ?.the white pages白页

    The white pages of the American phone book list people and businesses and their phone numbers. People are listed by their last names. Next to each name is an address and telephone number. Names are listed in alphabetical order. They are listed in the order of letters of the alphabet.

    How to find the name you need in the white pages? At the top of each page are two guide names. The name on the left is the first name on the page. The name on the right is the last name on the page. Use the guide names to find the page you need. Then look for the name you need on that page. Sometimes several people have the same last names. These last names will be listed in the alphabetical order of their first names.

    (2)the yellow pages黄页

    The yellow pages of the American phone book list names, addresses, and phone numbers of businesses. Doctors, lawyers, and dentists are also found in the yellow pages. Businesses are listed under headings in the yellow pages. If you want to find an insurance agent, you can look under the heading Insurance Headings are listed in alphabetical order. Businesses are listed in alphabetical order under each heading. Some businesses also have ads under the heading. But there are no residential listings. Businesses appear in both the white pages and the yellow pages, but the yellow pages give more information about the services these businesses provide.

    (3)the blue pages蓝页

    The blue pages list numbers of federal government services, state offices, country offices, city offices and public schools.

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