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Unit 9 Course Review and Disaster Simulation - UNIT I COURSE

By Carmen Murray,2014-05-07 21:53
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Unit 9 Course Review and Disaster Simulation - UNIT I COURSE

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER

    SIMULATION

This unit includes:

? A Review of Key Points from the Course.

? A Final Exercise.

    OMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM C

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    INTRODUCTION AND UNIT OVERVIEW This unit is the culmination of all that you have learned throughout the course. After a brief

    review of the key points of the course, you will have the opportunity to use your skills and

    knowledge of CERT organization and operations in a simulated disaster exercise.

    COURSE REVIEW

    The following are key points of the disaster preparedness unit:

? Home and workplace preparedness:

    ? Assembling a disaster supply kit

    ? Developing a disaster plan

    ? Developing a safe room

    ? Evacuation versus sheltering in place

    ? Specific preparedness measures for high-risk hazards (including terrorism)

The following are key points from the fire safety unit:

? Hazardous materials:

    ? Identification

    ? Defensive strategies

? Utility control:

    ? Gas

    ? Electric

    ? Water

    ? Sizeup: Stress the importance of CERT sizeup and the steps in the sizeup process.

? Firefighting resources:

    ? General resources available

    ? Interior wet standpipes, including operation and limitations (if applicable)

    ? Portable fire extinguishers, their capabilities and limitations

CERT TRAINING: PARTICIPANT MANUAL PAGE 9-1

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    COURSE REVIEW (CONTINUED) ? Safety considerations:

    ? Safety equipment must be used at all times.

    ? CERT members must always use the buddy system.

    ? Fire suppression group leaders should always have a back-up team available.

The following are key points for disaster medical operations:

? The “killers

? Head-Tilt/Chin-Lift method of opening an airway

? Methods for controlling bleeding:

    ? Direct pressure

    ? Elevation

    ? Pressure points

? Treatment for shock:

    ? Patient position

    ? Maintenance of body temperature

    ? No food or drink

? Conducting triage

? Head-to-toe assessments

? Wound care

    ? Special considerations when head, neck, or spinal injuries are suspected

? Treatment area considerations

? Splinting and bandaging

PAGE 9-2 CERT TRAINING: PARTICIPANT MANUAL

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    COURSE REVIEW (CONTINUED) The following are key points for light search and rescue:

? Search and rescue are really two functions.

? Goals of search and rescue:

    ? Rescuing the greatest number of people in the shortest amount of time

    ? Rescuing the lightly trapped victims first

? Sizeup:

    ? Construction types

    ? Related hazards

? Structural damage:

    ? Light damage

    ? Moderate damage

    ? Heavy damage

? Search techniques:

    ? Be systematic and thorough

    ? Mark areas searched

    ? Document search results

? Rescue techniques:

    ? Leverage and cribbing

    ? Lifts and drags

CERT TRAINING: PARTICIPANT MANUAL PAGE 9-3

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    COURSE REVIEW (CONTINUED) The following are key points for CERT organization:

? Organizational structure:

    ? Well-defined management structure

    ? Effective communications among agency personnel

    ? Accountability

? Command objectives:

    ? Identify the scope of the incident through damage assessment

    ? Determine an overall strategy and logistical requirements

    ? Deploy resources efficiently but safely

The following are key points for disaster psychology:

    ? In the aftermath of disasters, survivors and disaster workers can experience psychological

    and physiological symptoms.

    ? The steps CERT leaders should take to reduce stress on team members.

    ? The steps CERT members can take to reduce their own stress levels.

    ? Strategies for helping survivors work through their trauma.

The following are key points for terrorism:

? B-NICE indicators

? CERT protocols for terrorist incidents

? Protective actions following a terrorist incident

PAGE 9-4 CERT TRAINING: PARTICIPANT MANUAL

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 9: COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION

    EXERCISE CRITIQUE AND SUMMARY

    It is import to continue education and training to maintain and improve your skills and

    knowledge. You should attend:

? Periodic refresher training that is offered locally.

    ? Standard and advanced first aid courses that are offered through The American Red Cross.

? Cardiopulmonary resuscitation classes that are offered through the American Heart

    Association.

    CERT TRAINING: PARTICIPANT MANUAL PAGE 9-5

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