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GenderSexuality

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GenderSexuality

Howard Hsueh-Hao Chiang

    Professor Benjamin Elman

    HOS-730 Reading Course Spring 2007

    Meets at 2pm on Thursdays (NB: Weeks with * meet at 1pm)

    HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN MODERN CHINA

Emphases: Gender/Sexuality; Biomedicine; Republican China; Comparative Perspectives

Writing Requirement: Weekly short analytic papers (5 pages) that summarize the main

    arguments, major issues, strengths, and defects of the readings.

WEEK 1 (02/08): INTRODUCTION TO HISTORIOGRAPHY

    Needham, Joseph. 1959. ―Mathematics and Science in China and the West,‖ in Science and

    Civilization in China, Vol. III: Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and Earth,

    150-168. With the research assistance of Wang Ling. Cambridge, England: Cambridge

    University Press.

    Sivin, Nathan. 1982. ―Why the Scientific Revolution Did Not Take Place in China—Or Didn‘t

    It?Chinese Science 5: 45-66.

    ---. 1988. ―Science and Medicine in Imperial China—The State of the Field.‖ Journal of Asian

    Studies 47.1: 41-90.

    Cunningham, Andrew and Perry Williams. 1993. ―De-centering the ‗Big Picture‘: The Origins

    of Modern Science and the Modern Origins of Science.‖ British Journal for the History

    of Science 26: 407-432.

    Shapin, Steven. 1996. The Scientific Revolution, 1-14. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Low, Morris. 1998. ―Beyond Joseph Needham: Science, Technology, and Medicine in East and

    Southeast Asia (Introduction). In Morris Low, ed., Beyond Joseph Needham: Science,

    Technology, and Medicine in East and Southeast Asia, 1-8. Osiris series, volume 13.

    University of Chicago Press.

    Hart, Roger. 1999. ―Beyond Science and Civilization: A Post-Needham Critique.‖ East Asian

    Science, Technology, and Medicine 16: 88-114.

    Cohen, H. Floris. 2001. ―Joseph Needham's Grand Question, and How to Make It Productive

    For Our Understanding of the Scientific Revolution.‖ In A. Arrault and C. Jami, eds.,

    Science and Technology in East Asia, Vol. 9: The Legacy of Joseph Needham (Vol. 51 in

    Series 'De Diversis Artibus'), 21-31. Turnhout: Brepols.

Supplemental:

    Needham, Joseph. 1954. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. I: Introductory Orientations.

    With research assistance of Wang Ling. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University

    Press.

    ---. 1956. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. II: History of Scientific Thought. With

    research assistance of Wang Ling. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

    ---. 1964. ―Science and China‘s Influence on the World.‖ In Raymond Dawson, ed., The

    Legacy of China, 234-308. Boston: Cheng & Tsui Co., 1990.

    Kuhn, Thomas. 1996 [1962]. The Structure of Scientific Revolution, 3rd ed. Chicago:

    University of Chicago Press.

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    Sivin, Nathan. 1990. ―Science and Medicine in Chinese History. In Paul S. Ropp, ed.,

    Heritage of China: Contemporary Perspectives on Chinese Civilization, 164-196.

    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Cohen, H. Floris. 1994. ―Why the Scientific Revolution Eluded China,‖ and ―The Harvest of

    the Comparative Route,‖ in The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry, 439-

    488. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Low, Morris, ed. 1998. Beyond Joseph Needham: Science, Technology, and Medicine in East

    and Southeast Asia. Osiris series, volume 13. University of Chicago Press.

    Kim, Yung Sik, and Bray, Francesca. 1999. Current Perspectives in the History of Science in

    East Asia. Seoul: Seoul National University Press.

WEEK 2 (02/15): THE JESUIT INFLUENCE IN CHINA*

    Wong, George C. 1963. ―China‘s Opposition to Western Science during the Late Ming and

    Early Ch‘ing.‖ Isis 54: 29-49.

    Sivin, Nathan. 1976. ―Wang Hsi-shan (1628–1682).‖ Dictionary of Scientific Biography 14:

    159168. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

    Elman, Benjamin. 2005. On Their Own Terms: Science in China, 1550-1900, xxi-280.

    Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Supplemental:

    Spence, Jonathan. 1980 [1969]. To Change China: Western Advisers in China, 1620-1960, 3-33.

    Penguin Books.

    Chu Pingyi. 1997. ―Scientific Dispute in the Imperial Court: The 1664 Calendar Case,‖ Chinese

    Science 14: 7-34.

    Elman, Benjamin. 2006. A Cultural History of Modern Science in China. Cambridge: Harvard

    University Press.

    Brockey, Liam M. 2007. Journey to the East: The Jesuit Mission to China, 1579-1724.

    Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

WEEK 3 (02/22): MEDICINE IN THE QING DYNASTY*

    Furth, Charlotte. 1986. ―Blood, Body, and Gender: Medical Images of the Female Condition in

    China.‖ Chinese Science 7: 43-66.

    ---. 1987. ―Concepts of Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Infancy in Ch‘ing Dynasty China.‖ Journal

    of Asian Studies 46.1: 7-35.

    ---. 1988. ―Androgynous Males and Deficient Females: Biology and Gender Boundaries in

    Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century China.‖ Late Imperial China 9.2: 1-31. Reprinted

    in Henry Abelove, Michèle Barale, and David Halperin, eds., The Lesbian and Gay

    Studies Reader (New York & London: Routledge, 1993), 479-497.

    ---. 1994. ―Rethinking van Gulik: Sexuality and Reproduction in Traditional Chinese

    Medicine.‖ In Christina K. Gilmartin, Gail Hershatter, et al., eds., Engendering China:

    Women, Culture, and the Sate, 125-46. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Leung, Angela. 1987. ―Organized Medicine in Ming-Qing China.‖ Late Imperial China 8.1:

    134-165.

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    Cullen, Christopher. 1993. ―Patients and Healers in Late Imperial China: Evidence from the

    Jinpingmei.‖ History of Science 31: 99-150.

    Hudson, Robert P. 1993. ―Concepts of Disease in the West.‖ In Kenneth Kiple, ed., The

    Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 45-52. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

    Kuriyama, Shigehisa. 1993. ―Concepts of Disease in East Asia. In Kenneth Kiple, ed., The

    Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 52-59. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

    Bray, Francesca. 1995. ―A Deathly Disorder: Understanding Women‘s Health in Late Imperial

    China.‖ In Don Bates, ed., Knowledge and Scholarly Medical Traditions, 235-250.

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Hanson, Marta. 1998. ―Robust Northerners and Delicate Southerners: The Nineteenth-Century

    Invention of a Southern Wenbing Tradition. Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique 6.3:

    515-549. Reprinted in Elsabeth Hsu, ed., Innovation in Chinese Medicine (Cambridge:

    Cambridge University Press, 2001), 262-292.

Supplemental:

    Peterson, Willard. 1975. ―Fang I-chih: Western Learning and the ‗Investigation of Things.‘‖ In

    Wm. T. de Cary et al., eds., The Unfolding of Neo-Confucianism. New York: Columbia

    University Press.

    Risse, Guenter B. 1993. ―History of Western Medicine from Hippocrates to Germ Theory.‖ In

    Kenneth Kiple, ed., The Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 11-19. Cambridge:

    Cambridge University Press.

    Unschuld, Paul U. 1993. ―History of Chinese Medicine.‖ In Kenneth Kiple, ed., The

    Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 20-27. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

    Chao Yuan-ling. 1995. ―Medicine and Society in Late Imperial China: A Study of Physicians in

    Suzhou.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation, UCLA.

    Hanson, Marta. 1997. ―Inventing a Tradition in Chinese Medicine: From Universal Canon to

    Local Medical Knowledge in South China, The Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century.‖

    Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.

    Needham, Joseph. 2000. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. 6: Biology and Biological

    Technology, Part VI: Medicine. With the collaboration of Lu Gwei-Djen and edited and

    with an introduction by Nathan Sivin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Leung, Angela Ki Che, ed. 2005. Medicine for Women in Imperial China. Special Issue of Nan

    Nü: Men, Women and Gender in China 7.2: 109-316.

    Elman, Benjamin. 2005. On Their Own Terms: Science in China, 1550-1900, 281-421.

    Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Furth, Charlotte. 2006. ―The Physician as Philosopher of the Way: Zhu Zhenheng (1282-

    1358).‖ Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 66.2: 423-459.

WEEK 4 (03/01): BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE IN REPUBLICAN CHINA

    Furth, Charlotte. 1970. Ting Wen-chiang: Science and China’s New Culture. Cambridge, MA:

    Harvard University Press.

     3

    Schneider, Laurence A. 1988. ―Genetics in Republican China. In John Bowers, William Hess,

    and Nathan Sivin, eds., Science and Medicine in Twentieth-Century China: Research and

    Education, 3-29. Science, Medicine, and Technology in East Asia, 3. Ann Arbor: Center

    for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.

    Dikötter, Frank. 1989. Eugenics in Republican China.‖ Republican China 15.1: 1-17. Xu, Xiaoqun. 1997. ―‗National Essence‘ Vs ‗Science‘: Chinese Native Physicians‘ Fight for

    Legitimacy, 1912-37.‖ Modern Asian Studies 31.4: 847-877.

    Andrews, Bridie. 2001. ―From Case Records to Case Histories: The Modernisation of a Chinese

    Medical Genre, 1912-49.‖ In Elsabeth Hsu, ed., Innovation in Chinese Medicine

    (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 324-336.

    Cullen, Christopher. 2001. ―Yi‘an (Case Statements): The Origins of a Genre of Chinese

    Medical Literature.‖ In Elsabeth Hsu, ed., Innovation in Chinese Medicine (Cambridge:

    Cambridge University Press), 297-323.

Supplemental:

    Kwok, D.W.K. 1965. Scientism in Chinese Thought 1900-1950. New Haven: Yale University

    Press.

    Sivin, Nathan. 1976. ―Chinese Alchemy and the Manipulation of Time.‖ Isis 67: 513-527. Schneider, Laurence A. 1982. ―The Rockefeller Foundation, the China Foundation, and the

    Development of Modern Science in China.‖ Social Science and Medicine 16: 1217-21. ---. 1986. ―Using the Rockefeller Archives for Research on Modern Chinese Natural Science.‖

    Chinese Science 7: 25-31.

    Pusey, J. R. 1983. China and Charles Darwin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    ---. 1998. Lu Xun and Evolution. State University of New York Press.

    James Reardon-Anderson. 1991. The Study of Change: Chemistry in China, 1840-1919, 79-131.

    Cambridge University Press.

    Andrews, Bridie. 1997. ―Medical Lives and the Odyssey of Western Medicine in Early

    Twentieth-Century China.‖ Unpublished draft for the 1997 History of Science Society

    Annual Meeting.

    Wright, David. 1997. ―The Great Desideratum: Chinese Chemical Nomenclature and the

    Transmission of Western Chemical Concepts.‖ Chinese Science 14: 35-70. ---. 1998. ―The Translation of Modern Western Science in Nineteenth-Century China, 1840-

    1895.‖ Isis 89: 653-673.

    Chung, Yuehtsen Juliette. 1999. ―Struggle for National Survival: Chinese Eugenics in a

    Transnational Context, 1896-1945.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Chicago. Lei, Hsiang-Lin (Sean). 1999. ―When Chinese Medicine Encountered the State: 1910-1949.‖

    Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Chicago.

    ---. 2002. ―How Did Chinese Medicine Become Experiential? The Political Epistemology of

    Jingyan.‖ Positions: East Asia Cultures and Critique. 10.2: 333-364. Barkey, Cheryl L. 2000. ―Gender, Science, and Modernity: The Politics of Reproduction in

    Republican China.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis. Hu, Danian. 2005. China and Albert Einstein: The Reception of the Physicist and His Theory in

    China, 1917-1979. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

No Meeting on 03/08.

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WEEK 5 (03/15): SOCIAL SCIENCE IN REPUBLICAN CHINA

    Dikötter, Frank. 1994. Racial Identities in China: Context and Meaning.‖ China Quarterly

    138: 404-412.

    ---. 1998. Imperfect Conceptions: Medical Knowledge, Birth Defects, and Eugenics in China.

    New York: Columbia University Press.

    Lin, Xiaoqing Diana Chen. 1997. ―Social Science and Social Control: Empirical Scientific

    Theories and Chinese Uses.‖ Chinese Science 14: 71-89.

    Esherick Joseph W. 1999. ―Modernity and Nation in the Chinese City.‖ In Joseph Esherick, ed.,

    Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900-1950, 1-16.

    Honolulu: University of Hawai‗i Press.

    Chiang, Yung-Chen. 2001. Social Engineering and Social Sciences in China, 1919-1949.

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Supplemental:

    Wakeman, Federic. 1975. Fall of Imperial China. New York: Free Press.

    Esherick, Joseph W. 1976. Reform and Revolution China: The 1911 Revolution in Hunan and

    Hubei. University of California Press.

    Dikötter, Frank. 1991. ―The Discourse of Race and the Medicalization of Public and Private

    Space in Modern China (1895-1949).‖ History of Science 29.4: 411-20. Guldin, Gergory Eliyu. 1994. The Saga of Anthropology in China: From Malinowski to

    Moscow to Mao. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

    Esherick, Joseph W., ed. 1999. Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity,

    1900-1950. University of Hawai‗i Press.

    Lin, Xiaoqing Diana Chen. 2005. Peking University: Chinese Scholarship and Intellectuals,

    1898-1937. State University of New York Press.

    Mullaney, Thomas S. 2005. ―Ethnic Classification Writ Large: The 1954 Yunnan Province

    Ethnic Classification Project and its Foundations in Republican-Era Taxonomic

    Thought.‖ China Information 18: 197-205.

    ---. 2005. ―Introduction: 55 + 1 = 1 or the Strange Calculus of Chinese Nationhood.‖ China

    Information 18: 207-241.

    ---. 2006. ―Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification and Scientific Statecraft in

    Modern China, 1928-1954.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University. Belsky, Richard. 2006. Localities at the Center: Native Place, Space, and Power in Late

    Imperial Beijing. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.

    Yue, Meng. 2006. Shanghai and The Edges Of Empires. University of Minnesota Press.

No Meeting on 03/22 (Spring Recess).

WEEK 6 (03/29): WESTERN MEDICINE & COLONIALISM

    Worboys, Michael. 1996. ―Germs, Malaria and the Invention of Mansonian Tropical Medicine:

    From ‗Diseases in the Tropics‘ to ‗Tropical Diseases.‖ In David Arnold, ed., Warm

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    Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900, 181-

    207. Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.

    Anderson, Warwick. 1996. ―Immunities of Empire: Race, Disease, and the New Tropical

    Medicine, 1900-1920.‖ Bulletin of the History of Medicine 70.1: 94-118. Andrews, Bridie J. 1997. ―Tuberculosis and the Assimilation of Germ Theory in China, 1895-

    1937.‖ Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 52.1:114-157. Levine, Philippa. 1998. ―Modernity, Medicine, and Colonialism: The Contagious Diseases

    Ordinances in Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements.‖ Positions: East Asia Cultures

    Critique 6.3: 675-705.

    Rogaski, Ruth. 2004. Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port

    China. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Supplemental:

    Croizier, Ralph C. 1968. Traditional Medicine in Modern China: Science, Nationalism, and

    Tensions of Cultural Change. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Bowers, John Z. 1972. Western Medicine in a Chinese Palace: Peking Union Medical College,

    1917-1951. Philadelphia: The Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

    Headrick, Daniel. 1981. The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the

    Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Lucas, AnElissa. 1982. Chinese Medical Modernization: Comparative Policy Continuities,

    1930-1980s. New York: Praeger.

    Sivin, Nathan. 1987. Traditional Medicine in Contemporary China. A Partial Translation of

    Revised Outline of Chinese Medicine (1972) with an Introductory Study on Change in

    Present-day and Early Medicine, 3-199. Science, Medicine and Technology in East Asia,

    2. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.

    Stoler, Ann Laura. 1995. Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality

    and the Colonial Order of Things. Duke University Press.

    ---. 2002. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule.

    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Arnold, David, ed. 1996. Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical

    Medicine, 1500-1900. Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.

    Cunningham, Andrew, and Bridie Andrews, eds. 1997. Western Medicine as Contested

    Knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Prakash, Gyan. 1999. Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India.

    Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Stepan, Nancy Leys. 2001. Picturing Tropical Nature. London: Reaktion Books.

No Meeting on 04/05.

WEEK 7 (04/12): MENTAL HEALTH & CULTURAL PATHOLOGIES

    Ng, Vivien W. 1990. Madness in Late Imperial China: From Illness to Deviance. Norman, OK:

    University of Oklahoma Press.

    Dikötter, Frank. 1995. Sex, Culture, and Modernity in China: Medical Science and the

    Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period. London: Hurst and Co.

     6

    Shapiro, Hugh. 1998. ―The Puzzle of Spermatorrhea in Republican China.‖ Positions: East

    Asia Cultures Critique 6.3: 551-596.

    ---. 2003. ―How Different are Western and Chinese Medicine? The Case of Nerves.‖ In

    Helaine Selin, ed., with Shapiro, asst. ed., Medicine Across Cultures: History and

    Practice of Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, 351-372. Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer

    Academic Publishers.

    Chen, Nancy N. 1999. ―Translating Psychiatry and Mental Health in Twentieth-Century

    China.‖ In Lydia Liu, ed., Token of Exchange: The Problem of Translation in Global

    Circulations, 305-327. Durham: Duke University Press.

    Heinrich, Larissa N. 1999. ―Handmaids to the Gospel: Lam Qua‘s Medical Portraiture.‖ In

    Lydia Liu, ed., Tokens of Exchange: The Problem of Translation in Global Circulations,

    239-275. Durham: Duke University Press.

Supplemental:

    Kao, John J. 1979. Three Millennia of Chinese Psychiatry. New York: Institute for Advanced

    Research in Asian Science and Medicine.

    Chin, Robert S., and Ai Li S. Chin. 1987. Psychological Research in Communist China: 1949-

    1966. Boston: MIT Press.

    Lin, Tsung-Yi, and Leon Eisenberg, ed. 1985. Mental Health Planning for One Billion People:

    A Chinese Perspective. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

    Lin, Tsung-Yi. 1989. ―Neurasthenia Revisited: Its Place in Modern Psychiatry.‖ Culture,

    Medicine and Psychiatry 13.2: 105-130.

    Agren, Hans. 1982. ―The Conceptual History of Psychiatric Terms in Traditional Chinese

    Medicine.‖ In Li Guohao et al., eds., Explorations in the History of Science and

    Technology in China, 573-581. Shanghai, China: Shanghai Chinese Classics.

    Chiu, Martha Li. 1981. ―Insanity in Imperial China: A Legal Case Study.‖ In A. Kleinman and

    T. Y. Lin, eds., Normal and Abnormal Behavior in Chinese Culture, 75-94. Dordrecht,

    Holland: D. Reidel.

    Pearson, Veronica. 1991. ―The Development of Modern Psychiatric Services in China, 1891-

    1949.‖ History of Psychiatry 2.6: 133-147.

    ---. 1992. ―Community and Culture: A Chinese Model of Community Care for the Mentally

    Ill.‖ International Journal of Social Psychiatry 38.3: 163-178.

    Dikötter, Frank. 1992. The Discourse of Race in Modern China. Stanford: Stanford University

    Press.

    Bullough, Vern L. 1993. ―Sexual Deviance as a Disease.‖ In Kenneth Kiple, ed., The

    Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 85-91. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

    Pressman, Jack D. 1993. ―Concepts of Mental Illness in the West.‖ In Kenneth Kiple, ed., The

    Cambridge World History of Human Disease, 59-85. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

    Li, Ming. 1994. ―Psychology in China: A Brief Historical Review.‖ Journal of Psychology

    128.3: 281-287.

    Shapiro, Hugh. 1995. ―The View From A Chinese Asylum: Defining Madness in 1930s

    Peking.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University.

    Lee, Sing. 1996. ―Cultures in Psychiatric Nosology: The CCDM-2-R and International

    Classification of Mental Disorders.‖ Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 20: 421-472.

     7

    Chen, Nancy N. 2003. Breathing Spaces: Qigong, Psychiatry, and Healing in China. New

    York: Columbia University Press.

WEEK 8 (04/19): GENDER & SEXUALITY

    Ng, Vivien W. 1989. ―Homosexuality and the State in Late Imperial China.‖ In Martin

    Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey, eds., Hidden From History:

    Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past, 76-89. New York: New American Library.

    Barlow, Tani E. 1994. ―Theorizing Women: Funü, Guojia, Jiating.‖ In Angela Zito and Tai E.

    Barlow, eds., Body, Subject, and Power in China, 253-289. University of Chicago Press.

    Evans, Harriet. 1995. ―Defining Difference: The ‗Scientific‘ Construction of Sexuality and

    Gender in the People‘s Republic of China.‖ Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and

    Society 20: 357-394.

    Bray, Francesca. 1997. Technology and Gender: Fabrics of Power in Late Imperial China.

    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Furth, Charlotte. 1999. A Flourishing Yin: Gender in China’s Medical History, 960-1665.

    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Sang, Tze-lan Deborah. 1999. ―Translating Homosexuality: The Discourse of Tongxing’ai in

    Republican China (1912-1949). In Lydia Liu, ed., Token of Exchange: The Problem of

    Translation in Global Circulations, 276-304. Durham: Duke University Press.

    Honig, Emily. 2003. ―Socialist Sex: The Cultural Revolution Revisited.‖ Modern China

    29.2:153-175.

    Kang, Wenqing. 2006. ―Male Same-Sex Relations in China, 1900-1950.‖ Ph.D. Dissertation,

    UC Santa Cruz.

Supplemental:

    Hinsch, Bret. 1990. Passions of the Cut Sleeve: The Male Homosexual Tradition in China.

    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Laqueur, Thomas. 1990. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greek to Freud. Cambridge,

    MA: Harvard University Press.

    Hsiung, Ping-Chen. 1994. ―Constructed Emotions: The Bond Between Mothers and Sons in

    Late Imperial China.‖ Late Imperial China 15.1: 87-117.

    Ko, Dorothy. 1994. Teachers of the Inner Chambers: Women and Culture in Seventeenth-

    Century China. Stanford University Press.

    ---. 2001. Every Step a Lotus: Shoes for the Bound Feet. University of California Press.

    ---. 2005. Cinderella’s Sisters: A Revisionist History of Footbinding. University of California

    Press.

    Evans, Harriet. 1996. Women and Sexuality in China: Female Sexuality and Gender Since 1949.

    Continuum International Publishing Group.

    Hershatter, Gail. 1997. Dangerous Pleasures: Prostitution and Modernity in Twentieth-Century

    Shanghai. University of California Press.

    Larson, Wendy. 1998. Women and Writing in Modern China. Stanford University Press.

    Chou, Wah-shan. 2000. Tongzhi: Politics of Same-Sex Eroticism in Chinese Societies.

    Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

    Pflugfelder, Gregory M. 2000. Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese

    Discourse, 1600-1950. University of California Press.

     8

    Sommer, Matthew H. 2000. Sex, Law, and Society in Late Imperial China. Stanford, CA:

    Stanford University Press.

    Henriot, Christian. 2001. Prostitution and Sexuality in Shanghai: A Social History, 1849-1949,

    trans. Noel Castelino. Cambridge University Press.

    Brownell, Susan and Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom. 2002. Chinese Femininities/Chinese

    Masculinities: A Reader. University of California Press.

    Goldin, Paul Rakita. 2002. The Culture of Sex in Ancient China. University of Hawai‗i Press.

    Sang, Tze-lan Deborah. 2003. The Emerging Lesbian: Female Same-Sex Desire in Modern

    China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Wu, Cuncun. 2004. Homoerotic Sensibilities in Late Imperial China. RoutledgeCurzon. Zhang, Everett Yuehong. 2005. ―Rethinking Sexual Repression in Maoist China: Ideology,

    Structure and the Ownership of the Body.‖ Body & Society 11.3: 1-25. Furth, Charlotte. 2006. ―Gender, History, and Medicine in Feminist Scholarship: An Interview

    with Charlotte Furth.‖ The Chinese Historical Review 13.2: 313-329. Kang, Xiaofei. 2006. The Cult of the Fox: Power, Gender, and Popular Religion in Late

    Imperial and Modern China. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Widmer, Ellen. 2006. The Beauty and the Book: Women and Fiction in Nineteenth-Century

    China. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.

    Yeh, Catherine Vance. 2006. Shanghai Love: Courtesans, Intellectuals, and Entertainment

    Culture, 1850-1910. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

    Goldstein, Joshua. 2007. Drama Kings: Players and Publics in the Re-creation of Peking Opera,

    1870-1937. University of California Press.

No Meeting on 4/26.

WEEK 9 (05/03): SCIENCE & MEDICINE IN MAOIST & POST-MAO CHINA

    Li, Peishan. 1988. ―Genetics in China: The Qingdao Symposium of 1956.‖ Isis 79: 227-36. Chow, James F. 1988. ―Genetics in Postwar China.‖ In John Bowers, William Hess, and

    Nathan Sivin, eds., Science and Medicine in Twentieth-Century China: Research and

    Education, 155-169. Science, Medicine, and Technology in East Asia, 3. Ann Arbor:

    Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.

    Henderson, Gail. 1989. ―Issues in the Modernization of Medicine in China.‖ In Simon and

    Goldman, eds., Science and Technology in Post-Mao China, 199-221. Harvard

    University Press.

    Schneider, Laurence. 1989. ―Learning from Russia: Lysenkoism and the Fate of Genetics in

    China, 1950-1986. In Simon and Goldman, eds., Science and Technology in Post-Mao

    China, 45-68. Harvard University Press.

    Farquhar, Judith. 1991. ―Objects, Processes, and Female Infertility in Chinese Medicine.‖

    Medical Anthropology Quarterly 5.4: 370-399.

    ---. 1994. Knowing Practice: The Clinical Encounter of Chinese Medicine. Boulder, Colorado:

    Westview Press.

    Miller, Lyman H. 1996. Science and Dissent in Post-Mao China: The Politics of Knowledge, 3-

    30. Seattle/London: University of Washington Press.

     9

Supplemental:

    Farquhar, Judith. 1987. ―Problems of Knowledge in Contemporary Chinese Medical

    Discourse.‖ Social Science and Medicine 24.12: 1013-1021.

    ---. 1995. ―Re-writing Traditional Medicine in Post-Maoist China.‖ In Don Bates, ed.,

    Knowledge and Scholarly Medical Traditions, 251-276. Cambridge: Cambridge

    University Press.

    Simon, Denis Fred, and Merle Goldman, eds. 1989. Science and Technology in Post-Mao

    China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Yao, Shuping. 1989. ―Chinese Intellectuals and Science: A History of the Chinese Academy of

    Sciences (CAS).‖ Science in Context 3: 447-473.

    Pearson, Veronica. 1995. Mental Health Care in China: State Policies, Professional Services

    and Family Responsibilities. Gaskell Publishing House.

    Farquhar, Judith. 2002. Appetites: Food and Sex in Post-Socialist China. Durham: Duke

    University Press.

    Taylor, Kim. 2005. Chinese Medicine in Early Communist China, 1945-63. London:

    RoutledgeCurzon.

WEEK 10 (05/10): CULTURAL EXCHANGE IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

    Buck, Peter. 1980. American Science and Modern China: 1876-1936, esp. 91-208. Cambridge

    University Press.

    Lloyd, G. E. R. 1995. ―Epistemological Arguments in Early Greek Medicine in Comparative

    Prespective.‖ In Don Bates, ed., Knowledge and Scholarly Medical Traditions, 25-40.

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    ---. 2004. Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and

    Chinese Science and Culture. Oxford University Press.

    Andrews, Bridie. 1994. ―Tailoring Tradition: The Impact of Modern Medicine on Traditional

    Chinese Medicine, 1887-1937.‖ In Viviane Alleton and Alexei Volkov, eds., Notions et

    Percpetions du Changement et Chine, 149-160. Paris: Collège de France, Institut des

    Hautes Études Chinoises.

    Kuriyama, Shigehisa. 2002. The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and

    Chinese Medicine. New York: Zone Books.

    Said, Edward. 2003. Freud and the Non-European. London: Verso.

Supplemental:

    Lloyd, G. E. R. 1990. ―A Test Case: China and Greece, Comparisons and Contrasts,‖ in

    Demystifying Mentalities, 105-134. Cambridge University Press.

    Liu, Lydia H. 1995. Translingual Practice: Literature, National Culture, and Translated

    Modernity, China 1900-1937. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    ---ed. 1999. Token of Exchange: The Problem of Translation in Global Circulations. Durham:

    Duke University Press.

    ---. 2004. The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World Making. Cambridge:

    Harvard University Press.

    Wright, David. 2000. Translating Science: The Transmission of Western Chemistry into Late

    Imperial China, 1840-1900. Leiden, Neth.: E. J. Brill.

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