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modern-video-100910-p-paris

MODERN ARCHITECTURE NOTES ON VIDEO

    CHU HAI COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE 香港珠海學院建築系 Notes on Video No. : 1 stnd/ 2 Term Subject Name : Modern Architecture Year : 2010 - 11 1Lecturer : Mr. Stan Lai Session : to Assessment Category: Theory Based / Project Based (Type I)/ Project Based (Type II)* Division : General Courses / Design Course / Lecture Course*

    Week : Mon / Tue / Wed / Thur / Fri / Sat / Sun*

    THE UNIVERSAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, PARIS 1900 Director: Nick Levinson Presenter/Writer: Tim Benton Open University/BBC 25 minutes Black and white A mammoth, chaotic event, the Universal International Exhibition held in Paris in 1900 can be seen as a late celebration of nineteenth-century values, imperialism and eclecticism. It included displays of real live `natives' from the colonies and real camels, a complete medieval French village and its inhabitants reconstructed on the Right Bank, and buildings ranging from Serbian Byzantine and English Jacobean to Austrian Gothic. But the exhibition was also intended to look forward to the new century: an elevated electric railway surrounded the site, and it held examples of what the general public considered to be the last word in modern architecture and design, epitomized by the Art Nouveau. Contemporary Pathe News film, still photographs and writings show us the tangle of artistic ideas from which the modern movements of the twentieth century were to emerge. 1886 Eiffel Tower - Iron & steel 1900 Paris Expo - Stone-dominated: ; W/ plaster stucco ; Shocking impression by randomly piled up different styles ; Eclectic & chaotic ; Combining different styles from all over the world - Planning: ; Along River Seine ; Footbridges ; Elevated railway ; Electric moving platform ; Not disturbing the life of middle city - All temporary buildings except: ; Petit Palais ; Grand Palais: solid stone & concrete w/ glass & metal roof; setting the tone of Expo; decorative metal structure inside - Riverside national pavilion groups: ; Mostly reproduction of historic style in own country (national style) - Opposite side: ; Vernacular medieval styles of different countries w/ actors in special costumes demonstrating ways of life - No orthodox classic & gothic, & no structural logic - But some other minor pavilions showing modern structures, materials & ornaments, e.g.: ; Scandinavian timber structure w/ new decoration ; Art Nouveau curves, plants & organic forms 1902 Turin Expo - More avant-garde style - No historicism -> Modern Hand-out Date - 10/9/2010

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MODERN ARCHITECTURE NOTES ON VIDEO

    CHU HAI COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE 香港珠海學院建築系 Notes on Video No. : 2 stnd/ 2 Term Subject Name : Modern Architecture Year : 2010 - 11 1Lecturer : Mr. Stan Lai Session : to Assessment Category: Theory Based / Project Based (Type I)/ Project Based (Type II)* Division : General Courses / Design Course / Lecture Course*

    Week : Mon / Tue / Wed / Thur / Fri / Sat / Sun*

    HANS SCHAROUN Director: Nick Levinson Presenter/Writer: Tim Benton Open University/BBC 25 minutes Colour

    The least well-known period of German architect Hans Scharoun's career is his work in the 1930s. After the First World War he had emerged as an Expressionist; he soon moved on to the International Style, but unusually he did not abandon the sculptural and `expressionistic' elements of his early work. Here we look at three houses he built during the thirties; unlike many of his contemporaries, Scharoun stayed in Germany and continued to practice under the Nazis, although in a restricted capacity. The Schminke house of 1933 must be one of the last great International Style buildings in Germany; however, the Scharf and Mohrmann houses, designed in 1939, show Scharoun reverting to vernacular forms and materials on the exteriors while creating some of the most exciting open-plan interiors of the modern movement. Scharouns early characteristics: - Artistic, free, god-like creativity - International styled architecture - Free form, curve, sculpture; as opposed to hard line, function Schminke House, Saxony (1933) - Marine architecture - Priority / sequence in design process: ; Views -> organization -> incorporated into open spaces around Scharf House, Berlin-Schmargendorf (1936 1938) - Demanded by Nazi Government to keep traditional exterior form - Modern interior - Subtle exterior in contrast to expressive interior - Curves and non-orthogonal planning - Derived from the views to exterior - Continuity of material from exterior to interior - Spatial continuity Mohrmann House, Berlin-Lichtenrade (1938 1939) - Smaller scale - Free flow planning - Demanded by Nazi Government not to disturb the village image - Organic: House tying with land - Interior expressive - Fluid and open - Pushing out and setting back - Each space derived from its view to exterior - Curves (arches) implying the spatial sequence - Organic nature: ; Irregular ; Interlocking ; Natural materials Hand-out Date - 10/9/2010

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