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Table 1

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These data are typically comprised of both renewable surface water and groundwater The UN FAO refers to this as total natural renewable water resources

Table 1. Total Renewable Freshwater Supply by Country (2006 Update)

    Description

    Average annual renewable freshwater resources are listed by country, updating the previous tables in this series from The World’s

    Water. These data are typically comprised of both renewable surface water and groundwater supplies, including surface inflows from neighboring countries. The UN FAO refers to this as total natural renewable water resources. Flows to other countries are not 3subtracted from these numbers. All quantities are in cubic kilometers per year (km/yr). These data represent average freshwater

    resources in a country―actual annual renewable supply will vary from year to year.

    Limitations

    These detailed country data should be viewed, and used, with caution. The data come from different sources and were estimated over

    different periods. Many countries do not directly measure or report internal water resources data, so some of these entries were

    produced using indirect methods. For example, Margat compiles information from a wide variety of sources and notes that there is a

    wide variation in the reliability of the data. In the past few years, new assessments have begun to standardize definitions and

    assumptions.

    Not all of the annual renewable water supply is available for use by the countries to which it is credited here; some flows are

    committed to downstream users. For example, the Sudan is listed as having 154 cubic kilometers per year, but treaty commitments

    require them to pass significant flows downstream to Egypt. Other countries, such as Turkey, Syria, and France, to name only a few,

    also pass significant amounts of water to other users. The annual average figures hide large seasonal, interannual, and long-term

    variations.

    Sources

    Compiled by P. H. Gleick and H. Cooley, Pacific Institute.

    nd = no data

    a. Total natural renewable surface and groundwater. Typically includes flows from other countries. (FAO: Natural total renewable

    water resources)

    b. Estimates from Belyaev, Institute of Geography, USSR (1987).

    c. Estimates from FAO (1995). Water Resources of African Countries. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Rome,

    Italy.

    d. Estimates from WRI (1994). See this source for original data source.

    e. Estimates from Goscomstat, USSR, 1989 as cited in Gleick 1993, Table A16.

    f. Estimates from FAO (1997). Water Resources of the Near East Region: A Review. Food and Agriculture Organization, United

    Nations, Rome, Italy.

    g. Estimates from FAO (1997). Irrigation in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union in Figures. Food and Agriculture

    Organization, United Nations, Rome, Italy.

    h. UNFAO. 1999. Irrigation in Asia in Figures. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Rome, Italy. i. Nix, H. 1995. Water/Land/Life: The Eternal Triangle. Water Research Foundation of Australia, Canberra, Australia. j. UNFAO. 2000. Irrigation in Latin America and the Caribbean. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Rome, Italy.

    k. AQUASTAT Web site as of February 2003.

    l. Margat, J./OSS. 2001. Les ressources en eau des pays de l’OSS. Evaluation, utilisation et gestion. UNESCO/Observatoire du

    Sahara et du Sahel. (Updating of 1995).

    m. Estimates from FAO (2003). Review of World Water Resources by Country. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations,

    Rome, Italy (see specific references in this document for more information).

n. United States Geological Survey Revised: Conterminous US (2071); Alaska (980); Hawaii (18).

    o. EUROSTAT, U. Wieland. 2003. Water resources in the EU and in the candidate countries. Statistics in Focus, Environment and

    Energy, European Communities.

    p. Margat, J and D. Vallée. 2000. Blue Plan―Mediterranean vision on water, population and the environment for the 21st century.

    Sophia Antipolis, France. 62 pp. q. Geres, D. 1998. Water resources in Croatia. International Symposium on Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering.

    Dubrovnic, Croatia (September 1419).

    r. AQUASTAT Web site as of November 2005. s. EUROSTAT. 2005.

    t. Pearse, P. H., Bertrand, F., MacLaren, J. W. 1985. Currents of change, final report of inquiry on federal water policy. Environment Canada. Ottawa, Canada.

    Annual

    Renewable

    Water Source

    Resourcesa Year of of Region Country (km^3/yr) Estimate Estimate

    AFRICA Algeria 14.3 1997 c,f

     Angola 184.0 1987 b

     Benin 25.8 2001 l

     Botswana 14.7 2001 l

     Burkina Faso 17.5 2001 l

     Burundi 3.6 1987 b

     Cameroon 285.5 2003 m

     Cape Verde 0.3 1990 c

     Central African Republic 144.4 2003 m

     Chad 43.0 1987 b

     Comoros 1.2 2003 m

     Congo 832.0 1987 b

    Congo, Democratic Republic (formerly

     Zaire) 1283 2001 l

     Cote D'Ivoire 81 2001 l

     Djibouti 0.3 1997 f

     Egypt 86.8 1997 f

     Equatorial Guinea 26 2001 l

     Eritrea 6.3 2001 l

     Ethiopia 110.0 1987 b

     Gabon 164.0 1987 b

     Gambia 8.0 1982 c

     Ghana 53.2 2001 l

     Guinea 226.0 1987 b

     Guinea-Bissau 31.0 2003 m

     Kenya 30.2 1990 c

     Lesotho 5.2 1987 b

     Liberia 232.0 1987 b

     Libya 0.6 1997 c,f

     Madagascar 337.0 1984 c

     Malawi 17.3 2001 l

     Mali 100.0 2001 k

     Mauritania 11.4 1997 c,f

     Mauritius 2.2 2001 k

     Morocco 29.0 2003 m

     Mozambique 216.0 1992 c

     Namibia 45.5 1991 c

     Niger 33.7 2003 m

     Nigeria 286.2 2003 m

     Reunion 5.0 1988 m

     Rwanda 5.2 2003 m

     Senegal 39.4 1987 b

     Sierra Leone 160.0 1987 b

     Somalia 15.7 1997 f

     South Africa 50.0 1990 c

     Sudan 154.0 1997 c,f

     Swaziland 4.5 1987 b

     Tanzania 91 2001 l

     Togo 14.7 2001 l

     Tunisia 4.6 2003 m

     Uganda 66.0 1970 c

     Zambia 105.2 2001 l

     Zimbabwe 20.0 1987 b

NORTH

    AND

    CENTRAL

    AMERICA Antigua and Barbuda 0.1 2000 j

     Bahamas nd nd

     Barbados 0.1 2003 m

     Belize 18.6 2000 j

     Canada 3300.0 1985 t

     Costa Rica 112.4 2000 j

     Cuba 38.1 2000 j

     Dominica nd nd

     Dominican Republic 21.0 2000 j

     El Salvador 25.2 2001 l

     Grenada nd nd

     Guatemala 111.3 2000 j

     Haiti 14.0 2000 j

     Honduras 95.9 2000 j

     Jamaica 9.4 2000 j

     Mexico 457.2 2000 j

     Nicaragua 196.7 2000 j

     Panama 148.0 2000 j

     St. Kitts and Nevis 0.02 2000 j

     Trinidad and Tobago 3.8 2000 j

     United States of America 3069.0 1985 n

SOUTH

    AMERICA Argentina 814.0 2000 j

     Bolivia 622.5 2000 j

     Brazil 8233.0 2000 j

     Chile 922.0 2000 j

     Colombia 2132.0 2000 j

     Ecuador 432.0 2000 j

     Guyana 241.0 2000 j

     Paraguay 336.0 2000 j

     Peru 1913.0 2000 j

     Suriname 122.0 2003 m

     Uruguay 139.0 2000 j

     Venezuela 1233.2 2000 j

    ASIA Afghanistan 65.0 1997 f

     Bahrain 0.1 1997 f

     Bangladesh 1210.6 1999 h

     Bhutan 95.0 1987 b

     Brunei 8.5 1999 h

     Cambodia 476.1 1999 h

     China 2829.6 1999 h

     India 1907.8 1999 h

     Indonesia 2838.0 1999 h

     Iran 137.5 1997 f

     Iraq 96.4 1997 f

     Israel 1.7 2001 l,m

     Japan 430.0 1999 h

     Jordan 0.9 1997 f

     Korea DPR 77.1 1999 h

     Korea Rep 69.7 1999 h

     Kuwait 0.02 1997 f

     Laos 333.6 2003 m

     Lebanon 4.8 1997 f

     Malaysia 580.0 1999 h

     Maldives 0.03 1999 h

     Mongolia 34.8 1999 h

     Myanmar 1045.6 1999 h

     Nepal 210.2 1999 h

     Oman 1.0 1997 f

     Pakistan 233.8 2003 k

     Philippines 479.0 1999 h

     Qatar 0.1 1997 f

     Saudi Arabia 2.4 1997 f

     Singapore 0.6 1975 d

     Sri Lanka 50.0 1999 h

     Syria 46.1 1997 f

     Taiwan 67.0 2000 r

     Thailand 409.9 1999 h

     Turkey 234.0 2003 k, l, m, o

     United Arab Emirates 0.2 1997 f

     Vietnam 891.2 1999 h

     Yemen 4.1 1997 f

    EUROPE Europe

     Albania 41.7 2001 p

     Austria 84.0 2005 s

     Belgium 20.8 2005 s

     Bosnia and Herzegovina 37.5 2003 m

     Bulgaria 19.4 2005 s

     Croatia 105.5 1998 o, q

     Cyprus 0.4 2005 s

     Czech Republic 16.0 2005 s

     Denmark 6.1 2003 o

     Estonia 21.1 2005 s

     Finland 110.0 2005 s

     France 189.0 2005 s

     Germany 188.0 2005 s

     Greece 72.0 2005 s

     Hungary 120.0 2005 s

     Iceland 170.0 2005 s

     Ireland 46.8 2003 o

     Italy 175.0 2005 s

     Luxembourg 1.6 2005 s

     Macedonia 6.4 2001 p

     Malta 0.07 2005 s

     Netherlands 89.7 2005 s

     Norway 381.4 2005 s

     Poland 63.1 2005 s

     Portugal 73.6 2005 s

     Romania 42.3/211.90 2003 o, m

     Slovakia 80.3/50.1 2003 o, m

     Slovenia 32.1 2005 s

     Spain 111.1 2005 s

     Sweden 179.0 2005 s

     Switzerland 53.3 2005 s

     United Kingdom 160.6 2005 s

     Serbia-Montenegro* 208.5 2003 m

FORMER

    SOVIET

    UNION Russia 4498.0 1997 e,g

     Armenia 10.5 1997 g

     Azerbaijan 30.3 1997 g

     Belarus 58.0 1997 g

     Estonia 12.8 1997 g

     Georgia 63.3 1997 g

     Kazakhstan 109.6 1997 g

     Kyrgyzstan 46.5 1997 m

     Latvia 49.9 2005 s

     Lithuania 24.5 2005 s

     Moldova 11.7 1997 g

     Tajikistan 99.7 1997 m

     Turkmenistan 60.9 1997 m

     Ukraine 139.5 1997 g

     Uzbekistan 72.2 2003 m

    OCEANIA Australia 398.0 1995 i

     Fiji 28.6 1987 b

     New Zealand 397.0 1995 i

     Papua New Guinea 801.0 1987 b

     Solomon Islands 44.7 1987 b

    *referred to as Yugoslavia in previous The World's Water

    ? 2007 Pacific Institute. May be republished with permission.

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