CHU HAI COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE 香港珠海學院建築系 Assignment No. : 1 ndSubject Name : Modern Architecture Year : 2010 / 2011 1st/ 2 Term Lecturer : Mr. Stan Lai Session : to Assessment Category: Theory Based / Project Based (Type I)/ Project Based (Type II)* Division : General Courses / Design Course / Lecture Course* Week : Mon / Tue / Wed / Thur / Fri / Sat / Sun*
Major Assignment Headings DECOMPOSING THE FORM AND SPACE OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE (I) Aims & Objectives - To learn the process of analyzing modern architecture. Background / Introduction - A piece of architecture is always composed of different systems, and the combination of them constructs its nature of complexity. - Within each of these aspects or systems, contradictory elements may be juxtaposed, superimposed or interweaved. - In order to comprehend the principles behind the composition of form and space of modern architecture, each of these is vital to elements and systems should be extracted from the whole entity of architecture. Such process of decompositionexpose the composition of space and form. - This can be a challenge to the normal representation of architecture by plans, elevations and sections. These drawings are challenged in two ways: - Firstly, architecture is no longer divided into different levels (each floor plan in fact is the top view after removal of the stories above), but divided into different systems (each diagram is viewed after the removal of other systems) and elements. - Second, the resulted diagrams are no longer directly taken from the 2-D drawings (plans, elevations and sections), but transformed from a 3-D model (computer or physical model). The diagrams can be the views of perspective, axonometric projection, perspective-plan, etc. Main Task - Maximum 4 students form a group. You are required to study 1 building from the “List of architects and buildings for study” (study of building other than the listed ones shall seek prior approval by the Lecturer). - The study shall be structured in the following parts: PART 1 INTRODUCTION A short introduction to the general architectural theory of the architect. PART 2 DESIGN PRINCIPLES STEP 1 RECONSTRUCTION: Reconstruct the building with 3D model (computer or physical) showing the general building form, envelope design, internal partitions. Present the model from different angles by the basic diagrams of: a) General building form b) Building exploded (split) into different floors STEP 2 DECOMPOSITION: Analyze the building with separate diagrams mainly based on your 3D model. Each system is represented by 1 diagram, and each diagram can represent 1 single element or combination of elements. Please note that although the analysis based on 2D plans is sometimes useful, it should not be the only emphasis, and should not be done before general completion of the 3D model. Present the model by diagrams indicating only the following highlighted elements (hiding or removing other elements): a) Structure b) Main circulation (combining horizontal & vertical, or separating into 2 diagrams) c) Others PART 3 ANIMATION Use video to show animation of the building viewed by a moving camera. - For the analytical diagrams (PART 2 - STEP 2), other systems with contradictory elements are suggested as follow: - ; Zoning of uses (public / private; active / passive; served / servant) ; Solid / void ; Openness / enclosure ; Geometry (point / line / plane / volume / mass; straight / curve / segment; different shapes) ; Subtraction / addition ; Regular / irregular ; Order / disorder ; Organization (centralized / linear / radial / clustered / grid) ; Direction (vertical / horizontal / diagonal) ; Circulation (approach, entrance, and path) ; Proportion (perfection / golden section / modular) ; Scale ; Ordering principles (axis, symmetry, hierarchy, datum, rhythm, repetition, transformation) List of architects and buildings for study HENDRIK PETRUS BERLAGE
; Henny House, the Hague (1898) ADOLF LOOS ; Steiner House, Vienna (1910) ; Tristan Tsara House, Paris (1925 - 1926) ; Villa for Hans & Anny Molla, Vienna (1927 - 1928) GERRIT THOMAS RIETVELD ; Schroder- Schrader House, Utrecht (1924) JACOBUS JOHANNES PIETER OUD ; Café “De Unie”, Rotterdam (1924 - 1925) BRUNO TAUT ; Glass Pavilion at Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne, Alfeld-an-der-Leine (1914) HANS SCHAROUN ; Residential Hall, the Deutscher Werkbund Exhibition / Hostel for Single People & Newly-married Couples at “Wohlung und Werkraum”, Breslau (1929) ; Villa Schminke, Saxony (1933) ; Scharf House, Berlin-Schmargendorf (1936 – 1938) ; Mohrmann House, Berlin-Lichtenrade (1938 – 1939) KONSTANTIN MELNIKOV ; Soviet Pavilion at the “Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes”, Paris (1925) WALTER GROPIUS ; Director’s House, Bauhaus, Dessau (1925 - 1926) ; Semi-detached Master’s House for László Moholy-Nagy, Bauhaus, Dessau (1925 - 1926) FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT ; Unity Church, Oak Park, Illinois (1906) ; Winslow House, River Forest, Illinois (1893) ; Willitts House, Highland Park, Illinois (1902) ; House for Frederick C. Robie, Chicago, Ill. (1906 – 1910) ; Coonley House, Riverside, Ill. (1908) ; Robie House, Chicago (1909) ; Falling Water (Kaufmann House), Bear Run, Pennsylvania (1936) ; Solar Hemicycle (Herbert Jacobs House), Middleton, Wisconsin (1944) ; Solomon H. Guggenheim Museum, N.Y. (1956) LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE ; Monument of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, Berlin (1926) ; Lange House, Krefeld (1928) ; German Pavilion, International Exhibition in Barcelona (1929) ; Tugendhat House, Brno (1928 - 1930) ; Country House for a Bachelor, Berlin Building Exhibition (1931) ; Farnsworth House, Plano, Illinois (1946 – 1951) ; Promontory Apartments, Chicago, Illinois (1949) ; Lake Shore Drive Apartments, Chicago, Illinois (1950) ; Crown Hall, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill. (1952-56) ; Bacardi Office Building, Mexico (1961) ; Seagram Building, N.Y. (1954 – 1958) ; Twentieth Century Gallery, Berlin (1963) Presentation Media - Presentation: Power Point + computer 3-D model (+ physical models, if any) + video. - Study Report: A4 sheets (in colour and in portrait layout) booklet with binding, with all required information (course name, stassignment name, student’s name, date, name of college and department) shown on the 1 page. - 1 CD with power point file, images of diagrams (jpg), 3-D model (CAD, 3D Max or others), & video (mpeg-1, mpeg-2, or mpeg-4). Marking Scheme - Preliminary Presentation – 20% - Final Presentation: content – 40% - Study Report: presentation – 40% Schedule
24/9/2010 Selection of studied building st8/10/2010 1 preliminary presentation: PART 1 & PART 2 (STEP 1) nd29/10/2010 & 2 preliminary presentation: PART 2 (STEP 2) 5/11/2010
26/11/2010 & Final presentation: PARTS 1, 2, & 3 3/12/2010
17/12/2010 Hand-in of study report, CD & model (optional)
Book Reference / External Reference - Unwin, Simon. Analysing Architecture. London; New York: Routledge, 1997. - Ching, D.K. Francis. Architecture: Form, Space and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold; John Wiley & Sons, 1996. - Frampton, Kenneth. Studies in Tectonic Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995.