DOC

Figure 9, transforming into figures 3 and 4; that is, a triadic

By Stacy Burns,2014-05-07 21:05
9 views 0
Figure 9, transforming into figures 3 and 4; that is, a triadic

    Comments on Figure 9

    Transforming into figures 3 and 4; that is,

    a Triadic Set of Relations Transforming

    into a SIGN

    Edwina Taborsky

    1. INTRODUCTION Peirce developed an analysis of reality that defined reality all forms of reality, whether

    chemical, biological or social as existing in Signs. A sign is a spatiotemporal reality,

    material or conceptual, that exists in relations with other signs, as in “I use the word “Sign” in the widest sense for any medium for the communication or extension of a From

    (or feature). Being medium, it is determined by something, called its Object, and

    determines something, called its Interpretant or Interpretand” (Peirce 1977:196). This

    establishes the nature of the sign as a triad of interactions or relations.

     He provided a framework and analysis of ten basic signs (CP 2.227-309; CP 8.327-

    379), which he defined as ten basic classes (2.238); however, “these ten classes will have certain subdivisions according as the existent correlates are individual subjects or

    individual facts, and according as the correlates that are laws are general subjects, general

    modes of fact, or general modes of law” (2.238). These ten basic classes can be

    understood as a Set, and can be subdivided into subsets of both 28 and 66 (Peirce 1977:

    84; Letter to Lady Welby, Dec. 23, 1908 and see Lieb‟s analysis, Appendix B, 1977, pp. 160-166).

    If we take Peirce‟s basic axiom, that all reality exists as signs, then, we can analyze

    the sign as a morphological reality; that is, as an entity, whether material or conceptual,

    that exists in space and time. There are four spatial (internal, external, local, global) and

    three temporal (present, perfect, progressive) measurements and three modal

    measurements (possible, actual, necessary) (Taborsky 2005, 2006). A spatial, temporal

    and modal measurement operates as a Relation, a primitive dyadic morphology

    (Taborsky 2005). The morphological architecture of the sign is a triad, comprised of three

    relations that interact as a function. The Object is mediated by the Representamen and

    19

produces the Interpretant. We can also use the terms Input, Mediation and Output. This

    triad is not a linear movement from Object to Mediation to Interpretant, or InputMediation-Output. It is an irreducible Function, an act that transforms the raw data of the

    Input to the interpreted information of the Output.

    Peirce defined ten basic classes of Signs, which we can understand as a Set, and 28

    and 66 subclasses or subsets. Essentially, this means that there are ten basic morphologies,

    but, within these ten morphologies, there are nuances of interpretation that, even though

    they do not change the morphological form, permit different types of relations with other

    morphologies. This means that the Sign can interpret the same raw data through a

    functional mediation process which is open to the niche specific values of different

    environmental requirements. This ability of Nature to enable a common morphology (the

    ten classes), with all the stability that suggests, and yet, provide that architecture with a

    flexible capacity (of 28 and 66 variations) to adapt to environmental stimuli, enables our

    universe to operate as a complex reality capable of both gradual and rapid adaptive

    evolution.

    Tables below show the Six Relations and the Ten Basic Signs, and then, we proceed

    to an analysis of the 28 signs generated from a second-level collaboration of the Relations.

    2. THE SIX RELATIONS

    There are Six Relations that can be used to form a SIGN. A Sign is made up of three

    Relations that interact as a Function where f(x)=y. This is a triadic interaction, where the

    input data, known as X, is transformed by mediation, f, into a singular informational

    output Y. This triad, which can also be called the Object-Mediation/Representamen-

    Interpretant in Peircean terms, is irreducible. A sign always operates as a function made

    up of three Relations which operate as a triadic processing of data to information within

    the operational format of: input-mediation-output.

    The six relations, analyzed by Peirce as „genuine‟ or „degenerate‟ (CP 2.227-242), with degenerate understood to mean a mixed modality, are described in Table 1 by name,

    spatial, temporal and modal measurements:

    1-1 Firstness as Firstness Internal Local Present Time Possible 2-2 Secondness as Secondness External Local Perfect Time Discrete Actual 2-1 Secondness as Firstness Borderline Interface Perfect-Present Time Attractor Phase 3-1 Thirdness as Firstness External Global Progressive-present Time Statistical Average 3-2 Thirdness as Secondness Internal Global Progressive-perfect Time Networked Propensity

    20

    3-3 Thirdness as Thirdness Aspatial Atemporal Imaginary, pure reason

     TABLE 1: THE SIX RELATIONS

    A relation is a primitive dyadic morpheme. It cannot exist as that dyad on its own.

    Existence, or spatiotemporal reality, is always triadic. Therefore, three relations must

    interact to form a sign. When these measurements interact as a function, their data and

    informational content interact according to the role they play in that function (input,

    mediation, output). The data and informational content of the Relation, that primitive

    dyadic morpheme, will transform to establish the morphological triadic reality that we

    can experience as a sign.

Output Input Mediation Full Code Name and Example

    Qualisign 1 1 1 1-1-1

    A feeling of ‘redness’, a local and internal non-interpreted

    individual state

    Iconic Sinsign 1 1 2 1-1-2

    An individual diagram, an unclear and incomplete articulation

    of a sensation

    Iconic Legisign 1 1 3 1-1-3

    An abstraction from individual data, an expression in general

    terms

    Rhematic Indexical Sinsign 1 2 2 1-2-2

    A spontaneous cry, a local, non-intentional or mechanical

    reaction to a local and direct stimuli

    Rhematic Indexical Legisign 1 2 3 1-2-3

    A demonstrative pronoun, an individual interpretation of local

    stimuli as referenced to a general rule

    Dicent Sinsign 2 2 2 2-2-2

    A weathervane, a mechanism that randomly reacts to local

    and direct stimuli- not according to a law

    Dicent Indexical Legisign 2 2 3 2-2-3

    A regular yet mechanical, i.e., externally induced interaction;

    a clock ticking, automatic on/off of motor

    Dicent Symbol 2 3 3 2-3-3

    A minor premise, a particular characteristic, proposition,

    attribute of a law

    Rhematic Symbol 1 3 3 1-3-3

    An iconic image of a universal, a common noun

    Argument 3 3 3 3-3-3

    A syllogism, an aspatial and atemporal universal

    21

Notes:

    ? Output is equivalent to Peirce‟s Interpretant TABLE 2: PEIRCE’S TEN SIGNS ? Input is equivalent to Peirce‟s Object ? Mediation is equivalent to Peirce‟s Representamen

    3. THE 28 SIGNS

    We will now consider the Set and Subsets of the ten „pure‟ or basic signs. What happens

    if we change the data/information content of one or more of the Relations within the

    Triad? We end up morphologically with the same sign, but informationally, that sign has

    different capacities because of those different Relations. Again, this provides a basic

    capacity-to-adapt, while maintaining the robustness derived from the commonality of the

    morphology of the basic sign. The first example in the sets will be the basic or pure Sign.

    The ontology refers to the morphology, the epistemology refers to the knowledge base.

    QUALISIGN 1-1-1 Rhematic Iconic Qualisign

    Ontologically internal, epistemologically local. Present time. Mode is possibility. An

    internal, non-described, non-interpreted or transformed „packet of energy‟. Rapidly

    dissipated unless linked to another Relation/Sign.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1-1 rhematic iconic qualisign

    A completely internal or self-originated and unanalyzed and unconscious feeling.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 1-1 2-1 1-1 1-1-1 rhematic iconic qualisign

    A feeling, i.e., an internal sensation, induced by an immediate external physical stimuli (2-1 relation)

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 1-1 3-1 1-1 1-1-1 rhematic iconic qualisign

    A feeling induced by external peer pressure. Peer Pressure is an external 3-1 Relation, a relation of a

    statistical majority of actualities.

    NOTES: Note how this sign can be morphologically and informationally completely internal due to random (internal)

    chance, but informationally experienced as internal but induced by an immediate indexical external stimuli or by the

    peer pressure of an actualized external collective.

    22

ICONIC SINSIGN 1-1-2 Rhematic Iconic Sinsign

Ontologically internal, i.e., it has no separate existence because it is physically bonded to

    its stimuli according to a mechanical act; epistemologically local. Present time Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN interpretation of a perfect time causal force. Mode is a dependent actual.

    1-1 2-2 1-1 1-1-2 an iconic feeling, notion or sensation of an external physical stimulus Since 1-1 is the mediate relation, reacting to an external 2-2 Input Relation, the sign is an iconic representation of that external Relation. Mechanical reproduction; an echo; mirror; an indexical replication of

    the local stimuli.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    1-1 2-2 2-1 1-1-2 an iconic feeling, notion or sensation

    of an external physical stimulus (2-2) Since 2-1 is the mediate relation, it moves the Sign out of a pure iconic replication requirement and into a

    qualitative but indexically linked external mode. A chameleon.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    1-1 3-2 1-1 1-1-2 an iconic feeling, notion or sensation

    of a hypothetical or unconscious set of

    options (3-2) Since 1-1 is the mediate relation, it moves the Sign to a qualitative internal mode. A ‘feeling’ of choices available to the system.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    1-1 3-2 2-1 1-1-2 an iconic feeling, notion or sensation

    of a hypothetical or unconscious set of

    options Since 2-1 is the mediate relation, it moves the Sign to a qualitative external mode of existence. A feeling of the certainty of a particular choice available to the system.

NOTES: Compare the 1-1-2 sign with the 1-1-1 sign. The 1-1-2 sign has moved out of the unconscious and unanalyzed

    internal and into an unanalyzed but experienced external mode. Note how the Mediate Relation of either 1-1 or 2-1

    renders the resultant Sign unanalyzed; it lacks any capacity for Thirdness or Reason.

    23

RHEMATIC INDEXICAL SINSIGN 1-2-2

Ontologically internal in present time but a result of an external perfect time mechanical

    force; effect of an indexical external stimuli. Not self-organized but mechanical. Mode is

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN dependent actual.

    1-1 2-2 2-2 1-2-2 an indexical or mechanical emotive

    reaction to an external physical stimuli. Since 2-2 is the mediate relation, the Sign is expressed as external even if its nature is linked to an internal reality. A bruise when hit by a piece of wood.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    1-1 3-2 2-2 1-2-2 an indexical or mechanical emotive

    reaction to an external physical stimuli; Since 2-2 is the mediate, the Sign is external. A sudden ‘Eureka’ reaction to an unconscious thought

    process (3-2).

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    2-1 2-2 2-2 1-2-2 an indexical or mechanical emotive

    reaction to an external physical stimuli; The Sign is external and its content is expressed in its external morphology (2-1 is the output). A cry when hit by a piece of wood.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    2-1 3-2 2-2 1-2-2 an indexical or mechanical internal

    reaction to an internal unconscious

    hypothesis/network, set of options The Sign is external and affects the physical. The growing of dense fur by animals in cold weather.

NOTES: Note how this sign has moved out of the qualitative nature of 1-1-2 and into a quantitative mode where it is

    expressed within the external morphology of the Sign.

    24

DICENT SINSIGN 2-2-2

Discrete effect of another discrete entity, according to physical indexical force.. In perfect

    time; no internalization of the causality. Mode is dependent actual. Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

     2-2 2-2 2-2 2-2-2 an indexical or mechanical physical

    reaction to an external physical stimuli

    The Sign is external and purely physical. A windmill blown in the wind, a tree growing bent in the wind, brush

    fire, lightning fire, flood, a natural effect according to accident not law.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 2-2 3-2 2-2 2-2-2 an indexical or mechanical physical

    reaction to an unconscious/innate/genetic

    stimuli The Sign is external and purely physical. An hereditary (3-2) causality, induced by a particular environmental

    situation. Without that environmental situation acting as mediator (2-2) the output (2-2) would not occur.

    NOTES: The difference between these two can be found in the causes. The first sign is a completely externally induced

    mechanical and physical interaction. The second sign is equally indexically reactive but is caused not by external forces

    but by the internal force (3-2), which is then expressed by the inducement of the external mediation of 2-2.

    25

DICENT INDEXICAL LEGISIGN 2-2-3

Ontologically external in perfect time; a result of a law. Physical effect of a physical

    cause.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    2-2 3-3 2-2 2-2-3 an indexical or mechanical physical

    reaction operating in a habitual, standardized

    manner The Sign is external and physical. The ticking of a clock.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 2-2 3-3 3-2 2-2-3 an indexical or mechanical physical

    reaction operating in a habitual, standardized

    manner The Sign is expressed externally but mediated internally. A heartbeat

    26

DICENT SYMBOL 2-3-3

Ontologically external and both local and non-local. Perfect time, actual.

     Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 2-2 3-3 3-3 2-3-3 an articulated hypothesis based on pure

    reason The Sign is expressed externally in physical form (ie speech); minor premise, single instance of a law, a

    deductive step.

    Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN 3-2 3-3 3-3 2-3-3 an articulated probable hypothesis,

    based on pure reason The Sign is ‘felt’ internally and expressed externally; an abductive action.

    27

ARGUMENT 3-3-3

     Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    3-3 3-3 3-3 3-3-3 pure reason The Sign is a process of reasoning not a particular existential entity.

RHEMATIC SYMBOL 1-3-3

Ontologically internal icon of a law. No actuality in perfect time and local space;

    Important non-actualized.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    3-1 3-3 3-3 1-3-3 a general idea, belief The Sign is a qualitative correlation of ‘what is normal’ according to the normative reasons of an existent collective; a general abstract noun; a common term

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    1-1 3-3 3-3 1-3-3 a general idea, belief The Sign is an internally maintained belief; opinion based on pure reason.

Interpretant Object Representamen SIGN

    2-1 3-3 3-3 1-3-3 an innovative general idea, belief The Sign is a new hypothesis, based on pure reason, at the cusp of empirical reality and intuition.

    28

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com