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Renewable Energy Solutions in Third World Countries

By Cheryl Ward,2014-03-30 22:55
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Renewable Energy Solutions in Third World Countries Bradley Buran Institute for Systems Research University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    Renewable Energy Solutions in Third World Countries

    Bradley Buran

    Institute for Systems Research

    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    e;mail: bburan@wam.umd.edu

    Soroush Rais-Bahrami

    Institute for Systems Research

    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    e;mail: soroushr@wam.umd.edu

    ABSTRACT

    The heavy dependence of industrialized nations on fossil fuel, combined with the rapid growth of the energy industry in developing nations, has raised notable concern over how the economy and environment will be affected by the increase in global energy demand. The development of alternative energy technologies has shown tremendous potential for alleviating many of the concerns experts have raised over the continued use of fossil fuels, and efforts are being made to develop and integrate these technologies into existing energy infrastructures. Industrialized nations already have well-established fossil-fuel energy infrastructures, and the rapid conversion of these grids over to an alternative energy based one poses logistic and economic difficulties.

    Efforts to implement alternative energy on a large-scale should be initially focused on developing nations that are in the process of developing an energy infrastructure. Currently industrializing nations such as China and India are constructing an energy infrastructure which relies on fossil fuels due to economic factors and the lack of available expertise in alternative resources. Targeting these regions and providing them with financial backing and logistical assistance in implementing alternative energy will give them the support and encouragement needed to implement these alternative technologies in lieu of the fossil fuel infrastructure.

    Tentative research has shown that there are a number of factors affecting the implementation of alternative energy technologies, among which are lack of suitability to the region, rejection of the idea by the indigenous people, and concern over the cost of the project all combine to make the concept disagreeable. Analysis of past projects that have failed indicate that for any alternative energy project to be successful, the project designers must be able to work directly with the native people and understand how the project might conflict with the beliefs and lifestyle of these people.

    A preliminary analysis of available data on economics and environmental impact suggests that the increased cost of implementing an alternative energy infrastructure is offset by the decreased impact on the environment. This argument, combined with financial backing and expert advice, will encourage developing regions to consider implementing alternative resources in lieu of fossil fuels.

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