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Unit 4 Module 7 The first underground in the world

By Lucille Berry,2014-02-14 08:59
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Unit 4 Module 7 The first underground in the world

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    Reading Unit 4 Module 7

    南外仙林分校 龚熙华

    Teaching aims:

    1. Encourage the Ss to raise reading ability by focusing on language points. 2. Get the Ss to grasp the new language usage in the text by learning them. Important points & difficult points:

    Language usage: distant(distance); boundary; historic(historical); choke; link; place;

    function; honor; permit

    1. distant (Line5)

     adj. far away

     in the distant past/future: far away in the past or future: distance n. [C or U] the amount of space between two places:

    He travels quite a distance (= a long way) to work every day.

     Does she live within walking distance of her parents?

    2. boundary: n. -- the edge (Line5)

     The mountain becomes the national ~ for both countries.

     The fence serves as a ~ between the two buildings.

     the boundaries of knowledge

    3. historic: adj. -- having importance in or influence on history (Line 6)

     11 November 1918 is a ~ day as it represents the end of World War I.

     Can you tell me when the ~ meeting between the two great leaders was held?

     This building is of ~importance.

    historic / historical:

    Historic and historical are differentiated in usage, though their senses overlap. Historic refers to what is important in history:

    the historic first voyage to outer space

    It is also used of what is famous or interesting because of its association with persons or events in history:

    a historic house

    Historical refers to whatever existed in the past, whether regarded as important or not:

    a historical character

    Historical refers also to anything concerned with history or the study of the past:

    a historical novel

    historical discoveries

    The differentiation between the words is not complete. They are often used interchangeably:

    historic times or historical times

    4. choke (Line8)

     n. [C] v. 窒息;堵塞;阻塞

     1). The child swallowed a pen and chocked to death.

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     2). The roads to the coast were choked with traffic.

     3). At lunchtime the streets were choked with traffic.

     4). Children can choke on peanuts.

     引申: chock back 忍住;抑制

     chock up 因激动等说不出话来

    5. link (Line21)

     v. [T] to make a connection between two or more people, things or ideas:

    1) The explosions are not thought to be linked in any way.

     link up: to form a connection, especially in order to work or operate

    together:

    2) The organization's aim is to link up people from all over the country who are

    suffering from the disease.

    3) They linked up two areas by telephone.

     用法拓展:be connected with ……相接;和……有联系

    6. place: v. --to be in a state or situation (Line 36)

    1) She placed a tape recorder in front of her on the table.

    2) His uncooperative attitude placed us in an embarrassing situation.

    3) This job places great demands on the workers, which can be quite stressful. 7. be responsible for: be in charge of (L39)

    1) The driver is responsible for the passengers’ safety.

    2) Philip is the project manager. He is responsible for anything concerning

    the project.

    3) Who is responsible for making the dinner reservation? 8. function as: serve as (L42)

    1) My living room also functions as a study.

    2) The room functioned as a store room for keeping all our collection.

    3) The beautiful leaf functioned as a bookmark

    9. honor (L51) a quality that combines respect, pride and honesty:

    a man of honor

    We fought for the honor of our country.

     n. [C] a reward, prize or title that publicly expresses admiration or respect:

    She received an honor for her services to the community.

    in honor of sb./ sth. in order to celebrate or show great respect for someone or sth.:

    a banquet in honor of the president

    10. permit (L57)

     v. -tt- [T] to allow sth.:

    The regulations do not permit much flexibility.

    [+do ing] The prison authorities permit visiting only once a month.

    [+ object + to infinitive] The security system will not permit you to enter without

    the correct password.

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