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Canned Fish and Seafood

By Gene Morales,2014-05-15 13:09
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Canned Fish and Seafood

    Canada

    Non tariff Standards and Regulations

1) Canned Fish and Seafood:

    The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) overseas all standards, rules and

    regulations for fish and seafood products.

    Fish Products Standards and Methods Manualthis is THE standards manual that all inspectors use for all fish and seafood products (canned, fresh, frozen and salted). It sets

    minimum standards that all products must meet with respect to all areas (i.e product,

    packaging and labeling, etc.). All other standards listed below are referred to in this

    inclusive Standard and Methods Manual. .For more information, please visit the

    following website:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/manman/samnem/toctdme.shtml

Visual inspection Protocolcanned fish and seafood are visually inspected for integrity

    issues with respect to the canning process. The following website specifies the

    procedures taken in a visual inspection:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/product/vip.pdf

Metal Cans defect Manual-- The integrity of the cans and the canning procedure is very

    important. The following sets minimum standards needed for cans and canning

    procedures in order to pass inspection:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/manman/canboi/toctdme.shtml

Flexible Retort Pouch ManualMany of the canned fish products (ie canned tuna) now

    comes in pouches. This manual specifies the standards for pouches:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/manman/pousac/toctdme.shtml

    Bacteriological Guidelines for Fish and Fish Productsspecifies maximum acceptable levels of organisms. Please visit the following website for details:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/guide/bace.shtml

Canadian Guidelines For Chemical Contaminants and Toxins in Fish and Fish

    Prodcutsspecifies maximum acceptable levels of contaminants. Please visit following

    website for details: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/guide/chme.shtml

    Guide to Additives Permitted in Fish and Fish Products--The guide prescribes additives, and maximum levels permitted, in the various categories of fish and fish

    products sold in Canada. Please visit following website for details:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/product/additi/guidee.shtml

    Label Inspection Guide for Fish and Fish Productsguidelines for acceptable labelling and packaging of canned fish and seafood. Please visit following website for

    details: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/product/labeque.shtml

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2) Fish Sauce, Oyster Sauce and Soya Sauce

    Histamine levels can not exceed 50 mg/100g and 3-MCPD can not exceed 1.0 part per

    million (PPM). For more information, please refer to the Bacteriological Guidelines for

    Fish and Fish Productsspecifies maximum acceptable levels of organisms. Please

    visit the following website for details:

    http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/fispoi/guide/bace.shtml

    3) Meat Products (including chicken) Uncooked meat products of any kind from Thailand can not enter Canada.

    Cooked meats from Thailand can not enter Canada, except cooked chicken from pre-

    certified companies in Thailand.

In order to be certified, Thai companies must enter the federally run meat hygiene

    program that ensures the cooked chicken being imported into Canada are safe and

    wholesome. This certification programme also monitors registered and non-registered

    establishments for labelling to avoid fraud and audits the delivery of a grading program

    based on objective standards of meat quality and retail yield to facilitate the marketing of

    meats from producer to consumer. CFIA certification activities include:

    ? registration and inspection of slaughter and processing

    ? establishments of meat products;

    ? inspection and grading of exports and meat products for interprovincial trade;

    inspection of import meat products;

    ? process, formula, labelling policy and program development, registration and

    verification;

    ? verifying that food advertising complies with requirements;

    ? retail inspection including enforcing label regulations at retail; and residue testing.

Canada Agricultural Products Act, Livestock and Poultry Carcass Grading

    Regulation

    http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-0.4/SOR-92-541/index.html

Meat Inspection Act

    http://laws.justice.gc.ca./en/M-3.2/index.html

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3) Garments

    Textiles Labeling Act-stipulates that the fibre content and the identity of the dealer

    (dealer’s CA number which must be registered with the Department of Industry Canada)

    must appear on almost all consumer textile products imported into Canada. The label

    must be affixed permanently (must retain its legibility and remain attached through ten cleanings of the articles). Clothing articles that do not need permanent labels are:

    headwear, undergarments, swimwear, peignoirs, hosiery, scarves, gloves and mittens; but

    they must have point of sale labels (labels which can be thrown away after purchase of

    item such as hangtags or as part of the packaging). For more details on textile Labelling

    please visit http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/T-10/.

    Marking of Imported Goods Order articles of clothing must be marked with the country of origin at the time of importation in either French or English. For more details

    on the Marking of Imported Goods Order, visit http://www.canlii.org/ca/regu/crc535/

Quotas--most garment and some textile products from Thailand are under quota

    controls. The Thai supplier must send an original export license (obtained from the

    Foreign Trade Dept. in Thailand) to the Canadian importer who needs the export

    license in her possession in order to obtain the necessary import permit from

    External Affairs Canada to clear the shipment through Customs. For a look of the

    restraint matrix please visit:

    http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/trade/eicb/textile/2002_Matrix/documents/NOTES-

    E.pdf

    Under the Multi-Fibre Agreement negotiated during the Uragray Round, Canada and

    other countries belonging to the World Trade Organization (WTO) have agreed to phase

    out the import quotas by 2005. Canada has already started phasing out quotas, but it

    seems that policians are reluctant to adhere to the 2005 elimination to protect domestic

    manufacturers. It is uncertain whether Canada will meet the 2005 deadline.

Care labeling Though this is a voluntary standard, the majority (if not all)

    importers will request the following because Canadian consumers have come to

    expect this information on their garments. The majority of care instructions are

    written in simple instuction form.

4) Gems & Jewelry

    Precious Metal Marking Act-defines the gold, silver, platinum or palladium purity required for identifying the quality of jewelry and silverware. Canada does NOT require

    a manufacturer to mark an article; however, it is common practice. If a quality mark is applied to a precious metal article, the mark must be accurate within prescribed

    tolerances and a registered trademark must be applied also. For more information, please

    visit : http://www.canlii.org/ca/sta/p-19/sec4.html and http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/P-19/

Registered Trade Marks-gives you exclusive rights to words, symbols and designs, or

    combinations of these, that distinguish your wares or services from those of someone else.

    Registering a trade mark, offers protection within Canada for a 15-year period which can

    be renewed. For more information, please visit:

     http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/sc_mrksv/cipo/tm/tm_gd_other-e.html

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5) Cosmetics

     Food & Drug Act A ―cosmetic‖ is defined in the Food & Drugs Act to include ―any

    substance or mixture of substances manufactured, sold or represented for use in cleansing,

    improving or altering the complextion, skin, hair or teeth, and include deodorants and

    perfumes. Cosmetics, therefore include lipsticks, mascara, eyeshadows, nail polish,

    shampoos, conditioners, moisturizers, cleansers, hair dyes, hair permanents, epilatories

    and depilatories, and foundations. However, products such as sunscreens, acne

    treatments, anti-dandruff shampoos, anti-cavity toothpastes and antiperspirants are

    considered to be drugs. For more information on the Cosmetics Regulation of the Food

    & Drug Act, please visit http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/F-27/index.html

    Sections 10 and 30 of the Cosmetics Regulation in the Food & Drug Act require that a Cosmetic Notification Form be submitted to the Health Protection Branch prior to

    importation of a cosmetic. An importer/supplier can complete this form on behalf of the

    manufacturer and all information given is treated as a trade secret. Please visit the

    following website for detailed information as well as examples of cosmetic claims

    http://www.adstandards.com/en/Clearance/Cosmetic2001.pdf

    Certain ingredients which appears on the Cosmetic Notification “hot list” will be

    flagged. Depending on the ingredient the manufacturer may be advised to:

    ? Remove the ingredient from the formulation;

    ? Reduce the concentration of the ingredient to an acceptable level;

    ? Consider marketing the product as a drug, with appropriate claims and apply

    for a drug identification number;

    ? Provide evidence that the product is safe for its intended use;

    ? Confirm that the product is labelled as required by the Cosmetic Regulations;

    ? Confirm that the product is sold in a child resistant package.

    For all the ingredients on the hot list, visit

    http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ehp/ehd/psb/cosmetics/hotlist.htm

Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Regulationsgoverns only those

    cosmetics sold to consumers. It does not govern cosmetics applied by cosmeticians,

    hairdressers etc. to their clients (unless such persons sell the cosmetics to their clients as

    prepackaged). The manufacturers of cosmetics sold to consumers must print certain

    information on the labels of each product, that include:

    ? the identity of the product

    ? the net quantity in metric units

    ? the name and address of the manufacturer or distributor

    ? any warnings or cautions necessary for the safe use of the product

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With the exception of the manufacturer’s name and address, this information must be in

    both English and French. All inserts and brochures are considered part of the labelling.

    For detailed information on packaging and labelling, please visit

    http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ehp/ehd/psb/cosmetics/label.pdf

Please note that special labelling is required under the Quebec Official Languages Act for

    products sold in that province. Details concerning these requirements can be obtained by

    contacting the Office de la Langue Francaise, Tour de la Bourse, 800 Place Victoria,

    Montreal, PQ H4Z 1G8 (514) 873-6565.

Claims on cosmetics are also considered in the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act

    and Regulation. Claims must not imply actions that are therapeutic in nature (i.e. anti

    aging), as these are considered to be drug claims. Manufacturers who make such claims

    will be required to remove them from the label if they wish to continue to sell the product

    as a cosmetic. If they wish to retain the claims, they will be required to apply for a Drug

    Identification Number (DIN) and cannot sell the product until a DIN has been issued.

    Health Canada does not regulate claims that are considered to be cosmetic in nature. If

    these claims are fraudulent and mislead the public, they may contravene the provisions of

    the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and or the Competition Act.

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