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Unit 8 Terrorism and CERT - UNIT I COURSE OVERVIEW AND INTRODUCTION

By Rita Harper,2014-05-07 19:51
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Unit 8 Terrorism and CERT - UNIT I COURSE OVERVIEW AND INTRODUCTION

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

In this unit you will learn about:

    ? What Terrorism Is: The definition of terrorism and terrorist goals.

? Terrorist Weapons: The weapons that terrorists are known or are suspected to have and

    the risk posed by various terrorist weapons.

? B-NICE Indicators: Cues that help to identify a when a terrorist attack has occurred or may

    be imminent.

? CERTs and Terrorist Incidents: CERT protocols for terrorist incidents and protective

    action following an event.

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

    OBJECTIVES At the conclusion of this unit, the participants should be able to:

    ? Define terrorism.

    ? Identify potential targets within the community.

    ? Identify CERT operating procedures for a terrorist incident.

    ? Describe the actions to take following a suspected terrorist incident.

    SCOPE The scope of this unit will include:

    ? Introduction and Unit Overview.

    ? What is Terrorism?

    ? Terrorist Targets

    ? Terrorist Weapons

    ? B-NICE Indicators

    ? Preparing at Home and Work

    ? Unit Summary

    ESTIMATED 2 hours 30 minutes

    COMPLETION TIME

    TRAINING METHODS The Instructor will introduce this unit by describing CERT’s role within the

    President’s Citizen Corps program. He or she will then define terrorism,

    using the Department of Justice definition and provide several examples of

    terrorist attacks within the United States. Then, the Instructor will describe

    the terrorists’ goals.

    Next, the Instructor will describe the main categories of weapons that

    terrorists are known to have or are suspected of having. During this

    discussion, the Instructor will introduce the acronym B-NICE (biological,

    nuclear, incendiary, chemical, explosive) as a way of remembering each

    category of weapons. The Instructor will describe each type of weapon

    briefly, including the types of damage or injury that they can cause and, in

    the case of biological and chemical weapons, routes of exposure. At the

    end of this discussion, the Instructor will present a graphic that describes

    the FBI's assessment of the risk posed by and the impact that could be

    expected from each type of weapon.

    Following this topic, the Instructor will cover steps to take to prepare for a

    terrorist incident and steps to take if an incident has occurred including

    shelter-in-place procedures and emergency decontamination procedures.

    CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE PAGE 8-1

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

RAINING METHODS In the next topic, the Instructor will describe the environmental and physical T(CONTINUED) indicators that serve as cues that a terrorist attack has occurred or may be

    imminent. Then, he or she will link these cues to CERT protocols for

    terrorist incidents, emphasizing team safety as the first priority. This

    discussion will include measures that CERT members can take to increase

    their safety levels (e.g., time, distance, and shielding; immediate

    decontamination; and not treating those who may have been

    contaminated), what they can do to protect others, and what to expect

    when professional responders arrive.

    At the end of this unit, the participants will work in teams to apply CERT

    principles to a suspected terrorist incident.

    RESOURCES ? Community Emergency Response Team Instructor Guide REQUIRED ? Community Emergency Response Team Participant Manual

    ? Visuals 8.1 through 8.27

    EQUIPMENT The following additional equipment is required for this unit:

    ? A computer with PowerPoint software

    ? A computer projector and screen

NOTES A suggested time plan for this unit is as follows:

    Introduction and Unit Overview .................................................. 10 minutes

    What is Terrorism? .................................................................... 10 minutes

    Terrorist Targets ....................................................................... 10 minutes

    Terrorist Weapons ..................................................................... 30 minutes

    B-NICE Indicators ..................................................................... 20 minutes

    Preparing at Home and Work..................................................... 20 minutes

    CERTs and Terrorist Incidents ................................................... 20 minutes

    Activity: Applying CERT Principles to a Suspected

    Terrorist Incident .................................................................. 25 minutes

    Unit Summary .............................................................................5 minutes

    Total Time: 2 hours 30 minutes

REMARKS It is not possible to present comprehensive information about terrorists or

    their weapons in the timeframe provided for this unit. Refer the participants

    to Are You Ready? for more information about possible terrorist attacks and

    how to prepare for them.

    PAGE 8-2 CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     INTRODUCTION AND UNIT OVERVIEW

    INTRODUCE Introduce the instructors for this unit and ask any new UNIT instructors to briefly describe their experience with terrorism planning.

    Remind the group that, in his January 29, 2002, State of the

    Union address, the President asked Americans to volunteer

    their services to improve and safeguard our country and created

    the Citizen Corps program to help Americans meet this call to

    service.

    VISUAL 8.1

    Citizen Corps Citizen Corps areas of emphasis:

    ? Crime

    ? Natural disasters

    ? Terrorism

     Visual 8.1 Explain that one of the volunteer opportunities offered to the

    American public under the Citizen Corps umbrella is the CERT

    program.

    Given the increased threat of terrorist attacks on American soil,

    CERT members must be educated about CERT protocols and

    procedures for terrorist incidents and the actions that CERTs

    should take following a possible terrorist attack.

    CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE PAGE 8-3

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     INTRODUCTION AND UNIT OVERVIEW (CONTINUED)

    VISUAL 8.2 Unit Objectives

    ? Define terrorism.

    ? Identify potential targets in the community.

    ? Identify CERT operating procedures for a

    terrorist incident.

    ? Describe the actions to take following a

    suspected terrorist incident.

     Visual 8.2 Tell the participants that at the end of this unit, they should be

    able to:

    ? Define terrorism.

    ? Identify potential targets in the community.

    ? Identify CERT operating procedures for a terrorist incident.

    ? Describe the actions to take following a suspected terrorist

    incident.

    PAGE 8-4 CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     WHAT IS TERRORISM?

    VISUAL 8.3

    What is Terrorism?

    The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a

    group or individual against persons or property to

    intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian

    population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of

    political or social objectives.

    -- U.S. Department of Justice

     Visual 8.3 Introduce this topic by providing the U.S. Department of

    Justice’s definition of terrorism:

     . . .the unlawful use of force or violence committed by a

    group or individual against persons or property to intimidate

    or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any

    segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social

    objectives.

     Stress that terrorism may be perpetrated by foreign or domestic individuals or groups. Point out that while the United States has

    not had as many terrorist incidents as some other countries, we

    have had several serious attacks, including:

    ? The bombing of the World Trade Center (1993).

    ? The bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma

    City (1995).

    ? The bombing at the Atlanta Olympic Games (1996).

    ? Bombings at family planning clinics and gay bars in the

    Atlanta area (1996 and 1997).

    ? The destruction of the World Trade Center and a portion of

    the Pentagon (2001).

    ? The sending of anthrax through the U.S. Mail (2001).

    CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE PAGE 8-5

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     WHAT IS TERRORISM? (CONTINUED)

     Each of these incidents demonstrates that we live with the possibility of additional terrorist attacks on our own soil.

    VISUAL 8.4

    Terrorist Goals ? Mass casualties

    ? Loss of critical resources

    ? Disruption of vital services

    ? Disruption of the economy

    ? Individual and mass panic

     Visual 8.4 Explain that terrorist attacks can occur with or without warning.

    Because of the nature of terrorist attacks, they canand are

    often intended toresult in:

    ? Mass casualties.

    ? Loss of critical resources.

    ? Disruption of vital services.

    ? Disruption of the economy.

    ? Individual and mass panic.

    PAGE 8-6 CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     TERRORIST TARGETS

     Tell the group that terrorists choose their targets to meet their goals. For example, the Oklahoma City bombing was a strike

    against the Federal government that caused mass panic in the

    Oklahoma City area. The 9/11 attacks struck both our economy

    and our military establishment, while raising casualty levels to

    new heights and changing the way America thinks about its

    safety.

     Point out that terrorists select “soft” or lightly protected targets over “hard” or very secure targets.

ASK QUESTION Based on what you know about terrorists and their

     goals, what do you think would be likely targets in this area?

     Allow the group time to respond. Summarize their responses by

    suggesting potential terrorist targets:

    ? Seats of government

    ? Key industries

    ? Bridges, subways, tunnels, and other key transportation

    facilities

    ? Water supplies and utilities

     Remind the group that terrorists may also be drawn to major events such as parades or athletic events. Also, remind them

    that because of this, participants may see increased security

    measures to help deter and prevent terrorism.

    CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE PAGE 8-7

    COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM

    UNIT 8: TERRORISM AND CERT

     TERRORIST WEAPONS

     Tell the group that experts generally agree that there are five

    categories of possible terrorist weapons. The acronym B-NICE

    will help the participants to remember.

    VISUAL 8.5

    Terrorist Weapons ? Biological

    ? Nuclear

    ? Incendiary

    ? Chemical

    ? Explosive

     Visual 8.5

    ? Biological weapons

    ? Nuclear weapons and radiological dispersal devices

    ? Incendiary devices

    ? Chemical devices

    ? Explosive devices

    PAGE 8-8 CERT TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

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