Member Updates 982004 - Western Regional Panel on Aquatic

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Member Updates 982004 - Western Regional Panel on Aquatic

Western Regional Panel Annual Meeting, September 8-10, 2004

    Member Updates


Mike Stempel

    US Fish and Wildlife Service

    Assistant Regional Director, Fisheries, Region 6

    P.O. Box 25486, DFC

    Denver, CO 80225

    Email address:

    Phone: 303-236-7862, ext. 248

    Fax: 303-236-8163

This is the compiled FWS report from Regions 1, 2, 6, 7, and the CNO which are all contained in the

    Western Regional Panel geographic area.

    Bob Pitman R2 (NM, AZ, TX, OK)


     th? David Britton, designer of the 100 Meridian website and boater survey database

    (, is developing a website to coordinate Asian carp management. The

    website is maintained at the University of Texas-Arlington under direction of Dr. Bob McMahon. One

    very likely pathway for Asian carp species to spread is as a contaminant included in an aquatic

    shipment. HACCP planning as pathway management tool is recommended to prevent/remove and

    minimize the risk of contamination. Instructions, planning forms and a searchable database of

    completed HACCP plans are available at (

    ? Giant salvinia control in the Lower Colorado River continues after a spraying shutdown until new

    California permitting requirements were met. USDA is releasing weevils which have provided

    successful control in other parts of the world. Web-based control team coordination is provided at

    ( where the latest news, status reports and related information is available.

    The site is maintained at the University of Arizona through a Cooperative Agreement with the Service.

    ? Dr. Scott Henke, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, maintains a coordinating website for brown tree

    snake prevention and early warning in North America ( through a Cooperative

    Agreement. A simple picture identification key is being developed to quickly evaluate suspicious

    sightings. Assistance will be provided to Gulf Coast Port Authorities when cargo from Guam is

    received. Rapid response strategies are being developed in conjunction with recruitment of

    volunteers from schools and clubs with herpetological skills. Although the Gulf Coast states are the

    most at risk locations, portions of California also provide suitable habitat.

Tina Proctor R6 (MT, WY, UT, CO, ND, SD, KS, NE)


? FWS, SD and MICRA are funding a survey in the Missouri River to determine presence and location

    of zebra mussels over a 500-mile study area stretching from above Lewis and Clark Lake to

    downstream of Omaha. Velligers were identified below Gavins Point and Ft. Randall Dams in 2003.

    So far in 2004 no adults have been identified; river samples to search for velligers have been taken

    from eight sites but not yet studied. Gavins Point National Fish Hatchery is working from a protocol

    developed to prevent spread of zebra mussels in water taken from the Missouri River below the dam.


? Research on larval and juvenile behavior and habitat use of bighead carp in the Missouri River to

    determine impact on community composition is being coordinated by Dr. Robert Klumb from the FWS

    Great Plains Management and Assistance Office.

? The second year of a study to investigate the potential of New Zealand mudsnails to transmit

    parasites to salmonids in the Madison River drainage is being coordinated by Linda Beck at the FWS

    Bozeman Fish Health Center.

Denny Lassuy R7 (AK)


    ? Progress under the FWS-funded "Alaska Ballast Initiative" this year included the development of two

    Grant Agreements (one with the Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council, and for

    the first time, one with the Cook Inlet RCAC) to focus on new approaches to assessing and

    monitoring invasive species risks to Alaska waters from both coastal and international shipping


    ? In the face of conflicting reports on the potential harm that farm-raised Atlantic salmon escapees may

    present to Alaska wild salmon, the FWS co-funded with USGS an independent assessment of the

    risks of Atlantic salmon colonization in Alaska.

? With an eye on the rapidly spreading invasion of New Zealand mudsnails in the western U.S. and an

    eye toward preventing its expansion to Alaska, the FWS worked with the Federation of Fly Fishers

    and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to produce and distribute a prevention outreach flyer

    that was mailed to nearly 2000 registered Alaska sportfishing guides and their respective clients.

Paul Heimowitz, R1 (WA, OR, ID, HI, Pacific Islands)


? New Zealand mudsnails continue to be a priority species for the Pacific Region. Contamination of

    water supplies and fish at the Hagerman National Fish Hatchery in Idaho has now affected the

    facility's fish stocking operations. Based on a preliminary risk assessment, the FWS has decided to

    restrict placement of fish that may be contaminated, particularly for tributaries that have no

    documented NZMS populations. FWS is now working with the state of Idaho to develop consistent

    strategies for reducing NZMS spread by hatcheries. FWS has also funded a pilot-scale study at the

    University of Idaho regarding use of ozone, copper barriers, and other control methods for managing

    NZMS at fish propagation facilities.

? A Columbia Basin team of the 100th Meridian Initiative was established this past year. The team's

    priority focus is reducing potential introductions of zebra mussels and other ANS by participants in the

    Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commemoration.

? FWS anticipates a final report on the lower Columbia River ANS baseline survey by September 30,

    and also just allocated an additional $100,000 to extend this survey upstream to cover the mid-

    Columbia Rivers (below Priest Rapids Dam) and lower Snake River (below Lower Granite Dam).

    Similarly, a report is in progress regarding FWS-funded ANS surveys of major Hawaiian ports by the

    Bishop Museum in the Hawaiian Islands, and $15,000 has just been allocated for a similar survey on

    Lanai that will complete this series.


Erin Williams, CNO (CA, NV) 209-946-600 (x321)

? New Zealand mudsnails were discovered in California's central valley in fall 2003 (have been

    documented in Eastern CA since 2000) and are a priority species for California and Nevada. The

    CNO ANS program has continued to work with partners to monitor the spread of the mudsnails, to

    refine techniques to prevent their spread and to provide educational outreach to stakeholders.

? Two HACCP trainings for California, Nevada and FWS hatcheries were conducted in fall 2003.

    Additional HACCP trainings for field projects and cooperators will be conducted in 2004-2005.

? CNO staff has been working on two national management plans. The final “National Management for

    the Genus Eriocheir (Mitten Crabs)” was approved by the Aquaticn Nuisance Species Task Force

    (ANSTF) in November 2003. Implementation of plan priorities continues through funding studies,

    coordination and monitoring in the San Francisco Bay-Delta and the Columbia River regions. The

    first Caulerpa Working Group (CWG) meeting was held in February 2004. Plan development has

    been underway and the draft “National Management Plan for the Genus Caulerpa” will be submitted

    to the ANSTF in fall 2004 for their review.

Overview of Lewis & Clark Project: (supported by Regions 1, 6, and CNO)

    As part of the 100th Meridian Initiative, a partnership with the Missouri River states was initiated in

    2002 by FWS and Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission to address Lewis & Clark Bicentennial

    commemoration (L & C) activities that may spread zebra mussels and other aquatic nuisance species.

    The L & C project has expanded to the Columbia Basin. The L & C project produced two public

    service announcements featuring television comic actors portraying "Clark and Lewis"; these PSAs

    recently were distributed to media outlets throughout the West, and will be a centerpiece of traveler

    information systems planned along the route. The Pacific Regional Office is developing a Lewis &

    Clark outreach van that will distribute educational materials on invasive species. The van will be

    launched in late September, and will provide ANS information to hundreds of thousands of people

    over the next two years at Lewis and Clark events. Currently, 25 marina operators are participating in

    the "River Watch" campaign in the Missouri Basin with the campaign expanding to the Columbia in

    2005. Outreach materials have been distributed to tourism offices, rest stops and boat ramps

    throughout the Lewis & Clark route.

Coast Guard Aquatic Nuisance Species Program Activities

LCDR Keith D. Ward

    U. S. Coast Guard

    PACAREA (Pmp) Marine Safety Division

    Chief, Strategic Planning Branch

    Coast Guard Island

    Alameda, CA 94501-5100

    (510) 437-2963

    Fax (510) 437-2961

    USCG Ballast Water Program Update:

    New rules requiring BWM, & providing penalties, go into effect

    August 13thth & September 27


Two new rules promulgated by the Coast Guard will make BWM mandatory for all ballast tank equipped

    ships entering US waters from beyond EEZ & will provide penalties for non-reporting/non-compliance.

    The rules are a revision to 33 CFR Part 151 subparts C and D, under authority of Nonindigenous Aquatic

    Nuisance Prevention & Control Act & National Invasive Species Act.

The Final Rule, titled “Penalties for Non-submission of Ballast Water Reporting Forms,” was published on

    June 14, 2004.

    th? Rule went into effect on August 13.

    ? Rule expands the reporting and recordkeeping requirements to all vessels equipped with

    ballast water tanks.

    ? Reports must be submitted to the National Ballast Information Clearinghouse 24 hours before

    arrival to each U.S. port or place in a different COTP zone, or before departure if voyage is

    less that 24 hours.

    ? Exemptions are:

    o Vessels that operate in one COTP zone;

    o Crude oil vessels operating in Coastwise Trade (domestic TAPS vessels); and

    ? Maximum civil penalty is $27,500 or felony Class C for willful violations.

The Coast Guard is encouraging all those required to submit BWM reports to report electronically via the

    NBIC website ( ) or e-mail address Those

    who submit reports via these methods will receive a return receipt reply that can be printed out and kept

    as proof that the report was properly submitted.

The Final Rule, titled “Mandatory Ballast Water Management Program for U.S. Waters” was published on

    July 28 2004.

    ? Rule goes into affect September 27, 2004.

    ? Establishes national mandatory BWM program for all vessels equipped with BW tanks that

    enter and/or operate within U.S. waters.

    ? CG expects to achieve three objectives with this new regulation.

    (1) Vessels that operate outside the EEZ must conduct one of three BWM practices:

    ? Mid-ocean exchange (200 nm from shore);

    ? Retain ballast water onboard; or

    ? Use a CG approved alternative mgt method to mid-ocean exchange (none approved

    yet). (2) Each vessel subject to the rule must develop & maintain a BWM plan to show there is a

    BWM strategy for the vessel & to allow master to follow vessels BWM strategy. (3) Vessels are required to conduct the following BWM practices to minimize the movement

    of non-indigenous species:

    ? Avoid BW discharge/uptake in certain areas;

    ? Clean BW tanks regularly, dispose of sediments;

    ? Rinse anchors & anchor chains; and

    ? Remove fouling organisms from hull, piping, tanks regularly, dispose of removed


Coast Guard enforcement of these new requirements will begin November 1, 2004. BWM will be one

    more item covered during our extensive Coast Guard Marine Safety boardings. When noncompliance is

    suspected, expanded examinations may include sampling of BW or other further investigation.

In addition, on August 5, 2004 the Coast Guard published a Notice with Request for Comment for the

    approval of Ballast Water Treatment Systems. The comment period for this notice will close December 3,




Joan Cabreza

    EPA R10

    Regional Invasive Species Coordinator/Environmental Scientist

    ECO-083 1200 Sixth Ave

    Seattle, WA 98053


    Phone: 206/553-7369

    Fax: 206/553-1775

Regional Invasion Pathways Project: Submitted a project proposal to the EPA Regional Science Council

    in July. The project proposes to prove two hypotheses: (1) that San Francisco Bay (the nation’s most

    invaded location), is actually the source of most of the Pacific Northwest invasive organisms, and (2) that

    these species are transported to the Northwest via ballast water. A genetic screening tool will be

    developed to genetically compare various relationship of coastal populations and determine historical

    invasion pathways. It will also be used to conduct genetic analysis of ballast water. Findings will have

    significant implications for coastal ballast water regulation development, and the methodology will also

    provide a badly-needed efficient ballast water enforcement tool. ORD Cincinnati lab would conduct most

    of the work, but labs, universities, and agencies in WA, OR, and CA will also be involved. This study is

    supported by EPA Regions 5 (Great Lakes) and 9 (San Francisco) and will build on previously funded

    work in those regions.

    Environmental Indicators. The Region has recommended HQ include an invasive species indicator as part of national indicator development.

    EPA is being sued by the Ocean Conservancy for supporting California in deciding to exclude invaded waters from the TMDL list. Three CA Water Control Boards are involved. This was originally started by a

    San Francisco TMDL submittal that included NIS. Some 7-800 waters in the database already indicate

    they have aquatic or noxious weed problems, and this is a small subset of what could be listed.

Ballast Water lawsuit update: Seven state Attorney Generals ( IL, MI, MN, NY, OH, PA, WI) filed an

    Amicus brief with the court on July 14, supporting the plaintiffs in their appeal of EPA’s decision last year

    to not regulate ballast water under the NPDES program.

    IUCN Conference: The State Department has requested EPA’s Office of International Activities help the Union of Concerned Scientists (IUCN) host a June conference on invasive species, with a specific

    reference to trade pathways. EPA/OIA is a member of IUCN, and IUCN has done quite a bit of work on

    invasives in the Caribbean and Central America. State and EPA are working to integrate discussions of

    invasives into the environmental reviews of trade agreements, and State is taking it one step further,

    trying to establish invasives as an area of cooperation as part of the work plan for the environmental

    cooperation agreement that is being negotiated for the Central America FTA.

    Invasives and Wetlands: Under an EPA grant, WA Ecology, the Corps and EPA jointly revised the WA State wetland mitigation policy and guidance documents to reflect the last decade’s many new

    developments. We have included new sections on invasive species and an appendix of expected noxious

    weeds to watch for in restoration and mitigation work.


Idaho IS Grant. EPA is providing the Idaho Department of Agriculture with a $50,000 Wetland Protection

    Development Grant for a one-year project on aquatic invasive species. ISDA will complete an

    assessment of the threats that non-native aquatic species pose to Idaho's wetlands, riparian areas, and

    waterways. This project will provide the Idaho Invasive Species Council with the information necessary to

    develop a system to classify species, to identify and direct proper management for each class, to

    coordinate current authorities and programs, and to set objectives to accomplish effective management


PNW Invasive Species Book. Am contributing as one of numerous authors to a book, 100 (of the worst)

    invasive species of the Pacific Northwest, going to press at UW soon. Co-edited by Sarah Reichard and

    Amy Van Buren,for each species it contains a map, species picture, and summary of the species

    description and range, impacts, control and management methods, life history, and invasiveness history.

    It is intended to be interesting for both biologists and non-biologists, and will contain both aquatic and

    terrestrial species.

EPA NISWG* Conference Proceedings: In addition to monthly conference calls, the workgroup has been

    finalizing materials from the February national conference at Research Triangle Park. Materials will be

    available this month in hard copy and CD. They will include a copy of the action items identified at the

    conference and an internal strategy, revised based on input from the meeting. (*EPA internal Non

    Indigenous Species Workgroup, chaired by Henry Lee.)

    AK Forum on the Environment: Working with the Dept. of the Interior to help plan an invasive species session for the Alaska Forum on the Environment, to be held in Anchorage next February. This annual

    five-day event is sponsored by a group of federal and state agencies and generally focuses on cleanup

    and pollution prevention. Of particular interest are marine organisms, fresh-water fishes, rats, and

    noxious weeds.

    Earth Day Projects: About 80 EPA R10 staff signed up for EPA Earth “month” invasive species projects. We partnered with The Nature Conservancy to flag Spartina in the Stillaquamish Estuary (May 6) and with

    Earthcorps to remove ivy in the Seattle Cheasty Greenspace (May 27 & 28, July 29 and August 19). So

    far EPA has cleared about 1400 ft2 of ivy and saved about 40 large trees. We also joined TNC in a

    Japanese knotweed control project on August 10.

Presentations. I probably give 2-3 requested presentations per month, in mainly two categories: general

    invasive species awareness (focused toward wetland biologists, agency staff etc) and invasive species

    and gardening, geared toward horticultural groups. These recently included presentations at two

    international conferences: The Society of Wetland Scientists (Seattle, July 18-23) and the Society for

    Ecological Restoration (Victoria, B.C., August 23-27). Both conferences devoted an entire day to


    Region 10 EO Compliance Plan: Continued development of the EPA Regional Compliance Plan. It is expected that EPA HQ will soon ask for evidence of what Region 10 is doing to comply with the National

    IS Management Plan and Executive Order 13112, and this will help the Region get ahead of the curve, as

    well as providing a model for other regions.

    North Dakota

    Lynn R Schlueter

    North Dakota Game and Fish Department

    Special Project Biologist thNorth Dakota Game and Fish Dept, 7928 45 Street ND

    Devils Lake, ND 58301-3618


    Phone: 701.662.3617

    Fax: 701.662.3618


    1. Mass media and outreach provide information to regional and local newspapers, radio stations,

    trade publications, newsletters, periodicals, regional fairs and State Fair, and gave presentation

    for the education of anglers and others (on-going project).

    2. North Dakota Game and Fish Department’s home page - Fisheries section, has information on

    ANS species of concern and prevention protocols (on-going project).

    3. Signs provided for or placed them at boat ramps, bait/tackle stores, sporting goods stores, and

    other areas where anglers/boaters gather (on-going project)

    4. Brochure the owner of each boat being registered, new or newel, in North Dakota receives a

    copy; it contains information on ANS species of concern and prevention protocols (on-going


    5. Video in-house production; covers impacts from ASN infestations, and the prevention protocols;

    video has been shown at sportsmen’s clubs, conservation groups, and non traditional groups –

    power companies, commercial ventures, property owners, and city administrators. (Can be

    viewed on homepage, on-going project).

    6. Research compiled information on lower 48 states’ fishing tournament regulations and ANS

    prevention measures used at tournaments (to be repeated in five years); included ANS questions,

    i.e., species of concern, best methods to prevent importation, and angler attitude and opinion

    questions, in statewide angler survey and surveys on specific waterbodies (on-going project);

    compiled Risk Assessment for ANS Infestation in North Dakota.

    7. Monitoring zebra mussel traps at waterbodies with high nonresident visitation (on-going); field

    staff documenting ANS absence or presence with degree of infestation, specific effort or as part

    of fish inventories (on-going project).

    8. Fishing tournaments and recreational angler boat inspections monitored tournament officials

    inspection of boats and provided talks on need for ANS prevention and protocols for prevention

    (on-going project).

    9. Meetings attended 100

    th Meridian, Mississippi River Basin Panel ANS Panel, Missouri River

    ANS Panel, Western Regional Governors Association, Lewis and Clark Bicentennial, and others

    (on-going project).

    10. Work with other entities provided ANS information and reviewed documents for US Fish and

    Wildlife Service, Minnesota Sea Grant, North Dakota Department of Agriculture, North Dakota

    Wildlife Society, and others (on-going project).

    11. North Dakota ANS state plan began the work to form a committee to write a state plan (on-

    going project).


Bob Piorkowski

    Alaska Department of Fish and Game

    Invasive Species Program Coordinator

    Box 25526

    Juneau, AK 99802

    Email address:

    Phone: 907-465-6109

    Fax: 907-465-2604

    1. Secured two grants from NOAA to assist in the implementation of the Alaska Aquatic

    Nuisance Species Management Plan.

    2. Secured two grants from the USFWS to develop an Alaska Invasive Pike Management Plan

    and to implement pike control work.

    3. Established an interdivisional ANS coordinating committee within ADF&G

    4. Started work on developing an Alaska Invasive Species Council by consulting with other state

    councils and writing draft legislation for Alaska.


    5. Took part in Pacific ballast water group activities and established a ballast water contact

    group among certain state employees. Wrote or assisted in writing two ballast water position

    papers for division directors. Acquired records for large ship landings in Alaska since 2001.

    6. Conducted public outreach efforts regarding escaped Atlantic salmon. Dispersed

    approximately 30,000 Atlantic salmon identification cards statewide along with creating

    posters for ADF&G offices, boat ramps and at processors. Took part in Atlantic salmon fry

    snorkel surveys in Washington and led three surveys in Alaska.

    7. Investigated many reports of non native species including Atlantic salmon, leopard frogs,

    crayfish and green crab.

    8. Responded to many media inquiries regarding invasive species.

    9. Responded to many ANS education and information requests sending materials and giving

    presentations at a number of conferences and meetings.

    10. Conducted initial scoping work of pet store pathways in Alaska. Working with Washington

    Sea Grant to adapt their informational brochures to meet Alaska’s needs.

    11. Received ANS HACCP training and plan to give one day courses

    12. Co-chaired ANS session at AFS Alaska Chapter annual meeting.

    13. Reviewed and approved modifications to mariculture polices and regulations as they relate to


    14. Began consulting with NOAA Silver Springs Staff with the goal of developing a model

    monitoring and inventory program in Kachemak Bay similar to the program NOAA facilitated

    in Hawaii.

    15. Any much more.


Fred Partridge

    Idaho Dept of Fish and Game

    Resident Fishery Coordinator

    P.O. Box 25

    Boise, Idaho 83707


    Phone: 208-334-3791

    Fax: 208-334-2114

1. The Idaho Department of Fish and Game has joined in a cooperative program with the Idaho

    Weed Awareness Committee and other agencies and non-government organizations to develop and

    install "Watch Out" signs at boat marinas and boat ramps throughout Idaho. Funding for the signs

    has mostly come from the federal agencies and NGO organizations with the Department providing

    design, purchasing and distribution support. To date we have distributed 702 laminated posters and

    436 metal signs to 50 county and agency personnel for installation. The signs are designed to

    encouraging boaters to clean their boats and gear and be aware of threats of moving New Zealand

    mudsnails, purple loosestrife, Eurasian watermilfoil and zebra mussels around. The first three

    species are present in Idaho waters while zebra mussel are still absent. Information from sign

    installers is slowly being returned to our office for developing a statewide database on signs at

    marinas and boat access points. Goal of the present program is to have the current sign in place for

    the next three years.

2. Funding from PSMFC has allowed a staff member of Department to serve as a member of

    the technical committee of Idaho Invasive Species Council (IISC) (web page: ). Monthly meetings provided the basis for

    developing the Idaho Assessment of Invasive Species Management in Idaho. This document is

    located in the IISC web page or at: . This assessment

    is the state's first step in developing a statewide Invasive Species Management Plan, which will

    include the Aquatic Nuisance Species Plan along with plans to address invasive terrestrial plants and

    animals. As a part of this process, the IISC organized the Governors Summit on Idaho Invasive

    Species in February to increase awareness of current and potential problems with invasive species.


The Summit was primarily directed towards agencies and legislative staff, however members of the

    public were also invited. In addition to the general session on invasives, the summit was divided into

    four breakout areas to address specific concerns regarding Aquatic and Riparian Nuisance Species;

    Agricultural Pests; Forest and Urban Pests; and Terrestrial Weeds. The proceedings of this summit

    can be obtained at: .

3. Attendance at the an annual meeting of the Western Regional Panel in September 2003; the

    100th Meridian Columbia Basin Team ANS meetings in December 2003, April 2004; and July 2004

    and the ANS and HACCP sessions at the Western Division meeting of the American Fisheries

    Society in March 2004 enhanced coordination between Idaho and other western states.

4. Presentations on ANS issues have been given to Department staff at annual and work plan

    meetings and to the Idaho Aquaculture Association with special emphasis on monitoring for and

    avoiding the movement of New Zealand mudsnails. Information has been given to Department staff

    on looking for and collecting New Zealand mudsnails. Department hatcheries (both anadromous and

    resident facilities) have developed HACCP plans to reduce the potential of spreading snails when

    stocking fish or moving gear around the state. Inserts discussing ANS threats and prevention of

    movement from Eurasian milfoil, whirling disease and in the latest reprint, New Zealand mudsnail

    have been included in the Department fishing rule brochure. Three hundred thousand brochures are

    printed annually for distribution to Idaho anglers. Taping of a video news release on cleaning wading

    boots and gear in New Zealand mudsnail waters has been completed and will be released in the near

    future. Stop Aquatic Hitchhiker stickers have been distributed to the regions for dispersal at county

    fairs and other shows.


Marc Dahlberg

    Arizona Game and Fish Department

    Water Quality Program Manager

    2221 W. Greenway Rd

    Phoenix, AZ 85023


    Phone: (602) 789-3260

    Fax: (602) 789-3265

1. ANS Coordinator - The Arizona Game and Fish Department has preliminary approval to hire a full

    time Aquatic Nuisance Species / Invasive Species Coordinator. If all goes well in the budget

    process, the Coordinator should be onboard by this time next year. The proposal is currently for a

    2-year appointment with the intent to develop longer-term financing for the position. 2. Zebra Mussel Intercepted - The National Parks Service intercepted a 50-foot Houseboat at

    Temple Bar Marina on Lake Mead. Dead Zebra mussels were observed on the hull. The boat

    was originally from Kentucky and was moored on the Ohio River. Before the boat was allowed to

    be launched a comprehensive decontamination procedure was conducted. A second boat from

    Illinois was intercepted at a marine repair shop where dead zebra mussel shells were observed in

    the propeller shaft housing. That boat was also cleaned before launching. 3. Continuing Work With Giant Salvinia Arizona continues to work with the Giant Salvinia Task

    Force. Giant salvinia continues to be an issue in the Lower Colorado River and has now spread

    to Mexican waters. Control/eradication efforts continue under Bob Pitman’s leadership. Salvinia

    weevils have been released at selected sites, but the jury remains out on the likelihood of their

    effectiveness. Compliance and permitting for application of herbicides on the Colorado River has

    proven to be a complex issue due to multiple federal jurisdictions.

    4. Invasive Blue-Green Algae Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii originally identified in India in 1913

    has made its way to the United States. It was first detected in Florida in the early 1990’s and has

    since moved to midwestern states such as Michigan, Indiana and Oklahoma. It has more


recently been found in Texas, Nevada and now Arizona. Cylindrospermopsis produces three

    types of toxins cylindrospermopsin, anatoxin-a and saxitoxin. Recent fish kills (April through June

    2004) in Apache, Canyon and Saguaro Lakes have been attributed to Cylindrospermopsis

    blooms. This was a very sensitive issue for anglers and did stimulate some concern for public


    5. Development of a Aquatic Nuisance Species Communication Strategy Arizona is working with

    the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and their contractor, D.J. Case and

    Associates, to develop a pilot communication strategy regarding Aquatic Nuisance Species. The

    strategy identifies target audiences, targeted messages, and tools for conveying the messages.

    6. Crayfish as an AZ ANS Poster Child We’ve used crayfish in Arizona as something of an ANS poster child. Since tightening rules regarding the importation, transportation, and possession of

    crayfish several years ago, we have used crayfish as an outreach opportunity to anglers and

    others. Along with several partners, we hosted the second annual crayfish festival this August.

    The festival provides an opportunity to inform the public about crayfish and Aquatic Nuisance

    Species issues in general, to encourage public participation in conservation (trapping crayfish),

    and to do so in a fun environment. Visitors (more than 800 signed in this year) get to talk with

    folks about crayfish, become more familiar with the rules about possession and transportation of

    crayfish, and get a taste of the critters as well. We trapped over 400 lbs of crayfish at the site

    which were prepared “Cajun” style for taste of crayfish cuisine. Sponsors/participants included

    local radio personalities, the Department, a trout club, and The Nature Conservancy.

    7. Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies The IAFWA ANS project includes regional

    workshops with State Wildlife Agencies on coordination of enforcement and regulations. The

    workshop was hosted in conjunction with the Western Fish Chiefs meeting at the WAFWA

    (hosted by Virgil Moore of Idaho). The workshop was well attended and productive. A principle

    outcome of the workshop was a resolution unanimously adopted by the State Directors at their

    business meeting. The resolution reiterated the WRP recommendations to the states and recent

    (June 2004) resolution of the Western Governor’s Association.


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