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aidssection2.doc - AIDS TRAINING

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There is no cure for AIDS, but with a healthy living the baby can live a little longer. ? Feed your child fresh, healthy food

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    MODULE 3

    MODULE HIGHLIGHTS

    CHILDREN WITH AIDS

    ? How do Children get AIDS?

    ? How do I protect my Child from AIDS?

    ? How do I care for a Child with AIDS?

    PHYSICAL SIGNS OF AIDS?

    ? Why don’t I see people dying from AIDS?

    ? When do you start getting sick?

    ? Later signs of AIDS

    IMPACT OF AIDS

    CARE AND SUPPORT FOR AIDS SUFFERES

    WRONG IDEAS ABOUT AIDS

    LIST OF PLACES TO HELP YOU

    MODULE OBJECTIVE

    By the end of this Module the delegate will be know how to deal with a child who has AIDs, to identify

    physical signs of AIDS,

    MODULE 3 CHILDREN WITH AIDS

    3.1

     HOW DO CHILDREN GET AIDS?

Abused ? Children can be born with the HIV virus. These children

    sexually usually get sick and die before they are 5 years old. ? ukuba-? They can get AIDS from an older person who has the HIV

    nukubeza virus if they are abused sexually

    ngokocansi ? Breast feeding from a mother who is HIV positive.

     ? Children can get AIDS if they use things that have another

    Razors HIV positive person’s blood on them - like razors, knives ? ireyiza or used needles

    HOW DO I PROTECT MY CHILD FROM AIDS?

    Many parents worry that if they talk to their children about

    sex the children will want to go out and try it. This is not true.

    It is important that children know about sex so that they can

    make the right choices.

    ? Educate your children about safe sex

    ? You can help protect your children from child abuse by

    telling them of possible dangers

    ? Teach your children that nobody is allowed to touch them

    on their private parts - not even a relative or friend.

    ? Teach your child that nothing is so bad that he or she can’t

    talk to you about it.

    ? Be open with your child and listen to what he or she tells

    you.

     HOW DO I CARE FOR A CHILD WITH AIDS?

     Immunised

    There is no cure for AIDS, but with a healthy living the baby ? ukugonywa

    can live a little longer.

    ? Feed your child fresh, healthy food

    ? Make your home and yard safe for your child. Avoid

    smoke, and clean up rubbish in your community.

    ? Make sure your child is immunised.

    ? Give your child lots of love.

     24

    PHYSICAL SIGNS OF AIDS 3.2

     WHY DON’T I SEE PEOPLE DYING FROM AIDS?

    At the moment many people with HIV look well. This is

    because people can live for a long time with the HIV virus

    before they get very sick and die. They can live up to 10

    years.

    Many of the sicknesses have other names, such as

    pneumonia, TB or cancer.

     WHEN DO YOU START GETTING SICK?

    It can take many years for the HIV virus to make you sick. It Weight Loss

    means that you have AIDS when you start to feel sick. ? ukonda

    Early signs of AIDS. Sweating

    You can have any of these problems when you first get ? ukujuluka

    AIDS...

    ? the loss of weight

    ? swelling in the neck, ear, under the arm or in the groin

    ? sores on the lips, which do not heal

    ? thrush - in the mouth or private parts

    ? coughing

    ? painful sores or rashes

    ? fevers and sweating

    ? diarrhoea that does not stop

     Fits Later signs of AIDS.

    You can also have any of these problems when you are very ? isifo sokuwa

    sick with AIDS...

     Blackouts

    ? TB ? ukuquleka

    ? pneumonia

    Memory Loss ? weakness and tiredness

    ? ukukhohlwa ? dark blue marks on the skin

     ? fits, blackouts, loss of memory and difficulty concentrating

    Concentrating

    ? ukucaba-

    ngisisa

3.3 25

    IMPACT OF AIDS

     HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS

    OHP 6 Show OHP. Let us look at some of the important outcomes of an AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Already we are seeing

    a parallel TB epidemic here.

South Africa’s average TB infection rate of 311 per 100 000

    people is double that of Mozambique and three times that of

    Tanzania. The worst areas in South Africa being Western and

    Eastern Cape with 490 and 420 per 100 000 respectively.

TB can kill an HIV Positive person in four months. With

    AIDS triggering other opportunistic diseases, besides TB, the

    hospitals of South Africa are going to be overloaded. This in turn is going to create competition for the facilities between

    AIDS victims and the victims of all other diseases.

Health care workers morale will decline further as they have

    to work even longer hours. Some, especially those involved in

    invasive surgery may catch HIV.

BENEFIT SCHEMES

On account of the long stay in hospital which many AIDS

    victims are forced to have, health costs can be astronomical.

    Benefit schemes risk higher pay outs and are therefore

    already putting caps on claims in respect of AIDS.

The problem here is many victims die of an opportunistic

    disease rather than AIDS and it will be impossible for

    medical aid schemes administrators to keep an accurate

    record of each patient. Equally, the ethical questions is raised

    as to why costs associated with AIDS should be singled out

    for limitation, whilst costly operations for example car

    accidents are not. The victim is responsible for both.

     26

PRODUCTIVITY

Profitability of companies could well decline because of

    absenteeism associated with sickness and attendance at

    funerals. Greater fatigue as victims make the transition from

    HIV to AIDS could increase the number of accidents.

Because of the loss of labour, employers will have to hire

    more than the required number of apprentices in the knowledge that some will die during their training

    programme.

    SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES

The effect on the community will be dramatic. Many

    breadwinners will die and family income will be diverted to

    medical and funeral costs.

The social welfare net will be stretched to the limit by the

    break-up of families, the increase in orphans and the number

    of street children and dropouts from schools.

     Ask if there are any questions and respond.

     Check concerns chart and see if any have been covered.

    30 minutes Remind the delegates that all this work is covered in the manuals on pages 24 27.

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    CARE AND SUPPORT FOR AIDS SUFFERERS

WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF SOMEONE IN YOUR

    3.4 FAMILY IS HIV POSITIVE?

    You can’t get AIDS from living with someone who is HIV positive unless you have unsafe sex with him or her.

    ? Allow the HIV person to stay with your family. ? Tell the person to stay at work for as long as possible ? Tell the person about safe sex

    ? Help the person to go to the clinic or hospital for regular check ups.

    ? Make sure the person eats good food to stay as strong as

    possible.

    ? Do not share razor blades or tooth brushes with the person ? Love and support the person

YOU MUST TRY TO DO THESE THINGS IF YOU

    ARE HIV POSITIVE

? Keep healthy

    ? Eat good food, like vegetables, beans, eggs and fruit ? Exercise regularly

    ? Stop smoking and do not drink alcohol. These things make

    your body weak. It is then easier for the HIV virus to get

    strong and for you to get AIDS earlier.

    HOW CAN I SUPPORT MY PARTNER OR CHILD IF HE OR SHE IS HIV POSITIVE?

? Be loving and caring

    ? Be a good listener

    ? Behave in a normal way with them

    CAN I WORK IF I AM HIV POSITIVE? ? Working is important for all people. You employer cannot

    fire you because you are HIV positive. ? You must stay at work as long as possible if you are HIV

    positive.

     28

YOU MUST DO THESE THINGS IF YOU ARE HIV

    POSITIVE

    ? Visit the clinic or hospital regularly. ? You need to go to the clinic or hospital at the first sign of

    any illness.

    ? Always practice safe sex

    ? Make sure your partner is faithful and that you use a

    condom

     Ask if there are any questions and respond.

     Check concerns chart and see if any have been covered.

    30 minutes Remind the delegates that all this work is covered in the manuals on pages 28 29.

     29

    WRONG IDEAS ABOUT AIDS 3.5

    Homosexual HERE ARE SOME MORE WRONG IDEAS ABOUT

    AIDS.... ? amadodda

     athandana

    People believe that AIDS is not real. That it is a story to fool namanya

    people to use condoms or stop having sex. This is not true. amadoda

    Many millions of people have the HIV virus and many

    thousands have already died of AIDS. Heterosexual

     ? ukuthandana

    Some people think that only homosexual men can get AIDS. kowesilisa

    This is not true. nowesifazane

    Everyone can get AIDS, in fact most HIV infections

    these days are in heterosexual men and women. Traditional

     Healers

    AIDS only effects some races. This is not true. ? izinyanga

    We have seen that AIDS is a disease that affects all races, nabathandazi

    colours, faiths and nations. Some traditional healers, like sangomas, say they have a cure for AIDS. This is not true. These people may be able to cure some of the infections

    that people get, but as far as we know nobody has a cure

    for AIDS.

Some people think that AIDS can be spread in food and

    water, toilets, showers, baths & pools or from mosquitoes.

    They think that just touching a person who is HIV positive

    can give you AIDS. This is not true.

    AIDS can only be spread through unsafe sex and blood,

    breast feeding and during pregnancy.

    Some people think that condoms do not give much protection against AIDS and other STD’s. This is not true.

    A condom gives a lot of protection if it is used correctly.

     30

    3.5 LIST OF PLACES TO HELP YOU

PROVINCIAL ORGANISATIONS

Gauteng

    The Community AIDS Information and Support Centre 17 Esselen Street, Hillbrow

    Johannesburg, 2001

(011) 725-6710, 725-6721

AIDS Consortium, University of Witwatersrand

    Centre for Applied Legal Studies

    Johannesburg

    (011) 403-6918

    East Rand AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre c/o Park and Kingsway Avenue, Brakpan

    (011) 741-2224, 741-2225

    Klerksdorp AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre c/o Kock and Park Streets, Klerksdorp

    (018) 464-2010

    Mamelodi AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre Old Administration Office, Mamelodi

    (012) 805-4865

    Pretoria AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre c/o Vermeulen and Van der Walt Streets,

    1st Floor, Room 1202, Pretoria, 0002

    (012) 313-7988, 313-7850

    Soweto AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre City Health Department, Soweto Council

    Box 38029, Booysens, 2019

    (011) 984-4422, 984-4014

    Vaal AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre 2nd Floor, Leoni Building

    President Kruger Street, Vanderbijlpark

    (016) 33-3333 Ext 2057

    Vanderbijlpark Aids Training, Information and Counselling Centre Stadsraad, Box 3

    Vanderbijlpark, 1900

    (016) 31-2820

    Northern Provence

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Pietesburg AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    16 Palm Centre, 23 Grobler Street,

    Pietersburg, 0699

    (01521) 92-4962

Mpumalanga

Nelspruit AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    Joshua Doore Cenre, c/o Louis Trichardt & Ferreira Streets

    Nelspruit, 1200

    (01311) 59-2167, 592-3770

Witbank AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    City Health Services, Witbank City Council

    c/o Swartbos & Louise Roads Witbank, 1035

    (0135) 90-6911, 90-6204

Kwa-Zulu/Natal

Durban AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    9 Old fort Place, Durban, 4001

    (031) 300-3020, 300-3104

Pietermaritzburg AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    42 Havelock Road, Pietermaritzburg, 3201.

    (0331) 94-2111, 94-3101

Zululand AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    Civic Centre Building, Box 115, Empangeni, 3880

    (0351) 21131 Ext 273

Western Cape

Western Province AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

    Ground Floor, Civic Centre, 12 Hertzog Boulevard Foreshore, Cape Town, 8001

    (021) 400-3400, 400-2628

Eastern Cape

East London AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centre

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