History of Psychology 1-5 REVIEW
the reasons for studying history (in general, not just psychology's history)
Furumoto's concept of “old” history
The explanation of more than one scientists discovering same law of nature from naturalistic approach to history
When reading about Goddard and the immigrants, someone taking a presentist approach would
Watsonian behaviorism and Freudian psychoanalysis are both examples of
It is generally true of history that historians themselves are influenced by
Chapter 2 opens with the Ebbinghaus' quote about psychology having a short past but a long history. What did Ebbinghaus mean?
On the mind-body question, Descartes believed that
According to Descartes, what are essential differences of human and animal
What are John Locke’s main ideas?
What are Berkeley’s main ideas?
Compare James Mill’s model of the mind with his son’s
Mill’s method of agreement, difference and joint method
Leibniz’s main idea
Whytt’s main contribution
What is the Bell-Magendie law?
Helmholtz’ s main contribution
Why did phrenology fail as legitimate science?
Or in other words, what are the methodology problems of phrenology.
Compare Broca to Wernicke’s theory.
Santiago Ramon y Cajal’s contribution
Fechner’s methods of psychophysics
Why is Wundt considered the founder of experimental psychology?
How did Wundt propose to study immediate conscious experience?
What is mental chronometry?
What is Wundt's contribution that connects modern psychology directly?
What are G. E. Müller’s contributions?
Marbe’s study in Külpe's Würzburg lab.
Lyell's uniformitarian view of geology,
The influences of Malthus's work on population upon Darwin
What is the main idea of Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection?
Darwin’s theory of emotion
Romanes' work on animal psychology
Galton’s theory of eugenics and his main contributions.
On his word association test, Galton found
History of Psychology 6-10 REVIEW
1. the main points of faculty psychology and the relationship between faculty psychology and
psychology in America prior to William James
2. Upham’s Elements of Mental Philosophy.
3. The concept of the women’s sphere . (the points of view discriminating against women at that time)
4. James’s concept of consciousness
5. James defined psychology as
6. G. Stanley Hall’s initiations
7. Calkins’s research for memory
8. According to Titchener, structuralism is analogous to the study of
9. Titchener's Manuals,
10. Titchener's version of introspection?
11. what is the main idea of John Dewey's reflex arc paper,
12. What did Thorndike conclude from his puzzle box research?
13. what is the main issue between Mills and Thorndike
14. what is Woodworth’s main ideas in the so-called Columbia bible,
15. S-O-R formulation
16. What are main characteristics of mental tests compiled by Cattell?
17. According to Binet and Simon, how was children’s intelligences categorized?
18. According to Goddard, what did the Deborah Kallikak case tell us?
19. Which area did Terman and Goddard both research?
20. Stern's formulation
21. Army Alpha test
22. The main points of gestaltists
23. How would Wertheimer explain phi phenomenon?
24. the main contributions (including his works ) of Köhler, Koffka, Lewin and Wertheimer.
25. what is the differences between behavioral environment and geographic environment?
26. In order for insight to occur, according to Köhler, the individual
27. Zeigarnik effect
28. von Restorff effect
29. functional fixedness
30. According to research completed by Kurt Lewin and his students, under what circumstance children would be dedifferentiation and what are the indicators of dedifferentiation.
31. According to Bluma Zeigarnik, what happens when we fail to complete some task?
32. what are positivist ideas of Auguste Comte?
37. spontaneous recovery
38. experimental neurosis
39. How was Pavlov treated by the Soviet Union?
40. According to Watson and Carr, how do animals learn mazes?
41. In the behaviorist manifesto, Watson identified the goal of psychology. It was to
42. What subjects Watson and Rayner covered in the Little Albert study?
43. With “dozen infants” quote, Watson illustrated his belief in the importance of
44. the main reason that the case of little Albert become so popular during quite a few decades
45. The relationship between Behavioral Revolution and Watson’s Behaviorist Manifesto
46. the canons of positivism
History of Psychology 11-15 review
1. Starting in 1930s, behaviorism became a dominant force in American psychology. What factors contributed it most and what the least?
2.Why was logical positivism attractive to American experimental psychologists?
3. What are the main ideas of the following figures?
4. According to Tolman's system, what is the main feature of behavior?
5. What did Hull and Tolman have in differences and in common?
6. What Hull's famous postulate #4 proposed
7. Skinner's ideas about operant conditioning
8. What are the main points of Walden Two
9. compare Pinel's approach to the treatment of the mentally ill with William Tuke's approach, what is in common, and what are different.
10. What was the basic strategy used by Dorothea Dix to bring about reform?
11. the main process of history of hypnosis.
12. what is the traditional(older way) psychoanalytic view of hysteria,
13. What is Freud’s view about dreams?
14. What are the disagreements between Freud and his followers, Adler, Jung and his daughter.
15. The common defense mechanisms, according to Freud, are
16. what are Witmer's contribution.
17. Since World War II, what was the changes of status of academic psychologists in APA.
18. What did Eysenck find in his study of therapy effectiveness?
19. On what principle, systematic desensitization is based
20. What are main ideas of Humanistic psychologists and what are the limitations of humanistic way?
21. what are Carl Rogers main idea?
22. Boulder model is to Vail model as
23. The influence of Hawthorne studies
24. “War of the Ghosts” of Bartlett
25. In his analysis of the serial order problem, Lashley concluded that
26. what is Leahey point of view about cognitive revolution
27. What is the significance of Neisser's book Cognitive Psychology?
28. example of p 419-420
strong AI (artificial intelligence) means-ends analysis heuristic thinking algorithmic thinking
29. Leon Festinger’s contribution
30. Gordon Allport contributions and main experiences.
31. Freud’s point of view about women.
32. Freud’s way to described his cases. P 357
33. What kinds of examples make students to be a critical evaluator for modern claims
34, The relation between cognitive psychology and cognitive science. P 418
35.The greatest developmental psychologist in 20th century is :
36. Why did Piaget refer his approach as genetic epistemology ? p 431
37. Freud’s thinking was influenced most by:
38. Anna O case
39. according to Freud how can a symptom of mental disorder be alleviated
40. what did Woodworth and James think about Freud’s “symbolism”.