Book 2 Unit 6 Section A As his Name Is,
So is He!
After learning this unit, students are supposed to be able to
---grasp the key words, expressions and structures in this unit.
--- listening task--- a short passage
---reading skills—finding the main idea in paragraphs. ---writing skills--- comparison and contrast
---Speaking task---answer questions on the text.
. Time Allocations
The 1st period—for pre-reading activities.
ndThe 2 and 3rd and 4th periods—for reading.
The 5th period—for writing and speaking.
The 6th and 7th periods—for exercises and quiz
. Teaching Steps
---- Lead-in Activities
----Key Words and Their Collocations
---- Difficult Points
----Listening & Speaking
A. Key Words and Expressions
Bible, elegant, impulsive, substitute, qualify, specific, reserve, characteristic, prominent, refine,
stereotype, confess, project B.Key Sentence Patterns
2. feel like sth. /doing sth.
3. If I were------I would have done something. .Difficult Points 4. though------
Paraphrase some difficult sentences.
2. Writing techniques of this text:
a) problem-solution pattern
3. Reading skills
--- identifying the author’s purpose
1. Listening--- home listening
2. Intensive Reading--- do exercises on p.249—253 and read section B & C 3. On-line discussion---How to prevent a terrible marry?
Unit Six Section A As his Name is, so is he!
I. Lead-in Activities (Pre-reading activities)------idioms of name:
1.They call each other all sorts of names.他们用各种恶言恶语互骂.
2. He was a chairman only in name.他只是个名义上的主席。
3. His name is mud.他声名狼藉。
4. Thomas Edison was a great name in science. 托马斯爱迪生是个科学伟人。
5. In fishing, patience is the name of the game.钓鱼时耐心是最重要的。
6. He doesn’t have a penny to his name. 他一文不名。 Pre-reading activities------listen and answer
First listening: please listen to a short passage carefully and prepare to answer some questions.
Second listening: listen to the tape again. Then answer the following questions with your own
1. What are some of the ways names can make a difference?
The author describes five ways. Please read the tapescript.
2. In what ways can teachers be guilty of name prejudice?
One classroom study showed teachers gave lower grades to essays written by boys with
certain names than to the very same essays with only the names changed.
3. What does the writer suggest you do if your name does not suit you? Tapescript
The writer suggests if your name does not suit you you can change your name. This writer describes ways names can make a difference. When one woman used her middle name,
she felt better and her professional achievement improved. A magazine refused to print the writer’s
name because it suited a baseball player more than an art expert. At a party, another woman was
uncomfortable: the man she wanted the writer to introduce her to was the same one she had
refused a blind date because of his name. The writer thinks we often assign name prejudices to
people. One of his friends described working with some four-year-olds, and exchanging two boys’
personalities because of their names. One classroom study showed teachers gave lower grades to
essays written by boys with certain names than to the very same essays with only the names
changed. Similarly, girls’ popularity can relate to their names. So the writer suggests if your name
doesn’t suit you, you can change your name.
II. Background Information
1. The Bible------the bible is a collection of religious books comprising the Old
Testament, sacred to both the Jewish and Christian faith, and the New Testament,
acknowledged only by Christians. The Old Testament consists of 39 books, most
of which were written originally in Hebrew, some in Aramaic. Its books were
written, revised, edited and reedited between approximately 1000 BC and 100 AD.
It is divided into the Pentateuch, the five books of the Law, the Prophetical books
( including the main historical books as well as the works of the Prophets), and the
Hagiographa, or sacred writings, containing the poetical and sapiential books and
the remainder of the historical books. Some of the Old Testament books, the
Apocrypha, were not placed within the sacred canon by the Jews of Palestine, and
are regarded by Protestants as sources of edification rather than doctrine: they are
included in the canon of the Vulgate and are therefore regarded as authoritative by
the Roman Catholic Church. The Old Testament treats of the creation and fall of
man, of God’s covenant with his chosen people, the Jews, the law and ritual of the
Jewish faith, the vicissitudes of the Jews, the utterances of the prophets and
apocalyptists , and the wisdom and poetry attributed to David and Solomon.
( Modern scholarship doubts the authorship of many of the books, eg of the first
five, ascribed to Moses: most books should be regarded as traditional material,
collected and edited later.)
The New Testament, written originally in Greek, comprises 27 books. The four
Gospels record the life and teaching of Jesus Christ, regarded by Christians as the
saviour foretold in the Old Testament. They affirm his reconciling mission from
God to man, and describe his crucifixion. Acts records the spreading of the gospel
by his Apostles. The Epistles are letters by the Apostles to the young Christian
Churches of the Mediterranean world. It is thought that the Gospels are based on
collections of the sayings and acts of Christ, current in the 50 years or so after his
The Jewish community, in which Christianity developed, was mainly
Greek-speaking, and was spread throughout the Roman empire. The Old
Testament was early translated into Greek. This version, and an old Latin one,
th c. AD. As the basis for a new version, the Vulgate, were used by Jerome in the 4
still the official version of the Roman Catholic Church.
thThe other great activity of the 19 c., coinciding with mass-production methods,
the spread of literacy in Europe, the colonization of overseas territories, and the
concomitant missionary activity, was the production of Bibles in very large
numbers and at very cheap prices by the Bible Societies. Since then the Bible has
been translated into more than 1100 languages.
2. Herbert Harari
Herbert Harari is a retired professor of psychology at San Diego State University.
He made some research on stereotyping student behavior. He is also a
self-educated computer guru on MIDI music.
III. Key words and their collocations
1. Bible n.C. any official book supported by authorities.得到权威支持的典籍。 The Bible says that Adam and Eve were the first human beings.
The stamp collector’s Bible 集邮者大典
This magazine quickly became the bible of fashionable women.
2.elegant adj. Pleasing and refined in appearance or style. 优雅的，文雅的，精致的
an elegant piece of furniture 一件精美的家具
an elegant restaurant 一家雅致的餐馆
3.impulsive adj. （易）冲动的
4． Substitute sb /sth (for sb /sth.) 用某人／某事物代替（另外的人／事物）
Honey can substitute for sugar in this recipe. (烹饪法，食谱)
Cattle dung was substituted as a fuel when no wood was available.弄不到木材时就拿牛粪作
They were substituting violence for dialogue. 他们正以暴力取代对话。
Dayton was substituted for Williams in the second half of the match. Dayton代替Williams.
There is no substitute for good food and exercise.
5. take sb / sth seriously------treat sth / sb in a serious manner.
6. associate n. a person connected with another , esp at work.（尤指工作上的）同事，伙伴 7．Naturally ------of course
8. if------conj. (joining nouns, adjectives or adverbs)
a pleasant if noisy child.一个虽然吵闹但讨人喜欢的孩子
It was a nice meal, if a little expensive.虽然贵了点
9． Identify v. to prove or show the identity of证明，识别
10. talent n. (a) special natural or learned ability or skill, esp of a high quality 天才，才能
Alice has a talent for language.
11. definition n. an exact statement of the meaning, nature, or limits of something.定义，释义 12． Noah Webster (1758---1843) 美国词典编撰家，作家，以《美国英语词典》等书闻名。
13. characteristic adj. (of) representative, representing a person’s or thing’s usual character.特有
Rainy days are characteristic of June.
Such honesty is characteristic of him.这种诚实是他的特殊作风。 Quality n. something typical of a person or thing, characteristic 特性，品质，才能 14. (longman) for better or (for) worse------whatever happens, whether one likes it or not.无论发生什么，不管是好是歹；(ALD) whether the result is good or bad 不管是好是坏，不管结果如何
It has been done, and, for better or worse, we can’t change it now.
15. reserve n. the quality of not liking to talk about oneself or to make one’s feelings known；
the habit of not showing one’s feelings or thoughts.矜持，拘谨
A few drinks broke through his reserve. 几杯酒下肚他就打开了话匣子。 The Gold reserve
He was a man of such reserve that not even his closed friends really understood him.
I have a reserve of food in case of emergencies.
Reserve v. keep sth for a particular purpose or time.留出，留存 I reserve Mondays for cleaning my desk and writing letters.
I rang the hotel to reserve a double room for a week.
16．Plain adj. Euph. (esp of a woman) not pretty or good –looking; rather ugly 平常的，不好看的，不漂亮的
17． Charm n. the power or ability to please, attract or delight 魅力 18．Suggest v. make clear indirectly, indicate, signal.
Her expression suggested anger.
19. specific adj. Particular 特定的，具体的
(longman) There is a specific tool for each job.
(ALD) The money is to be used for one specific purpose: the building of the new theatre.这笔钱有专门用途
新英汉： at specific times 在特定的时间
a specific occasion 特定场合
20. qualified adj. Having suitable knowledge, quality or skills esp for a job.适合的 tom is well qualified for the job.
Qualify v. （使）具有（取得）资格
Will our team qualify for the second round of the competition?
Her teaching experience qualifies her for the job.
21．Prominent adj. Important; well known 重要的，杰出的，著名的 people prominent in science科学界的知名人士
a prominent musician / citizen/critic of the government
initial n. (一般用复数)（姓名的）大写首字母
22．By-line n. （报刊文章首尾处的）作者署名
23． Refine v. make sb/ sth more elegant 使文雅，使高尚
refine one’s knowledge 使语言更加文雅
Delia has been refined. You can’t imagine she’s now an elegant lady.
Oil is Industrially refined.燃料油是经工业提炼而成的。
Refined adj. Having or showing education, sensitivity of feeling, and gentleness of manners.优雅的，高雅的，有教养的
A refined way of speaking 优雅的谈吐
Refined manners 文雅的举止
24. blind date------arrangement to meet (each other) made between a man and a woman who have
not met each other before.
25. press for------demand with force (for sth from sb)
press for a decision/ better working conditions.
26. impressive adj. Causing admiration, esp by giving one a feeling of size, importance, or great
skill; making a strong or good impression.令人钦佩的，个人以强烈或美好印象的 27．He sounded dull. ------ judging by listening to his name, he is an uninteresting man.
Dull adj. Slow in thinking, learning and understanding.迟钝的，愚蠢的，笨的 28. exchange glances------ glance at each other.
29． Notion n. an idea, belief, or opinion in someone’s mind.概念，观念，看法 我们都会根据别人的姓名对他产生固定的看法。
30．Stereotype v. form a fixed set of ideas that is generally disapproving about the characteristics
of a certain group of people or things.对――形成固定看法
The study says that British advertisements stereotype women.对妇女抱有成见。 The police have been criticized for having stereotyped images of black people.
He doesn’t fit the national stereotype of a Frenchman.他不是个符合法国模式的法国人。 The characters in this book are just stereotypes.
Be guilty of------responsible for behavior that is morally wrong or socially unacceptable.应对道德败坏，社会唾弃的行为负责的
31．Confess v. admit often unwillingly
She confessed to (having)a dread (great fear) of spiders.
He confessed himself (to be) totally ignorant of their plans.
He confessed (to) leaving the cigarette on the chair.
32. Nigel (m) represents the personality of imaginative, creative, inconsistent, insecure, gullible,
talkative and is an Italian form of Neil, or a French name meaning ―hero‖. It is sometimes associated with the Latin niger, meaning ―black‖
33. Bertha------(f) represents the personality characteristic of idealistic, generous, kind, caring,
possessive and comes from German, meaning ―bright, famous‖. Bertha is well-known in German legends as a character who sneaks into nurseries and rocks children to sleep.
34. We project name-based stereotypes （固定的形象）on people------
Meaning: ------we imagine that people have the qualities suggested by their names.我们认为这些人的名字描绘了他们的固定的形象。我们经常根据人们的姓名判断它们的特点。 Project on/ upon/ onto------imagine (one’s own,esp bad feelings or thoughts )as being connected to
others)/ experienced by others 想象他（人）具有（本人的思想感情）；以（自己的心思等）
(longman)Don’t project your guilty feelings onto me.不要把你内疚的感情往我身上搬。 It’s not reasonable that they project their dreams onto us.他们觉得我们与他们有同样的梦想，真
35. thoughtful adj. Quiet and serious because one is thinking about something.
Creature n. (often used in expression of feeling, esp sympathy ) a person of the stated kind.
同时把一个喜欢沉思的名叫罗里的孩子推出去打球。 Mel is a playful name which has no meaning in and of itself.
Playful adj. Happily active, full of fun. 活泼快乐的，嬉笑的，爱玩的； not intended seriously 戏谑的，闹着玩的，不认真的
A playful kiss on the cheek
36. charge n. a position of care, control or responsibility for a person group or organization.主管，
she took charge of the family business when her father was ill.
Conduct v to carry out.进行
37． Objective adj. Fair, not influenced by personal feelings
consistently adv. （人，行为，信念等）一贯的，始终如一的
grade v. score, mark
38. appealing adj. attractive, pleasing, interesting
39. popularity n. the quality of being well-liked, approved of, or admired
40. despair (of) v. lose all hope.
I despair of ever passing my driving test!
41. be stuck with------be unable to get rid of
IV. Text Study
A. Text Structure Analysis
The influence of names on people.(Names can affect people’s life) The influence of names on people.(Names can affect people’s life)
(Names can affect people’s life.)
Main ideas of each paragraph Main ideas of each paragraph
Para. 1: Debbie does not feel good about her name. Para. 1: Debbie does not feel good about her name. Para. 2: Her change of name helped bring success Para. 2: Her change of name helped bring success
to her career. to her career.
Para. 3: It is important to have the right name Para. 3: It is important to have the right name
because it suggests certain qualities. because it suggests certain qualities. Para. 4: Names are attached to specific images. Para. 4: Names are attached to specific images. Para. 5: Names with a positive sense can work for Para. 5: Names with a positive sense can work for
people, even encourage new acquaintances. people, even encourage new acquaintances. Para. 6: People are sometimes guilty of name Para. 6: People are sometimes guilty of name
stereotyping in relation to names. stereotyping in relation to names. Para. 7: Prejudices against or in favor of certain Para. 7: Prejudices against or in favor of certain
names can affect students’ classroom names can affect students’ classroom
achievements, objectively graded IQ and achievements, objectively graded IQ and
popularity with their peers. popularity with their peers. Para. 8: If you think your name does not suit you, Para. 8: If you think your name does not suit you,
you can change your old name. you can change your old name.
B. Typical Patterns
As a man lives, so he dies. 有生就有死。
As---so--- conj. 连接两个概念指出程度上和内容上关系相似的地方，常用在谚语或书面
As our speech, so we are. 人如其言。
As a man sows, so he shall reap. 种瓜得瓜，种豆得豆。
As lungs are to the animals, so are leaves to the plant.肺之于动物就好像叶之于植物一样。
本句在一般写作中可改为Leaves are to the plant as (or: what)lungs are to the animal.
As the desert is like a sea, so is the camel like a ship.沙漠似海，骆驼似舟。
As is the teacher, so is the pupil.
As you treat me, so I shall treat you. 你怎样对待我，我也怎样对待你。
As time went on, so their hopes began to decrease.
2. Feel like sth / doing sth
Feel like------have a wish for, want
I don’t feel like taking a holiday now.
Do you feel like a cup of coffee?
3.If I were------I would have done something.
If I were any wiser, I would have expected the failure of this attempt.
If I were you, I would have apologized to him.
If I were him, I would have fought with that vicious man.
4. Though most of us---we are all---to some extent.
Though most of us deny it, we are all responsible for this to some extent.
Though most of us seemed happy, we were all disappointed to some extent.
C. Difficult Points:
1. we are all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent.
Paraphrase: Sometimes we form a fixed set of ideas that is generally disapproving
about the characteristics of a certain group of people or things.
2. ---we project name-based stereotypes on people ------
Paraphrase: ---we imagine that people have the qualities suggested by their names.
D. Answer the following questions:
1. Did Debbie like her former name? Why? Or why not?
2. According to Debbie, what difference did it make when she substituted her middle,
Lynne, for her first name Debbie?
3. What did the writer think of Debbie’s name change?
4. According to the writer, why did one prominent magazine consistently refuse to
print ―Joe‖ in his byline?
5. In Paragraph 5, why was the woman ill at ease?
6. Why did the writer say that we were all guilty of name stereotyping to some
7. How can name-based prejudices affect classroom achievement?
8. According to the writer, what can you do if your name doesn’t seem to fit you? 8. V. Major writing techniques Major writing techniques
1. Comparison & contrast 1. Comparison & contrast
The writer of this reading passage tries to convince the readers of the idea of ―As his The writer of this reading passage tries to convince the readers of the idea of ―As his name is, so is he‖. To prove it, many comparisons have been made to help to bring out the name is, so is he‖. To prove it, many comparisons have been made to help to bring out the point. This is clearly shown in Paragraph 7. point. This is clearly shown in Paragraph 7.
2. Illustration/ 2. Illustration/
3. Concession 3. Concession
4. Concession (Paras 3,4,6,8)
5. Exemplification (Illustration)(Paras 3 and 7)
VI. Reading Skills VI. Reading Skills
As we learned in Unit 1, reading for the main ideas in paragraphs is one of the As we learned in Unit 1, reading for the main ideas in paragraphs is one of the most useful reading skills we can develop and we can apply to any kind of most useful reading skills we can develop and we can apply to any kind of reading. Finding the main idea in a paragraph is necessary for the reading. Finding the main idea in a paragraph is necessary for the understanding of a piece of writing. understanding of a piece of writing.
The main idea sentence most frequently appears at the beginning of a The main idea sentence most frequently appears at the beginning of a paragraph, it may also appear in other places: in the middle or at the end of a paragraph, it may also appear in other places: in the middle or at the end of a paragraph. Sometimes the main idea of a paragraph may be only implied: it is paragraph. Sometimes the main idea of a paragraph may be only implied: it is not directly stated by any one sentence in the paragraph. not directly stated by any one sentence in the paragraph.
The author describes ways names can make a difference. After changing her name
Debbie into Lynne, a woman is now very successful in her career. Although changing
one’s name does not necessarily lead to success, names are indeed very important in
people’s life, because they can suggest qualities. And names are attached to specific
images. A name with positive sense is good for a person and can encourage one to have
But sometimes people make the mistake of name stereotyping and have prejudices
against or in favor of certain names. Such prejudices may affect instructors’ or examiners’ evaluation of students’ classroom achievement, objectively graded IQ, achievement tests
and also student’s popularity with their peers
1. Divide the whole class into 4-5 groups and then conduct group discussion. The
owner of a certain name in the class is expected to say something about his or her
name and the uniqueness of the name. And the other students may comment on
the name and talk about the qualities that name suggests. And then you decide on
the 10 most appealing names in your class. Each group has its representative to
report to the whole class. The climax of the classroom discussion would be
deciding on the top 5 of the most attractive names.
2. Work in pairs, and comment on the following 2.
王 梓 郝胜男 李 根
刘慧芳 雷 锋 牛得草
石 磊 舒欣/新 秦辉/桧
3. Do you know to whom the following pseudonyms /stage names belong?
? 1) 曹禺
4) Mark Twain
4. The Chinese language has a lot of phrases related to ―名‖. Together with your partner, try to give the English equivalents of the following.
1) deserve the reputation one enjoys; one’s reputation is justified; be worth one’s name;
be true to one’s name名不虚传
2) be unworthy of one’s name名不符实
3) make history; go down in history; be crowned with eternal glory; leave a name in
4) come out top; to be among the best of candidates; be on the top of the list名列前茅
5) be flunked; fail to be admitted/enrolled 名落孙山
6) be legitimate; be perfectly justifiable名正言顺 7) as the name implies/suggests顾名思义 The listed below are some English phrases related to ―Name‖. They might be useful in
your English learning.
First name / given name名
Last name / family name / surname姓
Maiden name 女子出嫁前的姓
Stage name艺名／an assumed name 化名 Pen name / pseudonym / nom de plume 笔名 Nickname绰号，诨号
A man of name 知名人士
The great names of history历史名人
A household name 家喻户晓的人或事
Call somebody names 骂人
Enter one’s name for something 申请参加
Give it a name.（俚）你要什么，说吧。
Keep one’s name on the books.保留学籍。 Take one’s name off the books 退学，开除 Give a dog a bad name and hang him一旦给人加个坏名声他就永远洗刷不掉（人言可畏）
If you had some dogs as pets what names would you like to give them?