Zot Bowl I/Truman State Novice/VCU Novice 2008
Packet by House 2 (Ray Anderson, Ray Luo, Brendan Shapiro, Jon Wong, Dwight Wynne)
1. One of this president’s Supreme Court appointees wrote a majority opinion striking down a Georgia city’s
ordinance requiring groups to apply for a permit to solicit members in Staub v. City of Baxley. Another of his appointees was the grandson and namesake of the “Great Dissenter”, while a third claimed to know obscenity when he saw it. He claimed the appointment of the majority opinion writer in N.Y. Times v. Sullivan was a mistake, but his choice of Chief Justice was the “biggest damn-fool mistake” he ever made. For 10 points, name this president whose Supreme Court appointees included Charles Whittaker, Potter Stewart, William J. Brennan and Earl Warren.
Answer: Dwight David (or David Dwight) Eisenhower
2. This man’s wooden crucifix depicted “the body of a peasant, not the body of Jesus Christ” according to one
contemporary, and this man agreed after witnessing the perfection of that contemporary’s crucifix for Santa Maria
Novella. His technique of schiacciato can be seen in such works as The Ascension, with Christ Giving the Keys to Peter and The Feast of Herod, while he may be better known for a bronze sculpture of a contrapposto figure holding
a sword as well as a sculpture of Eramso da Narmi astride a horse. For 10 points, identify this Florentine sculptor of
a bronze David as well as Gattamelata.
3. Frank Ramsey outlined his “subjective” theory of probability in response to this man’s “logical-relationist”
theory of probability introduced in A Treatise on Probability. This onetime director of the British Eugenics Society introduced the “normal backwardation” theory of speculation. He debated with Ohlin and Rueff over the German reparations problem, a problem he had earlier identified in On the Economic Consequences of the Peace. His last
major work argued that full employment and economic recovery can be induced by government public
spending. For 10 points, name this British economist who wrote The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money.
Answer: John Maynard Keynes
4. Ilkovic solved a partial differential equation involving derivatives of this quantity for a semi-infinite
space. Another PDE involving this quantity was transposed to Lagrangian coordinates by Taylor and Aris and says
that the time derivative of this quantity is proportional to its second spatial derivative. The molar flux is equal in
magnitude to the molecular diffusivity times the gradient of this according to Fick’s Law, and it can be measured in normality, molality, or percent by volume or weight. For 10 points, name this measure of how much of a given
substance exists within a given volume, most often measured in molarity, or moles per liter.
5. One character in this novel claims that marriage is like dancing: "men have the advantage of choice, women only
the power of refusal." Another character has been seeing a poor soldier named Thomas, contrary to the general's
wishes, even though her father is burdened by gambling debts. Mrs. Allen constantly talks about how she can afford
nice gowns during an invitation of the protagonist to Bath. Isabella is abandoned by Captain Frederick after
breaking off an engagement to James, while James's sister loses sleep upon reading Ann Radcliffe's Mysteries of
Udolpho. FTP name this novel about the reconciliation of Henry Tilney to Catherine Morland, a spoof of the Gothic
novel by Jane Austen.
Answer: Northanger Abbey
6. He notes that “God does not give heed to the ambitiousness of our prayers” in a commentary on the Sermon on
the Mount. In his most famous theological work, he attempts to adapt the methods of Ciceronian rhetoric to the
purposes of defenders of the church. That work, De Doctrina Christiana, also introduces a discourse on the nature of interpretation. His focus on hermeneutics laid the foundation for a re-examination of the fall of the Roman Empire in
terms of a long-standing conflict between the titular entity and the city of man. For 10 points, name this Bishop of
Hippo, author of City of God and the Confessions.
Answer: Saint Augustine (of Hippo)
7. He cuts back and forth between the husband and the assailants more and more quickly as a rescue takes place in
his early work The Lonely Villa. A fake pistol is revealed to be a wrench held by the titular character in his The
Lonedale Operator. Before his adaptation of Tosca was rejected, he was a hop picker who sold books in Kentucky,
and wrote the play The Fool and the Girl. Contrasting between the rich and the poor in A Corner in Wheat, his
Pippa Passes was the first film to be reviewed by the New York Times, and he also filmed an icy rescue in Way
Down East, starring Lillian Gish. For 10 points, name this director of Intolerance who chronicled the rise of the KKK in The Birth of A Nation.
Answer: D(avid) W(ark) Griffith
8. 21st century acquisitions by it include SGV Bancorp, Financial Freedom, New York Mortgage Company and
Barrington Capital. Founded as a division of Countrywide in 1985, it originally focused on Jumbo loans that were
unsalable to GSEs. In 1997, it was spun off into its own company that would eventually become a specialist in the
Alt-A market. Resulting large losses in 2007 and 2008 drove its stock price from $50 to less than $1. For 10 points,
a June 2008 letter written by Charles Schumer initiated a final bank run that would result in the July 2008 failure of
what Pasadena, California, based bank, one of the largest bank failures in U.S. history?
Answer: IndyMac Federal Bank (accept IndyMac Bank, FSB)
9. One of the props in this play is a gun that shoots a parasol, though only the man pulling the trigger knows this and
everyone else on stage thinks the gun is real. During a scuffle another character shouts “Violence! Violence!”; that
character is later found to have been tearing the label off a bottle of alcohol while in the bathroom. Among the
drunken revelations in this play is that one if not both of the New Carthage professors present at the party are
impotent. For 10 points, name this play in which Nick and Honey are witness to the dysfunctional couple George
and Martha, written by Edward Albee.
Answer: Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
10. Its quality is measured in MOS [“moss’]. One device that creates it is called GLOVE and uses thirty-seven
control parameters; another device to create it is named after Klatt and uses only nineteen. One algorithm for
producing it is known by the acronym PSOLA in which the OLA stands for “overlap and add”. Delta modulation, a
variant on differential PCM, can be used to digitally code it, but more prevalent is the use of a codebook in CELP
[“selp”], which is the primary strategy used in cellular phone processors. For 10 points, all of these strategies deal with the synthesis or analysis of what human capability produce meaningful vocal utterances?
11. One of its sections describes the novel as a perversion of sensibility, and begins with a discussion of Rameau's
Nephew in contrast to Descartes' method of doubt. Another section sees unemployment as a sin, and morality as a
treatment imposed by the economy of 18th century Europe. Before "The Great Fear" and "The Great Confinement,"
this work discusses the use of the ship of fools in dealing with leprosy in the section "Stultifera Navis." Also
including chapters on "The New Division" and "Passion and Delirium," FTP name this work subtitled "a history of
insanity in the age of reason," the most famous early work by Michel Foucault.
Answer: Folie et deraison; or Madness and Civilization
12. One ruler of this name lost the Appenzell War to a Swiss canton and was known as the “Empty Pockets”. Another ruler of this name lost the battle of Gammelsdorf to Louis the Bavarian, and a third signed the
Treaty of San Germano to reconcile himself with a pope who had been unimpressed with a treaty he signed at
Jaffa. One known as “the Wise” harbored Martin Luther in Warburg Castle after Luther’s shenanigans at the Diet of
Worms. The “Great” one acquired East Friesland during a war with Austria that also saw two separate treaties
guaranteeing him Silesia. For 10 points, give the common name of these rulers, the "Great" one of which ruled
Prussia in the 1700s.
Answer: Frederick (I guess you can accept “Friedrich” before the end of the first sentence)
13. The first Dutch person to hold this position was a 34-year-old housewife who was scared of cockroaches, while
the first Italian one was a television host named Marco Predolin. The first one ever was the Belgian Magda
Ral. The first American one was stymied by two men gossiping on the phone instead of trying to find Anderson
Cooper in the Three Rooms Challenge; that was lawyer Kathryn Price. The most recent American one suffered
from altitude sickness after completing the Midas Rush mission; $420,000 was awarded for correctly identifying
San Diego native Craig Slike. For 10 points, name this titular saboteur of an internationally-licensed reality TV
Answer: The Mole
14. One of his characters leaves her husband Andre Chazal to win support for her cause, though this life of Flora
Tristan is parallel to that of her grandson Paul Gauguin. Another of his characters, Don Anselmo, builds a brothel
that houses the young Bonificia. In addition to the aforementioned The Way to Paradise and The Green House, he
chronicled a conflict between the Brazilian Army and a group of militant settlers in The War at the End of the World
and intimated on his military training in The Time of the Hero. FTP name this Chilean novelist who described a friendship with radio producer Pedro Camancho and a relationship with Uncle Urquidi's wife in Aunt Julia and the
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
15. One of this composer’s title characters sings the aria “Quand le destin au milieu” to convince the Countess of
Berkenfield not to force her to marry the Duke of Crackenthorp. In another of his operas, Dr. Malatesta sings “Bella siccome un angelo” when describing a fictional sister to the title bachelor, while the self-proclaimed genius Dr.
Dulcamara sells the title object of another opera to Nemorino to allow him to woo Adina. Another of his operas
contains the sextet “Chi mi frena?”, after which Edgardo curses the entire Lammermoor family. For 10 points, name
this Italian composer of Daughter of the Regiment, Don Pasquale, L’Elisir d’Amore, and Lucia di Lammermoor.
Answer: Gaetano Donizetti
16. This seat of Douglas County was founded at the site of the Lone Tree Ferry. Ranked by Kiplinger's as one of the
10 best U.S. cities, Offut Air Force Base is located 20 miles south of its center. Attractions in this city, served by
Eppley Airfield, include a namesake Community Playhouse and the Henry Doorly Zoo. The Qwest Center here
hosts the annual meeting of Berkshire Hathaway, and is home to Creighton's men's basketball team. Baseball fans
know this city because it hosts the Collegiate World Series. Located near the junction of the Platte and Missouri
Rivers, this is, for 10 points, what largest city in Nebraska?
17. Labuda et al. attributed the prevalence of rickets among Quebecois to this effect. Wallace et al. found that it
could be found among Amerindian populations by examining the mitochondrial DNA. Prevalence of fumarase
deficiency in Fundamentalist Latter-Day Saint populations is one clear modern example of it among human
populations as are numerous examples among various Pacific islands. First described by Ernst Mayr in 1952, it can
result in increased genetic drift. For 10 points, name this effect that can follow a bottleneck event, in which a
population arises from a limited number of original members.
Answer: founder effect
18. Were he a girl, this character would have been named Betsy. At one point in the novel in which he appears, Dr.
Strong asks him to help compile a classical dictionary, and at seventeen he falls in love with Miss Larkins, who
chooses Mr. Chestle over him. His classmates at Salem House include George Demple, Thomas Traddles, and
James Steerforth, the latter of whom seduces Little Em’ly. Among the villains he encounters are his stepfather, Edward Murdstone, and a man who constantly boasts of his humility, Uriah Heep. For 10 points, name this narrator
and title character of a Charles Dickens novel.
Answer: David Copperfield (presumably accept either)
19. This man lived in exile in New Orleans for a year and a half before returning as minister of justice and public
instruction under Juan Alvarez. He barely survived a coup by Felix Zuloaga after Guillermo Prieto convinced the
firing squad not to assassinate him. He threw John Pickett in jail after Pickett attempted to create a Confederate
alliance with this man’s country, though he may be best known for leading the guerrilla resistance to Emperor
Maximilian. For 10 points identify this great Mexican reformer and its first president of indigenous descent.
Answer: Benito Juarez
20. At the instigation of Jeh, the “accursed whore”, he poisoned Gayomart. His reign is not forever but nine thousand years, a punishment handed down by his father after he ripped open his womb to emerge before his twin
brother. Among his creations are Mitokht, Akoman, the Pairika Knathati, and 99,999 diseases. He was once
defeated by the recitation of the Ahunwar, and he will be finally defeated by a Saoshyant, a savior of virgin birth of
the lineage of Zarathustra. For 10 points, name this god of evil in dualistic Zoroastrian tradition, who is always at
odds with Ahura Mazda.
Answer: Ahriman or Angra Mainyu
TB. This man wrote over 150 compositions featuring the baryton, and his Mourning Symphony in E minor was played at his funeral. He transposed his Piano Trio in F sharp minor for the theme to the second movement of his Symphony No. 102 in B flat major, a performance of which gave the nickname to Symphony No. 96, his “Miracle” Symphony. The 2/4 andante second movement of another symphony begins with a tranquil melody in C major, but
on beat 2 of measure 16 the phrase ends with a loud G major chord, and the final movement of another sees the
musicians leave one by one. For 10 points, name this Austrian composer of the Surprise Symphony and Farewell Symphony.
Answer: Franz Joseph Haydn
1. He cries, “hang them – hang them all” before beginning a trial, and denies every single one of Daniel Webster’s
objections while sustaining all those of Scratch. For 10 points each:
 Name this judge in “The Devil and Daniel Webster”, whose real-life counterpart of the same name presided
over the Salem Witch trials and caused another author to add a “w” to his last name.
Answer: Judge Hathorne  Daniel Webster argues, and ultimately wins the case, for this hard-luck New Hampshire farmer whose luck
suddenly changes when he sells his soul for two cents.
Answer: Jabez Stone (accept either)  “The Devil and Daniel Webster” was written by this author also known for the poem “John Brown’s Body”.
Answer: Stephen Vincent Benet
2. Answer the following about classification of elements and their isotopes for 10 points each.
 Obviously the rows of the periodic table are called periods; this is the name given to the columns of the periodic
Answer: groups (I think I've heard them called "families" before, too, so I guess you can go ahead and accept that)  Usually getting its own row on the periodic table, this group with partially filled 4f subshells is notable for its
namesake contraction, in which the atomic radius of each +3 ion decreases as atomic number increases.
 This term describes isotopes, like helium-4 and nickel-48, which have both protons and neutrons arranged in
complete shells within the nucleus.
Answer: doubly magic
3. For 10 points each, answer the following about determining whether line A or line B is longer.
 This conformity experiment asked subjects to match one of three lines to a reference line, while variants of it
may ask instead whether line A or line B is longer. The important part is what subjects say when everyone else is
Answer: Asch experiment
 In this eponymous illusion, lines A and B are the same length, but the line bounded by two inward-pointing
arrows looks longer than the line bounded by two outward-pointing arrows.
Answer: Müller-Lyer illusion  Determining whether line A or line B is longer was the tenth of thirty tasks used to measure intelligence in
children in this French psychologist’s paper “New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals”.
Answer: Alfred Binet
4. While escaping with Jason, she killed and dismembered her brother Apsyrtus, who had been send by her father
Aeetes to bring her back. Then the murders just started adding up. For 10 points each:
 Name this sorceress, originally from Colchis, who helped Jason in his quest for the Golden Fleece.
 Medea later masterminded the kill of this treacherous uncle of Jason, whose own daughters cut him up and
boiled him in a pot, believing it would restore his youth.
 When Jason decided he had had enough of her and wanted to marry this daughter of Creon, Medea went
ballistic, killing her with a poisoned dress before committing infanticide and hightailing it for Persia.
5. Answer the following about an important 1565 clash at Fort St. Elmo for 10 points each:
 The battle at Fort St. Elmo was the first in a nearly four-month siege of this island country. Its capital, named
after Grandmaster John Parisot De La Vallette of the Knights of St. John, was built near the site of Fort St. Elmo.
 This successor of Selim the Grim as Ottoman Sultan saw Malta as the key to invading the “soft underbelly” of Europe and attempted two unsuccessful invasions of Malta, one in 1551 followed by the “Great Siege” of 1565.
Answer: Suleiman I or Suleiman the Magnificent or Suleiman the Lawgiver or Suleiman Kanuni
 This Turkish general was in charge of both unsuccessful invasions. He was killed at the battle of Fort St.
Answer: Dragut Reis
6. One poem in this collection asks the title character repeatedly to “take pity on my long misery”, while another
notes that ennui “dreams of scaffolds as he smokes his hookah pipe”. For 10 points each:  Identify this collection of poems, originally published in 1857, which is divided into sections like “Wine”,
“Death”, and “Spleen and Ideal”.
Answer: Les Fleurs du Mal or The Flowers of Evil
 This French poet wrote Les Fleurs du Mal.
Answer: Charles Baudelaire
 This 1866 collection contains “Epigraphs” about a portrait of Honore Daumier, a portrait of Lola of Valencia,
and Delacroix’s Tasso in Prison, as well as the six poems originally censored from Fleurs du Mal.
Answer: Les Epaves or Scraps
7. Okay, I lied earlier when I said that the Harry Potter bonus was the tournament’s 0/1 LGBT distribution. For 10
points each, name these things associated with California’s In Re Marriage cases, which found that limiting marriages only to heterosexual couples was discriminatory and unconstitutional.
 Upon the ruling, this current California governor stated that he supported the ruling and will help fight an
upcoming initiative to place a ban on same-sex marriage into the state constitution.
Answer: Arnold Schwarzenegger
 This current Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court heavily cited the court's 1948 decision legalizing
inter-racial marriage in his majority opinion in the In Re Marriage cases. Answer: Ronald Marc George
 This former governor and current attorney general of California was charged with the task of defending
California’s previous marriage laws during the hearings of the case.
Answer: Edmund Gerald “Jerry” Brown (G Brown also acceptable, prompt on “Brown”)
8. It states that the line integral of the magnetic field around a closed loop is proportional to the current running
through that loop, or that the curl of the magnetic field is proportional to current density. For 10 points each:
 Name this one of Maxwell’s equations.
Answer: Ampere’s Law
 Ampere’s Law is a special case of this double-eponymous law relating magnetic fields and currents that
generate them. It involves the cross product of an infinitesimal length unit and a unit vector in the direction of
Answer: Biot-Savart Law
 Maxwell added a correcting term to Ampere’s Law to account for this current generated by a changing electric
Answer: displacement current
9. William Congreve wrote the libretto to this man’s Semele. For 10 points each:  Name this composer of Zadok the Priest and three other Coronation Anthems for George II, whose best known
oratorio is undoubtedly the Messiah.
Answer: George Frederick Handel (or Haendel)
 It was originally scored for 24 oboes, 12 bassoons, 9 horns, 9 trumpets, 3 kettledrums, and 101 cannons, but a
month after its premiere Handel added string parts to this composition celebrating the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
Answer: Music for the Royal Fireworks (or Royal Fireworks Music)  This “Air with Variations”, Handel’s Suite No. 5 in E Major for harpsichord, ends with a ridiculous run of thirty-second notes. Controversy still exists over whether the theme was borrowed from a metalworker.
Answer: “The Harmonious Blacksmith” (prompt on "Air with Variations in E Major")
10. Indira Gandhi's multiple prime ministerships included some turbulent periods. For 10 points each:
 In 1971, India went to war with this country after Gandhi sought support for the Bangladesh Independence
 In 1975, Gandhi invoked this under Section 352 of the Constitution, effectively suspending democracy and
arresting many of her political opponents.
Answer: Emergency (accept State of Emergency)  In 1984, Gandhi ordered this military operation, which stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The result
enraged the Sikh community and resulted in Gandhi's assassination.
Answer: Operation Bluestar
11. This king of Shinar built the first cities after the Great Flood, including Ninevah. For 10 points each:
 Name this “mighty hunter before the Lord”.
 This other city built and ruled by Nimrod may be best remembered for its inhabitants’ ill-fated attempts to built
a gigantic tower, which were thwarted when none of them could understand each other.
Answer: Babel (accept “Tower of Babel”)
 Ninevah and Babel are interesting places to find Nimrod, considering he was the grandson of this dude who
supposedly fathered the peoples of Africa, not the Middle East.
12. Identify the following important in making proteins from DNA for 10 points each:
 This sequence positions RNA Polymerase II approximately 30 base pairs “upstream” from the site of
transcription initiation. It is named for the first four nucleotides in its consensus sequence.
Answer: TATA box (or Goldberg-Hogness box, if Wikipedia is to be believed)
 This single-stranded form of RNA which is not ribosomal RNA or transfer RNA is the final result of
transcription and is modified by adding a five prime cap and poly A tail.
Answer: messenger RNA
 This eukaryotic equivalent to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence has consensus sequence ACCAUGG, where AUG
is the start codon.
Answer: Kozak sequence
13. His late plays include Too True to Be Good, On the Rocks, The Simpleton and the Unexpected Isles, and Why
She Would Not. FTPE:
 Name this playwright who refused the 1925 Nobel prize for his Saint Joan, and also created works like The
Doctor's Dilemma, Heartbreak House, and Major Barbara. Answer: George Bernard Shaw
 This Christian tailor dances with the ferocious beast he has tamed when he is fed to it in the arena after Caesar
orders his guards to become Christians because Ferrovius so valiantly killed 6 gladiators in a Shaw play about this
character "and the lion."
Answer: Androcles and the Lion
 The skeptic in the play, this woman loved by the Captain is determined to die for nonsense. She shares her
name with the mother of the Mannon family in Mourning Becomes Electra and the daughter of Titus Andronicus.
14. For 10 points each, answer the following about bizarre moments in Mets history.
 Following a loss to the Angels, the Mets sacked this manager who led the memorable 2007 collapse, then
notified the press by e-mail. Jerry Manuel seems to be doing a capable job as his replacement.
Answer: Willie Randolph
 In the 15th inning of the 1999 NLCS, this third baseman hit a walk-off grand slam, except catcher Todd Pratt
tackled him between first and second base, so the official scorer credited him with only a “Grand Slam single”.
Answer: Robin Ventura
 On April 25, 1962, the Mets obtained this Cleveland catcher in exchange for a player to be named later. Little
did he know that on June 15, 1962, he himself would be that player to be named later – he was traded for himself! Answer: Harry Chiti
15. The earliest master of this genre is generally considered to be Hishikawa Moronobu, while Kitagawa Utamaro’s
idealized depictions of women also made him a master of this genre. For 10 points each:
 Name this style of Japanese art, comprising mostly screen paintings and wood block prints, which translates as
“pictures of the floating world”.
 Probably the best known ukiyo-e master is this man, who depicted the Dream of the Fisherman’s Wife but may
be better known for a series of landscape woodblock prints that includes the Great Wave off Kanagawa. Answer: Katsushika Hokusai (or Shurno, or Sori, or Kako, or Taito, or Gakyojin, or Iitsu, or Manji, this guy had so many pseudonyms that I’m pretty sure that there’s more I haven’t found)  The Great Wave off Kanagawa is one of Hokusai’s Thirty-Six Views of this notable Japanese mountain.
Answer: Mount Fuji or Fujiyama
16. It requires the president to withdraw troops sixty days after issuing a report to Congress demonstrating the need
to deploy those troops, unless Congress declares war, grants a thirty-day extension, or cannot meet. For 10 points
 Name this act passed in 1973 over President Nixon’s veto.
Answer: War Powers Act or War Powers Resolution
 This 1982 amendment to the War Powers Resolution prohibited U.S. Intelligence Agencies from providing
military equipment, support, or training for the “purpose of overthrowing the government of Nicaragua.” Answer: Boland Amendment
 This Milwaukee representative sponsored the War Powers Act along with fourteen cosponsors. He later headed
the House Foreign Affairs Committee from 1977 until his death in 1983.
Answer: Clement J(ohn) Zablocki
17. This work includes an alphabetized list of martyrs along with the ways they died, and in one episode the main
character bizarrely curses a fig tree for failing to bear fruit out of season. For 10 points each:
 Identify this revisionist history of some events occurring during the first century A.D.
Answer: The Gospel According to Jesus Christ (or O Evangelho Segundo Jesus Cristo)  This author of such works as The Cave and Blindness wrote The Gospel According to Jesus Christ. Answer: Jose de Sousa Saramago
 Saramago is a Nobel Prize-winning writer from this country whose national epic is The Lusiads. Answer: Portugal
18. For 10 points each, answer the following about a major science experiment that is ongoing in the Antarctic
 Currently half-finished, this successor to AMANDA consists of hundreds of photo-multiplier detectors buried
deep in the ice cap near the South Pole.
 IceCube seeks to detect the high-energy variant of this sub-atomic particle that can also be detected using the
Super Kamiokande and Sudbury detectors.
 The detectors work because this type of radiation is produced when a neutrino interacts with an atom. It is also
produced whenever a charged particle passes through a medium at a speed greater than light.
Answer: Cerenkov radiation
19. Several nations produce a major fraction of their oil from offshore production. For 10 points each:
 Whether or not to seek multinational corporate help with deepwater exploration has become a major issue for
this Latin American nation, whose main Cantarell Field is in steep decline.
Answer: Mexico  This other Latin American nation has seen its proven reserves increase dramatically in 2007 and 2008 with the
discovery of the Tupi and Jupiter fields. Unlike Mexico, its most prominent petroleum company is partially
Answer: Brazil  Until a 2008 attack, offshore production in this West African nation had gained increasing prominence due to
perceived protection from attacks by MEND.
20. After receiving permission to write one final letter, he committed suicide by sucking poison out of his quill
pen. For 10 points each:
 Name this orator, who argued with Aristophon the Azenian and Cephisodotus over the Law of Leptines.
 Demosthenes is best known for this series of speeches denouncing a certain Macedonian emperor.
Answer: Philippics  In the speech On the Chersonesus, Demosthenes argued in favor of this Athenian general, who was fighting
against Philip in Thrace, and claimed that instead of chastising him, they needed to supply him with reinforcements.