Comments to Rural Energy in Developing Countries, draft report

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From 2000 the main responsibility is bioenergy and renewable energy information exchange with Renewable Energy Best Practice Projects Yearbook (1998) Capability Statement of KanEnergi

    General Presentation

    KanEnergi is a Nordic consulting company specialising in services related to energy, the

    environment and sustainable development. Working with government authorities, private

    companies and NGOs in developed and developing companies, we strive to support

    sustainable and rational development of the society, in particular in relation to generation

    and use of energy. Our job in this context is to provide return on investment advice based

    on the principle of sustainability. The figure below illustrates how the dynamics of

    society provides the driving forces that create new opportunities, opportunities that are

    important to make the most of.

    Our Capabilities:Our Principle:

    Energy & EnvironmentSustainable Solutions

    End user



    Opportunities access to energy,External requirements economy,to exploit in new and Market structure environment,changed markets welfare,



    KanEnergi has developed strong capabilities in all areas of renewable energy and energy

    efficiency technology, in innovation and market introduction, in policy and strategy

    development in relation to energy and the environment, and economic and environmental

    assessment of products, programmes and policies. This resource, together with broad

    experience from private industry, research and public administration makes us a strong

    centre of expertise, which we reinforce with specialists from our national and

    international networks as need arise. KanEnergi has experience from Europe, including

    Eastern European countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America.

    KanEnergi AS KanEnergi Sweden AB

    Bærumsveien 473 PO Box 41

    N-1351 Rud SE-532 21 Skara


Phone: (+47) 67 15 38 50 (+46) 511 34 76 64

    Fax: (+47 67 15 02 50 (+46) 511 200 65


    KanEnergi is also a partner in the Norwegian Energy Efficiency Group NEEG an

    organisation heavily involved in energy efficiency projects and capacity building in West

    Russia and Eastern Europe. For more information on NEEG, please visit the web-site

What can we contribute?

    KanEnergi promotes rational exploitation of energy and increased sustainability of the

    society by offering:

? Consulting Services

    ? Planning and policy analysis in relation to energy and the environment,

    ? Corporate advice, innovation and business development in relation to new energy

    and environmental technologies,

    ? Market analysis for products and services related to energy and the environment,

    ? Feasibility studies related to energy, the environment and sustainable


    ? Procurement support,

    ? Support to Local Agenda 21 processes.

? Studies

    ? Evaluation of programmes and policy,

    ? Tools for decision making,

    ? Contract research.

? Programme Management

    ? Research and development for energy technologies,

    ? Market introduction of energy efficient products and services.

? Information and Training

    ? Participation in international information networks,

    ? Development of courses and course material

International Experience

    KanEnergi has carried out projects in a number of countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and

    Latin America. In addition we have been working in projects with a regional scope. The

    staff has direct experience from the following countries:

    ? Europe ? Africa

    ? Norway ? Kenya

    ? Sweden ? Tanzania

    ? Denmark ? Mozambique

    ? Finland ? Zimbabwe

    ? Spain ? Namibia

    ? France ? Asia

    ? Indonesia ? Germany

    ? Pakistan ? UK

    ? China ? Central and Eastern Europe

     ? Poland

    ? Albania

    ? Latin America

    ? Chile

    ? Honduras

Access to Special Information

    Through our involvement in Government programmes for R&D and market introduction,

    and through participation in evaluation of project proposals to the EU, KanEnergi has

    access to information on new developments on energy technology and innovative

    approaches to commercial development of related products and services.

    As national partner in the international CADDET and GREENTIE networks, and also

    involved in the OPET network activities, KanEnergi has immediate access to a large

    volume of information on products and projects relevant for renewable energy, energy

    efficiency and mitigation of climate change. In addition we may draw on the first hand

    knowledge of our international partners in these networks as regards local conditions and


    The involvement in CADDET and GREENTIE has been wide, both in the day-to-day

    operations since 1992, and also as Executive Committee member in the period 1992

    1997. Managing director of KanEnergi Sweden AB was the Chairman of the Executive

    Committee in the period 1996-1997, a period in which the merger of CADDET and

    GREENTIE into one Implementing Agreement was made.

    Our strong network in internationally recognised research environments provides a

    further channel for information to complement publicly available data sources.

    Summary of Projects KanEnergi Sweden AB References marked with an asterisk (*) was entirely carried out by staff now employed in

    KanEnergi Sweden AB, but prior to their employment there.


    CONSULTING:Co-ordination of inter-ministerial work for new bioenergy programme


    The work consisted in writing the new bioenergy programme for the inter-

    ministerial group for the Norwegian government. The group consisted of

    representatives from Ministries of Environment, Oil & Energy and Agriculture.

    The work included contacts with all market actors in the field in Norway.

     Development of environmental strategies in municipalities (1998 2000)

     Environmental programmes and strategies has been developed for the

    municipalities of Skara, Götene and Lidköping. The programmes was used for

    proposals to the Ministry of Environment’s programme for sustainable local

    programmes, resulting in a total subsidy for the three municipalities of

    approximately 20 million Euros.

     Research programme on energy efficiency in buildings (1998)

     Assistance in the starting up procedures of a programme for energy efficiency

    research in the building sector was carried out for the Swedish Building

    Research Council.

     Export programme for energy technologies (1999)

     KanEnergi Sweden AB carried out the day-to-day activities in the energy

    efficiency and renewable programme at the Norwegian Trade Council during

    1998-1999. The work consisted in helping Norwegian companies in export

    activities around the world.

     Solar energy procurement (1998)

     Establishment of purchasers group for national tendering in connection with

    Swedish participation in the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme, Task

    24. The work was financed by the Swedish Building Research Council and the

    Swedish National Energy Administration.

     Regional Energy Agency evaluation (1999)

     Evaluation of the activities and possible continuation of the West Energy

    Network for the Association of municipalities in the county of Skaraborg.

     Co-ordination of procurement of large scale biomass plant (1999-2000)

     Co-ordinator and advisor in the procurement process of a 33 MW biomass

    plant for a dairy and district heating system. The plant will be in operation in


     Local energy plans (1999 - ongoing)

     KanEnergi has assisted several municipalities in developing local energy plans,

    including co-ordination with local market actors. Planning procedures

    started/finished in the following municipalities: Vara, Götene, Lidköping,

    Vänersborg, Vadsö/Tana (Norway). Employees in KanEnergi has also

    received national awards for energy plans developed in the municipality of

    Trollhättan previous to employment in KanEnergi. The work has been part of

    the municipalities’ local agenda 21 work.

    Project leader in EU projects (1999 - ongoing)

     KanEnergi has been involved as project managers/leaders in several EU-

    financed projects in the field of renewables and energy efficiency. These are projects such as:

    - Market study on refined biomass

    - Energy efficiency benchmarking in municipalities. - Expert software for small-scale biomass heating systems

     EU proposal advisory (1998 )

     KanEnergi has been involved in writing and/or advisors for proposals to EU thprogrammes SAVE, Altener and the 5 Framework programme. Customers

    has been: ABB/Alstom Power, Nycomb Synergetics, Society for Nature Conservation, State Railroads, KF/Coop organisation in Sweden, and Solar Energy Research Centre. In addition, several municipality projects has been served with advises.

     Market assessments (1998, 1999)

     For larger companies KanEnergi has made market assessments as part of the

    company’s decision process for entering new markets, or as part of general assessment studies. Customers in this field has been Norsk Hydro (Norway), Statoil Marketing (Norway), ESD (UK) and Impax Capital (UK).

    STUDIES: Biomass study Sweden - Norway (1996)

    A study was carried out together with the Eastern Norway Research Institute to assess the Norwegian governmental programme’s implications on the Swedish-Norwegian trade of biomass and bioenergy. The study was made for the Ministry of Oil and Energy in Norway.

    Biomass programme evaluation (1997)

    An evaluation of the Norwegian biomass programme’s first phase was carried out for the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Administration during summer 1997. The evaluation included programme objectives, evaluation criteria and procedures.

    Regional Energy Balance and Environmental Impact Assessment (1997, 1998) *.

    The assessment of a regional energy balance for the industry, transport and residential and service sectors. The environmental impact assessment carried out was based on the energy balance. The environmental impact for different scenarios to 2010 of the energy situation was carried out.

    The impact of RES on Employment and Economic Growth (1998) *. Contribution of statistical data and evaluations for the above mentioned European project co-ordinated by Ecotec in Birmingham, UK. The work involved a compilation of a final report for Sweden and Finland. Regional feasibility study for small scale hydro power (1998) *. The assessment of the regional potential for small scale hydro power and feasibility for small scale hydro power sites.

    Energy efficiency in farming (1998) *.

    A study was carried out together with the Association of Swedish Farmers regarding energy efficiency measures and there feasibility in three different types of farms; serial production, milk production and meat production. Biomass utilisation possibilities in a municipality (1999) *.

    A study in the municipality of Örebro was carried out, and it is now used as the background material for future energy planning.

The European Cogeneration study (1999 ongoing)

    KanEnergi Sweden AB participates in the European projects originally named

    as above, but now using the name “future COGEN”. KanEnergi act as the Swedish counterpart in the network project with the aim to assess the

    cogeneration possibilities in Europe.

    The European Renewable Electricity Certificate Trading Project RECerT

    (2000 ongoing)

    The eighteen-month long project is part-funded by the European

    Commission's 'fifth framework programme', and is supported by twenty six

    major electricity companies, system operators and specialist consultants

    drawn from fifteen European countries. The project will disseminate

    information about the development of green certificate systems, and will

    provide an internet-based trading environment to simulate international trade

    in green certificates. KanEnergi Sweden AB is the consulting partner i n



     Co-ordination of a 3-year environmental programme (1999 - 2002)

    The programme co-ordinates 10 different projects in the municipality of

    Götene given grant from the Ministry of Environment. The projects covers

    biodiversity, energy and water cleaning actions.

    CADDET and later EETIC (1992- ongoing) (*)

    Mats Rydehell, managing director of KanEnergi Sweden AB, has been

    involved in the CADDET programme since 1992, first as Norwegian

    representative in the CADDET Executive Committee and since 1997 as

    Swedish National Team co-ordinator. During 1992 1997 Mats worked at the

    Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate and was responsible for

    Norwegian activities in the CADDET and GREENTIE activities. He was

    Chairman of the Executive Committee in 1996-97, during which period

    CADDET and GREENTIE merged into one Implementing Agreement, a

    merger Mats as Chair was responsible for. Since 1997 he, as a consultant has

    been responsible for the day-to-day operations in the CADDET activities in

    Sweden on behalf of the Swedish Building Research Council.


     EETIC (1997 - ongoing) Swedish office for the IEA/OECD information networks CADDET

    (renewable energy and energy efficiency).

    OPET (1998 ongoing) KanEnergi has developed the programme for the new OPET Sweden activities,

    including writing the proposal for the 5th Framework Programme for the

    period 2000-2002. In addition, all activities relating to solar energy and

    transport was carried out by KanEnergi in the period 1998-1999. From 2000

    the main responsibility is bioenergy and renewable energy information

    exchange with OPET Associates (China, India, South America, Russia and

    Southern Africa).

    EU programme information (1999 ongoing)

    KanEnergi has carried out a number of information seminars for the Swedish

    National Energy Administration concerning the European Commission energy thsupport programmes, such as Altener and the 5 Framework Programme.

    International Swedish Conference participation (1999 ongoing)

    The work has included organising and participation in conference stands with

    the aim of promoting Swedish energy technologies and competence. The

    following conferences has been included in this work: Sustain 99 (Amsterdam stMay 1999), 1 International Conference on Biomass (Seville, June 2000) and

    Renewable Energy in Europe Campaign for Take-Off (Toulouse, 2000).

     Energy efficiency in food industry (1999)

    A course has been developed for the food industry in order for them to be

    aware of the energy consequences and to include the relevant measures when


     Renewable Energy Best Practice Projects Yearbook (1998)

     KanEnergi wrote the Swedish contribution to the Renewable Energy Best

    Practice Projects Yearbook edited by the European Commission.

     Seminar on Energy and Environment, Expo98 (1998)

     Assistance was given to the Norwegian Ministry of Environment in

    connection with the Norwegian Seminar on Energy and Environment at the

    Expo98 in Lisbon, Portugal.

     Information tool for elected members in municipalities (1997-1999)

     As part of two projects financed by the EU SAVE and Altener programmes,

    information tolls for elected members in municipalities was developed.

    Reference municipalities was used for the information collected and the

    design of the tool. It resulted in three handbooks and two web-sites.

     University seminar “Energy and environment” (1999-2000)

    Seminars have been developed and run at the University of Agriculture, Skara

    in the field of energy and environment.

    PROJECTS ABROAD: AFRICA: Support for international conference in Johannesburg (2000-)

    In collaboration with OPET SADC a conference on energy technologies,

    especially renewables, is under development with the assistance from

    KanEnergi. The conference will be held in spring 2001.

    Mission on renewable energy to Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Namibia

    (1993-94) *

    The purpose of the mission was to assess the potential for utilisation of new

    and renewable sources of energy in African countries. The assignment, which

    was carried out by staff from KanEnergi, KanEnergi Sweden AB, the

    Technical University of Trondheim and the Agricultural University of Norway,

    included 3 weeks in Africa, and it was financed jointly by NORAD and the

    Norwegian Research Council.


     Dissemination of information on biomass conversion experiences (1999,


    This work, financed by the EU-programme THERMIE B, was aimed at

    establishing information actions in the FEMOPET network. The role of

    KanEnergi was to transfer from Sweden of experience on conversion of old oil

    plants to biomass. A seminar was given in Poland (1999) and Czech Republic


    Summary of Projects KanEnergi AS References marked with an asterisk (*) was entirely carried out by staff now employed in

    KanEnergi AS, but prior to their employment there.


    CONSULTING:Renewable energy sources in developing countries (1992)*

    A description of state-of-the-art of the technologies available for exploitation

    of renewable energy sources and their commercial development. The study

    was jointly financed by NORAD and the Norwegian Research Council.

     Assistance to IFC in connection with a market study for a renewable

    energy/energy efficiency fund (1995) *

    The work consisted in market research among potential Nordic project

    developers in order to assess the near term market for renewable energy and

    energy efficient technology in developing countries.

     Analysis of social effects of continued pressure in the housing market in

    Bærum municipality (2000). Bærum municipality is a suburb of Oslo to the

    west. Over years the construction of new houses has been below demand,

    resulting in high living costs. The Commercial Association of Bærum asked

    for an analysis of what kind of effects this will have over time on industrial

    structure, diversity in population, costs for public services etc.

     Evaluation of the energy conservation campaign (1996)

    Follow-up and preliminary evaluation of the energy conservation campaign

    carried out in the autumn of 1996. The work was commissioned bye the

    Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.

     Assistance to UNDP for preparation of a project proposal for Capability

    Building for Sustainable Energy (1998)

    The work consisted in development of a project proposal aimed at

    operationalising sustainable energy development at the national level.

     Alternatives for energy supply to Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard (1998)

    The work consisted in evaluation of different alternatives for reducing the

    emissions from the diesel power station at the international research station at

    Ny-Ålesund (background measurements for air pollution). Kings Bay Coal

    Company commissioned the study.

     Alternatives for energy supply at distant points in the power grid (1998 - 99)

    Development of a tool for analysing alternative stand-alone solutions for

    clients whose present supply from the national grid is disproportionately

    expensive. The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate

    sponsored the work.


    Norwegian representative in the IEA - programmes (1996-1997):

     - Solar Heating and Cooling

     - Photovoltaic Power Systems

     Administration of the national programme for market introduction of

    energy related products and services BSI (1996 - ongoing)

    The programme supports companies needing assistance in overcoming

    barriers to market introduction of energy related products and services. The

    work consists in evaluation and prioritisation of proposals and follow up on

    projects. In many cases the applicants also receive guidance regarding their development needs.

     Administration of the national programme for market introduction of

    natural gas (1996 - 2000)

    The programme aims at introducing natural gas in the Norwegian energy system and to develop a supply industry based on production, distribution and use of natural gas. The work consists in evaluation and prioritisation of proposals and follow up on projects. In many cases the applicants also receive guidance regarding their development needs.

     Administration of the national programme for research on and development of new energy technologies (1995 - ongoing)

    The work consists in evaluation of proposals, decision to grant support, and follow up on projects.

     Secretariat and research for a programme for export of energy efficient technologies (1997 98)

    The work consisted in provision of secretariat functions and market research for a Norwegian Trade Council programme for export of energy efficient technologies.

    STUDIES: Evaluation of the Norwegian Government's Special Grant for Environment and Development (2000).

    The Special Grant is the main instrument for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and NORAD to stimulate environmental improvemnet in cooperative activities. Annual budget for the Grant is above 300 mill. NOK. The evaluation shall focus on the period 1995 - 2000 and will contribute to the discussion on whether the Special Grant should be continued or not. The evaluation will study the results of individual projects as well as the administrative processes in handling the Grant. The evaluation, commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affaires, is managed by KanEnergi AS and carried out in cooperatin with Overseas development Institute in London and Bioquest HB in Sweden.

    Evaluation of the Finnish energy research programme NEMO2 (Advanced Energy Systems and Technology Programme) (1995)

    This assignment consisted in evaluation of the impact of the programme and the quality of the funded research activities.

    Electric Power and Environmental Impact (1996)*

    The study gave a comprehensive overview of the environmental impacts associated with electric power generation from hydro, coal, gas and nuclear power respectively. Both quantitative and qualitative aspects were discussed, as well as risk associated with the power cycle.

     Assistance in relation to a new R&D programme for reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (1996 - 97)

    The purpose of the work was to assist the Norwegian Research Council with the establishment of the R&D programme KLIMATEK. Activities included preparation of analyses and background material, development of a preliminary programme plan, and management of the consultative process to establish the programme.

     Energy for a sustainable society secretariat (1997)

    Secretariat functions and development of background material and analyses for a work group appointed by the Norwegian Research Council for giving

    advice on how to increase the sustainability of the Norwegian energy system.

    The work group consisted of representatives from World Watch Norway, The

    Water Resources and Energy Directorate, the Consumer’s Ombudsman, a

    large power utility, and research organisations. Many of the conclusions were

    reflected in a white paper on energy presented to the Norwegian Parliament in

    the spring of 1999.

     Joint Implementation and Natural Gas. Issues and Opportunities with

    Background in the Situation in Poland. (1997). The project describes and

    assesses possible interventions for reducing Greenhouse Gas emissions in

    Poland by substituting oil or coal by gas in such a way that the interventions

    may be structured as Joint Implementation projects. Other opportunities for

    project based transfer of GHG emissions quotas are also discussed. The

    analysis is based on a study of: 1) technical interventions that lead to

    quantifiable reductions in GHG emissions; 2) the market and legal boundary

    conditions for implementing actions; and 3) political and institutional issues

    that may influence the feasibility of projects.

     Joint Implementation for International Emissions Reduction through

    Electricity Companies in the European Union and in the Central and

    Eastern European Countries (2000-2001)

    This project within the EU 5th Framework Programme will unite utilities,

    authorities, research institutions and consultants in UK, Austria, the Czech

    Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland,

    Slovenia and Norway in an effort to develop Joint Implementation as a

    practical tool for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The work will cover

    Industry projects & partnerships, Baseline definition & baseline model

    integration, Finance and financing of JI projects, Accreditation,

    verification & monitoring (AVM) framework, and Institutional

    framework. KanEnergi will lead the work on institutional framework.


     EETIC (1997 - ongoing)

    Norwegian office for the IEA/OECD information networks CADDET

    (renewable energy and energy efficiency) and GREENTIE (greenhouse gas


     University Course “Energy, environment and society”. (1994 - 5)

    Development and co-ordination of a university course for the Centre for

    Development and Environment at the University of Oslo

     Quality Assurance and internal control (1994)

    Development and carrying out of a course for the National Association of

    Refrigeration Entrepreneurs.


    AFRICA: Support to UNEP's GEF-unit in Nairobi (1992) *

    Financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Environment, this assignment

    consisted of evaluation of GEF Global Warming projects and advice on

    development of the project portfolio. The assignment was carried out in

    Nairobi and the duration was 12 weeks.

    Mission on renewable energy to Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Namibia


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