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upperlevelvolcabulary

By Herman Robertson,2014-05-17 12:41
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upperlevelvolcabulary

    A

    act, ag

    ; react (verb): to act in response to something

    o re + act

    o How did he react when he heard the news? ; agent (noun): something which acts or acts upon something else

    ag + ent

    o The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets. ; active (adjective): involving movement, moving about

    o act + ive

    o Joan is an active child.

    ; agitate (verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up

    o agit + ate

    o The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.

    aud, audit, aur

    ; audible ( adjective): can be heard

    o aud + ible

    o Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.

    ; auditorium (noun): a place where one goes to hear something

    o audit+ orium

    o The band played in the school auditorium ; auricular

    o aur + ic + ul + ar

    o The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.

    am, ami

    ; amorous (adjective): loving

    o amor + ous

    o The actor played an amorous role.

; amiable (adjective) friendly, agreeable

    o ami + able

    o He seems to be an amiable man.

    ; amicable (adjective): friendly

    o amic + able

    o The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.

    anim

    ; animal (noun): a living creature

    o anim + al

    o A dog is an animal.

    ; animate (verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement

    o anim + ate

    o The artist animated the cartoon.

    ; animosity (noun): hostility, ill will

    o animos + ity

    o There isn't any animosity between us.

    ann, annu, enni

    ; annals (noun): record of events, historical records

    o ann + al + s

    o The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks. ; annual (adjective): yearly

    o annu + al

    o She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting. ; annuity (noun): money payable yearly

    o annu + ity

    o Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market. ; anniversary (noun): the yearly celebration of an event

    o anni + vers + ary

    o John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April. ; perennial (adjective): enduring, persisting for several years

    o per + enn + ial

    o I would like to buy some perennial plants.

    auc, aug, aut

    ; author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer

    o auth + or

    o Susan met the author of this book.

    ; augment (verb): to increase, to add to

    o aug + ment

    o He had to augment his salary by taking another job. ; auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder

    o auct + ion

    o I bought this car at the auction.

    B

    bene

    ; benevolent (adjective): marked by goodwill

    o bene + vol + ent

    o The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society for its acts of

    charity.

    ; benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle

    o ben + ign

    o The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home

    the same day.

    biblio

    ; bibliography (noun): a list of written works

    o biblio + graph + y

    o Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.

    bio, bi

    ; biology (noun): the study of life

    o bio + log + y

    o In biology class the students learned about how the human body

    works.

    brev

    ; brief (adjective): short

    o brief

    o Anand gave a brief lecture on the rain forest.

    ; abbreviate (verb): to shorten

    o ab + brevi + ate

    o How does one abbreviate the word "Minnesota"?

    ; brevity (noun): short or concise expression

    o brev + ity

    o The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his

    brevity.

    C

    cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid

    ; deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it

    is actually false; to mislead

    o de + ceive

    o The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest. ; capable (adjective): having the ability to do something; having the traits

    necessary to perform some action

    o cap + able

    o Jose is a very capable lawyer.

; capacious (adective): containing a great deal

    o capac + ious

    o You have a capacious library with many unusual books. ; captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held

    prisoner

    o cap+ tive

    o The captives were taken to the jail.

    o Geoff had a captive audience.

    ; accident (noun): an unplanned event

    o ac + cid + ent

    o Don't get upset about minor accidents and errors. ; capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort

    o capt + ure

    o In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king. ; occasion (noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration

    o oc + cas + ion

    o Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor? ; receive (verb): to take in, to acquire

    o re + ceive

    o Imelda received many letters in the mail today. ; concept (noun): an idea

    o con + cept

    o The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.

    ceas, cede, ceed, cess

    ; predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that

    another has taken over

    o pre + de + cess + or

    o I hope I can live up to my predecessor's reputation. ; succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well

    o suc + ceed

    o To succeed as a student, one must study.

    ; recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw

    o re + cede

    o The water receded five days after the flood. ; concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow

    o con + cede

    o I conceded to her point of view.

    ; exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than

    o ex + ceed

    o The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour. ; recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break

    o re + cess

    o The children were given a recess from the lessons. ; deceased (adjective): dead

    o de + ceas + ed

    o The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.

    chron

    ; chronic (adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence

    o chron + ic

    o Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects. ; chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time

    o chron + icle

    o The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War. ; chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time

    o chrono + log + ical

    o The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.

    clam, claim

    ; acclaim (verb): praise

    o ac + claim

    o The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts. ; exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise

    o ex + claim

    o The children exclaimed "hurray" when they heard there would be no

    classes tomorrow.

    ; clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise

    o clam + or

    o The children clamored for more ice cream.

    ; proclaim (verb): to declare loudly

    o pro + claim

    o The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday

    in honor of the school's award winning faculty.

    cogn, gnos

    ; cognizant (adjective): aware

    o cogniz + ant

    o The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at

    night.

    ; diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms

    o dia + gnose

    o The patient was diagnosed with Lyme's disease.

    ; agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable

    o ag + gnost + ic

    o John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an

    agnostic.

    ; recognize (verb): to know, to identify

    o re + cogn + ize

    o I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.

    corp

    ; corpse (noun): a dead body

    o corpse

    o A corpse was found floating in the river.

    ; corpulent (adjective): having a large body

    o corp + ul + ent

    o The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.

; incorporate (verb): to unite into one being

    o in + corp + or + ate

    o The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her

    artwork.

    ; corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group

    o corp + or + ate

    o The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.

    cre, cresc, cret

    ; crescent (noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller

    o cresc + ent

    o The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds. ; create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination

    o cre + ate

    o The musician created a new musical arrangement.

    ; accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition

    o ac + cret + ion

    o The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect. ; increase (verb): to grow in size or amount

    o in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.

    cred

    ; credible (adjective): can be believed, reasonable

    o cred + ible

    o The witness gave a credible account of the accident. ; credulous (adjective): too ready to believe

    o cred + ul + ous

    o The credulous child believed the story about flying horses. ; incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing

    o in + cred + ible

    o Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.

    cour, cur, curr, curs

    ; excursion (noun): a trip

    o ex + curs + ion

    o The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children. ; discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk

    o dis + course

    o The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal. ; courier (noun): a messenger

    o couri + er

    o The courier gave the message to the secretary.

    ; course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run

    along a path

    o course

    o Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart. ; occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind

    o oc + cur

    o It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday. ; current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water

    o curr + ent

    o Is this information current or out of date?

    D

    dic, dict, dit

    ; dictionary (noun): a book of definitions

    o dict + ion + ary

    o Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.

    ; condition (noun): the state of something or someone

    o con + dit + ion

    o Is your car in good condition?

; indicate (verb): to show, to point out

    o in + dic + ate

    o The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas. ; dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order

    o dict + ate

    o The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary. ; predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future

    o pre + dict

    o Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years. ; addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner

    o ad + dict

    o Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.

    doc, doct

    ; doctor (noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers,

    a physician

    o doct + or

    o Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his

    mother.

    ; doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma

    o doctr + ine

    o We learned about the doctrine of "manifest destiny" in our American

    history class.

    ; docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught

    o doc + ile

    o Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son. ; document (noun): an official paper

    o docu + ment

    o The library houses many government documents in its collection.

    dog, dox

    ; orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs

    o ortho + dox

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