; react (verb): to act in response to something
o re + act
o How did he react when he heard the news? ; agent (noun): something which acts or acts upon something else
ag + ent
o The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets. ; active (adjective): involving movement, moving about
o act + ive
o Joan is an active child.
; agitate (verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up
o agit + ate
o The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.
aud, audit, aur
; audible ( adjective): can be heard
o aud + ible
o Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.
; auditorium (noun): a place where one goes to hear something
o audit+ orium
o The band played in the school auditorium ; auricular
o aur + ic + ul + ar
o The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.
; amorous (adjective): loving
o amor + ous
o The actor played an amorous role.
; amiable (adjective) friendly, agreeable
o ami + able
o He seems to be an amiable man.
; amicable (adjective): friendly
o amic + able
o The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.
; animal (noun): a living creature
o anim + al
o A dog is an animal.
; animate (verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement
o anim + ate
o The artist animated the cartoon.
; animosity (noun): hostility, ill will
o animos + ity
o There isn't any animosity between us.
ann, annu, enni
; annals (noun): record of events, historical records
o ann + al + s
o The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks. ; annual (adjective): yearly
o annu + al
o She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting. ; annuity (noun): money payable yearly
o annu + ity
o Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market. ; anniversary (noun): the yearly celebration of an event
o anni + vers + ary
o John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April. ; perennial (adjective): enduring, persisting for several years
o per + enn + ial
o I would like to buy some perennial plants.
auc, aug, aut
; author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer
o auth + or
o Susan met the author of this book.
; augment (verb): to increase, to add to
o aug + ment
o He had to augment his salary by taking another job. ; auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder
o auct + ion
o I bought this car at the auction.
; benevolent (adjective): marked by goodwill
o bene + vol + ent
o The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society for its acts of
; benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
o ben + ign
o The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home
the same day.
; bibliography (noun): a list of written works
o biblio + graph + y
o Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.
; biology (noun): the study of life
o bio + log + y
o In biology class the students learned about how the human body
; brief (adjective): short
o Anand gave a brief lecture on the rain forest.
; abbreviate (verb): to shorten
o ab + brevi + ate
o How does one abbreviate the word "Minnesota"?
; brevity (noun): short or concise expression
o brev + ity
o The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his
cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid
; deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it
is actually false; to mislead
o de + ceive
o The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest. ; capable (adjective): having the ability to do something; having the traits
necessary to perform some action
o cap + able
o Jose is a very capable lawyer.
; capacious (adective): containing a great deal
o capac + ious
o You have a capacious library with many unusual books. ; captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held
o cap+ tive
o The captives were taken to the jail.
o Geoff had a captive audience.
; accident (noun): an unplanned event
o ac + cid + ent
o Don't get upset about minor accidents and errors. ; capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort
o capt + ure
o In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king. ; occasion (noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration
o oc + cas + ion
o Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor? ; receive (verb): to take in, to acquire
o re + ceive
o Imelda received many letters in the mail today. ; concept (noun): an idea
o con + cept
o The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.
ceas, cede, ceed, cess
; predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that
another has taken over
o pre + de + cess + or
o I hope I can live up to my predecessor's reputation. ; succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well
o suc + ceed
o To succeed as a student, one must study.
; recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw
o re + cede
o The water receded five days after the flood. ; concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow
o con + cede
o I conceded to her point of view.
; exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
o ex + ceed
o The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour. ; recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break
o re + cess
o The children were given a recess from the lessons. ; deceased (adjective): dead
o de + ceas + ed
o The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.
; chronic (adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence
o chron + ic
o Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects. ; chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time
o chron + icle
o The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War. ; chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time
o chrono + log + ical
o The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.
; acclaim (verb): praise
o ac + claim
o The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts. ; exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise
o ex + claim
o The children exclaimed "hurray" when they heard there would be no
; clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise
o clam + or
o The children clamored for more ice cream.
; proclaim (verb): to declare loudly
o pro + claim
o The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday
in honor of the school's award winning faculty.
; cognizant (adjective): aware
o cogniz + ant
o The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at
; diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms
o dia + gnose
o The patient was diagnosed with Lyme's disease.
; agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable
o ag + gnost + ic
o John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an
; recognize (verb): to know, to identify
o re + cogn + ize
o I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.
; corpse (noun): a dead body
o A corpse was found floating in the river.
; corpulent (adjective): having a large body
o corp + ul + ent
o The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.
; incorporate (verb): to unite into one being
o in + corp + or + ate
o The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her
; corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
o corp + or + ate
o The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.
cre, cresc, cret
; crescent (noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller
o cresc + ent
o The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds. ; create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
o cre + ate
o The musician created a new musical arrangement.
; accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition
o ac + cret + ion
o The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect. ; increase (verb): to grow in size or amount
o in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.
; credible (adjective): can be believed, reasonable
o cred + ible
o The witness gave a credible account of the accident. ; credulous (adjective): too ready to believe
o cred + ul + ous
o The credulous child believed the story about flying horses. ; incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing
o in + cred + ible
o Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.
cour, cur, curr, curs
; excursion (noun): a trip
o ex + curs + ion
o The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children. ; discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk
o dis + course
o The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal. ; courier (noun): a messenger
o couri + er
o The courier gave the message to the secretary.
; course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run
along a path
o Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart. ; occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
o oc + cur
o It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday. ; current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water
o curr + ent
o Is this information current or out of date?
dic, dict, dit
; dictionary (noun): a book of definitions
o dict + ion + ary
o Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.
; condition (noun): the state of something or someone
o con + dit + ion
o Is your car in good condition?
; indicate (verb): to show, to point out
o in + dic + ate
o The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas. ; dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order
o dict + ate
o The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary. ; predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future
o pre + dict
o Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years. ; addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner
o ad + dict
o Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.
; doctor (noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers,
o doct + or
o Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his
; doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma
o doctr + ine
o We learned about the doctrine of "manifest destiny" in our American
; docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
o doc + ile
o Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son. ; document (noun): an official paper
o docu + ment
o The library houses many government documents in its collection.
; orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs
o ortho + dox