NUTRITION AND HEALTH SUMMIT – CHILE 2008
“THE ROLE OF CHILEAN SOCIETY IN THE PREVENTION OF OBESITY AND OTHER
CHRONIC DISEASES RELATED TO DIET AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY”
ORGANIZED BY: THE HEALTH MINISTRY AND THE HEALTH COMMISSION OF THE
SPONSORED BY OPS, IUNS, SLAN
NATIONAL CONGRESS, VALPARAISO / MARCH 24-25, 2008-03-20
FREE REGISTRATION – LIMITED QUOTA
Monday March 24
- National policy on feeding, nutrition and physical activity.
- WHO/PHO Strategy on feeding, nutrition and physical activity.
- Why a summit on the role of the Chilean society in the prevention of Obesity and
the chronic non communicable diseases?
- The role of the State and society, in the prevention of obesity and non
communicable chronic diseases.
- Social and individual responsibility, in the change of lifestyle to prevent Obesity and
chronic non communicable diseases, from the health social determinant focus.
Tuesday March 25
- Early origin of obesity and intervention possibilities.
- Responsibility of consumers, social and advertising communication media.
- Strategies to generate a joint work between the industry, the public, academic and
- Successful experiences in regulation, interventions and assessment of policies and
- Commitments for Chile in the development of public policies on feeding, nutrition
and physical activity.
NUTRITION AND HEALTH SUMMIT
Government of Chile Republic of Chile Panamerican Health Latinamerican Health Ministry Senate Organization Nutrition Society
For the Health Ministry, obesity and sedentarism are priority issues in the definition of public
policies, because they constitute risk factors associated to Chronic Non –Communicable
Diseases (CNCD), and it is possible that they are the issues most linked to inequity, poverty
Under this logic and among other activities developed in accordance with the World
Strategy on Diet (Feeding Regime?) Physical Activity and Health of the World Health
Organization (WHO) and the Panamerican Health Organization (PHO), as well as in
compliance with the Sanitary Objectives of the Decade, we have created the Global
Strategy against Obesity – EGO-CHILE.
This initiative has allowed for the generation of multiple links to jointly design and implement
those multisectorial strategies destined to disseminating and to become fully aware that in
order to promote healthy feeding and physical activity as protection factors of obesity and
other related chronic diseases, that required the constant, watchful and committed
participation of multiple actors.
We are strongly working together with public institutions such as the Ministry of Education,
Chiledeportes, the School Aid and Scholarship National Committee – JUNAEB, The
National Board of Pre-School System (JUNJI), and INTEGRA Foundation, among other
governmental entities, as well as with the Academic Sector, Enterprises and the Media, in
the development and implementation of different agreements and projects that contribute to
the transmission and promotion of a healthy lifestyle.
For the year 2008 and among other activities, we have organized together with the
Honorable Health Commission of the Senate of the Republic, the Summit “Nutrition and
Health – Chile 2008”, in which we pretend to generate a critical exam to the social as well
as the individual responsibility, and to clearly identify the difficulties and strengths of the
country to program actions tending to decrease obesity and other chronic diseases related
with nutrition and physical activity.
From this tribune, I invite all persons and institutions that have contributed and committed
with proposed challenges, to participate and make visible your proposals during the Summit
“Nutrition and Health – Chile 2008”.
The idea is that you can contribute to examine and outline the role and commitment of the
Chilean Society in tackling a Public health problematic that requires a systematic, global
and high impact answer to reach the cultural change needed for our country.
DRA. SOLEDAD BARRIA IROUME
President of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS), Dr. Ricardo Uauy: “TO CONTROL OBESITY IN CHILDREN IS A SOCIAL INVESTMENT”
- How has our country advanced in issues of obesity and chronic diseases?
In the last few years we have advanced in becoming aware of the importance of chronic diseases related with physical activities and nutrition, nevertheless, not enough to fulfill proposed goals with regard to their control and prevention. The risk factors are prevalent in more than half of the Chilean adults, and they are present with higher frequency among the poorest ones, because they cannot choose healthy options for being more expensive. It is not enough to heal sick people, we have to do more and improve our task in the prevention of these problems as soon as possible, in special among children.
- Is the attack to child obesity a social investment?
To control child obesity is a social investment, not only for the role of obesity in determining the higher risk of cardiovascular diseases as well as for being these the most significant with regard to health expenditure. In Chile this is a relevant issue with respect to equity of health programs, because it is the poorest sector of the population the one that suffer more this type of diseases and their consequences. If we succeed avoiding them, we will have more resources to face other problems. On the contrary, we will spend what we do not have on trying to improve or avoid death of those that are already sick.
President of the Latinamerican Society of Nutrition (SLAN), Dr. Eduardo Atalah
“THE GREAT CHALLENGE IS TO APPLY PUBLIC POLICIES ORIENTED TO PREVENT
- How can we fight malnutrition?
Obesity has reached epidemic levels throughout the vital cycle, with direct negative effects on health. Of the ten risk factors identified by the WHO for the development of chronic diseases, five are tightly related to feeding and physical exercise. Unlike malnutrition, we have much less knowledge on which are the most cost-effective strategies to prevent and treat obesity in the different stages of life. The big challenge is to identify, apply and assess programs and public policies oriented to the prevention of malnutrition, controlling those pathologies linked to poorly healthy styles of feeding and physical activities.
- Which is the role of SLAN during this discussion?
We are searching for the promotion of knowledge diffusion in the field of feeding and nutrition, to enhance exchange of experiences among researchers and to contribute to define proposals for the solution of nutritional problems that affect Latin American countries.
The Summit “Nutrition and Health – Chile2008” is an excellent opportunity to advance on
this direction, in which SLAN is committed to contribute during technical discussions and to
the dissemination of its agreements and recommendations.
More information can be found in … www.iuns.org
President of the Health Commission of the Senate, Dr. Guido Girardi:
“CHRONIC DISEASES ARE THE MAIN GENERATORS OF
CONSEQUENCES, SUFFERINGS AND HUMAN DRAMA IN THE
COUNTRY” - How can Chile advance in the prevention of obesity and of chronic non-
In the first place, becoming aware that this is the most important challenge of public
health problem in the country, by taking it out of its invisibility, and that although it
is hard to assume that in spite of the great successes of public health that Chile has
had in the past, in matter of infect-contagious diseases, infantile mortality and others,
situating it in one of the countries with best health indicators, on this issue we are
experimenting one of the most tremendous failures. Chronic non communicable
diseases are and will be the most deadly diseases, the one that take away more years
of healthy life, and generate more expenses, consequences, suffering and human
- Are there legislative initiatives to regulate and control these health
Together with doctor Ricardo Uauy, and Dr. Cecilia Castillo, senators Carlos
Ominami, mariano Ruiz Esquide, Carlos Kuschel, Evelyn Matthei and with the
support of the Medical College, we worked during more than two years in a Law
project that looks to establish a signal regarding the seriousness of the problem and
that aims mainly to the establishment of a criteria on critical nutrients for salt, sugar
and fats, the prohibition of all publicity for these nutrients that are dangerous for
health and the elimination of food sale that include these high critical nutrients, in
schools, public places where there are children and minors under 18 years of age.
Besides, it is proposed the obligation to establish a warning in those foods with high
critical nutrients – like in tobacco – with respect to eventual health damage. It also
modifies the current legislation of food labeling, using the concept of a traffic light
signal: it will be “red” when salt, sugar or fat are in health risky levels; “yellow”,
when there is a probable risk for health and “green” when there is no evident risk.
- What is the role of the private sector and civil organizations in the fight
In all places where there is evident advances in this issue, this has been basically
due to the awareness of citizens with respect to the risks of junk food and of the
economic interests of big sugar and fats transnationals that try through publicity and
supermarkets’ promotions to lead to the consumption of this kind of harmful foods, but that report them millionaire earnings, not caring about people’s health.
Different studies of opinion in Chile carried out by the Institute of Nutrition and
Technology (INTA), show that in all socio-economic groups, in the different
quintiles, junk foods represent the first place in food expenses. Some companies
oppose to this labeling we are proposing and that will allow people to take sure and
safe decisions on food matters. Feeding companies have the responsibility of decreasing salt, sugar and fats, and to make profits by promoting and selling healthy
The meeting will be held next March 24-25 in Valparaíso.
WHY A NUTRITION AND HEALTH SUMMIT?
In Chile, obesity is considered a health problem with enormous costs in terms of resources
and quality of life.
Its effects in health are associated to the main chronic diseases of our times, such as
cardiovascular problems, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain types of cancer.
For this reason, the consequences of malnutrition turn this disease into one of the greatest
challenges of public health for the XXI century.
With this framework, today it is required a meeting with all the society to review what has
already been done, to incorporate more relevant factors involved in this problematic and to
propose, in front of the analysis of results, new strategic intervention axles.
The Summit “Nutrition and Health – Chile 2008”, is an important opportunity to discuss not
only with respect to the prevention of these diseases, but it is also a possibility to
incorporate the Chilean society in its whole, in this analysis.
In the event there will be the participation and evaluation of all involved sectors of the
activities, agreements and commitments acquired by the State, the private sector, the
parliament, the communitarian organizations and others that are developing the support and
promotion of policies and programs destined to improve the feeding habits and physical
activity in the Chilean population.
Some of the issues to be analyzed will be:
- Public policies that tackle the main environmental and structural factors that are
currently conditioning the behavior in feeding and the practices of physical activity. - Factors that influence the selection of foods, such as prices, subsidy, publicity,
institutional feeding, campaigns, education, labeling, information about sale centers
- Factors that affect the offer of food such as regulatory measures, voluntary
agreements, international commerce, subsidies, legislative measures and others. - Childhood protection: special prevention and treatment programs, educational
campaigns, regulation on publicity directed to these groups and to other groups. - National plan that tackle environmental structural aspects that favor the regular
practice of physical activity and that stimulate citizens to have a more active life, in
the recreational area as well as in the sport practice.
Nutritional and Health Summit – Chile 2008
Organized by: Health Ministry and the Health Commission of the Senate
Place: National Congress Honor Hall, Valparaíso
Date: March 24-25, 2008
Sponsored by OPS, IUNS, SLAN.
Registration and more information at: cumbre-nutrición@minsal.cl