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# SEMESTER 6

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SEMESTER 6

BACHELORS OF ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

EMESTER 6 ? Numerical Analysis

? Technical Writing

? Communication Systems

? Digital Signal Processing

? Feedback Control Systems

Course Title Numerical Analysis

Course Code: MAT-360

3 Credit Hours:

Pre requisite: Differential equations (MAT-210)

Aims & Objectives: To provide a background for computer scientists who have

not studied mathematics to advanced level or its equivalent,

in mainly continuous mathematics. On completion of this course students should be acquainted with basic ideas,

definitions and elementary properties in solving linear and

non-linear equations, and functions of continuous

mathematics, needed in computer science.

Contents: Errors. Solution of non linear equations : Bisection method and their implementation in C++ , Newton-Raphson method and their implementation in C++. Secant method

and their implementation in C++, Regula- Falsi method and their implementation in C++, Iterative method and their

implementation in C++. Forward difference table ,Back

word difference table and their implementation in C++.

Interpolation: Forward difference interpolation formula and

their implementation in C++, Backward difference

interpolation formula and their implementation in

C++ ,Langrange‘s formula and their implementation in

C++. Differentiation: Newton Forward differentiation and

Backward differentiation and their implementation in C++.

Rectangular and Trapezoidal rule(geometrically) and their

implementation in C++, Trapezoidal rule (2-points) and for n-points and its

and their implementation in C++,. Simpson‘s 1/3rd rule

and Simpson‘s 3/8th and their implementation in C++.

Ordinary Differential Equation: Picard Method, Euler‘s

Method and Runge-Kutta Method and their implementation in C++. System of linear Equations:

Cramer‘s rule and their implementation in C++, Jacobi‘s method and Gauss-Seidal Method and its algorithm and their implementation in C++.

Project #1. Using NewtonRaphoson method to implement

their applications and construct a scientific calculator before

mid term

Project #2. Implement all the methods mentioned above in

C++ using Parsing.

Recommended Text Books: 1. Curtis F. Gerald, Applied Numerical Analysis,

2. Richard L. Burden, J. Douglas Faires, Numerical

Analysis, Brooks/Cole Pub Co, November 1996. 3. Walter Gautschi, Numerical Analysis : An

Introduction, Springer Verlag,, April 1, 1997.

: Mr. Sher Afzal Khan

Updated By

Course Title Technical writing

Course Code: ENG-120

Three(3) Credit Hours:

Pre requisite: None

Aims & Objectives: The technical-writing course focuses on an introduction to

the kinds of writing skills the students may need in

practically any technically oriented professional job. No

matter what sort of professional work they do, they are

likely to do lots of writingand much of it technical in nature. The more they know about some basic technical-

writing skills, the better job of writing they are likely to do.

And that will be good for the projects they work on, for the organizations they work in, andmost of allgood for

them and their career.

Technical writing is not writing about a specific technical

topic such as computers, but about any technical topic. The

term "technical" refers to knowledge that is not widespread, that is more the territory of experts and

specialists. Whatever their major is, the students are

developing an expertisebecoming a specialist in a particular technical area. And whenever they try to write or

say anything about their field, they are engaged in

technical communications and technical writing.

Contents: Introduction to Technical Writing, Analysing the

Audience and Defining a Purpose, Organizing for

readers, Editing for Style, Designing the document:

Understanding visual design principles, Designing

readable pages, Designing when to use graphic

illustrations, Choosing direct or indirect approach,

Writing routine inquiries and replies, Writing order

letters and order acknowledgments, Writing negative

replies and refusing orders, Writing persuasive requests,

Writing sales and fund raising messages, Writing

memos and emails, Describing and summarizing

technical information, Writing abstracts and executive

summaries, Writing instructions and procedures,

Writing proposals, Writing reports: short reports,

Writing long reports, Using graphics in reports, Writing

Journal Articles and Theses, Collaborating on writing

projects, Writing for the web, Designing and delivering

professional presentations, Writing CVs and job

application letters, Going through interviews, Revision,

Recommended Text Books: ? Writing for the Technical Professions by Kristim R.

Woolever

? Technical Writing and Professional Communication

for Non-Native Speakers by Huckin and Olsen

? Technical Writing: Principles, Strategies and

Websites:

http://longman.awl.com/woolever

www.owl.english.purdue.edu

www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar

: Zaofashan Ijaz

Updated By

Course Title Communication Systems

Course Code: EEN-303

Four (3+1) three hours of theory and two hours of lab per Credit Hours: week

Pre requisite: Signals & Systems (CEN-311)

Aims & Objectives This is the next-in-line course after ‗Signals & Systems‘ and

is a pre-requisite for the specialized courses in Telecom. By

the end of this course, students should have knowledge as per

course contents and have ability to:

? analyze AM signals and plot their frequency spectra ? apply AM concept to generate FDM signal ? analyze FM signals and plot their frequency spectra ? analyze PAM / PCM signals and calculate PCM bit-

rate

? calculate resulting bit-rate in TDM signal ? analyze Communication system vis-à-vis noise and perform noise budget calculations

Contents: Introduction [3 Lec]

Basic Definitions of Bandwidth and Modulation, need of

modulation, Electromagnetic frequency spectrum, frequency

allocations

Amplitude Modulation (AM) [11 Lec]

AM Theory, Frequency spectra, Generation of AM signal,

DSB / SSB / VSB modulation, application in FDMA, AM

Demodulation, Coherent detection, AM demodulators

Frequency Modulation (FM) [11 Lec]

Angle modulation, FM Theory, Phase modulation, Frequency spectra, Bessel functions, Generation of FM signal, FM

Demodulation, FM demodulators

Pulse Modulation [10 Lec]

Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM), Pulse Code Modulation

(PCM), PCM Bit-rate, application in TDMA, DPCM,

ADPCM, Delta Modulation, Pulse width modulation, Pulse position modulation

Noise Analysis [5 Lec]

Different types of noise in Communication systems, Noise

calculation, SNR, Noise Figure, Noise budget calculation

Unifrom Plane Wave, Types of propagation, Ground waves, Sky waves, Line-of-sight propagation, Tropospheric and

Ionospheric propagation

Recommended Text Books: ? Simon Haykins, Communication Systems, latest

edition

? Mischa Schwartz. Information Transmission,

Modulation and Noise, latest edition ? G. Kennedy & B. Davis. Electronic Communication

thSystems, 4 ed. 1993

? R. J. Schoenbeck. Electronic Communications,

Modulation and transmission, 1991 o Glover and P. Grant. Digital Communications

Course Title Digital Signal Processing (DSP)

Course Code: CEN-322

Credit Hours: 4 (3+1)Three hours theory and two hours lab

Pre requisite: Signals & Systems ( CEN-311)

Aims & Objectives: ? Understand Discret time Signals and systems.

? Use Z transforms and discrete time Fourier transforms to

analyze a digital

? system.

? Gain knowledge of Sampling of continuous time signals.

? Implementation of Discrete time Systems through

structures.

? Define and use Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFTs). Contents: 1. Discrete time signals and systems.

2. Time Domain analysis of discrete time signals .

3. Z-Transform Analysis and design.

4. Sampling of Continuous time signals.

5. Implemention of different discrete time Structures.

6. Transform analysis of LTI systems

7. Filter Design techniques

Recommended Text Books: 1. Discrete Time Signal Processing by Oppenheim and

Schaffer

2. Digital Signal Processing by Proakis and Manolokis

3. Discrete Time signal Processsing by S Mitra Last Revision Date: By: Mr. Nasir Abbassi

Course Title Feedback Control Systems

Course Code: EEN-304

Credit Hours: 3

Pre requisite: CEN-311 Signals and Systems

Aims & Objectives This course is an introduction to the area of Control Systems.

By the end of this course, student will

have knowledge of :

? mathematical modeling of physical systems ? control system characteristics and performance measures

? Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion and root-locus analysis

? State-space / state-variable modeling ? Frequency-domain analysis of control systems

have ability to:

? develop mathematical models of physical systems and

solve them

? determine Transfer functions of Linear systems ? analyze control systems‘ characteristics and

performance

? do Routh-Hurwitz Stability and Root locus analyses of

control system

? develop state-variable / state-space model of control

systems

? do frequency-domain analysis of control system ? design simple PD or PI controllers

Contents: Introduction [3 Lec] Introduction to Control Systems, open and closed loop

systems, Examples of Control Systems

Mathematical Modeling of Systems [13 Lec]

Laplace Transform analysis of Feedback control systems,

Transfer Function, Block Diagram Model, Block Diagram

reduction, Signal Flow Graph, Mason‘s Rule, Examples of

Physical Systems (Electrical, Mechanical, Electromechanical)

Control System Responses and Characteristics [12 Lec]

Control System Performance, Standard System responses,

First & Second order systems, Performance measures, Steady State Error Analysis, Error constants and their physical

significance, Performance Indices

Stability [3 Lec] Stability of Control System, Routh-Hurwitz Analysis

Root Locus [9 Lec] Why Root Locus? Root locus method, Use of MATLAB in

Root Locus analysis, discussion of pole-zero placements and its effect on Root-locus and stability, Introduction to PI, PD

and PID controllers.

State Space / State Variable model [4 Lec] State-space / State-variable Model, State vector and equation,

System matrix, State transition matrix, Use of

Matlab in State Variable Analysis

Frequency-domain Analysis [4 Lec] Bode plot, Gain and Phase Margins.

Note: Use of MATLAB is strongly recommended

Recommended Text Books: Text:

Richard C. Dorf. & Robert H. Bishop. Modern Control thSystems, 8 or latest edition

Reference:

Ogata. Modern Control Engineering, latest edition

B.C. Kuo. Feedback Control systems, latest edition

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