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The Camel Water Challenge

By Phyllis Gibson,2014-06-18 00:05
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The Camel Water Challenge

    The Great

    Camel Water Challenge- 2007

    Workshop

    th12 July 2007

    Facilitators Instructions

    Version 2.2c Date 06/07/2007 Authors A Gray Dr Lucy Kirk

    The Great

    Camel Water Challenge- 2007!

Information Given to All Participants

    From here to…….

The Adventure

Will you survive one of the last epic adventures of all time? Once a year the great Camel Water Challenge

    takes place in the great desert of Simbudu, North Africa. This is an 8 day journey of endurance through one

    of the driest and hottest regions of the world. Your stamina, planning and knowledge of conserving water will

    be tested to the limit when trekking with only a camel, a minimum supply of water and a few pieces of

    essential equipment. You will be part of a team and therefore your right moves will be essential to the team‟s

    success. Your mistakes could prove disastrous.

     The aim of this workshop is to raise key issues regarding the conservation of water through a scenario. The information contained in this workshop has been researched and is accurate at the time of publication.

The Journey

One of you will have to choose to take the camel on the 8 day trip; the other members of the team will provide

    support, advice and relay critical information to the camel rider. Your facilitator will have two 250ml bottles of

    water which will represent the two 25 litre containers of water that you have for your journey. When this water

    is used up or lost the corresponding amount of water will be poured out of the bottles to show you how you

    are fairing. If you are able to acquire any water this will be added. At the end of the 8 day journey your total

    amount of water will be shown. The team with the most water will win the Great Camel Water Challenge

    Trophy.

You will have 960km to travel in 8 days. This is not a race it is to see who can survive the journey and who

    has the most water at the end of it. The camel can travel at an approximate speed of 16km per hour with

    ease over flat distances for up to 80km per day. Your rider on the other hand requires at least 4.5litres of

    drinking water per day in this hot climate.

Your team will be given all of the information up to Day 6 to start with. Members of the team will be given

    different days of the journey to plan. You will have the opportunity to discuss these once you have each read

    through your particular day. You will have to base your plans on this information. Signal to your facilitator

    when you have completed each day to find out how much water you have. (Hint you may wish to estimate

    your plans for the entire journey and adjust your plans accordingly).

During the journey you may be given additional information as events unfold. You will need to re-adjust your

    plans accordingly.

Now to begin:-

    1. Choose your camel rider

    2. Plan your journey

    3. Research your options

    4. Choose a Team Name

Equipment & Supplies

The following is an inventory of the equipment & supplies that you will be allowed on your trip:-

A camel

    Two long sleeved cotton shirts

    Two pairs of long cotton trousers

    A cotton hat

    Two pairs of cotton underwear

    Two pairs of long cotton socks

    A cotton shawl

    A pair of desert boots

    A two way radio

    A plastic sheet 2m x2m

    3 litre tin cooking pot and lid

    1 knife

    1 compass

    1 litre tin water bottle (empty)

    1 tin bowl

    2 meters of rubber hose

    1 funnel

    1 box of matches

    1 paraffin stove

    1 litre of paraffin

2 X 25 litre plastic water containers (can be sealed)

    5 kg raisins

    5 kg rice

    6 Beers

Preparation Day

You are given 2 x 25 litre containers of fresh water, your camel has drunk 50 litres of water, you have loaded

    up all of your equipment and are busy talking to your team in preparation for the start day. Make sure that

    you have loaded up your camel to balance the weight of its load evenly on it!

Key Camel Facts

    Camels can close their nostrils to keep out sand and they have bushy eyebrows and two rows of long eyelashes to protect their eyes. Camels have a mucus structure in their nose that is 100 times larger than that of humans. With its huge and curved nose mucus, camels can hold 66% of the moisture in the air. Large, tough lips enable them to pick at dry and thorny desert vegetation. Big, thick footpads help them navigate the rough rocky terrain and shifting desert sands.

    Camels do not pant, and they perspire very little. Humans start to sweat when the outside temperature rises above the normal body temperature of 37?C, but the camel has a unique body thermostat. It can raise its body temperature tolerance level as much as 6?C before perspiring, thereby conserving body fluids and avoiding unnecessary water loss. Camels can change their body temperature to as low as 34?C and as high as 41?C. No other mammal can do this. Because the camel‟s body temperature is often lower than air

    temperature, a group of resting camels will even avoid excessive heat by pressing against each other.

    Salt is very important for camels and they need eight times as much salt as cattle and sheep do. A camel needs 1kg of salt a week.

    Camels produce small amounts of urine which is very (concentrated) thick to conserve water and their faeces are also dry.

    Camels can flourish on the coarsest of sparse vegetation and feed on thorny plants, the leaves and twigs of shrubs, and dried grasses that other animals would refuse, though camels are not averse to better food if available. When the feeding is good, they accumulate in their humps stores of fat, which, when conditions are adverse, they are able to draw upon not only for sustenance but also for the manufacture of water by the oxidation of the fat. They are thus able to fast and go without drinking for several days; they have been known to go without water for 17 days and survive. They lose their body water slowly and can lose up to 25 percent of their weight by dehydration without ill effects. They can then regain their lost weight in a few minutes by drinking as much as 100 litres of water.

    The amount of water a camel drinks varies with the time of year and with the weather. Camels need less water in winter when the weather is cool and the plants they eat contain more moisture than in the summer. Camels that graze in the Sahara can go all winter without water and may refuse to drink if water is offered to them. But in very hot weather, a large, thirsty camel can drink 200 litres of water a day.

The camel can survive without food and water for eight days at a temperature of 50?C. In this period, it

    loses 22% of its total body weight. While a man will be near death if he loses body water equivalent to about 12% of his body weight, a lean camel can survive losing body water equivalent to 40% of its body weight.

    Camels are capable of going for up to a week at a time without actually drinking, and without this becoming a health concern. Camels can also drink salty and brackish water which other animals would not be able to drink.

Here

     Days 1- 6 to be given The Camel Rider + (Others)

    out to groups

     representing each day

Day 1

You set out from Gombo village heading due East, and follow the blue route for 100 km to Omega point for

    your first stop. There is no shelter and water at this point.

Information:

The daylight temperature is 50? C (122? F), and nighttime temperature 0? C (32? F). This is because the air is

    very dry (contains little moisture). There is no cloud cover during this 24 hour period.

Your base camp is monitoring your sweat levels today they have been 6 litres, you are not yet acclimatized

    to the heat. The first night you settle down and eat 300g rice and 200g of raisins.

Team Feedback

     What time do you arrive at your destination?

     Suggest ways of replenishing your net water loss today of 6 litres of water.

     What advice has your team given you during the day?

     How much water have you used for cooking?

Tips for the facilitator