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Overview OF ONGOING AND PLANNED EC Assistance to - The web page of



    October 2009

    OVERVIEW OF EC ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CONFLICT IN GEORGIA OVERVIEW OF EC ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CONFLICT IN GEORGIAINCLUDING POST-CRISIS RESPONSE 2008 The European Commission (EC) continues its support to the peaceful resolution of the internal conflicts on the basis for

    meaningful negotiations and a continuing search for a political settlement. Since the end 1990s the EC actively supports

    various economic rehabilitation and confidence building activities in the Georgian-Abkhaz and Georgian-Ossetian zones

    of conflict as an important measure to build greater trust between the conflict-affected populations. The EC-funded

    projects aim at improving living conditions of the population affected by the conflict whilst creating conditions for the return

    of internally displaced persons, as well as facilitating progress in a constructive dialogue between opposing social groups. The EC was the largest donor in the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

    Following the open conflict between Russia and Georgia in August 2008, the EC remains committed to continue to

    support the people who are affected by conflict in Georgia. This includes the needs of new IDPs as well as old IDPs and, where possible, the local population living inside the conflict affected areas.

    In autumn 2008 the EC has responded to the needs of people affected by the open conflict between Georgia and Russia

    by allocating new funding for Georgia in addition to its existing programmes. The European Commission announced at the

    Donors‟ Conference on Georgia (Brussels, 22 October 2008) that it will assist Georgia via a 500 Million Euros

    comprehensive assistance package. Via this 500 Million euros package (covering the period 2008 until 2010) the

    Commission aims to provide assistance to the resettlement of internally displaced persons; the economic rehabilitation and recovery; the macro-financial stabilisation and support to Georgia‟s infrastructure. Below is an overview of ongoing, planned and completed EC projects related to people affected by conflict in Georgia:



    Targeted budget support, for urgent IDP housing needs: 61.5M?, Georgian Government, allocations during 2008-2009 in different instalments

    The European Commission has pledged 61.5 million Euros for 2 targeted budget support programmes (10 million Euros +

    61.5 million Euros including 1 million Euros for Technical Assistance)) to support the Georgian Government in covering

    the urgent housing needs for newly displaced persons following the conflict in August 2008 as well as for the construction

    of houses for the old IDP resulting from the 1992 conflict.

    In December 2008 the European Commission has allocated 10 Million Euros under Financing Agreement "Support to

    Georgia IDPs Action Plan: 2008 Part I" (signed and disbursed in December 2008) as part of the 500 million Euros post-

    conflict commitment to Georgia. It is foreseen, that this first agreement of 10 million Euros will be followed by a second

    similar agreement of 51.5 million Euros in 2009.

    The objective of the Budget Support Programme "Support to Georgia IDPs Action Plan: 2008 Part I" is to assist the

    Government of Georgia, via the Municipal Development Fund, to improve the living conditions of IDPs by providing

    durable housing solutions. More specifically, this support contributed to the construction of 1,263 new built houses in nine villages located in the regions of Kaspi, Gori and Kareli.


    EC Instrument for Stability (Phase 1) Response to UN Flash Appeal (?15M, 18months, start Jan2009)

    The EC has allocated 15M Euros from its „Instrument for Stability‟ to respond to the needs of IDPs under the UN Flash Appeal. Under this EC programme for post-conflict and emergency response has the following projects are funded:

    ? Winterisation/housing support to people affected by conflict (Flash Appeal): 9.7M ?, UNHCR; ? Early recovery of IDP livelihoods (Flash appeal): 4.4M?, UNDP; ? Civil society support on IDP issues: 0.6M?, Danish Refugee Council; ? Monitoring, auditing and evaluation of Stability Instrument projects: 0.4M?, Integration; EC Instrument for Stability (Phase 2) Support to people affected by conflict (?14M, 18months, planned start Sep2009)

    The EC is allocating and additional 10M Euros from its „Instrument for Stability‟ to further respond to the needs of people

    affected by conflict, e.g. old and new IDPs as well as vulnerable people in Abkhazia. This second phase EC programme

    for post-conflict and emergency response, which is currently under preparation, will have the following priorities:

? Support to confidence building, people-to-people contacts in Georgia, including in South Ossetia and


    ? Support to democratisation in Georgia (?3.15M);

    ? Support to socio-economic integration of IDPs (?5.5M);

    ? Civil society capacity building and socio-housing support in Abkhazia (incl. returnees in Gali district)(?2.45M) This second Instrument for Stability programme includes 23 projects with several UN agencies, international and local

    NGOs. The contracts for these projects are likely to be finalised by the end of September 2009.

    See the attached project list of the second phase Instrument for Stability programme gives an overview of

    projects activities

    ENP Action Plan 2008: Reallocation to support IDPs (?6M, 36months, under preparation) Under the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument (ENPI) for 2008 the EC had initially agreed a programme of

    ?6M to (1) continue rehabilitation in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict zone, (2) support IDPs and (3) implement additional

    confidence building measures to support peaceful settlement of the regional conflicts. Following the crisis in August 2008

    it was decided that priority should be given to the needs of the new IDPs, especially to further housing support. The revised contents of this programme are currently under preparation and due in the second half of 2009.


    ECHO Humanitarian aid programme: ECHO South Ossetia conflict - Primary Emergency Relief - ?1M – (Decision of 10/08/2008), Phase 1 - Aug-Nov 2008

    ? World Food Programme (WFP): Food aid (essential dry food). Georgia countrywide (except South Ossetia), ?500,000,

    3 months 9/8/2008 - 8/11/2008 (9,700 beneficiaries)

    ? Danish Refugee Council (DRC): Non-Food Items and emergency shelter, Western Georgia, ?300,000, 3 months

    9/8/2008 - 8/11/2008 (4,500 beneficiaries)

    ? Première Urgence (PU): Non-Food Items for shelter and hygiene kits, Tbilisi, ?200,000, 3 months 14/8/2008 -

    13/11/2008 (5,000 beneficiaries).

    ECHO Humanitarian aid programme: South Ossetia Conflict - Emergency Aid - ?5M – (Decision of 22/08/2008), Phase 2 - Aug2008-Mar2009

    ? WFP: Food aid (essential dry food). Countrywide (New Collective Centres + places of return), ?1,000,000, 6 months

    9/8/2008 - 8/2/2009 (18,000 beneficiaries)

    ? World Vision: Food supplement in IDP Collective Centres, Tbilisi. 300,000 Euros, 2 months 13/10/08-12/12/08

    (14,000 beneficiaries)

    ? Halo Trust: Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) removal & mine demarcation. Gori area, 500,000 Euros, 6 months

    28/08/08-27/02/09 (34 961 beneficiaries)

    ? ICRC: Support to IDPs: Food, Non-Food Items, Protection (family links). North Ossetia; Georgia, 1,000,000 Euros, 5

    months 9/08/08-8/01/09 (15,250 beneficiaries)

    ? UNHCR: Protection & registration & Coordination. Countrywide, ?600,000, 6 months 15/08/08-14/02/09 (133,056


    ? Care: Non Food Items &Shelter (individual). Buffer zone, ?500,000, 4 months 15/9/08-14/01/09, (5,625 beneficiaries)

    ? Danish Refugee Council (DRC): Shelter (winterization) for IDPs. Tbilisi, Mtskheta, Kashuri, ?400,000, 5 months

    30/09/08 eligibility:23/09/08 (860 beneficiaries)

    ? Norwegian Refugee council (NRC): Shelter (winterization). Tbilisi, Gori and Kutaisi regions, ?400,000, 6 months

    25/09/08-24/03/09 (750 beneficiaries)

    ? Save the Children -NL: Psychosocial support, Gori, Tbilisi, Rustavi, ?300,000, 6 months (2,100 beneficiaries).

    ECHO Humanitarian aid programme: South Ossetia Conflict - Emergency Aid - ?2M – (Decision of 04/12/2008), Phase 3 15 months, start Dec2008-Feb2010

    In December 2008 ECHO has allocated an additional 2 million Euros to continue its relief assistance to the vulnerable

    victims of the open conflict between Georgian and Russia and to the victims of conflict in Abkhazia. This assistance

    includes emergency food distributions, non-food times, psycho-social support and early livelihood recovery activities:

    ? WFP: Food aid and cash assistance for IDPs countrywide and affected households in the adjacent area to South

    Ossetia (?1,500,000) 2 months, 01/01/2009 - 28/02/2009 (100,000 beneficiaries)

    ? DRC: livelihood support project in Abkhazia (250,000 Euros) and Care: Firewood distribution in the Shida-Kartli

    region (?250,000).

    ECHO Humanitarian aid programme: South Ossetia Conflict - Emergency Aid - ?2M – (Decision of 17/02/2009), Phase 4 18 months, start Jan09-Aug2010

    In February 2009 ECHO has allocated a further 2 million Euros to continue its relief assistance to the vulnerable victims of

    the open conflict between Georgian and Russia and to the victims of conflict in Abkhazia. This assistance includes:

    continued protection activities, clearance of unexploded ordnance, non-food items, psychosocial support and other

    integrated relief activity deemed necessary.

    ? ICRC: Support to IDPs: Food, Non-Food Items, Protection(family links), North Ossetia, Georgia–Cont‟d ?1,000,000; ? Halo Trust: Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) removal & mine demarcation. Gori area Cont‟d, ? 500,000 ? DRC: Humanitarian livelihood support to vulnerable population in southern Abkhazia, Georgia, ?250,000;

    ? Save the Children NL: Psychosocial support, Gori, Tbilisi, Rustavi Cont‟d, ?250,000


    Support to socio-economic integration of IDPs under Instrument for Stability phase II (international NGOs, ?5.5M);

    ? Danish Refugee Council: Community Stabilisation for IDPs, Host communities and returnees (? 1,000,000, 18

    months, start September 2009)

    ? DVV international: Supporting socio-economic Integration of IDPs in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Region (? 1,000,000,

    18 months, start September 2009)

    ? Fundación Acción contra el Hambre: Supporting the Integration of IDPs in Kvemo Kartli Region (? 1,000,000, 18

    months, start September 2009)

    ? Oxfam: Supporting the socio-economic integration of IDPs and their host communities through engagement in

    active dialogue and decision-making (? 1,000,000, 18 months, start September 2009) ? People in Need: Support to socio-economic integration of internally displaces population in the Zugdidi district (?

    500,000, 18 months, start September 2009)

    ? Save the Children: Community Centres for Conflict Affected Communities in Georgia (? 1,000,000, 18 months, start

    September 2009)

    Strengthening Protection Capacity Project Southern Caucasus Developing a regional protection response to forced displacement, UNHCR (?500,000, 18months, Aug2007-Jan2009)

    This project is implemented by UNHCR. The objective is to strengthen regional protection capacity by addressing

    identified gaps. It will work to ensure that asylum systems are in accordance with international standards and the rights of

    refugees, IDPs and asylum seekers are respected. It will aim at improving coordination between governments in the

    region to improve regional responses to forced displacement.

    IDP civil society support projects to local NGOs (?500,000, Dec2006-Dec2008) The EC launched a Decentralised Cooperation programme to support NGO activities that address the needs of persons

    who are internally displaced as a result of the regional conflicts in Georgia. This programme has the following priorities for

    cooperation on IDP issues: (1) Capacity building of NGOs representing IDPs or working on IDP issues; (2) Promotion of a

    social and policy dialogue on IDP issues between civil society and the government (including local authorities); (3):

    Promotion of the rights of IDPs and their integration into the society in Georgia through the support to initiatives

    responding to the social and economic needs of the IDP population. A call for proposals was held June-August 2006.

    Contracts were signed in December 2006 and projects started by early 2007.

    ? Union "Sachino": IDPs Rights Protection and Promotion in Imereti Region (?90,000) -completed ? Association of the Disabled in Tsalenjikha (ADT): Economic Support for IDPs in Samegrelo (?99,508) - completed

     Conciliation Resources (CR): Building IDP Capacity for Political Participation (?100,000) - completed ? International Institute for Education Policy, Planning and Management: IDP Integration through Education (?96,786) -


    ? Regional Centre of Human Rights Protection: Protection of the Rights of the IDPs in the Autonomous Republic of

    Adjara (?78,484) - completed

    ? Danish Refugee Council (DRC): Strengthening State-Civic Dialogue on Housing Solutions for Collectively

    Accommodated IDPs (?99,939) - completed


    Housing rehabilitation for returnees in Gali (UNHCR et al., ?2M, 18months, start Oct2008) As part of the second phase of the Instrument for Stability Programme the EC is funding UNHCR to provide for durable

    housing for returnees in Gali. This project is implemented by UNHCR in cooperation with its partners Danish Refugee

    Council and Norwegian Refugee Council)

    Income-generation projects in Abkhazia (international NGOs, ?1.57M, Jan2007-Jan2011) The EC is supporting several income-generation projects in Abkhazia to help vulnerable people to get out of the poverty

    trap. Such projects aim aims to improve the living conditions of vulnerable households, men and women in Abkhazia,

    through income-generating and community development activities, supported by strengthened village structures and

    support to local civil society, as well as to establish links and networks inside and between local communities of Abkhazia

    and Georgia proper. At present the EC is funding the following income-generation activities for local communities in


    ? Accion Contra el Hambre: Integrated community development programme in Abkhazia ((?989,694, 12months, Jan

    2007-Dec 2009, NGO Co-financing programme)

    ? World Vision: Vocational and Business Skills in Abkhazia (?284,402, 18 months, Jan2009-Jun2010, Non-State

    Actors programme);?

    ? Premier Urgence: Development of Agro-Services in Southern Abkhazia (?300,000, 24 months, Jan2009-Jan 2011,

    Non-State Actors programme)

Social and community support projects for people in Abkhazia ? Danish Refugee Council: School Attendance and Dialogue in Abkhazia, ?494,204, 18 months, start Jun2009,

    Regional, Regional EC programme for protection of children in conflicts);

    ? Danish Refugee Council: Community Stabilisation for IDPs, Host communities and returnees (? 1M, 18 months, start

    Sep2009, Instrument for Stability II);

    ? UNICEF: Community support for children and young people in Abkhazia, ?1M, 18 months, start Aug2009, Instrument

    for Stability II)

    Civil society projects in Abkhazia (Instrument for Stability phase 2)

    ? Association of Women in Abkhazia: Social and psychological support to vulnerable people in Abkhazia (?100,000,

    18months, start Oct2009);

    ? Civil Society Development Centre: The role of youth in Abkhazia in the construction of civil society, ?50,000,

    18months, start Sep2009);

    ? Cultural Charity Centre “World without Violence”: Together to a legal and stable society, 18months, ?70,000, start


    ? Foundation Civic Initiative of Human Beings for the Future: Promotion of implementation of international standards in

    the sphere of protection of human rights and access to fair justice in Abkhazia (?50,000, 12months, start Aug2009);

    ? Institute for Democracy: Creating mechanisms for information exchange: organisational development of civil society

    in Gali region (?49,899, 18 months, start Sep2009);

    ? Sukhum Youth House: Youth civic participation (?80,000, 18months, start Sep2009)


    ECHO Humanitarian aid programme (budget 2007): (?2M, 12months, Jan2008 – Jan 2009) The European Commission‟s Humanitarian Aid Programme ECHO is financing humanitarian aid/recovery programmes in

    Abkhazia, Georgia, which aim at improving the living condition of the people most affected by the unresolved Georgian-

    Abkhaz conflict. The recipients include internally displace persons (IDPs) and returnees in Abkhazia, Western Georgia.

    The assistance focuses on small-scale income-generation projects and basic rehabilitation of destroyed individual houses.

    The following projects are currently supported:

    ? Danish Refugee Council: Shelter rehabilitation food security and income generation assistance. Gali district,

    1,200,000 Euros, 01/08 12/08 (1,200 direct beneficiaries, ECHO humanitarian aid).

    ? Premiere Urgence: Shelter rehabilitation, food security and income generation assistance. 5 districts in Abkhazia,

    800,000 Euros, 01/08 01/09 (700 direct beneficiaries, ECHO humanitarian aid).

    EC Economic Rehabilitation Programmes for Georgia/Abkhazia Phases 1 and 2 (?3.96M total, 36months, Dec2005-Feb2009)

    The EC has launched a comprehensive rehabilitation programme for the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict zone (e.g. the districts

    of Gali, Ochamchira, and Tkvarcheli in the east of Abkhazia, as well as the Zugdidi district on the Georgian side of the

    cease fire line) in order to improve living conditions of both communities across the Georgian-Abkhaz divide. The objective of the rehabilitation programmes of the European Union for Abkhazia is to support rehabilitation and

    reconstruction operations in the conflict zones that would create the right conditions for economic reconstruction and the

    safe and dignified repatriation of refugees and displaced persons. UNOMIG and UNDP are the main implementation

    partners of these programmes. This rehabilitation programme is divided into two separate phases and aims to provide for

    a linkage between the need for relief and development aid.

    First EC Rehabilitation programme for Georgia/Abkhazia (?1.98M, 24-36 months, Dec 2005-Dec2008) The first phase of the EC Rehabilitation programme includes the following components:

    ??Electricity (Gali, Ochamchira, Tkvarcheli, Zugdidi UNOMIG, UNDP) completed; ??Public health (hospital refurbishment) and basic services (i.e. water, sewage & waste management) (Gali,

    Ochamchira, Tkvarcheli and Zugdidi UNOMIG, UNDP) - completed;

    ??Local agricultural development (Gali, Ochamchira, Tkvarcheli and Zugdidi - UNDP) - completed Second EC Economic Rehabilitation Programmes for Georgia/Abkhazia II (?1.77M, 12-24months, Jan 2007-June2009)

    The EC has launched a second phase of its comprehensive rehabilitation programme for the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict

    zone, which focuses on further rehabilitation works on the Enguri Hydro-power plant and will be implemented in parallel

    with the first phase. EBRD as well as UNOMIG and UNDP will be the implementation partners of this programme.

    The second phase programme complements the first phase with the following components:

    ? Further EC support to repairs at the Enguri Hydro Power Plant (HPP) in cooperation with the EBRD; Such a

    rehabilitation programme would be a follow-up on the EC financed rehabilitation projects at Enguri HPP of 9.4 million

    Euros that were completed in spring 2006 (Enguri HPP EBRD, 1,57m Euros) ongoing until mid-2009 ? Civilian police activities (Zugdidi UNOMIG, 90,000 Euros) - completed ? Enguri Shuttle Bus (Enguri Bridge at ceasefire line UNOMIG, 20,000 Euros) cancelled after August 2008

    ? Information Sharing Centre (Sukhumi UNDP, 90,000 Euros) - cancelled

     - PLANNED PROJECTS ABKHAZIAFollow-up rehabilitation programme for the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict zone phase 3 (ENP Action Plan 2007, ?4M,

    36 months, contracts with UNDP and UNHCR, under preparation)

    Under the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) for 2007 the EC is proposing a follow-up programme for the Georgia-

    Abkhaz conflict zone of 4 million Euros. This new programme would consist of three main components: economic

    infrastructure, income-generation activities and shelter assistance, with civil society support as integrated part. The

    implementing partners for this programme will be UNDP and UNHCR. Contracts are currently under preparation.

     SOUTH-OSSETIA SUSPENDED PROJECTS Economic Rehabilitation Programme in the zone of the Georgian-Ossetian Conflict - Phase 4, EC contribution to

    multi-donor programme (?2M, 36 months, Dec2007-Dec2010) suspended after August 2008

    The EC has allocated 2 million Euros for further rehabilitation activities under an OSCE-led multi-donor programme in the

    Georgian-South Ossetian conflict zone for 2006-2008 with a total budget of 10million USD, following the donor conference

    in Brussels and the needs assessment study in 2006. The EC contribution under this fourth phase rehabilitation

    programme focuses initially on electricity and gas projects but was in summer 2008 reallocated to school rehabilitation.

    However, this programme was overtaken by events in August and consequently had to be put on hold. It is being

    discussed whether it reallocation of project activities would be possible to a transitional economic rehabilitation

    programme by OSCE for people affected by the conflict in Gori and adjacent areas.


Confidence building projects under Instrument for stability

    Under the Instrument for Stability the Ec is funding the project to support confidence building, people-to-people contacts in

    Georgia, including in South Ossetia and Abkhazia (?2.4m total budget):

    ? IKV Pax Christi (& Berghof Foundation): Dialogue and Study Visits for the Transformation of the Georgian-

    Abkhazian and Georgian-Ossetian Conflicts (? 380,000, 18 months, start September 2009)

    ? International Institute for Security Studies: Georgian-Russian Dialogue on Post August War Challenges (? 450,000,

    18 months, start September 2009)

    ? International Alert: Action Dialogue (? 505,000, 18 months, start September 2009) ? Saferworld (& Conciliation-Resources): Establishing Conditions for Effective Conflict Prevention and

    Transformation following the August 2008 crisis (? 1,065,000, 18 months, start September 2009)

    Dialogue and mediation projects in South Caucasus

    The EC also supports two and mediation initiatives are implemented in the South Caucasus, including in Georgia:

    ? International Alert: The South Caucasus Mediation & Dialogue Initiative for Reignited Peace Processes (24months,

    start Oct2009)

    ? International Alert: Strengthening the Capacity of the Peacebuilding Sector in the South Caucasus, (24months, start



    Support the State Ministry of Reintegration: policy advice (?182,424, 23months, July2007-June2009) This EC policy advice project offered a team of experts in different field of expertise to support the State Ministry of

    Reintegration in its effort to increase it exert and management capacity. This project, which was implemented from

    autumn 2007 to summer 2009, had the following general objectives:

    ? To assist the Office of the State Ministry in capacity building of human resources;

    ? To provide necessary training to the staff of the State Minister‟s Office. ? To provide policy advice on conflict resolution issues in order to build up the operational resources of the Office;

Project status: October 2009

For a monthly update on the EC project assistance to people affected by conflict please consult the website of the European

    Commission Delegation to Georgia and Armenia: (under ‘EU-Georgia Areas of Cooperation /

    ‘Conflict Resolution’. Announcements for new calls for proposals for NGOs can also be found on the EC Delegation website.

    For further information please feel free to contact: Maria van Ruiten, Project Manager for Post-Conflict Response (Abkhazia &

    South Ossetia), at the European Commission Delegation to Georgia in Tbilisi, telephone: (+995-32) 94-37-63, email:

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